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I am teaching myself to play the electric guitar and I have printed out various tabs to practice with. On one there is a 14 single note introduction but, I have heard versions played where some notes are single and some have been replaced with chords which seem to sound the same as the single notes but give the intro a far more dramatic and rounded effect. The first note is F# - G string 11th fret - but when I try to replace it with the chord of F# it just doesn't sound right. I understand using F# A# C# in building the chord but not where to actually start the chord to get a sound close enough to replace the single note. Perhaps I am getting this all wrong and F# is not the chord I actually need. Any advice would be appreciated.

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possible duplicate of Finding chords that sound like a single note –  American Luke Sep 5 '12 at 23:20
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What key are you playing in? You could always just play power chords... they work in most cases. –  naught101 Sep 6 '12 at 1:04
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Someone should have a good answer (and the answer of the linked to question looked good too), but chances are it will pertain more to the key then the note - if you will. For example, if you're playing in the key of G, if it is a simply chorded song, chances are a D chord would sound better with it (F# is the major 3rd of the D chord which is the 5 chord of G). –  bassplayer7 Sep 6 '12 at 2:12
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3 Answers

One alternative is to test the chords where F# is

  • Tonic (I): F# or F#m
  • Third (III): D or D#m
  • Fifth (V): B or Bm
  • Fourth (IV): C# or C#m
  • Sixth (VI): A or Am
  • Second (II): E or Em
  • Seventh (VII): G or Gm

Knowing only one note of song, you should try all the 14 chords above.

But, if you know the key of song, we can reduce our trials to just 7 chords. For example, if the song is in the key of D, you should try the following chords:

  • D Em F#m G A Bm C#

This approach works for songs with simple melody and harmony.

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Can you provide a description? This is mainly to prevent link rot from rendering your answer useless. –  American Luke Sep 14 '12 at 22:47
    
Sorry for that. I'll try to enhance my answer. –  nano.galvao Sep 16 '12 at 3:19
    
Including the link to Chord-melody technique (Wikipedia) here –  NReilingh Nov 11 '12 at 20:49
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Another way to beef-up a single-note line is to add a drone. If there's a note that's common to several chords in chart, you can play it once and have it ring over all the changes (by the distributive property :).

This adds the tension of suspense. Why didn't the note change? Oh no, when will it change??!

Then, Zing! It changes. Whew.

I often write songs this way. Melody, add drones, add third line to cinch the harmony. It's a much more horizontal way of building a song than starting with chords. FWIW.

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I think you're looking for the concept of double stops, which, IIRC, Chuck Berry made really popular.

Most cases of which I'm aware use diatonic (within the key) combinations of the notes of the major scale for the key in which you're playing.

So in your example, assuming the key is F#, the notes you have available to choose from (and remain diatonic) are:

Root | 2nd/9th | 3rd | 4th/11th | 5th | 6th/13th | 7th
F#   | G#      | A#  |  B       | C#  | D#       | F

A combination of your melody notes and 6ths (above and below the melody note) will sound something like Sam and Dave's Soul Man, while a combination of melody + 3rds, 4ths, 5ths and 6ths will sound something like The Amazing Rhythm Aces Third Rate Romance.

An example of 6ths would be a melody of

B, C#, B, A#

Mix in the 6ths and you get

B G#, C# A#, B G#, A# F#

I wish I could explain better, but I hope this will get you started.

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