Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827), composer whose work spanned the boundary between the Classical and Romantic eras.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

5
votes
1answer
47 views

Beethoven repeated sforzando

In some Beethoven works (e.g. 8th symphony - first movement) there are some parts with repeated sforzando. Are these intended as simple sforzando or sforzando within crescendo? Is there any historical ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Barenreiter (or urtext) Beethoven symphonies scores [duplicate]

Does anyone know if on internet are the Beethoven Nine Symphonies scores available? Thank you
1
vote
2answers
238 views

Why is the ninth symphony considered to be among Beethoven's greatest works? [closed]

According to Wikipedia: The Symphony No. 9 in D minor, Op. 125 (sometimes known simply as "the Choral"), is the final complete symphony of Ludwig van Beethoven (1770–1827). Completed in 1824, the ...
12
votes
1answer
193 views

E flat or E natural in score of Beethoven String Quartet Op 131?

I have heard recordings of Beethoven's C sharp minor string quartet Op. 131 where, in bar 53 the third crotchet of the first violin part is played as E flat, and at least one recording where it is ...
5
votes
3answers
147 views

Cb and Eb in C minor

I'm working on Beethoven's Sonata no 5 I passed by this I can't figure out how the C and E are flat, as Cb is a B and E is already Flat according to the C minor scale I'm very new to music ...
1
vote
1answer
524 views

How does the 3rd movement of Moonlight Sonata relate to moonlight?

Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. 14 is also called the Moonlight Sonata. The first movement is smooth, like the moonlight in a quiet and clear night; the second movement is vivid, just similar to the ...
3
votes
2answers
207 views

Cadential Six Four Chord

Must the V chord always immediately follow the I 6-4 in a cadential six-four or can there be maybe a passing six-four in between like in measure seven of beethoven's piano concerto no.1 op.15, I? ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

What do the terms “arco” and “ten.” mean?

I am following along with a score of Beethoven's first symphony. I came across two abbreviations, arco. and ten. What do those stand for?
4
votes
2answers
1k views

How can I play Für Elise well?

I've always heard that Für Elise is an extremely difficult piece to play well, despite being relatively easy in a technical sense. An added challenge is that it's been extremely over-played (I'm just ...
2
votes
3answers
105 views

Is there a piece of music that “inaugurated” Beethoven's middle period, and thus the Romantic era?

Since Beethoven's early works are considered part of the Classical era, and his later works are considered part of the Romantic era, is there, by scholarly consensus, a single piece of his that ...
5
votes
2answers
351 views

How does the performance of “rubato” differ in the classical and romantic styles?

In the movie Amadeus, there's a scene of a chamber orchestra where the conductor uses a large pole and pounds the floor to indicate downbeats in a strict time. And in earlier music, such as Bach ...
3
votes
1answer
845 views

How to distinguish between piano music by Beethoven and Chopin?

What are some musical characteristics that can be analyzed to tell if a piece of music was written by Ludwig van Beethoven or Frédéric Chopin? Both are unmistakably present in the concert repertoire ...