The methods, rules, and conventions for representing music visually.

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3
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3answers
405 views

Small clefs on score

I have small bass and treble clefs on the piece I'm learning. This picture shows two lines where these small clefs appear. Please, could someone explain what they mean.
3
votes
1answer
49 views

“Ut” and “La” notation on horn and cornet instruments in orchestral score?

I'm looking at an orchestral score from the late 1800's (well, OK, it's "The Mikado" by Arthur Sullivan). In the portion of the score that I am looking at, the non-transposing instruments all have no ...
1
vote
4answers
457 views

Sharps vs Flats - Formula to determine correct sharp and flat notes in a scale

I am trying to figure out how to know if a note in a scale is a sharp or a flat. So my starting point/input are the intervals of any scale. E.g. here are the Minor pentatonic intervals Interval: 1, ...
3
votes
1answer
306 views

Is there more than one use for Roman Numerals in music notation?

I'm used to the standard use of Roman Numerals to note chord sequences in a key-independent way e.g. I vi IV V But I'm sure I've seen people also use them in some other context in answers on this ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

Time Signature Count

I have extracted the measure in question that I'm struggling to understand how the notes line up to the existing (4 4) time signature. As I understand, the bass has 16, 1/16th counts, but the ...
4
votes
5answers
250 views

Music notation for guitar [duplicate]

A friend who is a guitar teacher, told me I should learn to read music. He wrote the notes for guitar's 1st position and said to try and transcribe one of my songs as an aid to composition. So, ...
6
votes
3answers
383 views

What does the indication 9 7 mean?

I' m studying classical harmony, and on the chapter with the V9, I came upon this numbered bass: What does 9 7 mean? I know that it includes the 9th, but why is there the 7th there? Does it tell me ...
9
votes
1answer
369 views

What do dots on the tempo's equal sign mean?

What do the dots on the tempo's equal sign mean in this picture?
6
votes
2answers
529 views

What does this indication mean?

On the Jazz Theory Book, there is this example to be played on the piano: I've never had any piano training/lessons, so I don't really know the indications. What does 'Led' (or is it 'Σed') mean? ...
2
votes
3answers
81 views

How to improve the process of transcribing my music into notation?

I generally don't concern myself with the notation when I'm producing a new song; basically I just make sure everything's on beat and in key and sounds good. Writing the song down seems like such a ...
1
vote
1answer
164 views

What do multiple notes on top of each other in a staff mean?

Does it mean to play all the notes at the same time?
6
votes
9answers
1k views

Tablature vs. standard music notation? (guitar)

Under what circumstances should I write down "TAB" (tablature) or just regular music notation or both? I know how to read and write both of them, but I'm not sure which I should use for my songs when ...
2
votes
2answers
496 views

What does this notation mean?

Specifically I'd like to know about the apparent joining of a dotted quaver and a semiquaver in the second row of my photo. Is that what these are? If that is what is meant then how does this ...
1
vote
2answers
88 views

Sharps at the start of a score

I'm having difficulty identifying and playing the sharps which are C# , D# , F# and G# . Do the sharps apply to all the bars ?
2
votes
4answers
211 views

Why picking direction indicators in music?

In music notation specifically for the guitar, there are often picking symbols meaning to pick up or down. What is the purpose of these picking indicators (sorry, don't know the real term for them)? ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

Music Notation - Little notes

Can someone please tell me what the little notes (4 bars after C) are called?
7
votes
2answers
462 views

How to play these overly extended intervals on piano?

There are two images I have attached. In the first one it says, I guess, play the top note on the treble clef with your left hand (cross hands). But how on earth am I supposed then to play the chord ...
4
votes
5answers
128 views

Sheet music equivalent of ellipses/etcetera

Let's say you're notating patterns up a scale and it becomes obvious how the pattern continues, but you don't want to write out the full thing. You'd like to use the equivalent of "..." or "etc." to ...
5
votes
4answers
215 views

Do accidentals apply to other staffs of the same type?

In this excerpt from Bach's BWV 772, does the B flat accidental on the lower staff also apply to the upper staff(second to last beat)? I know that accidentally usually do not apply to different ...
3
votes
2answers
125 views

Music notation software for JianPu and erhu notation

My wife's band, which features the erhu, uses music notation like the page shown below. We want to take hand-written scanned/faxed from stained napkins with bad handwriting and two-side bleedthrough ...
1
vote
3answers
64 views

What is the purpose of two staff lines?

I am not a musician but this question is just out of curiosity. I saw a song book (this has some Christian songs) where the words to be sung are placed between two staff lines. The top staff line ...
6
votes
1answer
541 views

Meaning of diamond-shape notes on guitar staff

I am playing a piece for the guitar on the piano and everything sounds fine until I reach the last few notes in the score: all the notes marked with a '19' above the staff and represented with ...
2
votes
3answers
57 views

Notation for flute trills in music score

I'm only playing simple pieces (Grade 1 in the UK) but even some of these have Tr notation next to a note, and a separate bit of score above the score. What I notice is, the note in the main score is ...
22
votes
11answers
4k views

What does this note - B# - mean?

I'm confused as to how I should play the second note below, B#. Does it mean it's C? It is possible? In which case, why is it written like this, and not just C?
3
votes
2answers
81 views

Octave shift context

I'm learning this amazing piece of music from Nikolai Kapustin ... although I already play it well (kind of, at least most of it), I'm still unsure about some parts... so I decided I should ask ...
3
votes
1answer
29 views

Notations mentioned in answers re. trombone

Would someone please explain the notations E2, F3, etc. which are used in answers on this site regarding trombone? I'm not familiar with those.
3
votes
1answer
53 views

Should ossia stave barlines connect to main stave?

I'm arranging some string-quartet music; I have been asked to do an ossia part for a section of Violin I. Should ossia staves have barlines that connect to the main stave: or barlines that don't: ...
3
votes
3answers
133 views

What is the '+' symbol mean in a chord?

When I played a music meet a D+9 and a A7/5+. I have tried search in google, but didn't find it. Does anybody know that?
2
votes
1answer
157 views

What does the “o” notation signify?

I just saw this comment by Tim, in another question: Do can't have a C. It's spelt D, F, Ab, Cb.Or as a triad, just the 1st 3 notes. Ao/F is F b9, and Ao/F# will just be F#o. Or D b9/F#. If this ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

What is this musical symbol (inverted “Z” inside a staff)

Can anyone identify the symbol circled in the image below? It's from a piece of piano music. Thank you very much :)
12
votes
2answers
148 views

What did ancient cuneiform notation look like, and how did it work?

I looked at Wikipedia of course... According to Wikipedia: The earliest form of musical notation can be found in a cuneiform tablet that was created at Nippur, in Sumer (today's Iraq), in ...
4
votes
1answer
166 views

How should I write a 2nd interval between two voices?

I've written two voices, and as you can see here, they are seperated by a 2nd, so the notes intersect. This is, obviously, unacceptable. So how should I handle this? If I move the note heads, it ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Guitar Notation E-Gt

What does E-Gt at the beginning of a guitar piece mean? It's just left of the Clef. I saw something online suggesting that it had something to do with overdrive vs clean guitar, but I couldn't ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

To which notes do dynamics notation apply? (eg. pp)

When a performer sees a dynamics notation, such as pp for pianissimo, (or p, or f or ff, or any of its siblings), in a written score, which notes are to be played softly? [1] I take it the symbol ...
2
votes
2answers
135 views

Numbers above notes

I have a number of pieces of handwritten music that have anywhere from 2 to 4 numbers written above each note. What do the numbers mean? I play accordion and I have acquired numerous pieces of ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Need help understanding tab for ukulele. Does anyone know any good on-line resources?

Can anyone help me understand how tabs are read? I want to learn how to play the theme song of Twin Peaks on my ukulele. I found this very well detailed tab online, but I sadly don't know how to read ...
7
votes
2answers
388 views

What staff affected by a dynamic mark?

If I see in piano sheet music, say, "mp" mark between bass and treble staves, which staff should be played in "mp" dynamics? Reverse question: if I want to apply a dynamic mark to a specified staff, ...
0
votes
1answer
103 views

Multiple sets of notes on sheet music [closed]

I sometimes see two sets of notes on the right and left hand staves. E.g. If there are four beats in a section, I can see a whole note and two half notes. What does this mean?
5
votes
1answer
108 views

Word for part of a beat

I'm writing an article describing the musical tradition of a particular culture, but I'm at a loss for general terms for durations shorter than a beat. Simple prolation (such as 2/4 or 3/4) divides a ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Numbers under a note [duplicate]

I have recently got a new piece of sheet music for the piano. I play the clarinet in band so I have never really had to learn bass clef. I thought I would surprise my boyfriend by playing our song for ...
1
vote
2answers
176 views

Entrance of the Queen of Sheba- in need of clarication on sheet music

In measure 55 where the solo starts for violin 2, there is this note on top of this series of other notes. There isn't any indication of division or anything, do I choose what notes to play?
3
votes
1answer
116 views

How do you do accidentals (eg. E♭) in solfège (Do Re Mi)? [duplicate]

I only ever learned the basics of the major scale syllables, mostly from the "Doe, a deer" song. In C Major, Do - C Re - D Mi - E Fa - F Sol - G La - A Ti (or Si) - B Do - C So how ...
6
votes
1answer
330 views

What are these small numbers, and squiggly lines on this guitar sheet music

I'm trying to learn the Twilight at the Zocalo, and I found some odd notation I havent seen before. I'm asking for what these symbols are: The squiggly line between 2 notes The small numbers next to ...
11
votes
2answers
785 views

Why “delta” chords?

Why are major seventh chords called delta chords and written with a delta symbol, like CΔ7 or CΔ? Do engravers consistently use Δ to mean a seventh chord (such that Δ7 is redundant) or do some use Δ ...
9
votes
2answers
311 views

Different note head uses in MuseScore?

The photo here is from "MuseScore", the free notation software. A note head replaces a note head, shown in this photo. Since I have never seen these note heads before, what are these used for (if ...
9
votes
3answers
456 views

What does the arc under fingerings mean?

What does the arc under fingerings mean as seen in these two pictures? It seems like first image, the arc means to transition fingerings from thumb (left hand) to second finger, but on the second ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Is there a particular word, name, classification or designation that differentiates “Slavic Sung” Vibrato?

I introduce this question with something I'll amateurishly call "Slavic sung vibrato", because I don't know of a better term. It's a sort of recognizable extendeded and pronounced vibrato that ...
5
votes
2answers
329 views

What is the terminology for how we identify numbered notes like C4, E3, D6, etc?

Does this system - where C3 is middle C - have a standard name? For instance, is there a wikipedia page which explains this system and if so how is it titled? (note: As mentioned middle C is C4, my ...
1
vote
3answers
43 views

Opposite of rinforzando?

Is there a dynamics marking that is the opposite of rinforzando, i.e. the volume comes down as the note is sustained? I'm adapting some music that uses hairpin decresendoes (sic?) on single notes to ...
8
votes
4answers
565 views

Is there any difference between these two note values?

I have never understood if these two note values are supposed to be played in the same way: Mathematically, I can understand that they are the same, since both of them have 6 notes that are being ...