I am looking to improve in soloing and improvisation. I have learned the CAGED patterns in diatonic scale and their corresponding pentatonic patterns. I have stuck with them for years, but I've plateaued in my soloing abilities. I simply play the diatonic and pentatonic scales and try not to linger on notes that don’t sound good.
My teacher has pointed me to chord-tone soloing. I watched this youtube lesson. The instructor recommends playing the arpeggios over the chord changes for a while, and when the student is comfortable with that, then start working out a solo around those notes.
I don't really know my arpeggios, and I feel that there are a couple of directions that I can go in learning them.
- Learn all the notes on the guitar, and when presented with a chord (eg. Am), then play the notes in that chord (A,C,E) wherever I'm at on the fretboard
- Pattern approach - Learn the arpeggios by their nashville numbering in whatever position I'm in. For example, for the G position in CAGED (the same position as Pentatonic Minor), learn the positions of the notes for the I, ii, iii, IV, V, vi, and vii chords in that position. The benefit of this approach might be that once I learn all of these positions, it will be easy to switch around to different keys.
Here is an example of what I mean by the pattern approach:
3rd (G) position diatonic in CAGED for Cmajor
|---|-o-|---|-o-|-o-| |---|-o-|-o-|---|-o-| |-o-|-o-|---|-o-|---| |---|-o-|---|-o-|---| |---|-o-|---|-o-|-o-| |---|-o-|---|-o-|-o-| 5
Notes in Cmaj chord (nashville I)
|---|-o-|---|-o-|-C-| |---|-E-|-o-|---|-G-| |-o-|-C-|---|-o-|---| |---|-G-|---|-o-|---| |---|-o-|---|-E-|-o-| |---|-o-|---|-o-|-C-| 5
Notes in Dm chord (nashville ii) - D F A
|---|-A-|---|-o-|-o-| |---|-o-|-F-|---|-o-| |-o-|-o-|---|-D-|---| |---|-o-|---|-A-|---| |---|-D-|---|-o-|-F-| |---|-A-|---|-o-|-o-| 5
- Then Notes in iii, IV, V, vi, vii.
- Then rinse and repeat on another position in CAGED
What approach would you recommend, or would you recommend something different than what I described?
See also: This question is asking something similar - whether he should learn scales by shapes or learn all the fretboard notes
Meta: my 2nd and 3rd fretboard diagrams were disappearing. Regarding this problem, I asked this question in meta which also gives the solution.