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I'd like to play Eagles - Hotel California, so I looked into the sheet music, but there is something I don't understand:

Hotel California -- Eagles

It says: guitar 1 is a 12-string acoustic played with capo behind 2nd fret.
I don't understand how is it possible. If you look at the chords shown, there is an E7 which has to put a finger on fret 1 in G-String. How is it possible if there is a capo on 2nd fret?

On the other hand, if the chords are shown from 2nd fret, E7 chord is no longer an E7. It'd be a F#7, right?

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up vote 5 down vote accepted

The chords shown for guitar1 become relative to the capo. So you´d place the capo behind fret 2 and play for example the E7 as shown, first finger, first fret on the third G string, just behind the capo. So in fact your capo becomes fret 0, the start of your fret board.

By placing the capo on the second fret, the tuning of youre guitar is raised by a whole tone, which results in Am becoming a Bm, G with A in the bass becoming A with a B bass etc.

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If I understand you correctly, E7 it's really a F#7 (one tone), right? So, why they don't put F#7 instead? – Albert Feb 16 at 13:34
2  
Your´e correct. The reason, and i can only guess, is probably most beginning players are more used to the open chord names or ´shapes´ – John Westhoff Feb 16 at 13:41
3  
A guitar with a capo is notated like a transposing instrument, which means that the pitches and chords as written are not the same as the ones we hear. To notate it any other way would make it much harder for a performer to follow the score in a timely fashion. – Todd Wilcox Feb 16 at 15:08
    
Ok, thanks. I don't usually play guitar with capo, so it confused me. In fact, it made me crazy and that's why I asked, because I knew the chord played was actually a F#7. From now I'll know whenever I have to read a sheet music with capo on any fret. – Albert Feb 16 at 16:59

The chord shapes are shown as if the capo is at the nut of the guitar. This way, it's easier for a beginner. So, the 'E7' is what is actually played, as if the guitar starts at fret 2, but the sound will be F#7.If they called it 'F#7', the player would (over) compensate, and play it two (more) frets higher. It's done this way to get the voicing of the chords to sound as they do.

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