An original American music style that originated in the early 20th century. Some of its distinctive elements include a "swung" or syncopated rhythmic feel, an emphasis on live improvization, and an adaptability that lends itself both to be influenced by and to influence other musical styles.

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5
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2answers
348 views

What does “Open Vamp” mean?

Playing the trumbone in BRAZIL from S.K.Russel and Ary Barroso a few weeks ago i fell over the sign "Open Vamp" in the trombone 2 part (in bar 10). Please help: what does this mean and how to play ...
2
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1answer
73 views

Groovy piano/rhodes tunes

I am a beginner/intermidiate jazz player and recentry I have discovered a fabulous groovy world of funk. I was greatly inspired by compositions like those: ...
4
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2answers
79 views

Getting back into music after a long hiatus

A little background: In high school, I was first chair tenor saxophone all four years in the school's top wind symphony section, and even played in the honors district band. I did jazz band both in ...
3
votes
1answer
67 views

How do you count off a 3/4 waltz?

Usually when one verbally counts off a 4/4 piece it goes (% is a rest) 1 % 2 % 1 2 3 4 Or for quicker tempos 1 % % % 2 % % % 1 % 2 % 1 2 3 4 Does anyone know the standard way to count of a ...
5
votes
1answer
72 views

Approaches to free improvisation

While most free jazz is surprisingly structured (nothing wrong with that), there is a form of improvisation that is approaching total freedom. I'm thinking of artists like Peter Brötzmann, Paal ...
9
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3answers
403 views

What is tritone substitution?

What is tritone substitution? How can this device be applied to improvisation and composition?
9
votes
1answer
555 views

Do all jazz musicians [in a band] need to know a song's melody?

[As a bassist] when I learn a new jazz song, I try to learn the melody as well as the harmony. That way [I believe] I can improvise better and sound that I improvise on the song and not just on the ...
2
votes
2answers
71 views

passing chord preceding 4th in minor scale?

I will demonstrate the topic in Am Scale but it could be in another scale. in a lot of songs,music there is a chord progression that includes these to chords in this order : Am ---> Dm and ...
4
votes
1answer
98 views

How to practise jazz drumming with only a snare

I have my dad's old snare drum, a practice pad, a pair of sticks, and Buddy Rich's book of rudiments. I'd like to get better at jazz drumming, because I occasionally have to for a band I'm in. ...
4
votes
3answers
121 views

Diminished chord with one raised note

I have no formal training in music theory, so my question might be phrased a bit clumsily. There is a kind of jazzy chord progression I enjoy very much, the one which, from the top of my head, I ...
7
votes
3answers
193 views

Learning to play what you're thinking on the guitar

I'm a beginner guitar player with a passion for the blues, jazz and funk. When I say beginner I mean that I just know a few chords, have some basic technique on how to handle the guitar (I had classes ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

Where can I find a complete list of Freddie Green chords?

Freddie Green, the guitar player in the Count Basie Orchestra, had amazing chordal technique. I use his chords all the time but I think I'm missing some of the voicings. Where can I find a complete ...
10
votes
1answer
289 views

What is Debussy's influence on bebop?

It has been said that Claude Debussy invented jazz harmonic theory. But is there any evidence that Thelonious Monk and Charlie Parker, the inventors of bebop, were aware of Debussy's harmonic ...
4
votes
1answer
75 views

What is the approach taken by Bill Frisell to improvisation in jazz music?

How do Bill Frisell and his mentor Jim Hall approach improvisation? In The Guitar Artistry of Bill Frisell, Frisell is very emphatic that he improvises from the melody, not from the chord changes, as ...
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vote
0answers
42 views

What are the principles of improvisation in original (Dixieland) jazz music? [closed]

What are the principles of improvisation used by Louis Armstrong and King Oliver?
4
votes
1answer
104 views

Right hand technique used in gypsy jazz guitar

I want to learn the right hand technique used by gypsy guitar, especially that of joscho stephan. His arm is perfectly still but the hand is moving so fast, how is he doing that? Any tips on how to ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

What are the principles of improvisation in jazz music? [closed]

What are the principles of improvisation in jazz? I'm looking for it all, from King Oliver's original jazz to Charlie Parker figures that follow the chord changes to Monk to Bill Laswell to Bill ...
5
votes
3answers
172 views

When is a note b5 and when #11?

(on an Jazzology exercise) I have to identify this chord: What I thought it was was: G7 b5 b9 b13. But when I looked at the solution, it was G7 b9 #11 b13. I said that the chord had b5 because of ...
5
votes
2answers
196 views

Improvising “sparsely” on piano

I'm having trouble building my solos on piano - starting off calm, and then building it, in order to keep it interesting for longer periods of time. On other instruments (I play saxophone as well) I'd ...
16
votes
2answers
1k views

Am I allowed to add a b9 to a maj7 chord in Jazz?

On Jazzology chapter 2, exercise 6, example 2, I have to identify this chord (if it exists): I thought that it was Cmaj7(b9). My train of thought was (from the lowest to the highest note): C -> ...
2
votes
0answers
66 views

Which book am I suppose to read if I need to learn jazz? [closed]

I have studied music theory for 2 years. I have learnt about major ,minor , chord scale ,chord progressive etc. I think I love jazz sound and want to learn it. So what is different between classic and ...
4
votes
1answer
41 views

Lefty learning on a righthanded guitar Jazz

I am lefty that played now for a year lefthanded. Strumming was never precise enough and fretting was slow. I took a righthanded guitar and strumming was ok but my righthand need a lot of practice. My ...
6
votes
3answers
197 views

My Jazz Piano Improv Phrasing Sounds Horrible

I've been working at this for a while. I've listened to a lot of records and I have done some transposing, but my phrasing sounds very amateurish. Are there any overarching rules/principals to how ...
12
votes
6answers
2k views

How to improvise a walking bass line

When improvising or writing a walking bass line the bass note (usually the root of the chord) is played on the chord change, but how do you choose the other notes for a walking bass line? Is there a ...
7
votes
1answer
101 views

What is M-Base and how do I play it?

M-Base was a style of music played by Greg Osby and Steve Coleman. Steve Coleman over the years has been...cryptic about the principles of M-Base. What can you tell me about M-Base that will enable ...
7
votes
1answer
141 views

What is the four tonic system?

What is the four tonic system? What's the theory behind it? How is it used in improvisation, harmonization, reharmonization?
5
votes
1answer
141 views

What are the Coltrane Changes?

Also known as Coltrane Matrix, Coltrane Cycle, chromatic third relations, and multi-tonic changes. What are the Coltrane Changes? What's the theory behind them? How are they used in improvisation, ...
2
votes
3answers
235 views

Where to start when learning legato?

I've been playing guitar for 5/6 years, and next year I'm hoping to play for an awesome Big Band, who are auditioning soon for the guitar spot. I've seen big band guitarists before, and in their, ...
7
votes
5answers
399 views

Proper symbol for this chord (1 5 7 9 11)?

I'm a songwriter in the jazz-pop idiom, and when playing through a chart with a guitarist, he told me that, in his opinion, I had labeled a chord inaccurately / incorrectly. Here's the chord as I ...
8
votes
4answers
561 views

What are the differences between blues and jazz walking bass?

Both blues and jazz (especially swing) feature walking bass lines. Do they differ? If they differ, how does one differentiate them by just listening to the bass line, disregarding other instruments.
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vote
3answers
157 views

Deciphering the notation of this slash chord

I’m having a hard time “really” understanding the following slash chord: Notes: Ab Eb Gb - Db F Gb Bb (in that order) Logic is telling me: Gb maj7/13 / Ab I would like to give this chord a ...
13
votes
3answers
973 views

Circle of fourths in Jazz

I read on Wikipedia that the circle of fourths (as opposed to circle of fifths) is preferred in the analysis of Jazz music. Why is this so? Are the any good examples to explain this?
5
votes
1answer
181 views

In jazz, what is a chord family?

In the jazz context, what is a chord family? How is the concept used in improvisation, chord substitution, and re-harmonization? Which are the families and their members? I've seen chords divided in ...
7
votes
6answers
375 views

From beginner's perspective, should I polish an easy piece or move quicker to advanced ones?

I have started playing piano just recently. Although I have some understanding in music theory and played various instruments before (a bit), I am a total beginner in piano. My ultimate goal is to ...
10
votes
1answer
413 views

In jazz, what is diatonic substitution?

What is diatonic substitution? How is it used in improvisation?
5
votes
3answers
451 views

What is a latin rhythm and how do I play it on Double Bass?

I have to practice this song: Where the A part is supposed to be played Latin and B Swing. How do I play the Latin part on double bass?
8
votes
2answers
462 views

In jazz, what is an upper structure triad?

What is upper structure? Which are the upper structure triads? How are they used?
7
votes
2answers
575 views

In Jazz, what is an avoid note?

Why are some scale degrees avoided? What is the reasoning behind the avoid notes? Are there avoid notes in all modes? If so, which are the avoid notes of the different modes? Is this pattern widely ...
11
votes
1answer
166 views

What are the fundaments of Harmolodics?

Ornette Coleman has developed a framework for his ideas called Harmolodics. It is somewhat hard to understand what this constitutes though. It is stated that melody, harmony and rhythm are equally ...
7
votes
1answer
179 views

Who invented modal Jazz?

Can anyone be said to have done so? Or was it just a movement that emerged from the various people playing at the time? I believe that Kind of Blue was the first album to popularize it but can Miles ...
3
votes
3answers
272 views

Ηοw important is to know classical music theory to study jazz theory?

I was interesting in getting a little more involved with jazz theory. I know classical music theory and harmony up to a point. Should I keep developing my classical music theory/harmony knowledge ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Walking Bass for ΙΙdim - V - Ι?

Can you give examples of some basic or generally accepted lines for walking bass over this particular change (ie. the Autumn Leaves changes)? Feel free to illustrate in scale numbers or names over ...
9
votes
10answers
578 views

What is the secret of jazz phrases?

I'm diving into Jazz, both with guitar and trumpet, and I'm looking for that typical jazzy sound when traveling from lows to highs (and opposite). How were Miles and friends achieving it? What ...
2
votes
1answer
150 views

5string bass for blues\jazz? [closed]

I'm an intermediate bass player. I play a 4 string Ltd vintage 204. I thought about buying a 5 string BTB775. I love how the 5string bass feels. Here's my question, I play every kind of music, I solo ...
3
votes
2answers
334 views

Absolute Beginner wants to play Jazz Piano

Alright people, I have successfully tamed the beasts calling themselves my "parents". Now I am a free mind with money of his own to play music again. I have a CTK-451 which basically is a 61 keyboard ...
1
vote
2answers
169 views

Learning Jazz chords and about the style in general? [closed]

I am looking to learn about Jazz Piano, in preparation for a composition task as a part of my GCSE Music coursework. Could someone run through the basics of 'jazz chords' (on piano preferably), and ...
12
votes
4answers
613 views

Chord analysis: b13 or #5

I've come across an exercise in the Jazzology "jazz theory" book, where the chord should be identified, given the notes below: I identified it as a B7#5#9, but the answer was B7#9b13. I'm guessing ...
1
vote
2answers
152 views

Chord alteration references? (“inside” vs. “outside”)

Originally, I asked the question immediately below and it created some confusion. My revision appears below the original. # What books or references do you recommend which teach about altered chords ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

How to learn Jazz Bass Guitar?

I have been learning bass guitar for one year. I have the basic in the major and minor scales. Basically, I am able to figure out the bass line of a song I hear, like pop song or rock song. But, when ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

How to use diminished scale over I IV V changes in blues

I want to spice up my solos over a Blues progression. I already can play a variety of scales but the Diminished scale is something I would like to add because of the particular sounds it creates. In ...