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Why is it that notes "start" with C? In key signatures, for example, C Major is the basis and accidentals are added for all other key signatures. I know that the musical alphabet starts with A and goes to G, so why is C the base note of standard notation and keys? Why isn't A the basis?

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Because Do is the first note, following by Re, Mi, Fa, Sol, La, Si, and Do is C –  Lưu Vĩnh Phúc Sep 18 at 8:06

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up vote 18 down vote accepted

This was already partially answered here, and there's a pretty comprehensive explanation here.

Notes do not "start" with C; C major is just the easiest major key to notate in modern notation. The concept of a major key came about long after letters were assigned to the notes. Before there were major (and minor) keys, people used modes, usually just using the notes of the modern white keys and starting and ending in different places. The Ionian mode (which became modern major) was a late addition to the modes.

So it's historical accident that C major is treated as "basic."

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In other words, it's not that "C" was given any prominence (directly) as the "base note" but rather the Ionian became the "base mode". The latter names themselves favour the Aeolian as the "base mode". –  James Tauber May 20 '11 at 4:18

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