The theory behind building and naming chords.

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Understanding music with multiple key changes within chord progressions

So this has been bothering me for some time now; I've been making beats for maybe 7-8 years now but my earlier work is heavily-sampled. I just started actually picking up piano, but on my own, ...
3
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2answers
626 views

If you add an E to a Bm chord, what do you have?

For instance playing standard barre on the 2nd fret, but leaving the high E open. My brain is banking out figuring out what an E is in this context and how the resultant chord would be named.
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370 views

Why do we call the Hendrix chord 7#9 instead of 7b10?

The Hendrix chord is usually mentioned when a harmony contains both the major and the minor third, together with the minor seventh. Were it a major seventh, I'd say we have an augmented 9th and thus ...
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5answers
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Is there a name for a chord which combines the major and minor thirds of the root?

I noticed while noodling on my acoustic guitar that playing Cm using the Am shape barred on 3rd fret, that opening the high E string gives a pleasingly discordant sound. I realised the E comes from ...
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1answer
204 views

Minor major seventh flat five chords: do they exist, and if so, how should they be used?

When randomly playing chords, my husband and I stumbled upon an interesting four-note combination of C, Eb, Gb and B natural, which sounded pretty nice to us despite the dissonance. This looks like a ...
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2answers
73 views

How to correctly classify different guitar tunings?

How would you correctly classify say - ECDGAD? Like, how people will say "E Minor 9th Tuning" or something like that, if you understand what I'm saying - what would you call ECDGAD and how would you ...
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270 views

proper uses of minor seventh chords

Having used dominant seventh chords extensively,I am now trying to incorporate minor seventh chords into my compositions... Based on my [rudimentary] knowledge, minor seventh chords are usually used ...
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1answer
74 views

How do C1, C2, C3 relate to C and CSus4 on guitar?

I wanted to check some chords for ‘A Team’ by Ed Sheeran and came across this version which includes C1, C2, C3. Then this video is called ‘How to play a C4’ but is actually how to play a CSus4 So I ...
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274 views

Is this a Csus4 chord?

I have a book that labels C, F, Bb, and D as a Csus4 chord. I get the F is the 4th to C, but why the dominant 7th and the 9th? Are those vital to a Csus4 chord, do they add to it, or is the book just ...
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298 views

Is a Cm7 chord considered minor or dominant?

Is a Cm7 chord considered minor or dominant? I'm studying jazz and trying to identify chord scales for particular harmonies. What modes qualify to possibly "fit" with a Cm7 chord, and how do I ...
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378 views

Ending a song with a dominant chord

As far as i know, almost all songs end in the tonic chord, because this is the most "stable" condition. On the other hand, a dominant chord at the end of a progression (or song) sounds "incomplete". ...
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320 views

Do different minor chords (vi, ii, etc) convey different nuances?

I came across some postings discussing whether different minor keys produce different moods, but i have not found one that compares different minor chords... As each minor chord has a different ...
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1answer
65 views

Do bass notes basically just accent and/or add notes to the above harmony?

I'm trying to understand how the bass timbre folds into the harmony. I understand doubling more dissonant intervals is generally bad unless creating a cool melody. Is this basically because it's ...
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3answers
159 views

Why is the complete circle of fifth progression more common in minor than major?

In relation to How common is the complete circle of fifths progression? which describes some examples of the complete circle of fifth progression (a consecutive 4-7-3-6-2-5-1 progression), apparently ...
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1answer
151 views

What does the “o” notation signify?

I just saw this comment by Tim, in another question: Do can't have a C. It's spelt D, F, Ab, Cb.Or as a triad, just the 1st 3 notes. Ao/F is F b9, and Ao/F# will just be F#o. Or D b9/F#. If this ...
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10answers
523 views

Why is the tonic chord of a key formed with the 1,3 and 5 notes of the key but the major chords in that key are the I IV and V?

The tonic chord in a given key is formed by using the 1 and 3 and 5 notes of the scale in whatever key you are in. However, in chord theory, the Major chords that work in that key are the one, four ...
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2answers
137 views

6th string root dominant 7th barre chord voicing

When I first started playing guitar quite a while back, I bought the Chords and Voicings Guitar Grimoire, and promptly put it on a shelf when I realized I had a lot more to learn then just chord ...
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4answers
345 views

Do the 'natural' chords to use in a key change if you use a different mode?

This question gives a great, not-too-technical explanation of modes: What are modes and how are they useful? I wondered if playing in a different mode would mean the standard chords change move also? ...
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5answers
189 views

Is music really infinite? [closed]

In contrast with the common misconception that "there are 7 notes, so you'll end up repeating 'em", I argued that music is infinite. Is this true, or there're boundaries to music?
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1answer
103 views

why major chords only have 1-3-5 notes why not other notes? [duplicate]

I have gone through this question The chord formula for the Major Chord is 1- 3 - 5. What do the numbers represent? I haven't understand that and I have also read many document. Please can any ...
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2answers
89 views

Are there rules that determine whether a chord belongs to a particular key?

Suppose I have a chord such as FAC. How do I know whether the notes belong to C (Fa La Do') or F (Do Mi Sol) or perhaps another key? Do music theorists have theories for how a key gets established? ...
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3answers
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How do you properly define diminished 9th, 11th and 13th chords?

I understand that a diminished 7th chord is defined by the intervals 1-b3-b5-bb7 and a half-diminished 7th chord is 1-b3-b5-b7, but how do you determine what intervals diminished (and half-diminished) ...
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4answers
115 views

Is there such a thing as an Add#9 chord?

I understand that the chord formed by the intervals 1-3-5-b7-9 is a 9th chord and that the intervals 1-3-5-9 (omitting the 7) create an add9 chord, but how do you properly define the chord created by ...
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59 views

Atypical tetrads

[ADDITION] I am wanting to expand Douthett's "4-cube trio" graph to include more tetrads ...
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165 views

How important are chord inversions as an intermediate guitar player and what are their applications?

I've been on a run to get a lot of theory down after realizing how amazing music theory is. As a guitar player going through a intermediate-advanced theory journey, I would like to know where ...
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151 views

Chords Built On Different Scales

Can chords be built on different scales i.e. harmonic minor, melodic minor, and when they are, how is this known?
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How can I learn more chords [duplicate]

I'm trying to learn more chords to become a better rhythm player. I can play barre and cowboy chords with ease, but simple major chords don't fit my sound. How can I learn more chords?
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Is Emajor the dominant chord in A minor?

I read somewhere that Emajor is the dominant (V) chord in A minor. Is this correct? If so, why is it not Eminor, since the A minor scale has no sharps or flats in it?
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3answers
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Minor scale with 7th chords, 7th not raised on 1 and 3

In my music theory class, the text book has in an example, all of the 7th chords in a G harmonic minor scale. Why, in the chords on 1 and 3, is the 7th is lowered? While the chords on the 5 and 7 are ...
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5answers
374 views

Please help me name this chord

I'm harmonising a tune I've written, in C major, and one chord which resolves to C major consists of B, Db(or C#), F and A. It seems to be a sort of tritone substitution, but I am struggling to come ...
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Is there a general rule when to use a 9th, 11th, and 13th chord on piano

My question is mainly related to extended chord. Is there a general rule for using the 9th, 11th and 13th? I have seen in a II,V,I progression in the key of C this progression: Dm9,G13, C.
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158 views

Colorful sounding chords

There is a music track that has beautiful colorful chords. I think that they include ninths in each one to achieve the good atmosphere. I'm sure there are another aspects and factors like the chord ...
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2answers
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passing chord preceding 4th in minor scale?

I will demonstrate the topic in Am Scale but it could be in another scale. in a lot of songs,music there is a chord progression that includes these to chords in this order : Am ---> Dm and ...
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2answers
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Does a diminished first exist?

Are there any instances where the first note in a scale/chord is "diminished"? For instance, could a Db occur in a D chord, where the context explicitly requires that this is a Db (diminished first) ...
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4answers
319 views

What do you call a chord that is not complete?

What do you call a chord that is not complete or how can you tell what chord a group of notes are? Is it by looking at the root note? For example: C# E G# B F# => C# Maj 11 E F# G# ...
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0answers
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Essential strumming patterns/techniques? and the theory behind it? [duplicate]

I used to play silly led zeppelin and velvet underground covers. i knew all the vu strumming just because i knew the records by heart. i've started to get more into classic folk and country and nick ...
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2answers
1k views

Why do notes have multiple names?

I've seen the same note called different names. Why is this the case and are there times to use one name over another?
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146 views

Diminished chord with one raised note

I have no formal training in music theory, so my question might be phrased a bit clumsily. There is a kind of jazzy chord progression I enjoy very much, the one which, from the top of my head, I ...
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Melodic Minor - Uses

The one problem I have with the Melodic Minor is that I just don't know how and where to use it. From my comprehension, it is the Minor scale when descending and when ascending it has a maj6 and maj7. ...
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92 views

How to use bIII in music composition?

From the Borrowed Chords theory, I should be able to use the flat-third major (bIII) in my composition and it should sound good. However, after many trial and errors, I am unable to discover any ...
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How do I use slash chords in music composition?

After studying pop music composition for a while I noticed that many composers use slash chords in their music. How do I use those in my own composition? When is it more preferable to use slash chords ...
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1answer
130 views

Tritone substitution in a ii-V-I progression and chord names

I'm learning a bit about chord progressions right now and so I stumbled across tritone substitutions. I tried applying those to a ii-V-I progreesion in G-major, but I'm not sure if I did it right, to ...
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3answers
394 views

C major 6th chord and A minor 7th chord: same notes but different quality, why?

Simple question: many have noticed that the A minor 7th chord is the an inversion of the C major 6th chord. However, the more interesting this is why they have different quality (as minor and major) ...
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7answers
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Why are the chords C-E-G and G-C-E both considered C Maj?

Can someone explain to me in layman's terms why that is the case?
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464 views

How do enharmonic notes affect harmony and chord progressions?

Quoting the Wikipedia article: The notes C♯ and D♭ are enharmonic (or enharmonically equivalent) notes. Namely, they are the same key on a keyboard, and thus they are identical in pitch, although ...
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Is there a special name for “I - V - i” or “i - V - I” Modulation?

Recently, while listening to contemporary and pop music, I discovered that many song uses an I - V - i or i - V - I modulation. For example, C major to G major to C minor. I want to know whether there ...
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Difference between Polychords and Extended chords

I'm really curious about the difference between polychords and extended chords. I know a polychord is two chords played at the same time where there is a higher chord and a lower chord. The common ...
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Confused about diminished chords for guitar

I came across several guitar chords which seem to be 'diminished' chords: X° X°7 Xø Xø7 I read some articles that might provide useful informating, including the Dutch Wiki article Chord (music), ...
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What is the clearest way to signify the harmonic function of a polychord?

Chords can be analyzed with roman numerals to indicate function: C, Am, Dm, G I, vi, ii, V (or I, VI-, II-, V in jazz theory) And inversions may be analyzed by adding an arabic numeral indicating ...
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Chord Type 7th Extension and the Major Scale

I'm learning about music theory and noticed that a C7 chord is based on the following notes: C E A# C E. I imagined a C7 chord should be based off the major scale where the 7th degree is the note B, ...