There is no common tempo (speed). Tempo varies between your examples.
There are differences among your examples, but I see where you are coming from. I'll try to dive into what the 4 patterns share.
4/4 or mainly 4/4 time. The snare drum on the beats 2 and 4 (which some call the weak beats) and the kick drum on every beat or beats 1 and 3 (Led Zeppelin's and Wu-Tang's examples have more complex kick drum patterns, but they are built around the same basic idea). Accentuating beats 2 and 4 with the snare drum has been a very common pattern in pop and rock music for many years now. I think all your examples are built around this idea, plus or minus few variations.
It's very simple, not distracting, keeps things moving and going, with a feel of constant flow; that's why it is so used as a base for everything else. Take whatever you want, put it on top of that rhythm, and bam! you have a dancy thing going on, just like that.
Emphasizing the beats 2 and 4 is called a "backbeat" (thanks Dave!) I don't know if the pattern as a whole has a specific name (if not it should), but that's what they share in terms of percussion.
It's also common to find that pattern with some other element added to the upbeat (the "ands" in "1 and 2 and 3 and 4"). Shakers and hi-hats are very popular elements to use there. This makes that rhythm pattern even more dancy.
That's the base of the drum pattern of a pretty big percentage of commercial music. It's so easy to like it and dance to it.
Let's build up the rhythm so you can hear what's going on, and how other rhythms can be built around it.
First, kick drum on every beat.
Then we add snare drum to beats 2 and 4.
Now add the hi-hat to the upbeats.
Finally, optionally, add whatever wherever. The first three elements added a very strong foundation, so you can go crazy.