The methods, rules, and conventions for representing music visually.

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4
votes
1answer
184 views

Why is this stripe (or N) used to display a crotchet rest?

In the book "The Beatles Complete Scores", there are many instances that instead of the normal crotchet rest :, the author uses this kind of rest: One example is on page 1000, on the song "When I'm ...
1
vote
2answers
46 views

Noation of music concerning the Trombone Player

When a Trombone player read music from the Treble Clef How does he/she reads it, does he/she reads middle C an Octave down?
23
votes
3answers
14k views

What are the Solfège names of the semitones between the basic do, re, mi, etc?

What are the names of all the notes in a sol-fa scale, especially the chromatic notes between the basic Do, Re, Mi's.
2
votes
2answers
48 views

What methods are there of conveying oohs and aahs in notated vocal parts?

I'm writing a backing vocal for an already-recorded song. Since there are other melodic parts she'll be singing over, I'm going to give the singer a score to work from. In this case, the singer will ...
4
votes
4answers
185 views

Unknown Notation in Pokémon Theme

I just purchased a copy of the Pokémon Theme and I came across this note which I'm not sure how long to play it. Can someone please help me? I'Ve attached an image of the one (or two) note/s below ...
3
votes
1answer
50 views

Cross hands while playing?

In the score below (from 1905 incidental score to Peter Pan by John Crook (1852–1922), see http://hdl.handle.net/1802/24425), the first few bars in both bass & treble staves have notations “L.H.” &...
3
votes
2answers
97 views

What does this marking that simply says 'tempo' imply?

I cannot understand what the score is trying to say here. It simply says 'tempo'. I can understand the 'a tempo' that is used later on, but what do I have to do at the part where it simply says 'tempo'...
2
votes
3answers
177 views

Time and Key Signatures

Why is it deemed necessary to put the key signature at the beginning of each line? And in the same vein, why do we need a time signature at all, when it's fairly apparent what it will be in the first ...
10
votes
11answers
3k views

Tablature vs. standard music notation? (guitar)

Under what circumstances should I write down "TAB" (tablature) or just regular music notation or both? I know how to read and write both of them, but I'm not sure which I should use for my songs when ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

What is a 5/2 chord?

I was looking in a book and I came across a C5/2 chord symbol. I've never seen a chord symbol like this before. What is a C5/2 and are there other chords like it?
2
votes
2answers
139 views

What does a circle under the head of a note in flute mean?

Upon reading the Modern Method for the Boehm Flute, I came upon this notation: What does the circle under the head of the note mean?
4
votes
1answer
70 views

Skip a note during a first repeat?

Reference: Is there any way to notate the following: When this melody starts playing, the first drum beat is skipped It plays through the melody, including the three drums beats at the end When it ...
12
votes
1answer
569 views

How do I read this notation?

The wikipedia article about diminished seventh chords mentions the following: Fétis tuned the chord 10:12:14:17. What does this mean? Until very recently, I had never ever seen this before, and ...
2
votes
3answers
145 views

Any pointers on how to convert 4/4 to 3/4?

I'm currently studying Music Theory using the RSA grades (formerly known as RockSchool). I'm trying to get through on my own at the moment but I'm half-way through G6 and I'm increasingly feeling the ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

What does ø mean after a chord?

Can anybody tell me what this chord with an ø symbol after F# is? The key signature is E minor.
4
votes
2answers
109 views

How to put this one half note and three eighth notes concatenation in Guitar Pro 6?

I've seen this concatenation (sorry for not knowing the jargon) a lot and the way I've been playing it was like playing four eighth notes but letting go of the first E note ever since it's plucked (...
5
votes
2answers
545 views

How do I notate sharps in ABC notation?

I'm trying to convert the dozenal representation of tau (=2*pi) to a series of notes. I was trying to use ABC notation, but I don't know how to indicate sharps or flats. I'd like to use a notation as ...
3
votes
1answer
71 views

Representation of a 5/16 note duration

How can I write on a pentagram (another word for the staff in my country) a note that is 5 x 1/16 notes length? If I use a dotted quarter note I get 6 x 1/16 length I can get away with a quarter note ...
4
votes
1answer
95 views

Correct way of notating syncopation

I'm trying to notate this particular passage here: The notes in the LH come very slightly before the RH in some places, and I've tried to notate it as follows: ...
2
votes
2answers
65 views

Tips on entry level diminished scale ideas for soloing [on hold]

I am an amateur guitar player for a few years already and I have learnt the essential scales, such as major, minor, pentatonic and blues scales but I would like to increase the level of my guitar ...
11
votes
3answers
873 views

What's the name, and symbol, for the “normal” dynamic volume? (between mp and mf)

Let's say I'm singing and there's no dynamic mark at the start. I'll sing at my default "normal" volume. Then there's an mp so i get a bit quieter. If there had been an mf I would have got a bit ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Four dots over tremolo minim (half note with slash)

I'm working on National Emblem by E. E. Bagley. In the second strain, there is a minim with the tremolo mark. Above it are four dots. What do they mean? Here is a picture. The mark in question is ...
8
votes
5answers
672 views

What does a mordent written to the left of a note mean?

In this arrangement of Wachet Auf, there are quite a few mordents sprinkled around, as well as trills and grace notes. I understand most of them, but in the middle of this excerpt, right before the ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Is this chord progression III I II III?

I've always been a keen music listener but never paid much attention to music lessons back in high school. Now I've decided to (attempt to) teach myself music theory with the hope of developing some ...
1
vote
2answers
47 views

How to interpret a finger slap notation on a guitar tab?

I am looking at this particular guitar tab: and I am trying to make sense of the notation where you have a triad with the "x" on the top string and the other strings below are in parentheses. ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

What does “sax loco” mean?

I have found the notation "sax loco" in these two songs. What does it mean? I believe it's related to the fact that there are parts for two instruments in the same staff. By why "loco"? From Moanin'. ...
14
votes
3answers
913 views

What is this music symbol and how to play it?

I've attached a picture of the music sheet I am learning that has a music notation that I do not know and would like to get some help to understand what it means. The music notation is on the first ...
0
votes
2answers
127 views

Are these C notes a slur or a tie?

On the bass clef, there are 2 C notes. I think it is a tie (wiki) and they should be played once for 6 beats. Am I correct? Or do I have to play the C twice, 3 beats each?
3
votes
1answer
113 views

The development of the musical staff: If and when did it have fifteen lines?

I am doing research on music history and I cannot find information between the four line chant staff and the grand staff. Also, I do believe that at different times in its development the staff ...
7
votes
3answers
343 views

Physiological basis for note durations?

For some reason (probably read something like this a long time ago), I have it in my head that there was some sort of physiological basis for some note durations. This may have been something like, a ...
28
votes
8answers
10k views

Is there any practical difference between 3/4 and 3/8 time?

Is there any practical difference between 4/4 and 8/8? regards a common and unusual time signature; both 3/4 and 3/8 time are pretty common. What difference in performance is implied in the the ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

What makes a composer decide between time signatures 3/4, 3/8, or 3/2? [duplicate]

Is there a logic to why, for example, a composer would choose 3/8 or 3/2 over 3/4? It seems like the n/8 would consume more ink than n/4, or make me look at more stuff at a time (cognitive overload ...
8
votes
7answers
4k views

Is it possible to write a melody which can't be notated?

Is it possible to have a piece which can't be notated using the musical notes we currently have?
28
votes
1answer
5k views

Why is C the base note of standard notation and keys?

Why is it that notes "start" with C? In key signatures, for example, C Major is the basis and accidentals are added for all other key signatures. I know that the musical alphabet starts with A and ...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

What staff affected by a dynamic mark?

If I see in piano sheet music, say, "mp" mark between bass and treble staves, which staff should be played in "mp" dynamics? Reverse question: if I want to apply a dynamic mark to a specified staff, ...
4
votes
2answers
270 views

What does the tempo marking “Andando” mean?

I'm reading through Nelson Riddle's book on arranging. As you'd expect, the musical examples use common Italian tempo markings, such as Andante, Andantino, Allegro and so on. However, the marking ...
4
votes
2answers
89 views

Is there a dynamics equivalent of the marking “a tempo”?

Is there a marking (or a term) that means "go back to the dynamic played at before the last (de)crescendo"? I'd prefer to not specify a particular dynamic immediately before the crescendo (in order to ...
0
votes
1answer
85 views

Grand staff with 2 bass clefs

I am trying to play a tune in my keyboard textbook and I am having trouble figuring out what the notes are for the lower clef and what octave they are in. Can someone help me with this please? Also ...
1
vote
3answers
113 views

Left and right hand playing same note on piano?

Occasionally I run across sheet music that has the left and right hand playing the same note at the same time. Is this on purpose? If so... Why? And how do I play it? For example, see the first ...
5
votes
3answers
108 views

Which chord is Cm6?

I am not sure if this is an inversion or some other chord. Notation is Cm6. Is this an inversion of C minor chord? Or is it a sixth chord of some sort - C minor with a sixth added? Key signature ...
5
votes
1answer
38 views

Can I use general dynamic markings for an ensemble, and where do I put them on the score?

Let's say I want to make one big crescendo across the quartet, or switch the whole orchestra from p to mp. Can I put one simple marking at the top of the staff, or at the bottom, or SOMEWHERE? Or do ...
5
votes
1answer
57 views

How do I show phrase markings on a string quartet score?

How do I show that a group of notes should be played as a phrase? Am I meant to make this marking with literally every phrase in the piece, or just be more selective about it? Any other phrase ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

How to notate extended vocal techniques (i.e. inhaling)?

While the Wikipedia article indicates many types of extended vocal techniques, their notations are not available. Despite hearing such effects in modern pieces, I've never had the chance of knowing ...
15
votes
5answers
2k views

Why crescendo or decrescendo over one long note in piano music?

That C-chord on measure 6 of the system, from Grieg Piano Sonata, Op. 7, IV. Finale - Molto Allegro: Why couldn't they just mark that D7 chord with a p? That G chord is marked pp. Once you press a ...
13
votes
3answers
625 views

How do I read this text-only musical notation from Wikipedia

I have practically no music notation experience, so please consider me a dummie when answering. I am reading this Wikipedia article, about the clave rhythm. They use a text only notation looking ...
5
votes
2answers
800 views

Fermata over Rest

I was learning Santa Lucia when I came across a Fermata (bird's eye) over a whole rest. I wasn't sure how to play it. Is it that we have to rest for a little more time, like an eighth/sixteenth more? ...
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vote
3answers
140 views

Sharps at the start of a score

I'm having difficulty identifying and playing the sharps which are C# , D# , F# and G# . Do the sharps apply to all the bars ?
4
votes
2answers
87 views

What does “moderato” in the middle of a musical score mean?

A study I am playing has these tempo hints: Slowly, Freely in the beginning Accelerando when the next section starts moderato shortly afterwards (I cut the score in the middle) What does ...
8
votes
1answer
497 views

What does this symbol represent? “x” with four dots

This is from Liszt's Hungarian Rhapsody 2 in C# minor. Is this a double sharp sign? It looks kind of funny. The edition is by Julia Rivé-King, a Liszt student.
7
votes
4answers
442 views

Is there a special way to notate a repeat for the right (treble) hand but not the left (bass) hand?

I'm working with a section of music where the right hand (treble clef) plays the same thing twice, but the left hand (bass clef) differs the second time round. Usually I would just rewrite out the ...