The methods, rules, and conventions for representing music visually.

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8
votes
3answers
819 views

What are the numbers under the Harpsichord

I have a manuscript with strings and harpsichord. Under the bottom staff of the harpsichord there is numbers, like 7. What are these numbers and what do they represent?
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Classical guitar playing free stroke or rest stroke?

How do you know when you play in free stroke or rest stroke on your sheet music? If it is not indicated, what effect does it have on the music? Is it indicated most of the times?
3
votes
2answers
98 views

Is there a convention to notate anticipation?

I'm trying to chart out a song, just so I have a chord chart to use for comping. It's in 4/4, and most chord changes happen on the strong beats (1 and 3), but there's a couple of places where beat 3 ...
10
votes
1answer
310 views

Shake and Growl on French Horn

I came across some interesting notation in a piece I'm playing earlier this week, and I'm really not quite sure what the composer intended for me to do. I play French Horn, and here's the notation (2 ...
7
votes
1answer
841 views

What does it mean when there are two 1s with a curve over a note?

I have never seen this kind of symbol before and google has failed me.
1
vote
2answers
68 views

Naming of notes in choral music?

I've got to grips with Scientific Pitch Notation (e.g middle C is C4) but in a choral setting I am often confused because there seems to be a whole nomenclature where certain notes have specific ...
8
votes
2answers
734 views

What does a pair of long horizontal lines between two whole notes mean?

While writing out some sheet music from this video, I came across notation I have never seen before. It is this on the lead guitar parts 1 and 2: I also found it interesting that it is notated with ...
3
votes
3answers
105 views

How do I retrain myself to memorize germanic note naming (C-D-E) if I've been taught the latin one (Do-Re-Mi) as a kid?

Basically the title contains the entire question. I learned music as a kid in Ukraine. In Eastern Europe (ex-USSR), commonly used note naming is "Do-Re-Mi-Fa-Sol-La-Si" ("fixed do solfège"), not the ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Is there any software to record my notations without a MIDI cable? [closed]

I use a Yamaha PSR-E203 electronic keyboard.Is there any software to record the the notations I play on the keyboard on my laptop without a MIDI cable?I have seen guitar tuning softwares that tune ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Musical Notation using Roman Numerals [duplicate]

This is an addendum to my last question. the transition is from C major to A flat major, just looked at fake book. Still begs the question: how do I label Bflat minor 7th/Eflat 7th, A flat Major ...
2
votes
2answers
66 views

Use of Roman Numeral Notation when a new key is introduced within original key

I would like to use Roman Numeral notation for songs and do not know what to do when the piece transitions to a new key, i.e., from C to E flat major. I know this is basic, but do I try to use the ...
4
votes
3answers
239 views

Is there an accepted way to numerically represent note values out of standard notation?

Say, a quarter note, how is it most commonly represented? "1/4"?, "quarter"? What if it's a dotted-note? It would be useful to have a simplified numeric representation for note values, e.g. the ...
6
votes
2answers
236 views

Is there a standard notation for “Happy Birthday” with two names (twins)?

When singing the well-known Happy Birthday song, is there a standard or official way of having two names? The measure has to be elongated, and there's a question of which note to sing the first name ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

What does a sideways “s” over a note mean?

For example, from Bach's two part invention no. 11 (G minor):
3
votes
3answers
99 views

Meaning of sfr on sheet music

I have seen this on sheet music before But cannot find any definion of what it means. If you can tell me that would be great.
4
votes
3answers
489 views

Question about time signatures with voices

I'm learning the basics of musical theory and I see this sheet and get this question, the white dotted noted has a time of (2 + 1/2) right? But with the value of the black note the compass make a ...
1
vote
5answers
408 views

In any major key, what Roman Numerals indicate the major, minor, and diminished chords?

I was wondering what the Roman Numerals are. I though it was I,III, V, for major key but that was not it.
1
vote
3answers
129 views

How many sounds should be played for this (tr) market note?

I used to play the top left note (see below) with a single C# key press of the assumed duration. Some listeners told me that the (tr) notation above indicates that a short sequence of sounds should be ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

How do I play this part in 'Trois pièces brèves'? [duplicate]

How do I play this part on my french horn? From Jacques Ibert - Trois pièces brèves
0
votes
1answer
73 views

“Minim Semi-Quaver” Semi Quaver with a space in the note [duplicate]

Hi today I have received audition music for a band for next year but I have a question about some of the notes in the music. They looks like semi-quavers (16th notes) but they have a space in the ...
3
votes
2answers
84 views

How to put this one half note and three eighth notes concatenation in Guitar Pro 6?

I've seen this concatenation (sorry for not knowing the jargon) a lot and the way I've been playing it was like playing four eighth notes but letting go of the first E note ever since it's plucked ...
2
votes
2answers
75 views

Changing Time Signature

I need to change a simple piece from 4/8 to 4/4. Do I only need to double the values for each note? (Ex. quarter to half note & eighth to quarter?)
5
votes
1answer
446 views

What does Opt. S.D. mean?

I was looking at the sheet music for the Star Spangled Banner arranged for the U.S. Marine Band, and I saw that each instrument has an Opt. S.D. in the beginning. What does it mean?
0
votes
3answers
95 views

Unusual Accidentals

I sometimes see a natural where it is unnecessary. Sometimes it is a courtesy natural but other times the note has not been flattened or sharpened at all and yet I see a natural that is already there ...
9
votes
3answers
970 views

What is this straight line at the beginning of the measure?

Could this just be a error on the editors part? Is it possible that i could also be a ghost note of some sort?
-1
votes
1answer
48 views

non-tremolo repetition rate?

with reference to this answer, tremolo notation, It's not completely clear to me how one should interpret two bars placed on a half-note, in 4/4 (or 2/4) time. I'd always treated a two-bar marking ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Determining closest key when primary contributing factors are shared among keys

Given a construct of intervals as follows: 1,#2,3,4,5,6,b7 (Dominant #2 first position) For the purpose of general notation, as the #2 is equivalent to a b3 and the 3rd is still present, would this ...
0
votes
2answers
86 views

How to notate groove/ swing/ shuffle rhythms

I am trying to get better at notating songs, I am using Guitar Pro 5. I try to notate small part of songs or riffs to learn it and getter better with it, so that I can write and notate own pieces ...
0
votes
8answers
208 views

Is it fair to say the treble clef is optimized for piano?

When playing the piano, I find that staff notation with the treble clef makes sense. However when moving to string instruments, specifically the guitar and violin (in my case), I find the notation a ...
1
vote
1answer
124 views

In MuseScore, is it possible to add tab to an existing bass notation so I'd get both notation and tabs for bass?

I'm using MuseScore 2 and I've been wondering: Is it possible to add tab to an existing bass notation so I'd get both notation and tabs for bass like you can have it for regular guitar? Basically I ...
3
votes
2answers
262 views

How to read accidentals in medieval music “modern” notation?

I am writing an instrumental orchestration of De Machaut's Messe de Nostre Dame, Kyrie. I found scores in IMSLP here and here. These scores show accidentals above notes, sometimes in parenthesis. I ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

To what degree would learning music notation help improve singing

I sometimes sing from a song book that contains the lyrics between two staff lines that show the notation for a piano. What I do is to try to listen only to the sound of the music so as to stay at ...
2
votes
3answers
168 views

Ornaments in J. S. Bach's 4th prelude

Inverted mordents and turns are frequently used in the prelude No.4 of J.S. Bach in C-sharp minor. In what follows I assume the key of the piece is known. My first question is related to the normal ...
3
votes
2answers
111 views

What are Kick Lines?

I'm reading a drum notation book and it talks about "kick lines"? Is there a precise definition somewhere? (searching doesn't help since it thinks I'm talking about the kick drum)
2
votes
2answers
112 views

does a first time bar always need a repeat?

I want to notate a piece which finishes in the middle section with a fine, but to do so I need to repeat form the end and then skip a few bars. Can I put the few bars I need to skip under a first time ...
4
votes
1answer
160 views

Triplets don't seem to add up

I am starting to teach myself Piano and I have some background in music from school, but I don't remember much. I am working on a new song that has, what I believe to be, a triplet. From what I ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

Is there a specific name for the arpeggio symbol?

Is there a specific name for the squiggly arpeggio symbol? If so, are there different names for arpeggio symbols that point up or down or spans both clefs? I find having to write out "arpeggio ...
4
votes
2answers
125 views

Help with guitar tab - which line indicates which string?

I've seen some guitar tabs where the strings are E B G D A E from bottom to top, but in the others they are in the opposite direction, E A D G B E from bottom to top. Why? Are there two ways of ...
5
votes
1answer
325 views

Best name for a chord consisting of D - E - F?

What is the best notation for this guitar chord? V о─┬───┬───┬───┬───┬── e ──┼───┼─•─┼───┼───┼── f ──┼───┼───┼─•─┼───┼── d о─┼───┼───┼───┼───┼── d ×─┼───┼───┼───┼───┼── ×─┴───┴───┴───┴───┴── ...
7
votes
4answers
834 views

Is it possible to have a note that is both dotted and a triplet?

Basically, I am coding a C# function that returns a number of milliseconds depending on the given note. I was wondering if it's possible to have a note that is both dotted and a triplet, it would be ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

What is the name of this musical symbol (squiggly line)?

If you look super close at the music chart, you will notice that the last notes of each part (for example, the low G in the bass part) has a squiggly line attached to it. What is this called, and ...
2
votes
3answers
74 views

Which of two enharmonic note names to use? [duplicate]

If during composition, an accidental note is used, is there a method/reason for using one name instead of the other? For example if a song is in the key of A, but a Eflat/D# note is written is there ...
5
votes
8answers
2k views

Why does a minor sixth chord contain a major 6th interval?

This is something that has always puzzled me. Perhaps I am going about this the wrong way but when I build chords I always build them based on the scale that corresponds to the quality of the chord. ...
3
votes
4answers
465 views

Clementi Op. 42 Lesson 5 Arietta (ABRSM Grade 1, A1), use of crescendo and diminuendo

I'm new to piano (and music theory) and I'm a little confused by the notation used for what I understand to be crescendo and diminuendo for the Arietta A1 piece. The first bar starts off with a "p" ...
0
votes
2answers
97 views

What is the name of a description of a pattern of motives?

I have to describe short melodies composed by beginner students. They are typically just a few bars long, and are composed bar by bar, so most of the times there is a 1-to-1 correspondence between bar ...
23
votes
4answers
3k views

Piano with two treble clefs and 8va on grand staff

How do you play the notes in the red square? On the upper staff, the lower chord is G but the note in the lower section is also G. Do you just ignore it?
8
votes
3answers
763 views

What is this music symbol and how to play it?

I've attached a picture of the music sheet I am learning that has a music notation that I do not know and would like to get some help to understand what it means. The music notation is on the first ...
2
votes
1answer
306 views

What is the meaning of the dotted lines in Hanon exercise 33?

In The Virtuoso Pianist in 60 exercises exercise 33 (page 44 of the pdf) there are dotted lines with the numeral 8 above and below joining three measures together - what is their meaning?
3
votes
2answers
330 views

Why do composers use fermatas?

I am taking part in a music theory course on coursera, and I could not understand the difference between a tie and a fermata. Could someone please explain it to me?
1
vote
2answers
102 views

Guitar tab reading

I Read that I must play the notes from first guitar string(e bottom)and after that notes on the B G D A and hight E string,but sometimes guitar players hit two or three strings together and at the ...