An original American music style that originated in the early 20th century. Some of its distinctive elements include a "swung" or syncopated rhythmic feel, an emphasis on live improvization, and an adaptability that lends itself both to be influenced by and to influence other musical styles.

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10
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7answers
1k views

Importance of sight reading for non-professional jazz guitarists?

As a non-professional, intermediate-level guitarist interested in playing jazz, I wonder how important it is for me to be able to sight read music (and I mean standard music notation, not guitar ...
3
votes
1answer
46 views

Where can I find a complete list of Freddie Green chords?

Freddie Green, the guitar player in the Count Basie Orchestra, had amazing chordal technique. I use his chords all the time but I think I'm missing some of the voicings. Where can I find a complete ...
9
votes
1answer
105 views

What is Debussy's influence on bebop?

It has been said that Claude Debussy invented jazz harmonic theory. But is there any evidence that Thelonious Monk and Charlie Parker, the inventors of bebop, were aware of Debussy's harmonic ...
4
votes
1answer
34 views

What is the approach taken by Bill Frisell to improvisation in jazz music?

How do Bill Frisell and his mentor Jim Hall approach improvisation? In The Guitar Artistry of Bill Frisell, Frisell is very emphatic that he improvises from the melody, not from the chord changes, as ...
7
votes
1answer
88 views

What is M-Base and how do I play it?

M-Base was a style of music played by Greg Osby and Steve Coleman. Steve Coleman over the years has been...cryptic about the principles of M-Base. What can you tell me about M-Base that will enable ...
2
votes
0answers
17 views

What are the principles of improvisation in original (Dixieland) jazz music? [closed]

What are the principles of improvisation used by Louis Armstrong and King Oliver?
2
votes
1answer
53 views

What are the principles of improvisation in jazz music? [closed]

What are the principles of improvisation in jazz? I'm looking for it all, from King Oliver's original jazz to Charlie Parker figures that follow the chord changes to Monk to Bill Laswell to Bill ...
5
votes
3answers
135 views

When is a note b5 and when #11?

(on an Jazzology exercise) I have to identify this chord: What I thought it was was: G7 b5 b9 b13. But when I looked at the solution, it was G7 b9 #11 b13. I said that the chord had b5 because of ...
5
votes
2answers
96 views

Improvising “sparsely” on piano

I'm having trouble building my solos on piano - starting off calm, and then building it, in order to keep it interesting for longer periods of time. On other instruments (I play saxophone as well) I'd ...
15
votes
1answer
999 views

Am I allowed to add a b9 to a maj7 chord in Jazz?

On Jazzology chapter 2, exercise 6, example 2, I have to identify this chord (if it exists): I thought that it was Cmaj7(b9). My train of thought was (from the lowest to the highest note): C -> ...
2
votes
0answers
48 views

Which book am I suppose to read if I need to learn jazz? [closed]

I have studied music theory for 2 years. I have learnt about major ,minor , chord scale ,chord progressive etc. I think I love jazz sound and want to learn it. So what is different between classic and ...
4
votes
1answer
36 views

Lefty learning on a righthanded guitar Jazz

I am lefty that played now for a year lefthanded. Strumming was never precise enough and fretting was slow. I took a righthanded guitar and strumming was ok but my righthand need a lot of practice. My ...
6
votes
3answers
143 views

My Jazz Piano Improv Phrasing Sounds Horrible

I've been working at this for a while. I've listened to a lot of records and I have done some transposing, but my phrasing sounds very amateurish. Are there any overarching rules/principals to how ...
12
votes
6answers
956 views

How to improvise a walking bass line

When improvising or writing a walking bass line the bass note (usually the root of the chord) is played on the chord change, but how do you choose the other notes for a walking bass line? Is there a ...
8
votes
10answers
432 views

What is the secret of jazz phrases?

I'm diving into Jazz, both with guitar and trumpet, and I'm looking for that typical jazzy sound when traveling from lows to highs (and opposite). How were Miles and friends achieving it? What ...
12
votes
3answers
576 views

Circle of fourths in Jazz

I read on Wikipedia that the circle of fourths (as opposed to circle of fifths) is preferred in the analysis of Jazz music. Why is this so? Are the any good examples to explain this?
6
votes
5answers
304 views

Proper symbol for this chord (1 5 7 9 11)?

I'm a songwriter in the jazz-pop idiom, and when playing through a chart with a guitarist, he told me that, in his opinion, I had labeled a chord inaccurately / incorrectly. Here's the chord as I ...
5
votes
1answer
82 views

What are the Coltrane Changes?

Also known as Coltrane Matrix, Coltrane Cycle, chromatic third relations, and multi-tonic changes. What are the Coltrane Changes? What's the theory behind them? How are they used in improvisation, ...
7
votes
0answers
71 views

What is the four tonic system?

What is the four tonic system? What's the theory behind it? How is it used in improvisation, harmonization, reharmonization?
2
votes
3answers
160 views

Where to start when learning legato?

I've been playing guitar for 5/6 years, and next year I'm hoping to play for an awesome Big Band, who are auditioning soon for the guitar spot. I've seen big band guitarists before, and in their, ...
1
vote
4answers
243 views

Count on beat 2 and 4

Why do jazz and funk musicians count on 2 and 4 beats on a 4/4 beat? I've noticed that most musicians of other styles count on 1 and 3 or 1,2,3,4. Is there any advantage in counting on 2 and 4?
6
votes
1answer
133 views

Who invented modal Jazz?

Can anyone be said to have done so? Or was it just a movement that emerged from the various people playing at the time? I believe that Kind of Blue was the first album to popularize it but can Miles ...
1
vote
3answers
116 views

Deciphering the notation of this slash chord

I’m having a hard time “really” understanding the following slash chord: Notes: Ab Eb Gb - Db F Gb Bb (in that order) Logic is telling me: Gb maj7/13 / Ab I would like to give this chord a ...
8
votes
4answers
236 views

What are the differences between blues and jazz walking bass?

Both blues and jazz (especially swing) feature walking bass lines. Do they differ? If they differ, how does one differentiate them by just listening to the bass line, disregarding other instruments.
7
votes
2answers
352 views

In Jazz, what is an avoid note?

Why are some scale degrees avoided? What is the reasoning behind the avoid notes? Are there avoid notes in all modes? If so, which are the avoid notes of the different modes? Is this pattern widely ...
5
votes
1answer
141 views

In jazz, what is a chord family?

In the jazz context, what is a chord family? How is the concept used in improvisation, chord substitution, and re-harmonization? Which are the families and their members? I've seen chords divided in ...
6
votes
6answers
338 views

From beginner's perspective, should I polish an easy piece or move quicker to advanced ones?

I have started playing piano just recently. Although I have some understanding in music theory and played various instruments before (a bit), I am a total beginner in piano. My ultimate goal is to ...
6
votes
1answer
201 views

In jazz, what is an upper structure triad?

What is upper structure? Which are the upper structure triads? How are they used?
5
votes
3answers
294 views

What is a latin rhythm and how do I play it on Double Bass?

I have to practice this song: Where the A part is supposed to be played Latin and B Swing. How do I play the Latin part on double bass?
9
votes
1answer
387 views

In jazz, what is diatonic substitution?

What is diatonic substitution? How is it used in improvisation?
11
votes
1answer
133 views

What are the fundaments of Harmolodics?

Ornette Coleman has developed a framework for his ideas called Harmolodics. It is somewhat hard to understand what this constitutes though. It is stated that melody, harmony and rhythm are equally ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Correct terminology for this genre and type of performance [closed]

I'm trying to find a venue that has a DJ/musician that makes the music live. For example ...
35
votes
9answers
14k views

How can a classical pianist learn jazz piano?

I'm a classically trained pianist. Took lessons all through my childhood. I've continued to play and read classical literature all my life. But I never learned anything about jazz piano. I also know a ...
3
votes
3answers
176 views

Ηοw important is to know classical music theory to study jazz theory?

I was interesting in getting a little more involved with jazz theory. I know classical music theory and harmony up to a point. Should I keep developing my classical music theory/harmony knowledge ...
7
votes
2answers
174 views

How do you start a regular jamming session?

I am currently a member of a very lively student jazz society, with some kind of a jamming session at least every two weeks, and a full jamming night every month. In some time I will be moving to a ...
11
votes
3answers
485 views

Walking bass line over an auxiliary diminished scale

I recently found out the auxiliary diminished chord, and that I can play it over a dominant chord, but I'm not really familiar with it, I'm still trying to understand it, so there might be some ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

Walking Bass for ΙΙdim - V - Ι?

Can you give examples of some basic or generally accepted lines for walking bass over this particular change (ie. the Autumn Leaves changes)? Feel free to illustrate in scale numbers or names over ...
1
vote
3answers
209 views
24
votes
6answers
2k views

What notes are optional in jazz chords?

I have a question on jazz chords, and what notes can be removed from the chord. My understanding is fairly superficial - mostly from what I've read in books. This is what I understand: In some ...
3
votes
2answers
221 views

Absolute Beginner wants to play Jazz Piano

Alright people, I have successfully tamed the beasts calling themselves my "parents". Now I am a free mind with money of his own to play music again. I have a CTK-451 which basically is a 61 keyboard ...
11
votes
5answers
627 views

Why do jamming musicians “trade fours” (rather than any other number)?

I've run across the idea of "trading fours" when playing in (and listening to) jazz groups; i.e. where two or more musicians take it in turns to play four bar licks or solos. I understand that it can ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

5string bass for blues\jazz? [closed]

I'm an intermediate bass player. I play a 4 string Ltd vintage 204. I thought about buying a 5 string BTB775. I love how the 5string bass feels. Here's my question, I play every kind of music, I solo ...
12
votes
4answers
501 views

Chord analysis: b13 or #5

I've come across an exercise in the Jazzology "jazz theory" book, where the chord should be identified, given the notes below: I identified it as a B7#5#9, but the answer was B7#9b13. I'm guessing ...
1
vote
2answers
146 views

Learning Jazz chords and about the style in general? [closed]

I am looking to learn about Jazz Piano, in preparation for a composition task as a part of my GCSE Music coursework. Could someone run through the basics of 'jazz chords' (on piano preferably), and ...
1
vote
2answers
129 views

Chord alteration references? (“inside” vs. “outside”)

Originally, I asked the question immediately below and it created some confusion. My revision appears below the original. # What books or references do you recommend which teach about altered chords ...
1
vote
3answers
539 views

How to learn Jazz Bass Guitar?

I have been learning bass guitar for one year. I have the basic in the major and minor scales. Basically, I am able to figure out the bass line of a song I hear, like pop song or rock song. But, when ...
7
votes
3answers
884 views

How to use diminished scale over I IV V changes in blues

I want to spice up my solos over a Blues progression. I already can play a variety of scales but the Diminished scale is something I would like to add because of the particular sounds it creates. In ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

How can I learn Cuban/AfroCuban and Latin Jazz piano?

I'm wondering if some people can point me towards some learning material that they may have enjoyed for learning Cuban style Latin Jazz. Ideally I'd like something I can learn on my own time -- ...
2
votes
4answers
415 views

Why is the basis of Jazz harmony tetrads (7th chords)?

Triads are the basic building blocks of classic harmony, but in Jazz the basic building blocks of harmony are tetrads (7th chords). Why does Jazz use 7th chords as the basis of their harmony instead ...
3
votes
3answers
197 views

Where to find practice tracks for jazz piano (specifically for the realbook)

When I was in high school I played piano in the jazz band. I was going through my stuff and found my realbook and it occurred to me that it would be awesome if I could play from it again. However, ...