Well, the general advice to avoid noise is to use as few pedals as possible, as each one raises the noise floor.
A noise gate will act as a gain reducer until you send a signal over its threshold, so having a noise gate first is a good idea. (It does affect sustain and various other factors, but they are outside the scope of the question)
The rest of your setup is usually determined by how you want your guitar to sound. Putting a compressor early sounds very different to putting it late in the chain.
For certain high gain distorted sounds, I find on stage I commonly start with a compressor, then distortion, modulation effects then delay - but if I get uncontrollable feedback due to strange acoustics, I may add a noise gate in front of the compressor (odd, but sometimes it is a quick and dirty fix)
If you are wanting to use all those pedals, you should also start looking at signal switchers. I'm guessing you won't run a phaser and a chorus together, so a signal switcher lets you avoid running your signal path through an effect which isn't being used (as you still get noise from an inactive effect)
Also, the decision on whether you run effects pre-amp or on the FX send is not generally done for noise reduction reasons- it gives an entirely different sound, so usually you choose what sound you want.