Musical analysis is the attempt to answer the question 'how does this music work?'

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Prokofiev's Chamber Music, Quintet Opus 39, Analysis [on hold]

I will analyze the score but am a performer by trade. I want the outcome of my writings based on the analysis to be accessible to other performers and not only to musicologist, which I find the be so ...
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2answers
77 views

Score analysis: Beethoven - Menuetto IV in F major (WoO9) at measure 4

I'm new to music and I'm trying to learn analysis, my question is, what chord is represented in the last bar of this excerpt? It has C in bass, so it could be a dominant chord, but rest of the notes ...
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1answer
44 views

Identifying Modulations in Roman Numeral Analysis

I've been working on this analysis as some of you may have seen in other questions. It's my first non-super basic analysis so I've been really really struggling. I've attached a scan of where I'm up ...
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4answers
124 views

How exactly tell the root of a song over a defined scale on ambiguous harmonic context?

I play a song in either C major key or A minor key. Usually I determine the root (C or A) taking into account clues like: The happy or sad feel of it all The first chord (C or Am) Stereotypical ...
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5answers
146 views

Roman Numeral Analysis of Chords Outside Of The Key: C7 in the key of E major

I'm completing a roman numeral analysis in E Major, but there's several chords marked out that fall outside of the key - either with an accidental that shouldn't be there or they're marked as minor. ...
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211 views

chords in BWV 846

I have been doing chord analysis on BWV 846 (prelude). It is very interesting and I hope you can help me with some questions: I understand that doing chord analysis is good but what is the reason ...
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43 views

Symmetry Instead of Tonaliity

I have read about a different approach to music, the symmetrical approach of analyzing, that was after I listened to a the jazz standard Giant Steps and heard that the technique that is used in the ...
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2answers
41 views

How can I visualise the effects of EQ as a curvature represented on a graph?

I have just started diving into the magic world of EQ. Basically, I can hear what the effects are, and see them via a freq-analyser, however, what i'd really like is a way I can represent any sound ...
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1answer
30 views

Motifs in Bartók's 5th Quartet

I'm doing a motific analysis of the first movement of Bartók's 5th Quartet and I've traced almost everything. The only bit which bothers me occurs at bar 82, then again at bar 177 where it forms the ...
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91 views

What are common analytic techniques for identifying phrases in music?

I understand that the concept of "phrase" is not always very well defined, and that there contrasting "intuitive" and "analytical" ways of thinking about music phrases and phrasing, per Wikipedia. ...
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178 views

What are the official modes from Ionian to Locrian?

I am having some confusion is respects to the formal definition of what the various modes are. I know that their defined in relation to their scale, however, I've come to realise this may not be best ...
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332 views

Why are pure tones depicted as sine waves?

This is pretty much the only thing in music theory (that i've covered so far) that I cannot understand. What I would expect to hear, is what you get from LFO, or Low Frequency Oscillator represented ...
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375 views

Software to analyse music for playability

Is there any software that can analyse instrumental parts for playability? I want to compose orchestral music, I know the ranges of the individual instruments, but do not know if what I compose is ...
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158 views

What is the origin and advantages of this system of chord naming/ notation? e.g. G7 is major minor seventh not Dominant 7th

I've received a few emails through my website asking me what a major minor seventh chord was. At first I thought they had mixed up the sequence and were referring to the A-#7 chord (root chord of ...
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935 views

Why is Mozart's Turkish March considered a rondo?

I read on Wikipedia Mozart's Turkish March has the form A-B-C-D-E-C-A-B-C But I read in my textbook Listening to Music by Craig Wright that a rondo form is supposed to have more "symmetrical ...
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1answer
95 views

Is there a collection of pop or jazz standards that include harmonic analysis? [closed]

I'm learning to do harmonic analysis and I'm quite happy with the sources for the theoretic aspects online and in books. But to practice, it would be great to have excercises with solutions ...
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2k views

If A minor doesn't have any accidentals, is it still minor?

As part of a music course, we have to compose a 3 minute long piece based on a river's journey. Having finished the composition, we now have to write a set of sleeve notes - basically an analysis and ...
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124 views

What is the Hanson system used for?

Recently I've been learning about alternate analysis techniques used for modern compositions and one that I've recently learned about the Hanson system partiality described below: Now as shown in ...
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137 views

How to find popular and relevant songs from different decades? [closed]

I'm working on a project which entails gathering some very specific information about popular songs of all time, which is then entered into a database. I make no distinction in regards to genre, so by ...
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1answer
157 views

How to find an analysis of a classical piece in the internet

I'm a passionate non-professional musician and I find it extremely helpful to know something more about the pieces I practice. I tried to find musical analyses (formal, rhythmical, melodical) in the ...
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3answers
230 views

Question about analyzing a Dm C A# chord progression

Say I play the chords Dm C A# How would you describe the chord progression? There seems to be a relationship between Dm and A# but I don't understand how to describe it. They aren't a perfect 5th ...
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843 views

How do I determine the chord progression Roman numerals?

Let's say I'm playing the chords D, G, A and Bm. I know that D is my key, which would be roman numeral I. How do I associate the other chords with their proper roman numerals? How would I determine ...
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Roman numeral notation for a suspended chord?

On the Wikipedia entry for Roman numeral analysis, it says that major chords use the upper case numerals (e.g. IV for the F major chord in the C major scale) and lowercase letters for minor chords ...
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285 views

How is a chord progression with G#, D#m, F and G possible?

I was analyzing Gone Hollywood by Supertramp, and from around 0:22 a riff starts. The chords in the riff are G#, D#m/F#, F and G. The weird thing is that in the key of G# major the D# minor chord ...
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Why is bass note so important in harmonic analysis of music?

In any type of harmonic analysis the bass plays big part in determining the function of the harmony. There are even special ways describe what note of the chord is in the bass (known as inversions) ...
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177 views

Which roman numeral should I use for F# diminished chord in the key F Major?

In the key of F major, what roman numeral is the F# A C chord? I know it is a diminished chord. It is going from a F to F#dim to Gm7
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717 views

Chords in Moonlight Sonata 1st movement

From here: In 1st measure - first chord - it's said that it is C#min (i) but there are C-C#-G. I thought it should be C#-E-G# why is it C#min (i) if there are C-C#-G?? In 3st measure - first ...
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664 views

Why does this progression sound good, even if it not resolve to the root?

I'm trying to learn some music theory. I'm interested in the magic of chord progression, and how little changes can make a dramatic change in the feeling. Anyway, I suppose that a progression moving ...
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4answers
325 views

Alternative Analysis for Non-Functioning Secondary Dominants

I've been reading though my Pocket Music Theory book and in the chapter on secondary dominants there is a concept that confuses me. The book says there can be non-functioning secondary dominants that ...
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540 views

Chord analysis of Rachmaninoff's Piano Concerto No.2 Movement 1 mm 86

I need help in analyzing the chords of Rachmaninoff's Piano Concerto No.2 measure 86. In the snippet below, the measure is encapsulated by a green box. . Score is from and can be found here. EDIT : ...
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208 views

Harmonical analysis of Fm D♭ E♭ B♭

How should I analyse this chord progression: Fm D♭ E♭ B♭ ? Is it (in A♭ major): vi IV V II ?
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What is the clearest way to signify the harmonic function of a polychord?

Chords can be analyzed with roman numerals to indicate function: C, Am, Dm, G I, vi, ii, V (or I, VI-, II-, V in jazz theory) And inversions may be analyzed by adding an arabic numeral indicating ...
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340 views

Website that analyze songs?

Is there a website that analyze songs? for example it describes the rhythm of the song, what key and chords are used, and what scale the solo is using? for example a song like Pink Floyd's Time, it ...
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1answer
437 views

How to analyze and obtain useful information from a score

I'm a self taught musician. I have learned music theory, composition, and instrument performance by myself. I would like to improve my composition techniques and I believe that I should begin ...
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1answer
281 views

What do the numerator and denominator of a chord name in roman numerals mean?

I'm reading a paper on music theory and I keep coming across names of chords expressed as a fraction - I/I, I/V, ii/I, etc. Based on the use of these names in the paper, I'm reading this as: I/I: A ...
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203 views

Which scores are best for those who are new to analysis?

Are there some scores that are better suited to aspiring composers? What specific elements of analysis are more important for a beginner to start with if his goal is to improve as a composer ...
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3k views

Making sense of 5/4 time signatures

Normally, we're told that 5/4 is usually 3/4 + 2/4 or 2/4 + 3/4. (At the very least, it's unusual to have a meter that large without "secondary stress" beats.) However, how do we make sense of the ...
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3answers
416 views

How to analyze chord progressions in tonal music?

I've been told that you have to analyze progressions according to the key at the end, despite how many keys/tonality that precede it. Is this true? If a composition contains one key in long ...
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653 views

Differentiating between II and II7 (secondary dominant V of V)

I'm studying harmony and start to make roman numeral analysis on Bach pieces. I often mistake a II (second degree) for a secondary dominant on the 2nd degree(V7 of V). I guess there are some notes ...
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Score analysis: Minuet in G Minor BWV Anh 115

The piece modulates from G minor to Bb major between the bars 12-14 but I don't know how to mark these chords as they have B natural in them, which doesn't belong neither to G minor nor Bb major. So, ...
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12k views

Classical music theory notation for chord inversions (figured bass)

In classical music harmony analysis, we see the chord inversions notated like I6/4, I6, V4/3. Examples: What are those numbers? How do they define the inversion? What's the theory behind using ...
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4answers
654 views

Looking for software that checks for voice leading mistakes in MIDI, MusicXML, or MuseScore formats

I've been learning voice leading with a mixture of on-line classes and some reading. Receiving feedback for exercises can be troublesome sometimes. I was thinking if there is a way to cut that ...
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3answers
254 views

Can you help me to identify, solve or improve my vocal problems?

I would like to find out a way to diagnose my vocal problem and assess my voice quality, such as too little or much nasal sound, wrong pitch, weak or loud sound, .... I would like to find out what ...
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3answers
2k views

Nashville numbers in major vs minor keys

Some songs refer to their key as specifically major or minor, but others use both the major and relative minor as key centers, in an even enough proportion where it can be hard to say whether the I ...
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1answer
715 views

How would one create music based on the principles of Cubism?

How would one create music based on the principles of Cubism? (e.g., 20th century painters: Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, Juan Gris, Fernand Léger) The basic definition of Cubism calls for the use ...
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641 views

Why is this progressions described as i/5 - bVI?

Basic question, I understand the ideas of modes and that there are 7 corresponding keys within each major/minor scale, but I'm trying to learn what exactly is meant when the chord progression is ...
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447 views

“I-vi” in Major or “III-i” in Minor?

There are some progressions that seem to move back and forth between a major key and its relative minor, like the "I-vi" progression (C, Am for example, two measures each.) Most people would consider ...
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1answer
169 views

Can sequences in music be modified rhythmically?

Can a sequence still be considered a sequence if the rhythm is changed? For example: Beethoven's Piano Sonata Op.13, II, in the left hand: The phrase beginning on the upbeat of 1 in the 3rd ...
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1answer
471 views

Chordal Analysis of Christian Petzold's Minuet in G (formerly attributed to J.S. Bach)

The piece I am asking about is the well-known minuet that was originally attributed to J.S. Bach but has since been re-attributed to lesser-known composer, Christian Petzold. My question concerns ...
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2answers
185 views

Chord number notation for a minor song switching to a major sound

I have a song that I am using Roman numeral analysis for a song I have written. The first part based on D minor. The minor progression looks like this: I__ Isus __ VII Dm ...