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I'm talking about best position to put PA speaker while me (as a band that consist of lead vocal, 1 backing vocal, an acoustic-guitar (plugged), a bass, and an acoustic-small-drum.) play in a small room (like cafes, or small restaurant), where I can't get any feedback from the speaker.

Should I put it on the side of the stage, or behind me?

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Unless you also use it as a monitor, what's wrong with putting it in front of the band (probably at both sides or one side if you only have one)? –  cyco130 Jul 8 at 12:38
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up vote 6 down vote accepted

The standard for big gigs is for the PA speakers to be in front of the performers, pointing at the audience. So as not to block the view, they're typically in front and to the side, or above the stage and pointing downward.

The point of this is that the audience gets loud music, while the musicians are in a quieter area, where they can hear the music more clearly (loudness really screws up your perception of pitch and even timing) and microphone feedback is easier to control.

If necessary, performers can have quieter monitor speakers. See: In live performance, what is a "monitor"

For smaller gigs, things might be different. You might all be playing quietly enough that feedback isn't a problem even if he PA speaker is behind you. You might be able to hear enough leaking through the back of the PA speaker to use that as a monitor. You might want to play so loud that you can't contain the PA sound -- since it'll bounce back to you off the walls wherever you put the speaker.

Your other defence against mic feedback is to use a directional vocal mic held very close to the lips.

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The most important part is that no microphones are directly pointing towards any of the speakers. This means that the monitors should be in front of the band, facing towards them, and the audience speakers should be in front of the band (at the sides, so that they're not in the audience's view) and naturally facing away from the band.

The monitors' positions are not that critical when you're using pointed microphones. For instance, the drummer's monitors are often places beside and behind the drummer as well, which works as long as none of the drum microphones are pointing directly to the monitors.

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At one of the venues I play, the room is long and thin, with the stage area in the middle of a long side.Not ideal,but there it is. The p.a. speakers are unusually placed at 2 metres height, level with each side of the stage, pointing towards it.Yes, it sounds a weird set up, but it works. The feedack is minimal, as the mics are not facing the speakers, which act as foldback as well as p.a.As they are flown, there are no stands to get knocked over, but often they could be safe in an ad hoc situation that could copy this.

Otherwise, as others have said, lacking foldback, which is often used unnecessarily, put the p.a. speakers at the side of the stage area, level with the frontmost mics, so that sound can be heard on stage. I try to get the cabinets up as high as possible, in order to send the sound over the audience's head, also it puts them out of line with mics.

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