The way individual pitches interact when grouped to bring structure to music.

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23
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9answers
8k views

How to dramatically change the feeling of a song while keeping the melody largely the same?

How to dramatically change the feeling of a song while keeping the melody largely the same? Let's say we have a happy, upbeat pop song and we want to turn it into a sad song (or vice versa). Is it ...
3
votes
3answers
302 views

I, (II), III major chord progression?

In Under the Bridge by Red Hot Chili Peppers, the introduction alternates between D and F# chords, with an E in between as a passing chord in some cases. There is also a g# passing note played over ...
12
votes
5answers
372 views

What are the benefits of determining form before composing?

I've heard time and time again of composers who say "It is better [for beginners] to know your form, and have a general idea of important chord progressions before you begin thinking seriously about ...
14
votes
1answer
691 views

What is a Neapolitan 6th?

In studying music theory I have heard the term Neapolitan 6th quite a few times, but I'm not quite sure what it is. What is a Neapolitan 6th and how is it used in a composition?
21
votes
5answers
2k views

Why is bass note so important in harmonic analysis of music?

In any type of harmonic analysis the bass plays a big part in determining the function of the harmony. There are even special ways to describe what note of the chord is in the bass (known as ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Where to start studying Jazz style? [closed]

Recently, I went to a Jazz concert. There was a bassist, a pianist and a drummer. I'm wondering what types of scales and chords they were playing. Is there a good material on the Internet for me to ...
6
votes
1answer
274 views

Harmonic analysis of the B section of “Have You Met Miss Jones”

I've been studying the standard Have You Met Miss Jones and I came across a very interesting chord progression in the B section of the piece. The A section is pretty typical and the key it's in is F ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Latin jazz: anticipated chord change on last beat

I'm in the process of using a midi sequencer to provide me with simple background (drums, bass line, bare minimum piano harmony) to practice improvising on Spain (Chick Corea). From listening to a ...
1
vote
3answers
98 views

Can you remove harmony from counterpoint?

For example, two melodies at once but one melody is only on the on beats while the other is only on the off beats, does this remove the harmony from counterpoint?
3
votes
3answers
467 views

how to play chords, bass and melody at the same time like Finger pickers and classical guitarists?

For a long time I have been trying to figure out how classical guitarists and finger pickers, play arpeggio, bass line and melody at the same time. Do they use chord shapes 1, 3, 5(for example) and ...
3
votes
2answers
260 views

How to read accidentals in medieval music “modern” notation?

I am writing an instrumental orchestration of De Machaut's Messe de Nostre Dame, Kyrie. I found scores in IMSLP here and here. These scores show accidentals above notes, sometimes in parenthesis. I ...
0
votes
1answer
101 views

Diminished progression

How can you use a progression (like the one below) and have it fit in C major well and support the melody? Do these diminished chords fit in a diatonic scale well, even though they're chromatic? ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Substituting all chords with relative minor/major…?

I was mucking around with Oasis' "Don't look back in anger" on the acoustic guitar/vocals. I was using these chords, but on capo 4 as I reworked the song a bit: ...
2
votes
2answers
145 views

Techniques for Tracking and Panning: Rhythm, Lead and Harmonies? [closed]

I am a super noob with recording just started and want to know, about tracking and panning. I don't know how many tracks I should record and how I should pan the guitars. Let's say you have a chord ...
3
votes
2answers
260 views

Harmonical analysis of Fm D♭ E♭ B♭

How should I analyse this chord progression: Fm D♭ E♭ B♭ ? Is it (in A♭ major): vi IV V II ?
7
votes
3answers
281 views

Dealing with synthesized sounds where only a subset of tones sound good

I created a heavily modulated and filtered bass sound on F-1 but cannot play anything other than the F-1 itself and its # as the rest have too many conflicting frequencies. How can these two keys be ...
5
votes
2answers
524 views

A triad is 3 notes, but on guitar, we strum more than 3 strings?

In music theory, I see that a triad is a chord built with three notes. Take Emaj in example; it is built with E,G#,B. But why when we strum all the six strings of the guitar does the harmony still ...
2
votes
4answers
347 views

Tonal harmony, counting intervals and confusing about Perfect Fifth in C Major

Distance from E to F is a half step because no other notes fall between them. Why are we using the G note as a perfect fifth in C Major chord? Shouldn't be G sharp?
2
votes
2answers
102 views

Modulation via a major chord, then another major chord a half step down

In Nick Cave's "Darker With The Day", there's a modulation at the end of the chorus which sounds very good (to me), but I don't understand why it works. The verse is more or less in G major: GM ...
2
votes
2answers
199 views

Music Theory, Circle of Fifth, Chords that fit, Exceptions and example song “Sultans of Swing”

I am playing guitar for some years now, mostly self-taught. I had never studied that much of music theory, but now as I want to improve my improvisation skill and want to get a broader view I started ...
5
votes
1answer
228 views

Relation of the diminished chord to the circle of fifths?

Within each key there are seven chords. If I understand it correctly the "first" six correspond to the minor and major variants of the current key and its immediate neighbors in the circle of fifths, ...
2
votes
5answers
630 views

Why do I need to learn counterpoint if I know harmony?

When I search for differences between harmony and counterpoint I usually read that in the end there's harmony in counterpoint. Can't I learn just harmony and get the same results ?
5
votes
2answers
205 views

Composition Training (with Hindemith)

I am looking to get back into composition and trying to get some advice on textbooks. By way of background, my biggest liability is my lack of formal training (I have none). During my early teens, I ...
5
votes
2answers
112 views

Role of Dominant 7th chord in particular progressions

Examining this progression in F: | F | A7 | Dm7 | Bb, Bbm | | F, E7 | Gm7, C7 | F, D7 | Gm7, C7 | In the fifth measure I really don't understand what role has the E7 chord because I can't ...
5
votes
2answers
781 views

Name for a group of notes made up of a root, major third, and perfect 4th?

I'm looking at the song One thing leads to another by the Fixx. Throughout the song, the guitarist plays the highest three strings at the 5th fret (giving C E A). Correct me if I am wrong, but the C ...
2
votes
2answers
113 views

Chords derived from uncommon scales

I came across an unusual chord progression in an A minor track: iv-I. Correct me if I'm wrong, but my first guess is that the I is borrowed from the major key. However, after thinking a while, I ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

How did Mozart know about voice leading rules like consecutive fifths?

What education did Mozart receive in order to know basic harmony rules, like consecutive fifths are bad? And how did he make sure his compositions do not have errors? Did he have to check every voices ...
3
votes
2answers
100 views

In Four Part Writing, is an augmented unison interval in a single voice allowed?

I'm composing a traditional four-part part-writing piece with a soprano, alto, tenor and bass. The song progresses from a F Major chord to an A Major chord. In the former chord, the bass is on C, and ...
8
votes
7answers
2k views

Theory behind the change from a major chord to the same in minor

In many songs I hear the change from a major chord to the same, but minor. For example F A Bb Bbm. It sounds really nice to me and I'm wondering if there is a theory behind it. Is there a genre ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

When to use inversions in harmonizing a bass line

What exactly is the procedure for harmonizing a bass line? In my class, the teacher introduced inversions of chords, which are not hard to understand per se, but I can't wrap my head around how can I ...
2
votes
5answers
1k views

How do you write a corresponding bassline for an already written melody?

In my music theory class I have created a 16-measure melody, and have now been instructed by my teacher to create a corresponding bass-line for that melody. (I scored an 88% on my melody, so I assume ...
6
votes
2answers
587 views

Which notes are bass line, versus melody line, in a rock song?

I'm actually learning piano, and in piano i can play the bass with my left hand and the melody with my right hand. But it doesn't seem to be the case with guitars and i assume that one guitar should ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

Roman Numeral Analysis Algorithm [closed]

I'm working on a Roman Numeral Analyzer, but I have some problems and questions that I'd like to get clarification on. 1) What information is required to determine a chords function? 2) If the ...
6
votes
1answer
501 views

Rules of how the bass should (and should not) move in chord progressions

I've seen questions and answers regarding certain rules how the bass should move and resolve from one chord to another (especially when a chord is in an inversion and the bass note is not the root ...
3
votes
2answers
177 views

Do bass notes basically just accent and/or add notes to the above harmony?

I'm trying to understand how the bass timbre folds into the harmony. I understand doubling more dissonant intervals is generally bad unless creating a cool melody. Is this basically because it's ...
4
votes
3answers
189 views

Does the bass always have to harmonise with the lead?

I have written a half decent lead, at least for my level, and I am now trying to harmonise a bass with it. I am employing one of the most basic kind of methods to achieve this - playing the root note ...
2
votes
3answers
145 views

Harmonic Progression

I'm trying to figure out how to do this harmonic progression thing. What I did so far was write out the scale of all the roots. Now I'm trying to determine the common tones. I don't see any common ...
7
votes
2answers
394 views

How to make C lydian not sound like G ionian?

What are some concrete melodic and harmonic tools to establish the correct tonic center in a lydian melody? The reason for asking about lydian specifically is that there is no minor seventh for the ...
7
votes
4answers
806 views

What Happens To The Melody When Played In A Different Key

What happens to notation (e.g. a melody line) when a tune is played in a different key than the one it was written in? Do the notes alter in any way or do they always stay the same as originally ...
8
votes
5answers
3k views

D major in a C major Chord progression?

on this site It gives a chord progression in C major by default(C G Am F), and I'm interested in one of the "Alternatives" it offers for the progression: G,D,Em,C the progression is also quoted in ...
0
votes
2answers
136 views

Score analysis: Beethoven - Menuetto IV in F major (WoO9) at measure 4

I'm new to music and I'm trying to learn analysis, my question is, what chord is represented in the last bar of this excerpt? It has C in bass, so it could be a dominant chord, but rest of the notes ...
2
votes
5answers
425 views

Please help me name this chord

I'm harmonising a tune I've written, in C major, and one chord which resolves to C major consists of B, Db(or C#), F and A. It seems to be a sort of tritone substitution, but I am struggling to come ...
4
votes
1answer
148 views

What is a chord consisting of Root, 9th and 11th called?

I'm playing the following progression: Bm chord, with these notes: from low -bass- to high: B D F# in which: B: Root D: minor 3rd F#: 5th Bm11 chord, with these notes: from low -bass- to high: B ...
2
votes
3answers
818 views

Oasis - Supersonic Harmonic analysis (What modes are played, explaining modulations and pivots function as roman analysis)

Song can be played as: Main Riff: F#m(F#5) A B Bridge: E Riff E C#7 Chorus: D A E F#7, D A E C#7 -> Main Riff Again I am struggling on harmonic functions. I am not sure whether the song ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

In Jazz, what is an avoid note?

Why are some scale degrees avoided? What is the reasoning behind the avoid notes? Are there avoid notes in all modes? If so, which are the avoid notes of the different modes? Is this pattern widely ...
3
votes
1answer
208 views

Which category of music theory would the topic of “which scales to play over which chords” fall into?

For example, in blues it's common to play a minor pentatonic scale over a major chord, and in a lot of rock music it is common to play the corresponding major/minor pentatonic scale over a major/minor ...
4
votes
2answers
147 views

Bartok Mikrokosmos Book 3, no. 70

I have recently been trying to master this piece from Bartok's Mikrokosmos, and at first sight, it appeared daunting due to the fact that the right-hand part is in B major and the left-hand part is in ...
14
votes
1answer
322 views

Locrian Harmony

I like utilizing modes in my the pieces I write, but there is one mode I've never been able to fully grasp and utilize and that is the Locrian mode. The chords that naturally occur in the Locrian ...
4
votes
2answers
336 views

How common is it to omit the I in II V I cadences in Jazz?

I was studying the song 'Satin Doll' by Duke Ellington: And basically, there many II V in different tonalities. The same happens in Charles Mingus's 'Nostalgia in Times Square' (bars 9-11): In ...
0
votes
2answers
93 views

Symmetry Instead of Tonaliity

I have read about a different approach to music, the symmetrical approach of analyzing, that was after I listened to a the jazz standard Giant Steps and heard that the technique that is used in the ...