The methods, rules, and conventions for representing music visually.

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2answers
16 views

How to notate pickup measures in the middle of peices?

I'm writing a song where some measures have less than the full number of beats indicated in the time signature. This occurs in the middle of the price, but it is a pickup to the next phrase. How is ...
1
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1answer
53 views

Where should whole notes be drawn within a measure?

In this Lilypond-generated score, the whole notes are in different positions. The first is slightly to the left, the middle one is approximately centered, and the right one is slightly to the right. ...
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2answers
70 views

How to notate triplets longer than 1 measure?

I was listening to the theme from "Game of Thrones" and noticed this section (listen for the drum). There is a hemiola that takes four beats, but the song fits 3/4 best. That would make the hemiola ...
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3answers
64 views

How do I play this double bass part? (16th note + 3 grace notes)

In Simandl's 30 Etudes for String Bass, on Etude #26, there is this passage (last measure of the first line and first measure of the second line), where I have to play a 16th C# note, followed by 3 ...
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3answers
65 views

Does this dectuplet make sense?

I recently encountered this dectuplet as you can see in the picture attached. To me this doesn't make sense. This makes 10 16th notes instead of 4. This reduces the notes' lentgh 2.5 times. Should ...
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0answers
52 views

The development of the musical staff: If and when did it have fifteen lines?

I am doing research on music history and I cannot find information between the four line chant staff and the grand staff. Also, I do believe that at different times in its development the staff ...
2
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1answer
49 views

Merging several measures of score's part in LilyPond

I'm wandering is it possible to notate a score like on the picture below in LilyPond. The problem here is that the third measure of the topmost part (which is flute, actually) should be stretched ...
4
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3answers
364 views

Swing feel - are triplets and 8th note notations rhythmically the same?

I'm going through some exercises in a blues piano book[*]. I've noticed that some rhythms are written with triplets (with an 8th note (quaver) rest in the middle), and others are written using 8th ...
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2answers
114 views

What do Single brackets on notes in guitar music mean?

Anyone got any idea what these single brackets on notes mean in this guitar music?
8
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1answer
465 views

Markings in Second Waltz by Dimitri Shostakovich

I came across these indications in a piano piece: the Second Waltz by Dimitri Shostakovich. What do "1.3. x p" and "2. x f" mean?
2
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2answers
77 views

What is the length of the beat?

As I understand, the quarter note is a note that lasts for one beat. the half note, is a note that lasts for two beats, the full note, is a note that lasts for four beats, now i get that, but what ...
2
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0answers
62 views

Key-agnostic voicing-based notation (piano)

Looking for a simplified notation for piano that is 1) key agnostic but 2) chord and voicing specific. Here's kind of what I'm going for: The chord and extensions are expressed to the left, and the ...
14
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2answers
1k views

What is an X symbol appearing in a piano part?

And it's not a double sharp. I saw it in Miley Cyrus Fugue in measure 88 between the 3rd and 4th beat for the right hand. It's being reached at 2:42-2:43 in the video and I don't hear anything ...
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1answer
32 views

Composers making translation errors in their Italian directions

Virtually all composers in the Classical, and most composers in the Romantic period followed the convention of notating tempo markings and other directions in Italian. However, clearly not all of ...
2
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4answers
99 views

How to write very high/low notes in G/F clef?

Standard piano music sheets contain G and F clefs, which can display comfortably (without using a lot of ledger lines) around 48 keys C2-C6. I wonder how people write the very high/low notes, i.e., ...
34
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6answers
7k views

Why do people sometimes write notes as E♯ or C♭?

Instead of writing F or B, sometimes people use E♯ or C♭ to write these notes. Are there any advantages to this notation?
8
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1answer
477 views

How do I notate a 'wailing' sound?

I made this sound with my synthesized flute There are three in this particular snippet. I did this by draggging a slider button up and down that allows me to move ...
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2answers
63 views

Extra measures above staff in Hungarian Rhapsody No. 6

So there is an extra two measures on top of the measure 58. What does that mean?
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1answer
46 views

Haydn sonata Landon 1

Under the 4th measure on the Andante movement, there are a few extra small measures, what does that mean?
3
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2answers
110 views

What's this drum symbol (X with line in the middle without tail)

Can someone please help me identify this drum symbol? It's from the second bar here:
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1answer
34 views

How to make a dal capo/segno include repeats?

I'm currently writing on musescore, and I have a problem getting the desired playback using dal segno: the second time through, repeat signs are ignored. According to this link, inner repeats in a ...
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2answers
57 views

Hungarian Rhapsody no.12

So in the 2nd measure of the Hungarian Rhapsody no.12 has the word "trem" what does that mean? I don't understand it.
0
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1answer
59 views

Music notations of sounds, from harmonica?

I have these 2 audio files. They are the sounds of harmonica, from my favourite song, which I like best. The samples are: Sample 1 Sample 2 To create a music sheet for the sounds of harmonica, I ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

Guitar Tablature: “bis” meaning

I've looked, but Google keeps interpreting "bis" as German(?) Example: |----------------|-------|-----------------------|-------| |-------7-----7--|-------|--------------7-----7--|-------| ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Is there a dynamics equivalent of the marking “a tempo”?

Is there a marking (or a term) that means "go back to the dynamic played at before the last (de)crescendo"? I'd prefer to not specify a particular dynamic immediately before the crescendo (in order to ...
4
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2answers
87 views

Roman Numeral Notiation - Chords not in the key

I've been looking through answers related to Roman Numeral Notation and have seen similar items but I still don't understand what to do when a chord does not fit in the key. I thought I'd ask the ...
13
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3answers
1k views

Triangle above note, with dot in it

What does this symbol mean? I am asking about the symbol before the fermata, I found this in this publication of nuvole bianche, bar 98.
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1answer
73 views

Why (Occidental) conventional rhythm notation became conventional? [closed]

Human languages evolve and adapt themselves to the needs (phonetics, auditory, contextual) of the users. To what extent has been showed that Occidental music notation followed that path? Is it ...
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2answers
127 views

How are notated the sequences of durations (13/27, 1/27, 13/27) and (4/81, 259/1296, 1/1296)?

The sequence (13/27, 1/27, 13/27) sum to a whole note, and it derives (presumably) from triplets, while the sequence (4/81, 259/1296, 1/1296) sum to a quarter, and may derive from triplets (the first ...
10
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2answers
1k views

What note values cannot be represented in conventional notation?

Using dots, ties and tuplets of standard note values (whole, half, quarter, etc.), are there values that cannot be represented? Examples: 1/8 is an eighth 7/16 is a two-dotted-quarter 15/8 is a ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

Upside-down down bow

On my Cello Salut D'amour by Elgar score, it has upside-down down bow symbols on it. Does this just mean up bow? I have this on other Elgar pieces .
3
votes
1answer
94 views

What does the +3 mean in G7+3?

It occurs in the piano part of Sleepy Lagoon (Harry James Orchestra). The context is as follows: C | | | | | Am | D9 | | G7+3 / G96 / | G7+3 / G96 / | G7 / Em F#m° | G7 I ...
12
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2answers
969 views

What does “gliss 2x” mean here?

What does "gliss 2x" mean here?
2
votes
2answers
99 views

What does the music notation “/ / / /” mean in a music drum score?

I have a drum score sheet music with 4/4 time signature in which the following portion is present. . Now, I am unable to understand the symbols in the bar: Also, what to repeat for the second ...
1
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1answer
33 views

How do you notate vocables?

Is it the same way as notating regular lyrics? Some of the vocables I would like to use are "ah" and "ooh".
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2answers
62 views

Useless natural accidental? [duplicate]

Why is that natural accidental placed on that G? does the slur extend the sharp on the previous measure to the next one? that wouldn't make sense for the bass though.
2
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2answers
66 views

Notation for note decaying slowly

Sometimes in playing the guitar I do not unfret a note followed by a rest (typically a rest between two verses of a song) until the next one, letting it decay slowly. What is the official name for ...
1
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1answer
34 views

Ponticello notation in Guitar Pro 6

Is it possible to add a ponticello (near the bridge, bright sound) notation in Guitarpro 6 for Classical Guitar compositions?
0
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1answer
48 views

Inputting note durations in real time in a music notation program [closed]

I have been writing music using MuseScore recently, but I have found that many times it is really hard to hear the note duration (like a dotted quarter note ... not the note value: A#) from listening ...
0
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2answers
62 views

Notehead or note head?

Is the head of a note properly referred to as a note head, or a notehead? As far as I can determine, the Sibelius and Finale programs use the compound word in their interfaces and documentation, but ...
6
votes
1answer
123 views

Musical “ellipsis mark” (name & usage of this symbol)

I've been seeing this mark for years, usually in historical (e.g. Baroque) manuscripts, and it's meaning is clear to me. It's a sort of W-shaped squiggle with a tail that (usually) comes at the end of ...
1
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3answers
109 views

Difference voices using same unison note

What is the point of the notation of say a whole note in the lowest voice with the alto voice using that same note in piano music? The piano can't double the note. Basically in almost any piece of ...
8
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1answer
124 views

'+1' sign in guitar tab

What does the '+1' sign mean here?
6
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1answer
229 views

What is Capital H Looking Symbol on score?

Question: What is this "H" symbol above the staff in my copy of the string quartet transcription of the Art of Fugue? Background:I play guitar but recently realized that most string instrument ...
1
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1answer
69 views

half note and eighth note stems for voice parts

With voice parts for piano the stems usually go on opposite directions, when they're on the same staff. But I have a book where a half note and an eighth note are one semitone apart but together like ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Why is there a natural accidental on this C?

In Simandl's 30 Etudes for String Bass, Etude #10, there is this natural accidental on the note C (fourth bar of the second line): Since there is no alteration of the note either by the key ...
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3answers
87 views

What is the best way to indicate the splitting up of chords on one staff between both hands?

In piano music, if there is a chord on the treble clef, and some the notes are to be played with the left hand(because it would be hard/impossible to play with one hand alone), how would one go about ...
0
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0answers
20 views

Why `Do` is called as `C`? [duplicate]

Alphabet is start with A and scale is start with Do(in C Major scale) but we call Do as C and La as A. There is any behind story or rule that I don't know?
2
votes
1answer
349 views

How can I overcome '8va' for a few notes?

Let's say I have a whole passage marked with 8va, like below: I want to play just the circled notes at their normal octave. Is there a way to denote this, instead of ending the 8va bracket and ...
2
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1answer
49 views

What does “Time on” mean in the context of a Lead Sheet?

I was looking though my real book and saw an interesting phrase that I've never seen before in the song Stuff by Miles Davis. On the first and last bar there is the phrase "Time on D♭7(#9)" with ...