It is used in some earlier songs of Antònia Font:
If you slow it down it becomes a Phil Spector drumbeat.
In which other ways can it be precisely described?
That is called a Habanera rhythm (also known as Cuban contradanza). It is a traditionally Cuban/Afro-Latin rhythm. It is closely related to the Tresillo rhythm and the Hemiola. It is the duple pulse correlative of the triple pulse Vertical Hemiola.
The Wikipedia articles go into good detail explaining these rhythms further, so I won't needlessly quote them. However, if you don't understand something in one of the articles, feel free to ask and we'll try to clarify it.
This rhythm (or rhythmic cell) is so common that it appears in everything from Opera to Reggaeton:
Reggaeton example: (Menealo) https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/reggaeton!-20-latin-hits-very/id83091088
Opera example: Carmen: l'amour est un oiseau... https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/carmen-lamour-est-oiseau-rebelle/id454403092?i=454403701