The methods, rules, and conventions for representing music visually.

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9
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2answers
2k views

Why is there a natural accidental on this C?

In Simandl's 30 Etudes for String Bass, Etude #10, there is this natural accidental on the note C (fourth bar of the second line): Since there is no alteration of the note either by the key ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

half note and eighth note stems for voice parts

With voice parts for piano the stems usually go on opposite directions, when they're on the same staff. But I have a book where a half note and an eighth note are one semitone apart but together like ...
1
vote
2answers
276 views

Entrance of the Queen of Sheba- in need of clarication on sheet music

In measure 55 where the solo starts for violin 2, there is this note on top of this series of other notes. There isn't any indication of division or anything, do I choose what notes to play?
0
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0answers
20 views

Why `Do` is called as `C`? [duplicate]

Alphabet is start with A and scale is start with Do(in C Major scale) but we call Do as C and La as A. There is any behind story or rule that I don't know?
4
votes
4answers
196 views

Can you have more dots on a note than a triple dotted note?

Recently I've come across some double-dotted notes, and even some triple-dotted ones which seem a bit quirky to me, but who knows? For one dot, you add 1/2 of the note's length, so I suppose for two ...
2
votes
1answer
345 views

How can I overcome '8va' for a few notes?

Let's say I have a whole passage marked with 8va, like below: I want to play just the circled notes at their normal octave. Is there a way to denote this, instead of ending the 8va bracket and ...
5
votes
3answers
268 views

How should 3 notes joined with 1 beam line drawn on 5-staff-line?

Straight to the question, if I have this following numerical scores notation : 4/4, Do=C How to draw it into staff musical notation (If you have better way to say this musical notation type, ...
3
votes
2answers
306 views

Note length line (beam) placement in numbered musical notation

I am making a computer application for typing numerical / numbered musical notes. I have some question regarding note length line / beam. Will it have a same meaning if we place the beam either on ...
4
votes
3answers
547 views

Music notation software for JianPu and erhu notation

My wife's band, which features the erhu, uses music notation like the page shown below. We want to take hand-written scanned/faxed from stained napkins with bad handwriting and two-side bleedthrough ...
6
votes
1answer
82 views

Representing the snapping of the damper pedal to create an ambient tone in sheet music

The other day I was sitting down at my piano while composing when I encountered something that I had noticed a few times in the past. Here is what happened: I pressed the down the damper pedal ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

What does “Time on” mean in the context of a Lead Sheet?

I was looking though my real book and saw an interesting phrase that I've never seen before in the song Stuff by Miles Davis. On the first and last bar there is the phrase "Time on D♭7(#9)" with ...
6
votes
2answers
89 views

What's this horizontal bar notation in liturgy called?

I just came across a liturgical peace using horizontal bars as notation for parts where a continuous reciting tone is used. I'd like to know whether there's a specific name for this bar notation (and ...
2
votes
1answer
213 views

How many dots do I need to denote a staccato of a chord with notes really close to each other?

When I want to denote the staccato of a chord with some notes that are really close, like this: Do I need a dot over each note? Is one dot over one of the notes enough?
2
votes
2answers
79 views

I need help figuring out some of these note values for my sequencer

Alright so I'm using a sequencer that allows you to input notes and change the values of those notes, but for the note values, there are notation symbols used, the majority are quite easy to figure ...
5
votes
8answers
1k views

Why does a minor sixth chord contain a major 6th interval?

This is something that has always puzzled me. Perhaps I am going about this the wrong way but when I build chords I always build them based on the scale that corresponds to the quality of the chord. ...
6
votes
2answers
131 views

What is the basso continuo numbering of the inversions of a dominant seventh chord?

Consider for instance the following chord (C7) : C E G Bb E G Bb C G Bb C E Bb C E G How can I number these inversions? I remember it was something with a '+'.
0
votes
4answers
283 views

Numbering notes instead of giving them letter names

I wonder why they called notes by names like A..G. Wouldn't it be better to give them numbers? Could this be troublesome or better? E.g., I have numbered notes on my guitar neck in standard tuning as ...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

Alternatives to standard western notation geared towards composers?

While the western standard for music notation is good for both composers and performers alike, there are certain areas where it is lacking, especially when it comes to new developments in music ...
3
votes
2answers
72 views

Modern convention for writing raised sixth in figured bass?

In typesetting figured bass for modern readers, what is the preferred way of indicating a raised sixth? I'm under the impression that the backslash approach is considered archaic, but unsure about ...
0
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1answer
34 views

How to select the first beat in bar using Sibelius?

I know it is possible to select a position on bar or a note value in advanced filters. The note i want to select is the first beat in bar. How could you select it without interrupting the whole score? ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Sibelius : Manipulation of lines for “Select Graphic” export to a Word document

I am using the "Select Graphic" option to paste notation into a Word doc. In Sibelius, is there a way to stretch the two separated end points of a crescendo such that they point to two separate notes ...
1
vote
1answer
105 views

Is a ♭ 3 a minor 3rd, a ♭♭3 a diminished 3rd, and ♭5 a diminished 5th?

I just need some clarification. Am I getting chords notated this way - 1-5-♭7-9-11, 1-3-5-♭7-♯11, 1-3-5-♭7-9-13, 1-4-5-♭7-9-13 - right? 3 == M3 5 == P5 ♭7 ...
15
votes
5answers
2k views

If between E and F is a halftone, why can F not be an E♯

A ♯ raises a note by a semitone or halftone. I'm confused. If E and F are a halftone apart, why can't F be E♯?
3
votes
2answers
127 views

“crescendo” vs hair pin

symphony no.1 movement 1 page 16 by the string sections Working on Peter I. Tchaikovsky first symphony manuscript Conductor score. I came to a interesting observation. On the same page all ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Selecting bars vertically in Sibelius

I have made a layout of auto system breaks in Sibelius by every 7 bars (layout-> breaks-> auto breaks). Now I want to select bars vertically, but if I press shift key and select bars by column, it ...
3
votes
6answers
97 views

Fermata until note fades away

Usually, the length of a fermata depends on the performer. In a song I'm composing, I use fermatas quite often and the way I want the performer to interpret them is to tell him to hold the note until ...
7
votes
1answer
507 views

Why isn't the second whole note's accidental natural?

Above is a staff. After the third bar, why isn't the second C either sharp or natural?
2
votes
2answers
174 views

Can a tune written for 3/4 time be played in 4/4 time?

Can the tune "Tenderly" be played in 3/4 time and 4/4 time? My sheet music shows 3/4 (waltz) time, but most jazz versions are played in 4/4 time.
23
votes
4answers
3k views

Piano with two treble clefs and 8va on grand staff

How do you play the notes in the red square? On the upper staff, the lower chord is G but the note in the lower section is also G. Do you just ignore it?
5
votes
5answers
184 views

Numbering measures in pieces with first/second endings and Codas

What are the rules for numbering measures in pieces with 1st and 2nd endings and Codas?I'm wondering if I should number the first ending and go back to the start and number the first measure as ...
15
votes
3answers
975 views

Why the octave number changes between B and C?

I noticed that everywhere I read about music in scientific pitch notation, I see the notes in ascending pitch as in: A2 B2 C3 D3 E3 F3 G3 A3 B3 C4 Instead of what I expected, which was A2 B2 C2 D2 ...
1
vote
3answers
591 views

In a 3/4 piece, how would I score a single 4/4 bar where each beat is a triplet?

In a song I'm working on, I have 3 3/4 bars followed by a 4/4 bar, and this repeats. However the 4/4 bar is actually comprised of 4 triplets... so we have something like: 1 and 2 and 3 And 1 and 2 ...
7
votes
1answer
220 views

How should I write a 2nd interval between two voices?

I've written two voices, and as you can see here, they are seperated by a 2nd, so the notes intersect. This is, obviously, unacceptable. So how should I handle this? If I move the note heads, it ...
2
votes
0answers
86 views

Why is this stripe (or N) used to display a crotchet rest?

In the book "The Beatles Complete Scores", there are many instances that instead of the normal crotchet rest :, the author uses this kind of rest: One example is on page 1000, on the song "When I'm ...
2
votes
5answers
672 views

Is this a tie or a slur or something else?

The top right bar has 3 slurs/ties but they are not connected to anything. How is this interpreted?
20
votes
4answers
3k views

How is it that 12 eighth notes fit in a measure labeled as common time?

I am looking at Franz Liszt's Consolation S.172 No.3. I have checked out two different music scores of the same composition and they both have the same time signature (standard), however the base line ...
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vote
2answers
128 views
1
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1answer
73 views

How to notate a drowsy feel for a piece of music and a yawn for a note?

Is there a notational term for a drowsy tempo / feel? How to notate a yawn? How to indicate the breathy release at the end of a yawn? (Not just a comma-indicated “breath” ...
12
votes
2answers
452 views

Is assignment of notes to measures totally arbitrary?

I am beginning to learn piano. To pep up my practising, I downloaded some sheet music for Waltzing Matilda Then I noticed, at the same place, this: Obviously it is the same music but needs to be ...
17
votes
4answers
909 views

Should one write # or b?

In the staff, would one write enharmonic notes with # or ♭? Does it matter which you'd use and why? For example: In the key of C Major, would it be better to write this passage with an A#, as it is, ...
6
votes
1answer
300 views

Clef between a beam? proper notation?

Is that F Clef between the beam of those two notes in the 3rd bar proper notation? if so, what does it mean? I'm guessing it's the same as the G Clef that precedes it, so that the next note would be ...
2
votes
2answers
90 views

How to indicate 'pianist fill in rest of the chord' given highest note and chord?

In sheet music, is there a standardized notation that tells the pianist/keyboardist to fill in the chords below the specified top note? EDIT: I was specifically asking about the top note. This is my ...
11
votes
4answers
2k views

What are some interesting ways notes and chords are spelled in cultures outside of the U.S.?

I've heard that German musicians spell the seventh note of the C major scale with an "H" where an American musician would use a "B". And, for the fourth note of the F major scale, where an American ...
15
votes
5answers
860 views

Why is a note sometimes a 4th and sometimes an 11th?

If I play the chord: GBDA, then this is considered a Gadd9. But if I play the 3rd above the 5th (GDB), it is not called a 10th. Why don't we refer to all notes by 1-7, and is there a system to ...
8
votes
1answer
541 views

How do you write a continuous arpeggio in sheet music?

How would you write an arpeggio that never stops the notes that are played . . . they just keep on ringing. E.g, in the example below, when the E is played in measure 1 beat 1, it continues ringing ...
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votes
2answers
120 views

Teaching the basic Music notes, what are the symbols? [closed]

I want to create a simple app with only 7 keys: Do Re Mi Fa So La Ti What are the music symbols used for each? I looked at this but didn't get a good handle. What is the mapping from "Do Re Mi ...
2
votes
1answer
162 views

DS or DC al coda how to tell go to 3 and 4 verses

I have a song in this format: Verse 1 Verse 2 Chorus has a 1st and 2nd ending Verse 3 Verse 4 Chorus I use repeat for V1 and V2 and then I go to Chorus easy enough. Now I want to go to Verse 3 and ...
3
votes
3answers
260 views

Does a key signature remain the same after a clef change?

Does a key signature stay the same after a clef change? I have provided an example; it is in the second staff of the lower system as indicated by the blue arrow.
6
votes
2answers
206 views

Is there a standard notation for “Happy Birthday” with two names (twins)?

When singing the well-known Happy Birthday song, is there a standard or official way of having two names? The measure has to be elongated, and there's a question of which note to sing the first name ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

How are stacatto and tied notes interpreted? [duplicate]

In the second measure here (source) two notes marked with stacatto dots are also tied. Aren't these two things incompatible? How is this to be understood?