An original American music style that originated in the early 20th century by improvisation and syncopation.

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3
votes
1answer
158 views

How do you count off a 3/4 waltz?

Usually when one verbally counts off a 4/4 piece it goes (% is a rest) 1 % 2 % 1 2 3 4 Or for quicker tempos 1 % % % 2 % % % 1 % 2 % 1 2 3 4 Does anyone know the standard way to count of a ...
11
votes
3answers
939 views

What is tritone substitution?

What is tritone substitution? How can this device be applied to improvisation and composition?
9
votes
1answer
598 views

Do all jazz musicians [in a band] need to know a song's melody?

[As a bassist] when I learn a new jazz song, I try to learn the melody as well as the harmony. That way [I believe] I can improvise better and sound that I improvise on the song and not just on the ...
32
votes
6answers
3k views

What notes are optional in jazz chords?

I have a question on jazz chords, and what notes can be removed from the chord. My understanding is fairly superficial - mostly from what I've read in books. This is what I understand: In some ...
12
votes
4answers
3k views

What is distinctive about the Hammond B3 organ?

Reading the credits of a jazz or blues album you might come across a musician who played using a Hammond organ (not just any organ, but a Hammond). I know that the Hammond has a long and storied ...
21
votes
4answers
13k views

How to turn any (pop) song into a jazz song?

Quite often there are pop songs wich get covered in a jazz style. These covers are seen from youtube to tv. Now I tried doing something like this, with for example Bad Day by Daniel Powter. It's ...
10
votes
1answer
479 views

What is Debussy's influence on bebop?

It has been said that Claude Debussy invented jazz harmonic theory. But is there any evidence that Thelonious Monk and Charlie Parker, the inventors of bebop, were aware of Debussy's harmonic ...
2
votes
2answers
143 views

passing chord preceding 4th in minor scale?

I will demonstrate the topic in Am Scale but it could be in another scale. in a lot of songs,music there is a chord progression that includes these to chords in this order : Am ---> Dm and ...
4
votes
1answer
221 views

How to practise jazz drumming with only a snare

I have my dad's old snare drum, a practice pad, a pair of sticks, and Buddy Rich's book of rudiments. I'd like to get better at jazz drumming, because I occasionally have to for a band I'm in. ...
7
votes
3answers
435 views

Learning to play what you're thinking on the guitar

I'm a beginner guitar player with a passion for the blues, jazz and funk. When I say beginner I mean that I just know a few chords, have some basic technique on how to handle the guitar (I had classes ...
7
votes
1answer
209 views

What is the four tonic system?

What is the four tonic system? What's the theory behind it? How is it used in improvisation, harmonization, reharmonization?
10
votes
7answers
2k views

Importance of sight reading for non-professional jazz guitarists?

As a non-professional, intermediate-level guitarist interested in playing jazz, I wonder how important it is for me to be able to sight read music (and I mean standard music notation, not guitar ...
3
votes
1answer
114 views

Where can I find a complete list of Freddie Green chords?

Freddie Green, the guitar player in the Count Basie Orchestra, had amazing chordal technique. I use his chords all the time but I think I'm missing some of the voicings. Where can I find a complete ...
4
votes
1answer
164 views

What is the approach taken by Bill Frisell to improvisation in jazz music?

How do Bill Frisell and his mentor Jim Hall approach improvisation? In The Guitar Artistry of Bill Frisell, Frisell is very emphatic that he improvises from the melody, not from the chord changes, as ...
7
votes
1answer
106 views

What is M-Base and how do I play it?

M-Base was a style of music played by Greg Osby and Steve Coleman. Steve Coleman over the years has been...cryptic about the principles of M-Base. What can you tell me about M-Base that will enable ...
1
vote
0answers
81 views

What are the principles of improvisation in original (Dixieland) jazz music? [closed]

What are the principles of improvisation used by Louis Armstrong and King Oliver?
2
votes
1answer
172 views

What are the principles of improvisation in jazz music? [closed]

What are the principles of improvisation in jazz? I'm looking for it all, from King Oliver's original jazz to Charlie Parker figures that follow the chord changes to Monk to Bill Laswell to Bill ...
5
votes
3answers
239 views

When is a note b5 and when #11?

(on an Jazzology exercise) I have to identify this chord: What I thought it was was: G7 b5 b9 b13. But when I looked at the solution, it was G7 b9 #11 b13. I said that the chord had b5 because of ...
5
votes
2answers
218 views

Improvising “sparsely” on piano

I'm having trouble building my solos on piano - starting off calm, and then building it, in order to keep it interesting for longer periods of time. On other instruments (I play saxophone as well) I'd ...
2
votes
0answers
85 views

Which book am I suppose to read if I need to learn jazz? [closed]

I have studied music theory for 2 years. I have learnt about major ,minor , chord scale ,chord progressive etc. I think I love jazz sound and want to learn it. So what is different between classic and ...
4
votes
1answer
45 views

Lefty learning on a righthanded guitar Jazz

I am lefty that played now for a year lefthanded. Strumming was never precise enough and fretting was slow. I took a righthanded guitar and strumming was ok but my righthand need a lot of practice. My ...
7
votes
3answers
279 views

My Jazz Piano Improv Phrasing Sounds Horrible

I've been working at this for a while. I've listened to a lot of records and I have done some transposing, but my phrasing sounds very amateurish. Are there any overarching rules/principals to how ...
11
votes
10answers
835 views

What is the secret of jazz phrases?

I'm diving into Jazz, both with guitar and trumpet, and I'm looking for that typical jazzy sound when traveling from lows to highs (and opposite). How were Miles and friends achieving it? What ...
5
votes
1answer
190 views

What are the Coltrane Changes?

Also known as Coltrane Matrix, Coltrane Cycle, chromatic third relations, and multi-tonic changes. What are the Coltrane Changes? What's the theory behind them? How are they used in improvisation, ...
1
vote
4answers
512 views

Count on beat 2 and 4

Why do jazz and funk musicians count on 2 and 4 beats on a 4/4 beat? I've noticed that most musicians of other styles count on 1 and 3 or 1,2,3,4. Is there any advantage in counting on 2 and 4?
7
votes
1answer
227 views

Who invented modal Jazz?

Can anyone be said to have done so? Or was it just a movement that emerged from the various people playing at the time? I believe that Kind of Blue was the first album to popularize it but can Miles ...
9
votes
4answers
889 views

What are the differences between blues and jazz walking bass?

Both blues and jazz (especially swing) feature walking bass lines. Do they differ? If they differ, how does one differentiate them by just listening to the bass line, disregarding other instruments.
8
votes
2answers
905 views

In Jazz, what is an avoid note?

Why are some scale degrees avoided? What is the reasoning behind the avoid notes? Are there avoid notes in all modes? If so, which are the avoid notes of the different modes? Is this pattern widely ...
6
votes
1answer
234 views

In jazz, what is a chord family?

In the jazz context, what is a chord family? How is the concept used in improvisation, chord substitution, and re-harmonization? Which are the families and their members? I've seen chords divided in ...
7
votes
6answers
427 views

From beginner's perspective, should I polish an easy piece or move quicker to advanced ones?

I have started playing piano just recently. Although I have some understanding in music theory and played various instruments before (a bit), I am a total beginner in piano. My ultimate goal is to ...
5
votes
3answers
643 views

What is a latin rhythm and how do I play it on Double Bass?

I have to practice this song: Where the A part is supposed to be played Latin and B Swing. How do I play the Latin part on double bass?
10
votes
1answer
451 views

In jazz, what is diatonic substitution?

What is diatonic substitution? How is it used in improvisation?
10
votes
1answer
262 views

What are the fundaments of Harmolodics?

Ornette Coleman has developed a framework for his ideas called Harmolodics. It is somewhat hard to understand what this constitutes though. It is stated that melody, harmony and rhythm are equally ...
39
votes
9answers
18k views

How can a classical pianist learn jazz piano?

I'm a classically trained pianist. Took lessons all through my childhood. I've continued to play and read classical literature all my life. But I never learned anything about jazz piano. I also know a ...
7
votes
2answers
183 views

How do you start a regular jamming session?

I am currently a member of a very lively student jazz society, with some kind of a jamming session at least every two weeks, and a full jamming night every month. In some time I will be moving to a ...
11
votes
3answers
719 views

Walking bass line over an auxiliary diminished scale

I recently found out the auxiliary diminished chord, and that I can play it over a dominant chord, but I'm not really familiar with it, I'm still trying to understand it, so there might be some ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Walking Bass for ΙΙdim - V - Ι?

Can you give examples of some basic or generally accepted lines for walking bass over this particular change (ie. the Autumn Leaves changes)? Feel free to illustrate in scale numbers or names over ...
11
votes
5answers
2k views

Why do jamming musicians “trade fours” (rather than any other number)?

I've run across the idea of "trading fours" when playing in (and listening to) jazz groups; i.e. where two or more musicians take it in turns to play four bar licks or solos. I understand that it can ...
2
votes
1answer
281 views

5string bass for blues\jazz? [closed]

I'm an intermediate bass player. I play a 4 string Ltd vintage 204. I thought about buying a 5 string BTB775. I love how the 5string bass feels. Here's my question, I play every kind of music, I solo ...
11
votes
4answers
785 views

Chord analysis: b13 or #5

I've come across an exercise in the Jazzology "jazz theory" book, where the chord should be identified, given the notes below: I identified it as a B7#5#9, but the answer was B7#9b13. I'm guessing ...
1
vote
2answers
226 views

Learning Jazz chords and about the style in general? [closed]

I am looking to learn about Jazz Piano, in preparation for a composition task as a part of my GCSE Music coursework. Could someone run through the basics of 'jazz chords' (on piano preferably), and ...
1
vote
2answers
202 views

Chord alteration references? (“inside” vs. “outside”)

Originally, I asked the question immediately below and it created some confusion. My revision appears below the original. # What books or references do you recommend which teach about altered chords ...
2
votes
3answers
3k views

How to learn Jazz Bass Guitar?

I have been learning bass guitar for one year. I have the basic in the major and minor scales. Basically, I am able to figure out the bass line of a song I hear, like pop song or rock song. But, when ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

How can I learn Cuban/AfroCuban and Latin Jazz piano?

I'm wondering if some people can point me towards some learning material that they may have enjoyed for learning Cuban style Latin Jazz. Ideally I'd like something I can learn on my own time -- ...
2
votes
4answers
844 views

Why is the basis of Jazz harmony tetrads (7th chords)?

Triads are the basic building blocks of classic harmony, but in Jazz the basic building blocks of harmony are tetrads (7th chords). Why does Jazz use 7th chords as the basis of their harmony instead ...
4
votes
3answers
444 views

Where to find practice tracks for jazz piano (specifically for the realbook)

When I was in high school I played piano in the jazz band. I was going through my stuff and found my realbook and it occurred to me that it would be awesome if I could play from it again. However, ...
1
vote
0answers
90 views

“The Three Trumpeters” solo order [closed]

In the Nicholas Payton song "The Three Trumpeters", from the album Payton's Place there are three soloists featured in the piece: Nicholas Payton, Roy Hargrove, and Wynton Marsalis. I would like to ...
28
votes
6answers
4k views

How do jazz players communicate while playing?

When a jazz group is playing and improvising, how do they communicate so as not to produce cacophony? Somehow, one player's choices and intuition need to guide the other players so that they can ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

In jazz, what is a guide tone?

I've heard that guide tones are very useful while improvising, and seems to be an important concept for jazz theory. What is a guide tone? How can it help improvisation?