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I am playing bass for two years, I am very amateur, but I love it.
Sometimes I am trying play melodies from songs, Tom Waits, or Madonna, which I fond of..
I think I have no ear like "exact pitch", or "relative pitch", but I found notes somehow.
A friend of mine who is musician already told me that the notes I found is "modulations",
As I understand, it means varieties of a melody, but not the exact melody.

is there any method to find/analyze notes of a song/melody?
I just wonder. Some pratical ways could be great.

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Did you see this question regarding finding out bass notes: music.stackexchange.com/questions/7843/… ? –  Ulf Åkerstedt Feb 9 '13 at 10:28
    
this question relative to music creation may be relevant to you also: music.stackexchange.com/questions/6974/… –  Stephane Rolland Feb 9 '13 at 11:14
    
Thank you both questions have plenty answers that really great for me, "Amazing Slow Downer"!! –  Digerkam Feb 9 '13 at 12:14
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1 Answer

up vote 4 down vote accepted

I advice you to focus on relative pitch.

You're a bassist, so you catch the bass line easily in songs, I don't doubt about that. There may be methods, but I'm just gonna give you some tricks.

Once you feel the bass you feel what is called in classical music the fundamental tone. (I'm french maybe that's not the correct word in english).

When you play guitar or bass, you know that you can always play the fifth at the same time of your bass tone: the fifth it always sounds good. It's called power chord, in french we say 'la quinte juste'/'the right fifth' because it can not be not right. You play an E on the first string with a B on the second, or a G on first string and a D on the second string, an A on the first string and an E on the second string.

This is the ground of harmony. The theory you call for is Harmony.

With the fundamental and its fifth you can add a third note. It makes a chord. Most of the time it goes major or minor. This note can be played as melody to enrich the bass you play.

Once you can easily find your path between the chords that follow themselves in the circle of fifth , you can add notes as adornments: they achieve the real melody/tune.

So before any theory, I advise you to master the cycle of fifth.

And then you'll learn augmented and diminished chords. There are more exotic tunes to experiment further. But learn this circle. It's the base of western music.

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Looks quite interesting, I just dive into it, thank you! And sorry I have no enough reputation to up vote your answer! –  Digerkam Feb 8 '13 at 23:19
    
@Digerkam if you dive in the pieces of music you already know, it will help you 100 times more than text. The rules I told you, have always been under your fingers. –  Stephane Rolland Feb 8 '13 at 23:23
    
just a question, do you listen to industrial music ? I only say this because of your avatar :-) –  Stephane Rolland Feb 8 '13 at 23:31
    
Yes I like, EinstŁrzende Neubauten.. it was symbol of Crass, British band. Mostly I like post-punk, and post-rock.. Also drum&bass bands like Nomeansno, Man Is The Bastard, Death From Above 1979 etc. –  Digerkam Feb 8 '13 at 23:38
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let us continue this discussion in chat –  Digerkam Feb 9 '13 at 0:00
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