The way individual pitches interact when grouped to bring structure to music.

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How did Mozart know about voice leading rules like consecutive fifths?

What education did Mozart receive in order to know basic harmony rules, like consecutive fifths are bad? And how did he make sure his compositions do not have errors? Did he have to check every voices ...
3
votes
2answers
38 views

In Four Part Writing, is an augmented unison interval in a single voice allowed?

I'm composing a traditional four-part part-writing piece with a soprano, alto, tenor and bass. The song progresses from a F Major chord to an A Major chord. In the former chord, the bass is on C, and ...
6
votes
7answers
1k views

Theory behind the change from a major chord to the same in minor

In many songs I hear the change from a major chord to the same, but minor. For example F A Bb Bbm. It sounds really nice to me and I'm wondering if there is a theory behind it. Is there a genre ...
8
votes
3answers
485 views

When to use inversions in harmonizing a bass line

What exactly is the procedure for harmonizing a bass line? In my class, the teacher introduced inversions of chords, which are not hard to understand per se, but I can't wrap my head around how can I ...
2
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5answers
316 views

How do you write a corresponding bassline for an already written melody?

In my music theory class I have created a 16-measure melody, and have now been instructed by my teacher to create a corresponding bass-line for that melody. (I scored an 88% on my melody, so I assume ...
18
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4answers
1k views

Why is bass note so important in harmonic analysis of music?

In any type of harmonic analysis the bass plays big part in determining the function of the harmony. There are even special ways describe what note of the chord is in the bass (known as inversions) ...
7
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3answers
270 views

Dealing with synthesized sounds where only a subset of tones sound good

I created a heavily modulated and filtered bass sound on F-1 but cannot play anything other than the F-1 itself and its # as the rest have too many conflicting frequencies. How can these two keys be ...
6
votes
2answers
483 views

Which notes are bass line, versus melody line, in a rock song?

I'm actually learning piano, and in piano i can play the bass with my left hand and the melody with my right hand. But it doesn't seem to be the case with guitars and i assume that one guitar should ...
2
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1answer
30 views

Roman Numeral Analysis Algorithm [closed]

I'm working on a Roman Numeral Analyzer, but I have some problems and questions that I'd like to get clarification on. 1) What information is required to determine a chords function? 2) If the ...
6
votes
1answer
256 views

Rules of how the bass should (and should not) move in chord progressions

I've seen questions and answers regarding certain rules how the bass should move and resolve from one chord to another (especially when a chord is in an inversion and the bass note is not the root ...
3
votes
2answers
126 views

Do bass notes basically just accent and/or add notes to the above harmony?

I'm trying to understand how the bass timbre folds into the harmony. I understand doubling more dissonant intervals is generally bad unless creating a cool melody. Is this basically because it's ...
4
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3answers
132 views

Does the bass always have to harmonise with the lead?

I have written a half decent lead, at least for my level, and I am now trying to harmonise a bass with it. I am employing one of the most basic kind of methods to achieve this - playing the root note ...
2
votes
3answers
114 views

Harmonic Progression

I'm trying to figure out how to do this harmonic progression thing. What I did so far was write out the scale of all the roots. Now I'm trying to determine the common tones. I don't see any common ...
9
votes
3answers
299 views

Can any diminished chord be used as V anywhere?

I've been playing with diminished chords as 'V' in ii-V-1 progressions. I often use one of the three diminished chords in a ii-V-1 progressions - I sharp the 5th note of the scale and hang a ...
7
votes
2answers
333 views

How to make C lydian not sound like G ionian?

What are some concrete melodic and harmonic tools to establish the correct tonic center in a lydian melody? The reason for asking about lydian specifically is that there is no minor seventh for the ...
6
votes
4answers
677 views

What Happens To The Melody When Played In A Different Key

What happens to notation (e.g. a melody line) when a tune is played in a different key than the one it was written in? Do the notes alter in any way or do they always stay the same as originally ...
8
votes
5answers
2k views

D major in a C major Chord progression?

on this site It gives a chord progression in C major by default(C G Am F), and I'm interested in one of the "Alternatives" it offers for the progression: G,D,Em,C the progression is also quoted in ...
0
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2answers
97 views

Score analysis: Beethoven - Menuetto IV in F major (WoO9) at measure 4

I'm new to music and I'm trying to learn analysis, my question is, what chord is represented in the last bar of this excerpt? It has C in bass, so it could be a dominant chord, but rest of the notes ...
2
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5answers
414 views

Please help me name this chord

I'm harmonising a tune I've written, in C major, and one chord which resolves to C major consists of B, Db(or C#), F and A. It seems to be a sort of tritone substitution, but I am struggling to come ...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

What is a chord consisting of Root, 9th and 11th called?

I'm playing the following progression: Bm chord, with these notes: from low -bass- to high: B D F# in which: B: Root D: minor 3rd F#: 5th Bm11 chord, with these notes: from low -bass- to high: B ...
2
votes
3answers
669 views

Oasis - Supersonic Harmonic analysis (What modes are played, explaining modulations and pivots function as roman analysis)

Song can be played as: Main Riff: F#m(F#5) A B Bridge: E Riff E C#7 Chorus: D A E F#7, D A E C#7 -> Main Riff Again I am struggling on harmonic functions. I am not sure whether the song ...
8
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3answers
1k views

In Jazz, what is an avoid note?

Why are some scale degrees avoided? What is the reasoning behind the avoid notes? Are there avoid notes in all modes? If so, which are the avoid notes of the different modes? Is this pattern widely ...
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2answers
354 views

How can I find a chord to go to after any other chord played on the piano?

For example if I played a Dm triad, how would I find a/the chord this one would resolve to?
3
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1answer
195 views

Which category of music theory would the topic of “which scales to play over which chords” fall into?

For example, in blues it's common to play a minor pentatonic scale over a major chord, and in a lot of rock music it is common to play the corresponding major/minor pentatonic scale over a major/minor ...
3
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2answers
100 views

Bartok Mikrokosmos Book 3, no. 70

I have recently been trying to master this piece from Bartok's Mikrokosmos, and at first sight, it appeared daunting due to the fact that the right-hand part is in B major and the left-hand part is in ...
13
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1answer
233 views

Locrian Harmony

I like utilizing modes in my the pieces I write, but there is one mode I've never been able to fully grasp and utilize and that is the Locrian mode. The chords that naturally occur in the Locrian ...
4
votes
2answers
259 views

How common is it to omit the I in II V I cadences in Jazz?

I was studying the song 'Satin Doll' by Duke Ellington: And basically, there many II V in different tonalities. The same happens in Charles Mingus's 'Nostalgia in Times Square' (bars 9-11): In ...
0
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2answers
47 views

Symmetry Instead of Tonaliity

I have read about a different approach to music, the symmetrical approach of analyzing, that was after I listened to a the jazz standard Giant Steps and heard that the technique that is used in the ...
12
votes
4answers
2k views

Understanding minor key harmony

A comment discussion under this question from me, clued me in to the fact that I don't really understand how minor keys work very well. So here is what I think I know The natural minor comes from the ...
5
votes
3answers
137 views

“Tritone” intervals in n-tone equal temperament

In 12-tone equal temperament, the tritone interval is made of three whole tones (six semitones) and is considered, if I am not mistaken totally, as the most dissonant interval. I have two questions: ...
2
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3answers
105 views

Filling in a chord with your right hand

I am learning RH chords, playing them along with LH chords. So right now, I'm playing 2 note RH chords. Suppose the measure calls for a C chord, and the melody note is an E note. When playing below ...
0
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1answer
66 views

Creating a Harmony that Harmonizes with a Chord

I'm trying to get a harmony that will harmonize with my chord, Am. I want something to harmonize with the A,G,F melody and with Am. Is there any way to do this? This is what I have, I would like to ...
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1answer
54 views

“Spoiled” suspension

What is the theoretical term for the voice-leading phenomenon whereby the note that a suspension is expected to resolve to appears in another voice on the same beat that the suspension begins? You can ...
4
votes
1answer
112 views

Is Dudley Moore's Bedazzled in A Phrygian?

This song (YouTube) is one of the strangest pieces of music I've heard, with a long "A" pedal bass and a huge variety of crazy harmonies on top (my transcription), including lots of tritones. Is ...
1
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3answers
182 views

Does the rule regarding consecutive octaves/fifths actually hold any weight?

I have a melody in which I am trying to write a chord progression for. One of the rules of thumb is to finish a chord progression on the tonic if it precedes a chord of a 5th, and especially of a ...
2
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3answers
271 views

The tonic's seventh

The tonic's seventh is both the seventh of the chord and the leading tone of the scale. So what should happen with this seventh if it needs to be raised or lowered?
2
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3answers
151 views

Chord progressions : which note resolves to which note

In the key of C , going from G to C, note B resolves strongly to note C. How should the note D resolve? (To note C or E? I guess it should be to note C, assuming the key note has higher "priority". ...
0
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1answer
88 views

How does one go about harmonizing stepwise melodies?

I possess a whole book dedicated to harmonising. It coverrs perhaps if not all chords and how they can be harmonized with a melody. However, all the examples given so far, is only concerned with ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

How are keys in the circle of fifths related?

I know this seems like a basic question, and in the traditional sense, I actually know how their related. Though, whilst reading a book titled 'harmony for computer musicians', I've come across a ...
2
votes
2answers
169 views

Augmented chords and chord substitution?

Say we are in C major; how do we use chords like the Augmented chords, other diminished chords outside the scale (minor to major substitution, dominant 7th substitution, altered chords, chord ...
4
votes
2answers
100 views

Dissonances and harmony

When I listen to Bach, Handel or Vivaldi (especially Baroque composers) every single note seems to fit there perfectly I mean pretty consonant to their location. As I was trying to learn tonal ...
14
votes
3answers
1k views

Beatles - Because: Chord progression

I am currently looking at this tune but I'm a bit confused by a part of the progression. It seems to be using chords built mostly from the C# harmonic minor scale. So, my current understanding ...
0
votes
4answers
86 views

Word for the entire chord progression of a song?

What is the word for the entire chord progression of a song? Small sequences of harmonies are call progressions, can we also call the entire sequence of chords in a song a progression, or is there a ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

What is a parallel mode?

What is a parallel mode? How are the parallel modes used in composition and/or improvisation?
7
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3answers
146 views

Modern Harmonic Movements

I know quite a bit about the progression of harmony during the common practice period and up to basic jazz theory, but anything beyond the early 20th century just drops off for me. I know a little ...
5
votes
1answer
459 views

What is melodic inversion and how to do it?

I understood how to invert the chords (moving the bass note an octave above). When it comes to melodies I have seen many examples on the net but cant seem to understand the idea behind it. This ...
0
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0answers
40 views

How create Harmonizer effects

OK I did an pitch shift algorithm, and I would like to know how create an harmonizer effect! I know that to build Harmonizer I need pitch shift the signal in differents ways, my question is how know ...
2
votes
1answer
168 views

Which notes to play over a certain chord in a progression?

I know the notes that constitute the given chord sound well simultaneous to the chord, but which other notes can you play over a certain chord to create a melody and a meaning with good sound? Are ...
5
votes
5answers
388 views

Which other chords are considered equivalent or function like a V7?

A dominant seventh chord as the fifth degree of a key (notated V7) is often used to build a cadence back to the tonic. With that function in mind, I've seen people refer to other chords as "it ...
3
votes
1answer
125 views

Great sounding solos without obvious harmony

When I hear a guitar player like Joe Bonamassa on YouTube playing a solo (fast) without any accompaniment and it sounds great , I always wonder how they do it. I can improvise over chord changes and ...