# Tagged Questions

The methods, rules, and conventions for representing music visually.

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### Selecting bars vertically in Sibelius

I have made a layout of auto system breaks in Sibelius by every 7 bars (layout-> breaks-> auto breaks). Now I want to select bars vertically, but if I press shift key and select bars by column, it ...
123 views

### Fermata until note fades away

Usually, the length of a fermata depends on the performer. In a song I'm composing, I use fermatas quite often and the way I want the performer to interpret them is to tell him to hold the note until ...
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### “crescendo” vs hair pin

symphony no.1 movement 1 page 16 by the string sections Working on Peter I. Tchaikovsky first symphony manuscript Conductor score. I came to a interesting observation. On the same page all ...
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### Why the octave number changes between B and C?

I noticed that everywhere I read about music in scientific pitch notation, I see the notes in ascending pitch as in: A2 B2 C3 D3 E3 F3 G3 A3 B3 C4 Instead of what I expected, which was A2 B2 C2 D2 ...
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### Why is this stripe (or N) used to display a crotchet rest?

In the book "The Beatles Complete Scores", there are many instances that instead of the normal crotchet rest :, the author uses this kind of rest: One example is on page 1000, on the song "When I'm ...
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### How to transcribe Indian classical music using Western music notation?

I recently started playing violin in the Western musical style (as opposed to Indian music). At the end I want to play some Indian music like this example http://rushisbiz.com/bombay-theme-piano-notes/...
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### In a 3/4 piece, how would I score a single 4/4 bar where each beat is a triplet?

In a song I'm working on, I have 3 3/4 bars followed by a 4/4 bar, and this repeats. However the 4/4 bar is actually comprised of 4 triplets... so we have something like: 1 and 2 and 3 And 1 and 2 ...
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### How to notate a drowsy feel for a piece of music and a yawn for a note?

Is there a notational term for a drowsy tempo / feel? How to notate a yawn? How to indicate the breathy release at the end of a yawn? (Not just a comma-indicated “breath” ...
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### What does “cut. S. D.” Mean in sheet music?

What does cut. s.d. mean when written in sheet music?
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### How is it that 12 eighth notes fit in a measure labeled as common time?

I am looking at Franz Liszt's Consolation S.172 No.3. I have checked out two different music scores of the same composition and they both have the same time signature (standard), however the base line ...
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### Numbering measures in pieces with first/second endings and Codas

What are the rules for numbering measures in pieces with 1st and 2nd endings and Codas?I'm wondering if I should number the first ending and go back to the start and number the first measure as ...
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### Is this a tie or a slur or something else?

The top right bar has 3 slurs/ties but they are not connected to anything. How is this interpreted?
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### Clef between a beam? proper notation?

Is that F Clef between the beam of those two notes in the 3rd bar proper notation? if so, what does it mean? I'm guessing it's the same as the G Clef that precedes it, so that the next note would be C ...
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### How to indicate 'pianist fill in rest of the chord' given highest note and chord?

In sheet music, is there a standardized notation that tells the pianist/keyboardist to fill in the chords below the specified top note? EDIT: I was specifically asking about the top note. This is my ...
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### Teaching the basic Music notes, what are the symbols? [closed]

I want to create a simple app with only 7 keys: Do Re Mi Fa So La Ti What are the music symbols used for each? I looked at this but didn't get a good handle. What is the mapping from "Do Re Mi ...
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### Does a key signature remain the same after a clef change?

Does a key signature stay the same after a clef change? I have provided an example; it is in the second staff of the lower system as indicated by the blue arrow.
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### How are stacatto and tied notes interpreted? [duplicate]

In the second measure here (source) two notes marked with stacatto dots are also tied. Aren't these two things incompatible? How is this to be understood?
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### Can a tune written for 3/4 time be played in 4/4 time?

Can the tune "Tenderly" be played in 3/4 time and 4/4 time? My sheet music shows 3/4 (waltz) time, but most jazz versions are played in 4/4 time.
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### Harmonica Tabs question

I have some songs I love and my dream is to play them on my diatonic harmonica I know how to read simple tabs like blow 1 draw 2 .....etc so is there is a way to change a song to those simple tabs I ...
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### Free software to create a score from scratch

What open source softwares are available for creating a music score? I have Logic X but I don't think it's geared well for that kind of thing.
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### What are best practices surrounding polymetric music notation?

I'm writing a piece that has a 13/16 ostinato in it. However, the melodies aren't going to make any effort to have their downbeats line up with the ostinato. What are the best practices regarding ...
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### Mixed triplets and ordinary notes

I'm trying to write out a bar which is in 4/4, and has five crotchet triplets, the last one staccato, followed by a pushed quaver into the next bar (A quaver tied to the next crotchet in the next bar)....
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### Are there any specific criteria for notating guitar sheet music particular to the guitar?

I am preparing a score for guitar, piano, and cello. I have completed the piano and cello parts, but am a bit confused regarding several issues in the guitar part. Specifically, Are there any ...
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### Tchaikovsky symphony No1 movement 1 time 2/4

I'm busy with the first symphony of Peter I. Tchaikovsky. In movement 1 the time signature is 2/4. Can someone explain the choice of putting 2/4 instead of 4/4. If it goes with the feel I don't feel 2/...
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### What are parenthesis used for in notation?

I have seen parenthesis occasionally used in notation and would like to know what they mean. Here are some examples of them I have collected. Around a note: Around an Appoggiatura: Around a ...
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### Is there a key signature for harmonic minor scale?

I know that sharp key signatures are applied in the order: F C G D A E B and that flat key signatures are applied as: B E A D G C F. But these are for major and minor scales, right? Is there a way to ...
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### A quarter note or an eighths? [duplicate]

Maybe a beginner question - but can't find any information on this and have no one to ask! On the image below - how is the first note meant to be played? How can it be both an eighths and a quarter?
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### Writing sheet music on your smartphone

This is my first question so sorry if its a poor one for this style of forum. I regularly write and sight-read standard notation but there are plenty of times im caught without pen and paper or a ...
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### writing in 3/4 time

When I am writing in 3/4 time and I have two notes filling a 3/4 time measure. What is more easier for the musician and correct to write a two dotted quarter notes or two quarter notes in a bracket ...
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### Why are the same notes written on different staves?

I am learning Chopin's Prelude No. 15 in D flat Major, and I was curious as to why the Db F notes in the bass are written in the lower stave in the first bar but then the upper stave in the second bar....
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### What music notation software allows you to code the notation?

I saw a recent notation software product that seemed to offer a novel and concise way to code your music notation. I can't find it so I'm reaching out for your help.
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### accidentals in measure

What I self studied is that an accidental stays throughout the measure to the bar. Lately I saw in a theory work book, there's two conditions 1. The same note. (That's ok with me) 2. It's on the same ...
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### short hand in writing music

Writing for a violin section, I come up with having to write tuplets with the same pitch. Is it still normal to write the tuplet in short hand? Let's say I have a tuplet of three eights, can I write ...
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### A,B,C,D,E,F,G and H in boxes in piano sheet music, how do I play it?

Sorry I probably just too new but all of those letters are in piece I want to play. What is that letter and how should I play it?
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### How to transcribe a score without a rigid tempo?

How do you notate a score that doesn't have a continuous tempo, but ebbs and flows? How can you communicate the rhythmic intentions of the composer to future players? What I was lectured that you need ...
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### notating a cappella liturgy music

Trying to notate recorded liturgy a cappella music. I have a problem with getting the notes right. Since the music changes keys from 3/4 to 4/4 etc. in a movement, the ebb and flow changes constantly. ...
850 views

### What are the numbers under the Harpsichord

I have a manuscript with strings and harpsichord. Under the bottom staff of the harpsichord there is numbers, like 7. What are these numbers and what do they represent?
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### Classical guitar playing free stroke or rest stroke?

How do you know when you play in free stroke or rest stroke on your sheet music? If it is not indicated, what effect does it have on the music? Is it indicated most of the times?
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### Is there a convention to notate anticipation?

I'm trying to chart out a song, just so I have a chord chart to use for comping. It's in 4/4, and most chord changes happen on the strong beats (1 and 3), but there's a couple of places where beat 3 ...
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### Shake and Growl on French Horn

I came across some interesting notation in a piece I'm playing earlier this week, and I'm really not quite sure what the composer intended for me to do. I play French Horn, and here's the notation (2 ...
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### What does it mean when there are two 1s with a curve over a note?

I have never seen this kind of symbol before and google has failed me.
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### Naming of notes in choral music?

I've got to grips with Scientific Pitch Notation (e.g middle C is C4) but in a choral setting I am often confused because there seems to be a whole nomenclature where certain notes have specific names....
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### What does a pair of long horizontal lines between two whole notes mean?

While writing out some sheet music from this video, I came across notation I have never seen before. It is this on the lead guitar parts 1 and 2: I also found it interesting that it is notated with ...
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### How do I retrain myself to memorize germanic note naming (C-D-E) if I've been taught the latin one (Do-Re-Mi) as a kid?

Basically the title contains the entire question. I learned music as a kid in Ukraine. In Eastern Europe (ex-USSR), commonly used note naming is "Do-Re-Mi-Fa-Sol-La-Si" ("fixed do solfège"), not the ...
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### Is there any software to record my notations without a MIDI cable? [closed]

I use a Yamaha PSR-E203 electronic keyboard.Is there any software to record the the notations I play on the keyboard on my laptop without a MIDI cable?I have seen guitar tuning softwares that tune ...
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### Musical Notation using Roman Numerals [duplicate]

This is an addendum to my last question. the transition is from C major to A flat major, just looked at fake book. Still begs the question: how do I label Bflat minor 7th/Eflat 7th, A flat Major ...
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### Use of Roman Numeral Notation when a new key is introduced within original key

I would like to use Roman Numeral notation for songs and do not know what to do when the piece transitions to a new key, i.e., from C to E flat major. I know this is basic, but do I try to use the ...
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### Is there an accepted way to numerically represent note values out of standard notation?

Say, a quarter note, how is it most commonly represented? "1/4"?, "quarter"? What if it's a dotted-note? It would be useful to have a simplified numeric representation for note values, e.g. the ...