The methods, rules, and conventions for representing music visually.

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Musical Notation using Roman Numerals [duplicate]

This is an addendum to my last question. the transition is from C major to A flat major, just looked at fake book. Still begs the question: how do I label Bflat minor 7th/Eflat 7th, A flat Major ...
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2answers
66 views

Use of Roman Numeral Notation when a new key is introduced within original key

I would like to use Roman Numeral notation for songs and do not know what to do when the piece transitions to a new key, i.e., from C to E flat major. I know this is basic, but do I try to use the ...
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3answers
239 views

Is there an accepted way to numerically represent note values out of standard notation?

Say, a quarter note, how is it most commonly represented? "1/4"?, "quarter"? What if it's a dotted-note? It would be useful to have a simplified numeric representation for note values, e.g. the ...
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3answers
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When to use a2 / unis / tutti in orchestral score?

So far from most of the sheet scores I've read, a2 is used mostly in wood and brass instrument staves, while unis. (and on rarer occasion, tutti) is in string instruments. It is even possible to see ...
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2answers
174 views

Accidental in Chopin Opus. 69 No. 2

This is an excerpt from Opus. 69 No. 2 by Chopin from the Henle Urtext: In the last bar seen in the excerpt, there is a sharp on the A in bass line. Since A is already "sharped" in the key ...
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3answers
489 views

Question about time signatures with voices

I'm learning the basics of musical theory and I see this sheet and get this question, the white dotted noted has a time of (2 + 1/2) right? But with the value of the black note the compass make a ...
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1answer
2k views

What does a sideways “s” over a note mean?

For example, from Bach's two part invention no. 11 (G minor):
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3answers
833 views

What does the notation “2/3BII” mean?

What does the note "2/3BII" mean here? The notation below is a part of the piece "Canon in D", arranged in classical guitar. Update This piece is arranged by Allan Alexander. Here is his ...
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3answers
99 views

Meaning of sfr on sheet music

I have seen this on sheet music before But cannot find any definion of what it means. If you can tell me that would be great.
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1answer
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5answers
401 views

In any major key, what Roman Numerals indicate the major, minor, and diminished chords?

I was wondering what the Roman Numerals are. I though it was I,III, V, for major key but that was not it.
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10answers
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Why do we use such complicated notation?

I have just started learning about music from the internet. I have learned how to play the piano, but I don't have a real piano so I am playing a virtual piano. In my opinion, the notation which is ...
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3answers
129 views

How many sounds should be played for this (tr) market note?

I used to play the top left note (see below) with a single C# key press of the assumed duration. Some listeners told me that the (tr) notation above indicates that a short sequence of sounds should be ...
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1answer
24 views

How do I play this part in 'Trois pièces brèves'? [duplicate]

How do I play this part on my french horn? From Jacques Ibert - Trois pièces brèves
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1answer
73 views

“Minim Semi-Quaver” Semi Quaver with a space in the note [duplicate]

Hi today I have received audition music for a band for next year but I have a question about some of the notes in the music. They looks like semi-quavers (16th notes) but they have a space in the ...
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3answers
1k views

Really confused about x's on a note?

So on the sheet music I was playing there were these notes with x's on top of them. Like on the stem. What am I supposed to do? Do I just not play them? This is for the piano by the way.
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2answers
75 views

Changing Time Signature

I need to change a simple piece from 4/8 to 4/4. Do I only need to double the values for each note? (Ex. quarter to half note & eighth to quarter?)
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1answer
446 views

What does Opt. S.D. mean?

I was looking at the sheet music for the Star Spangled Banner arranged for the U.S. Marine Band, and I saw that each instrument has an Opt. S.D. in the beginning. What does it mean?
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1answer
315 views

Alternative Numerical Representation of Pitch

I'm aware of a number of different ways of representing pitch as numbers (including one I developed for use in my own software) but am interested if there are others. The most widespread is probably ...
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3answers
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Unusual Accidentals

I sometimes see a natural where it is unnecessary. Sometimes it is a courtesy natural but other times the note has not been flattened or sharpened at all and yet I see a natural that is already there ...
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5answers
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How do you draw a quarter rest with a pen/pencil?

It seems to me that the quarter rest we see everywhere was drawn with a calligraphy pen. I don't have one of those - I have a sharpened/mechanical pencil or a ball-point pen. So usually when I try to ...
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1answer
48 views

non-tremolo repetition rate?

with reference to this answer, tremolo notation, It's not completely clear to me how one should interpret two bars placed on a half-note, in 4/4 (or 2/4) time. I'd always treated a two-bar marking ...
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1answer
40 views

Determining closest key when primary contributing factors are shared among keys

Given a construct of intervals as follows: 1,#2,3,4,5,6,b7 (Dominant #2 first position) For the purpose of general notation, as the #2 is equivalent to a b3 and the 3rd is still present, would this ...
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8answers
208 views

Is it fair to say the treble clef is optimized for piano?

When playing the piano, I find that staff notation with the treble clef makes sense. However when moving to string instruments, specifically the guitar and violin (in my case), I find the notation a ...
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2answers
85 views

How to notate groove/ swing/ shuffle rhythms

I am trying to get better at notating songs, I am using Guitar Pro 5. I try to notate small part of songs or riffs to learn it and getter better with it, so that I can write and notate own pieces ...
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10answers
980 views

Should I learn to read standard notation?

I've been playing guitar for the last two years, and never came in contact with pieces in standard notation. This is probably because I never had any lessons, and am self-taught. But the thing I ...
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2answers
262 views

How to read accidentals in medieval music “modern” notation?

I am writing an instrumental orchestration of De Machaut's Messe de Nostre Dame, Kyrie. I found scores in IMSLP here and here. These scores show accidentals above notes, sometimes in parenthesis. I ...
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2answers
422 views

Naming Scale Degrees

As I understand the minor pentatonic degrees are 1 b3 4 5 7b It says b3 & 7b, does it matter which side the b is on and do they both mean flat? Scale degrees are almost always based off the ...
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3answers
168 views

Ornaments in J. S. Bach's 4th prelude

Inverted mordents and turns are frequently used in the prelude No.4 of J.S. Bach in C-sharp minor. In what follows I assume the key of the piece is known. My first question is related to the normal ...
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2answers
111 views

What are Kick Lines?

I'm reading a drum notation book and it talks about "kick lines"? Is there a precise definition somewhere? (searching doesn't help since it thinks I'm talking about the kick drum)
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1answer
49 views

To what degree would learning music notation help improve singing

I sometimes sing from a song book that contains the lyrics between two staff lines that show the notation for a piano. What I do is to try to listen only to the sound of the music so as to stay at ...
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6answers
6k views

Do accidentals in one staff apply to notes in other staffs?

For example, when reading piano music on a grand staff, I know that if there is an A# in the treble clef staff (where it's normally natural), it changes all of the A's in the rest of that measure to ...
2
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2answers
111 views

does a first time bar always need a repeat?

I want to notate a piece which finishes in the middle section with a fine, but to do so I need to repeat form the end and then skip a few bars. Can I put the few bars I need to skip under a first time ...
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2answers
830 views

How to play these overly extended intervals on piano?

There are two images I have attached. In the first one it says, I guess, play the top note on the treble clef with your left hand (cross hands). But how on earth am I supposed then to play the chord ...
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4answers
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Symbols “M”, “C”, “D”, and “P” in Guitar Tablature

I was reading a songbook by Richie Kotzen, and in the song "Shine" (which he played with Mr. Big), there's a rythm guitar part that goes like this: What do the symbols M, C, D and P mean? I'm ...
4
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1answer
160 views

Triplets don't seem to add up

I am starting to teach myself Piano and I have some background in music from school, but I don't remember much. I am working on a new song that has, what I believe to be, a triplet. From what I ...
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1answer
119 views

Is there a specific name for the arpeggio symbol?

Is there a specific name for the squiggly arpeggio symbol? If so, are there different names for arpeggio symbols that point up or down or spans both clefs? I find having to write out "arpeggio ...
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3answers
5k views

Rest above a note in a piano piece

I am playing a piece and wondering, what the heck is the rest making there above the note? The piece is in 3/4 so I see no purpose of the 1/4 rest. I've been googling around but did not find any ...
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4answers
11k views

Why note B is marked with H in Scandinavia and Germany?

At least in Scandinavia and Germany two notes are marked differently than in most other countries: B -> H B♭ -> B I have heard that this is due to mistake in interpreting messy sheet notes, as ♭ ...
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2answers
134 views

Half, Three Quarter Sharps and Microtonality

Less often (in for instance microtonal music notation) one will encounter half, or three-quarter,... or otherwise modified, sharps. A half sharp indicates the use of quarter tones, and may be ...
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2answers
121 views

Help with guitar tab - which line indicates which string?

I've seen some guitar tabs where the strings are E B G D A E from bottom to top, but in the others they are in the opposite direction, E A D G B E from bottom to top. Why? Are there two ways of ...
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3answers
74 views

Which of two enharmonic note names to use? [duplicate]

If during composition, an accidental note is used, is there a method/reason for using one name instead of the other? For example if a song is in the key of A, but a Eflat/D# note is written is there ...
7
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4answers
832 views

Is it possible to have a note that is both dotted and a triplet?

Basically, I am coding a C# function that returns a number of milliseconds depending on the given note. I was wondering if it's possible to have a note that is both dotted and a triplet, it would be ...
5
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1answer
322 views

Best name for a chord consisting of D - E - F?

What is the best notation for this guitar chord? V о─┬───┬───┬───┬───┬── e ──┼───┼─•─┼───┼───┼── f ──┼───┼───┼─•─┼───┼── d о─┼───┼───┼───┼───┼── d ×─┼───┼───┼───┼───┼── ×─┴───┴───┴───┴───┴── ...
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4answers
461 views

Clementi Op. 42 Lesson 5 Arietta (ABRSM Grade 1, A1), use of crescendo and diminuendo

I'm new to piano (and music theory) and I'm a little confused by the notation used for what I understand to be crescendo and diminuendo for the Arietta A1 piece. The first bar starts off with a "p" ...
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2answers
2k views

What is the name of this musical symbol (squiggly line)?

If you look super close at the music chart, you will notice that the last notes of each part (for example, the low G in the bass part) has a squiggly line attached to it. What is this called, and ...
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2answers
97 views

What is the name of a description of a pattern of motives?

I have to describe short melodies composed by beginner students. They are typically just a few bars long, and are composed bar by bar, so most of the times there is a 1-to-1 correspondence between bar ...
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1answer
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Meaning of diamond-shape notes on guitar staff

I am playing a piece for the guitar on the piano and everything sounds fine until I reach the last few notes in the score: all the notes marked with a '19' above the staff and represented with ...
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6answers
1k views

Same note to be played with both hands?

Why some notes in the piano are written the same for the left and right hand ? What is the purpose of this ? And how do we play them ? Do we just choose one hand to play them or do we play them ...
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3answers
755 views

What is this music symbol and how to play it?

I've attached a picture of the music sheet I am learning that has a music notation that I do not know and would like to get some help to understand what it means. The music notation is on the first ...