The methods, rules, and conventions for representing music visually.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

14
votes
4answers
2k views

If between E and F is a halftone, why can F not be an E♯

A ♯ raises a note by a semitone or halftone. I'm confused. If E and F are a halftone apart, why can't F be E♯?
2
votes
6answers
68 views

Fermata until note fades away

Usually, the length of a fermata depends on the performer. In a song I'm composing, I use fermatas quite often and the way I want the performer to interpret them is to tell him to hold the note until ...
7
votes
1answer
474 views

Why isn't the second whole note's accidental natural?

Above is a staff. After the third bar, why isn't the second C either sharp or natural?
2
votes
2answers
149 views

Can a tune written for 3/4 time be played in 4/4 time?

Can the tune "Tenderly" be played in 3/4 time and 4/4 time? My sheet music shows 3/4 (waltz) time, but most jazz versions are played in 4/4 time.
3
votes
1answer
72 views

“crescendo” vs hair pin

symphony no.1 movement 1 page 16 by the string sections Working on Peter I. Tchaikovsky first symphony manuscript Conductor score. I came to a interesting observation. On the same page all ...
23
votes
4answers
2k views

Piano with two treble clefs and 8va on grand staff

How do you play the notes in the red square? On the upper staff, the lower chord is G but the note in the lower section is also G. Do you just ignore it?
5
votes
5answers
108 views

Numbering measures in pieces with first/second endings and Codas

What are the rules for numbering measures in pieces with 1st and 2nd endings and Codas?I'm wondering if I should number the first ending and go back to the start and number the first measure as ...
15
votes
3answers
929 views

Why the octave number changes between B and C?

I noticed that everywhere I read about music in scientific pitch notation, I see the notes in ascending pitch as in: A2 B2 C3 D3 E3 F3 G3 A3 B3 C4 Instead of what I expected, which was A2 B2 C2 D2 ...
1
vote
3answers
569 views

In a 3/4 piece, how would I score a single 4/4 bar where each beat is a triplet?

In a song I'm working on, I have 3 3/4 bars followed by a 4/4 bar, and this repeats. However the 4/4 bar is actually comprised of 4 triplets... so we have something like: 1 and 2 and 3 And 1 and 2 ...
3
votes
2answers
54 views

How to put this one half note and three eighth notes concatenation in Guitar Pro 6?

I've seen this concatenation (sorry for not knowing the jargon) a lot and the way I've been playing it was like playing four eighth notes but letting go of the first E note ever since it's plucked ...
7
votes
1answer
208 views

How should I write a 2nd interval between two voices?

I've written two voices, and as you can see here, they are seperated by a 2nd, so the notes intersect. This is, obviously, unacceptable. So how should I handle this? If I move the note heads, it ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Note Positioning: .abc files and note length

Sequel to this question... sorta: Understanding MIDI Files I'm using Starbound Composer to directly edit a .midi file. I'm not really sure if it's .abc or .midi that's the main focus here. BGM ~ The ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

Why is this stripe (or N) used to display a crotchet rest?

In the book "The Beatles Complete Scores", there are many instances that instead of the normal crotchet rest :, the author uses this kind of rest: One example is on page 1000, on the song "When I'm ...
2
votes
5answers
654 views

Is this a tie or a slur or something else?

The top right bar has 3 slurs/ties but they are not connected to anything. How is this interpreted?
20
votes
4answers
3k views

How is it that 12 eighth notes fit in a measure labeled as common time?

I am looking at Franz Liszt's Consolation S.172 No.3. I have checked out two different music scores of the same composition and they both have the same time signature (standard), however the base line ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

Tuxguitar - entering verses

Is there a way to widen the measures in Tuxguitar, so that the words in my song verses don't get cut off or scrunched up?
2
votes
0answers
67 views

How to transcribe Indian classical music using Western music notation?

I recently started playing violin in the Western musical style (as opposed to Indian music). At the end I want to play some Indian music like this example ...
1
vote
2answers
106 views
1
vote
1answer
67 views

How to notate a drowsy feel for a piece of music and a yawn for a note?

Is there a notational term for a drowsy tempo / feel? How to notate a yawn? How to indicate the breathy release at the end of a yawn? (Not just a comma-indicated “breath” ...
12
votes
2answers
437 views

Is assignment of notes to measures totally arbitrary?

I am beginning to learn piano. To pep up my practising, I downloaded some sheet music for Waltzing Matilda Then I noticed, at the same place, this: Obviously it is the same music but needs to be ...
17
votes
4answers
859 views

Should one write # or b?

In the staff, would one write enharmonic notes with # or ♭? Does it matter which you'd use and why? For example: In the key of C Major, would it be better to write this passage with an A#, as it is, ...
6
votes
1answer
285 views

Clef between a beam? proper notation?

Is that F Clef between the beam of those two notes in the 3rd bar proper notation? if so, what does it mean? I'm guessing it's the same as the G Clef that precedes it, so that the next note would be ...
2
votes
2answers
72 views

How to indicate 'pianist fill in rest of the chord' given highest note and chord?

In sheet music, is there a standardized notation that tells the pianist/keyboardist to fill in the chords below the specified top note? EDIT: I was specifically asking about the top note. This is my ...
11
votes
4answers
1k views

What are some interesting ways notes and chords are spelled in cultures outside of the U.S.?

I've heard that German musicians spell the seventh note of the C major scale with an "H" where an American musician would use a "B". And, for the fourth note of the F major scale, where an American ...
15
votes
5answers
755 views

Why is a note sometimes a 4th and sometimes an 11th?

If I play the chord: GBDA, then this is considered a Gadd9. But if I play the 3rd above the 5th (GDB), it is not called a 10th. Why don't we refer to all notes by 1-7, and is there a system to ...
8
votes
1answer
484 views

How do you write a continuous arpeggio in sheet music?

How would you write an arpeggio that never stops the notes that are played . . . they just keep on ringing. E.g, in the example below, when the E is played in measure 1 beat 1, it continues ringing ...
-2
votes
2answers
73 views

Teaching the basic Music notes, what are the symbols? [closed]

I want to create a simple app with only 7 keys: Do Re Mi Fa So La Ti What are the music symbols used for each? I looked at this but didn't get a good handle. What is the mapping from "Do Re Mi ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

DS or DC al coda how to tell go to 3 and 4 verses

I have a song in this format: Verse 1 Verse 2 Chorus has a 1st and 2nd ending Verse 3 Verse 4 Chorus I use repeat for V1 and V2 and then I go to Chorus easy enough. Now I want to go to Verse 3 and ...
3
votes
3answers
239 views

Does a key signature remain the same after a clef change?

Does a key signature stay the same after a clef change? I have provided an example; it is in the second staff of the lower system as indicated by the blue arrow.
6
votes
2answers
157 views

Is there a standard notation for “Happy Birthday” with two names (twins)?

When singing the well-known Happy Birthday song, is there a standard or official way of having two names? The measure has to be elongated, and there's a question of which note to sing the first name ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

How are stacatto and tied notes interpreted? [duplicate]

In the second measure here (source) two notes marked with stacatto dots are also tied. Aren't these two things incompatible? How is this to be understood?
14
votes
11answers
2k views

Can legato notes be played staccato?

I've been working on this piece by Sousa, and I came across this oddity: Does this mean to play these notes somehow legato and staccato at the same time? If so, how would I play it? If not, what ...
14
votes
3answers
1k views

On the piano, how should you play staccato with the pedal?

In some pieces, there is a pedal designation along with staccato. How should this be played?
14
votes
4answers
16k views

What is the difference between sharp note & flat note?

In guitar or generally in any musical instruments, what is the difference between sharp notes & flat notes? For example : Are A♯ & B♭ the same? And are C♯ & D♭ the same? Does that make ...
0
votes
4answers
104 views

Mixed triplets and ordinary notes

I'm trying to write out a bar which is in 4/4, and has five crotchet triplets, the last one staccato, followed by a pushed quaver into the next bar (A quaver tied to the next crotchet in the next ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Harmonica Tabs question

I have some songs I love and my dream is to play them on my diatonic harmonica I know how to read simple tabs like blow 1 draw 2 .....etc so is there is a way to change a song to those simple tabs I ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

Free software to create a score from scratch

What open source softwares are available for creating a music score? I have Logic X but I don't think it's geared well for that kind of thing.
3
votes
1answer
53 views

What are best practices surrounding polymetric music notation?

I'm writing a piece that has a 13/16 ostinato in it. However, the melodies aren't going to make any effort to have their downbeats line up with the ostinato. What are the best practices regarding ...
8
votes
9answers
3k views

Tablature vs. standard music notation? (guitar)

Under what circumstances should I write down "TAB" (tablature) or just regular music notation or both? I know how to read and write both of them, but I'm not sure which I should use for my songs when ...
3
votes
3answers
288 views

Are there any specific criteria for notating guitar sheet music particular to the guitar?

I am preparing a score for guitar, piano, and cello. I have completed the piano and cello parts, but am a bit confused regarding several issues in the guitar part. Specifically, Are there any ...
6
votes
2answers
409 views

Writing sheet music on your smartphone

This is my first question so sorry if its a poor one for this style of forum. I regularly write and sight-read standard notation but there are plenty of times im caught without pen and paper or a ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Tchaikovsky symphony No1 movement 1 time 2/4

I'm busy with the first symphony of Peter I. Tchaikovsky. In movement 1 the time signature is 2/4. Can someone explain the choice of putting 2/4 instead of 4/4. If it goes with the feel I don't feel ...
7
votes
1answer
234 views

What are parenthesis used for in notation?

I have seen parenthesis occasionally used in notation and would like to know what they mean. Here are some examples of them I have collected. Around a note: Around an Appoggiatura: Around a ...
3
votes
2answers
233 views

Is there a key signature for harmonic minor scale?

I know that sharp key signatures are applied in the order: F C G D A E B and that flat key signatures are applied as: B E A D G C F. But these are for major and minor scales, right? Is there a way to ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

A quarter note or an eighths? [duplicate]

Maybe a beginner question - but can't find any information on this and have no one to ask! On the image below - how is the first note meant to be played? How can it be both an eighths and a quarter? ...
1
vote
4answers
122 views

writing in 3/4 time

When I am writing in 3/4 time and I have two notes filling a 3/4 time measure. What is more easier for the musician and correct to write a two dotted quarter notes or two quarter notes in a bracket ...
4
votes
2answers
85 views

Why are the same notes written on different staves?

I am learning Chopin's Prelude No. 15 in D flat Major, and I was curious as to why the Db F notes in the bass are written in the lower stave in the first bar but then the upper stave in the second ...
12
votes
6answers
2k views

What music notation software allows you to code the notation?

I saw a recent notation software product that seemed to offer a novel and concise way to code your music notation. I can't find it so I'm reaching out for your help.
1
vote
1answer
52 views

accidentals in measure

What I self studied is that an accidental stays throughout the measure to the bar. Lately I saw in a theory work book, there's two conditions 1. The same note. (That's ok with me) 2. It's on the same ...
3
votes
1answer
255 views

How to use chords notations in the tab?

Most guitar tabs I've seen contains a chord notations(in the top of the tab), but I don't know how to use them. For example I'm reading Love Story Francis Lai, Should I play(Em,C,B7 and Am) chords ...