The methods, rules, and conventions for representing music visually.

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8
votes
3answers
306 views

Why are only even values used for note duration?

So, I was wondering why there are only even numbered notes? Like half, quarter, and eighth and so on.
4
votes
2answers
385 views

What is the proper name of the dash symbol over a note and how to play it

Can anyone specify the name of the particular symbol above the crotchet? According to Wikipedia it's called a Tenuto but my teacher said it's called a "dash". Which one is correct? Or are both names ...
4
votes
5answers
818 views

Is it okay to have number of notes in a bar that doesn't conform with the time signature?

Just a newbie question. In musical notation, is it okay to have number of notes in a bar that doesn't conform with the Time Signature? For example, look at this music sheet: Can you see that the ...
3
votes
2answers
459 views

Question about “The Place I'll Return to Someday” music sheet

There is a song I want to play with my 12 holes ocarina: "The Place I Will Return to Someday" (also known as "A Place to Call Home"). These are the music sheets: Music sheet part 1 Music sheet part 2 ...
8
votes
2answers
314 views

Drum kit notation for crashes at section starts

What is the best way to notate crashes for drum kit, that happen only occasionally, while the rest of the rhythm pattern remains unchanged? Or only at the beginning of a section, but with the rest of ...
7
votes
1answer
285 views

What is the idea of “transposing by perfect unison”?

As far as I understand, a "perfect unison" refer to two notes sounding the same pitch. Why both MuseScore and Sibelius 7 (I work with these two programs) offer a feature to transpose the up or down by ...
11
votes
2answers
969 views

How to notate two identical notes ringing together?

In a melody I am composing, there are 4 E notes in a row, like this: ----------------- ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ----------------- ----------------- ----------------- ----------------- (the length of the ...
1
vote
3answers
266 views

Why isn't this a c flat?

I am always wondering why the second c isn't flat? There is no signs before it? I know it is supposed to be played as natural, without natural signature? This question was roughly answered by my ...
4
votes
2answers
236 views

How to play a grace note on the ukulele?

How do I play a grace note on the ukulele? I figured out that the little crossed notes are called grace notes, but how are they played? I've got the first one circled, but it occurs 8 times in the ...
5
votes
1answer
359 views

Why the second whole note or accidental is natural?

Below is a staff. After the third bar, why the second c isn't either sharp or flat?
13
votes
4answers
656 views

“Correct” notation for a minor chord?

Over my career as a musician, I have seen many different kinds of notation for a minor chord for example each of the chord symbols below represents an A minor chord: Am Amin a A- Is there a ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

What do the letters above the piano staff represent?

I am a beginner trying to understand the music notation for a song I want to try. Can someone kindly tell me what are the letters above the treble clef in the following figure: I've read that they ...
2
votes
2answers
358 views

What does the tie across other different notes mean?

There are two ties in the bass part of the following excerpt. Both of them include some other different notes. According to the tie's definition, 16th note + 8th note = 3/16th note. In the case of the ...
13
votes
1answer
333 views

What does a single square bracket next to a single note mean?

I just stumbled on a bit of notation in a music score, and I'm stumped as to what it means. It's a single square bracket, spanning the whole staff, to the left of a single note. This is measure 58 ...
3
votes
1answer
247 views

Why use meter of 3/8? [duplicate]

I see that most online scores of Beethoven's "Für Elise" specify its meter as 3/8. However, this one has 3/4 instead, which seems to make it easier to read (all the 1/16th notes become 1/8). I don't ...
5
votes
3answers
792 views

What does the roman numeral notation mean for this borrowed chord?

I am working my way through Asturias (Leyenda) in E minor for classical guitar. I believe the arrangement is based on the one by Segovia. I am using this sheet music, and comparing it to the tablature ...
4
votes
2answers
117 views

Velocity sensitivity or attack

I have a confusion about the two concepts of velocity sensitivity and attack. Considering these two apps: ...
5
votes
5answers
155 views

Fractional Beam Heading

What are the correct orientation of fractional beams? Is it true that they should always head to left except if it is the leftmost note of the outer beam (when they are forced to head to the ...
5
votes
1answer
189 views

How is the mordent played in the given piece from Petzold

Here is an excerpt of Petzold's Menuett in G major and I stumbled upon a mordent which I don't know how to play. The fun fact is: The excerpt is from a beginner book where there is an explanation of ...
12
votes
6answers
947 views

Do accidentals override key signature?

I am wondering how the accidental in the first chord (see what is circled) is played? Does any accidental simply move the note up or down a half-step from what the note is supposed to be based on the ...
24
votes
10answers
5k views

Why do we use such complicated notation?

I have just started learning about music from the internet. I have learned how to play the piano, but I don't have a real piano so I am playing a virtual piano. In my opinion, the notation which is ...
16
votes
2answers
2k views

Rest above a note in a piano piece

I am playing a piece and wondering, what the heck is the rest making there above the note? The piece is in 3/4 so I see no purpose of the 1/4 rest. I've been googling around but did not find any ...
0
votes
2answers
163 views

Quick and effective ways to learn and read scores(piano)

I have no music background or whatsoever. I am interested in self-learning piano, how do I learn to read music notes?
9
votes
2answers
521 views

In piano music notation how are notes distributed between the staves?

I recently stumbled across a piece of music for the piano that confused me a little. The first image is how I found the score, the second is how I rearranged it myself. How I usually find ...
9
votes
9answers
1k views

Does a guitarist need to know staff notation?

There is a notation called Tablature for guitar. Most of the keyboardists I have seen, use the staff notation. Is staff notation useful for guitarists? Will it help the guitarist in learning ...
8
votes
4answers
382 views

What is the rhythmic notation for 5/8 the duration of a whole note?

Assume that the whole note time equals 8. Then a note which time equals 3 will be written as 1/4 note and dot. How you write down a note that time is equal 5/8 of a whole note?
11
votes
3answers
225 views

Do people who read RTL languages read LTR standard notation?

I have been told that standard notation is virtually universal nowadays. Standard notation is, in my experience, read from left to right, a convention that came naturally to me because the only ...
6
votes
1answer
266 views

Learning Bossa Nova Guitar

It's been awhile since I have played guitar but I'm trying to get back into it. I really like bossa nova music and want to learn how to play it. I have some beginner sheet music that I am learning ...
18
votes
2answers
2k views

Is “16va” proper notation?

Is the notation "16va" or "16vb" ever used to mean to transpose what is written up or down two octaves? I cannot think of how else you would represent the highest and lowest notes on a piano without ...
4
votes
7answers
225 views

Learn musical notation

What would be a good method to learn musical notation, especially how to read the pitches of the notes fast enough to play them on your instrument (sight read)?
8
votes
3answers
432 views

What is the meaning of '/5+' in a chord?

I'm trying to learn this song in piano: http://tabs.ultimate-guitar.com/a/antonio_carlos_jobim/corcovado_crd.htm What does /5+ or /5- means? Example: Abm6/5+ Does it mean bass is the fifth ...
4
votes
3answers
110 views

How does mezzopiano relate to piano?

I just came across the sonatas a quattro by Rossini in the Schott edition and in 2nd movement of first sonata directly follow three decrescendos: from mf to p from p to mp from mp to pp This ...
1
vote
3answers
113 views

Where can I learn Nashville Number System? [closed]

I'm looking to learn the Nashville Number System, and I haven't found any books online. Can anyone point me to some resources for learning it?
3
votes
3answers
227 views

Chord notation for stacked and inverted chords or intervals?

I understand how chord notation works for the most part, but I'm wondering how I would notate intervals, octaves, and specific chords. P1, m3, & P5 is Cmin. P1, P5 is C5 But, how do we notate P1 ...
2
votes
4answers
229 views

Standard notation for an octave

There are many common chord symbols and notation for musical ideas. If you want someone to play an A major chord, just an A denotes an A major chord. If you wanted someone to play an A minor chord, Am ...
14
votes
4answers
1k views

How to interpret this chord notation?

How do you interpret this couple of notations? In Bar 2, Fm / Ab, what does the slash do? Do I play either chord or both? In addition, in Bar 3, what does the /9 mean?
6
votes
3answers
376 views

What does the notation “2/3BII” mean?

What does the note "2/3BII" mean here? The notation below is a part of the piece "Canon in D", arranged in classical guitar. Update This piece is arranged by Allan Alexander. Here is his ...
7
votes
1answer
119 views

Notes in small font

Is there a name for the notes that appear in smaller size in sheet music? Not grace notes, but rather notes to accompany alternative words in lyrics in different verses that require slight variations ...
1
vote
1answer
186 views

“First ending” has a notation “2nd time R.H. 8va”

In a simple piano book I'm using, one of the songs that has a first and second ending, has the notation in the bar for the first ending ("1."): "2nd time R.H. 8va". How can there be a second time ...
3
votes
4answers
349 views

Notating Original Songs for Musicians

I have written many songs in a rock band setting and I have notated them in a multitude of ways including lead sheets, standard scores written in Finale, and guitar tabulate. Over the years I have ...
11
votes
1answer
123 views

What does “al primo” mean?

I' m currently playing a sonata from late baroque, which ends with two menuets, minuetto primo and minuetto secondo. Now under the closing repeat mark of menuet two "al primo" is notated. I assume, ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

How does “triplet feel” for eighth notes affect non-eighth notes?

I'm a software developer creating a MIDI player that can play with "triplet feel" -- that is, when it sees two eighth notes, it plays them as if they were a triplet of quarter note + eighth note. This ...
7
votes
2answers
154 views

When transcribing a song and the speed doubles or halves, is it best to change the tempo and note values to reflect that or keep them the same?

This is something I've struggled with for awhile now, and applies to both transcription and composition. So, let's say we have a song at 160 BPM. The main subdivision is eighth notes, and the beat ...
2
votes
2answers
309 views

Is there a MIDI music notation program (e.g. Finale) that automatically detects rhythm?

I want to notate some piano songs that I have written. My problem is that I can't find a program that will record the pitch and the rhythm of the note. In every program that I've seen, you have to ...
8
votes
3answers
300 views

Can the double stop E natural F sharp be played on cello?

I'd like to find out if it is possible to play the double stop of E natural and F sharp on the cello. Thank you
13
votes
2answers
1k views

Unknown Notation - Thick Horizontal Bars Between Notes

I haven't the faintest idea of what these could mean. Some sort of run perhaps? How do you effect the dynamics/notes these bars are referring to? EDIT: For reference, this specific example is ...
12
votes
2answers
455 views

C in Treble or Bass Clef

I see a 'C' like sign in the beginning of the staff. What does it mean?
0
votes
1answer
83 views

key signature # and b [duplicate]

sharps and flats occur in the middle of tunes to change notes from the originals in that key. They are called accidentals. What about when they're used IN the key signature? They're obviously not ...
6
votes
2answers
222 views

Notating 6 (or more) triplets with a single beam?

Does the bar labelled "One six note phrase" conform to notation standards? All the examples of triplets that I've seen before have always had the beams break every three notes, similar to the ...
8
votes
4answers
288 views

Effective way to notate triplets

I was directed by America Luke to this forum site. I hope this is the correct place. I have a score with a lot of triplets. It's awkward to write always \times 2/3 {c16 d e} \times 2/3 {d e f}. ...