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For example, this guitar have 2 soundhole: 1 in front, 1 in side: one

Then, this guitar have only have 1 soundhole, in side: two

Or even I've seen guitar with 2 soundhole in the sides of the neck (on top).

Let's just say they have the same wood specification. Do the tone or even the volume affect? Is it (the tone and vol) will sounds different than the normal soundhole (which it's 1 in front)?

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Sound-hole placement will absolutely affect the sound quality and volume. –  user10944 May 30 at 4:13

2 Answers 2

up vote 7 down vote accepted

The majority of sound from an acoustic guitar is produced by the sound board (or 'top').

The soundhole allows the sound waves generated at the inside face of the soundboard to escape the body.

With all else being equal, a guitar with only a sound hole in the side will be quieter from the front but probably louder to the player.

Any difference in tone will be much harder to predict and will depend on the guitars dimensions, material properties and exact sound hole placement.. With all the uncontrolled variables involved (timbers inhomogeneities are impossible to predict) I doubt an accurate simulation could ever be run.

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The situation is similar to a speaker cabinet with a separate hole in the baffle. Speakers move air by moving backwards and forwards. There is a 'push' of air as the cone moves forwards, and also a 'push backwards' as it moves back. The air in a normal enclosed cab goes nowhere, but in a ported cab has a chance to 'push' through the port (separate hole). This adds to the volume and changes the tone of the sounds the speaker produces.

On a guitar, the vibrations of the strings move through the bridge (and any other points of contact) as well as through the air to the nearest next point of vibration - the body. This then vibrates and amplifies the sound. Like the speaker analogy, the air needs to escape to be heard better.This is a non-scientific approach to the answer, but a scientific one would consider the paths of sound waves, their direction through the guitar, and where on its body would be the optimum place/s to let the sound out. With various parameters - type of wood, contour of shape, size, etc. Given that all these are equal,which is almost an impossibility in itself, it's still extremely difficult to define the best place for hole/s.But their positions will certainly affect the sound quality and volume. Not always for the better !

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