# Franz Liszt Liebestraum No. 3 Bar 17 Roman Numeral Analysis

I'm going through Liszt's Liebestraum No. 3 in Ab M.... in bar 17, I don't know how to mark the A natural chord. It's either a #1 or the song has modulated to the natural minor, in which case it would be a natural ii.

I feel like I can't call it a flat 2 due to the notation. What would you guys put there?

[edit: it would be a ii in the natural minor, not a iii. Again, I drink when looking at scores]

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I believe it depends on the local context. Could you include an exerpt with some surroundings? – Ulf Åkerstedt Jul 11 '12 at 6:36
Link. Measure 17 is measure 2 of line 5 in the third link. There's no A♮ chord in that measure. – American Luke Jul 11 '12 at 15:01
Pardon the messed up link. Just add the last parenthesis and it should work. SE is clipping the end of the link off and I don't know why. – American Luke Jul 11 '12 at 15:08
@Luke Just how Markdown works. I've fixed the link using the `[description](url)` format. – Matthew Read Jul 11 '12 at 19:16
Luke, I'm not sure you linked to the right song. The score for the Liebestraum in Ab Maj can be found here: link Admittedly, I was pretty drunk when I posted this question, but it's definitely a root position A ♮ chord - or else I'm losing my mind, haha. – ben Jul 11 '12 at 21:20

The chords should be notated as a modulation in measures 14-18. Liszt is using secondary dominant sequences. I have created a crude diagram to explain the sequencing. Chords in Brackets that are on top of each other are the same chords, just expressed in their respective key signatures.

```AbMaj: I-vi-[V/vi]
CMaj:[  I ]-vi-[V/vi]
EMaj:[  I ]-vi-[V/vi]```

I have also attached an image of the excerpt with my own analysis.

Liszt playfully dances between the I-vi of each key and rounds himself back to G#(AbMaj.)

So in conclusion the A minor chord your referring to should be marked as CMaj: vi

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Good answer--your formatting was getting eaten by jTab; I have edited with the required workaround. – NReilingh Sep 28 '12 at 4:49
Thank you N! I was really confused on what was causing my diagram to get eaten. – Sean Larkin Sep 28 '12 at 4:50