The methods, rules, and conventions for representing music visually.

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6
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4answers
1k views

Is there piano notation for finger sustained notes (as opposed to pedal sustain)?

In piano music how does one indicate that sequential notes in the bass clef are to be sustained with the fingers, not using the sustain pedal? For example, suppose I have the three sequential quarter ...
2
votes
3answers
751 views

Why is this progressions described as i/5 - bVI?

Basic question, I understand the ideas of modes and that there are 7 corresponding keys within each major/minor scale, but I'm trying to learn what exactly is meant when the chord progression is ...
-1
votes
2answers
653 views

How to Read Sheet Music [closed]

I know nothing about music theory but if possable could you help me identify the notes in the below music sheet or point me in the right direction. Im Using PureData to put MIDI notes into a ...
1
vote
2answers
138 views

Chopin Etude How to play C-flat? [duplicate]

Chopin Etude Op. 9 No. 2 In the 13th full bar, Right hand 5th note. My music sheet shows a Cb (equivalent to B). Should it be there? Should it be played as B natural followed by B-flat?
1
vote
4answers
174 views

Does a time signature imply accents?

Does a time signature imply accents by default? For example, in 4/4 time should I accent every quarter beat? Should I accent the first beat of each bar? If yes, how should I notate a piece where ...
1
vote
1answer
128 views

How do you play these ukelele tabs?

I'm trying to learn ukelele, following the tablerature given here: http://www.ukulele-tabs.com/uke-songs/cake/commissioning-a-symphony-in-c-uke-tab-1909.html I can do the first verse, which has the ...
11
votes
6answers
927 views

How do I write music down from a recording?

I am a beginning piano student. I bought some sheet music to play Make Someone Happy, written by Jule Styne, and made famous by Jimmy Durante. The problem is that the sheet music starts with the ...
7
votes
2answers
576 views

What is the name of the symbol like a combination of a mordent and f?

The Photo attached has a quaver marked with a red rectangle. Τhere is a symbol on that quaver that I do not recognize. It looks like a mordent but it's clearly different from one. Can anyone tell me ...
1
vote
1answer
268 views

What do the numbers on a guitar tab mean?

Are the numbers on the strings of guitar on the tab to be applied for fret strings and the chords at the same time? For example how I read this tab and to know G chord at the first bar: G ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Chord symbol confusion

In this example, many chords are marked as major with a triangle or minor with a minus sign - for the ones that simply say, e.g "C#7" - what would they be?
4
votes
3answers
138 views

Can you have more dots on a note than a triple dotted note?

Recently I've come across some double-dotted notes, and even some triple-dotted ones which seem a bit quirky to me, but who knows? For one dot, you add 1/2 of the note's length, so I suppose for two ...
4
votes
2answers
92 views

Is there a particular word, name, classification or designation that differentiates “Slavic Sung” Vibrato?

I introduce this question with something I'll amateurishly call "Slavic sung vibrato", because I don't know of a better term. It's a sort of recognizable extendeded and pronounced vibrato that ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Notated With a Slur, But Played Without Slur

I just got sheet music for Mack the Knife and in the 3rd bar, there is 2 eighth note C#s, then 2 eighth note Cs. Everyone in the band tongued it, and the recording sounds like it was tongued too. ...
4
votes
1answer
109 views

Angled line over a note — standard notation or made up?

I have come across notation I don't recognise in a vocal score, and no amount of Googling can find it (and it's not in my notation software either). The notation in question is the sloping line ...
6
votes
1answer
271 views

Over/under pitch note

I know there is a quarter tone notation, but is there a symbol for music score that will simply say over/under pitch? I think quarter tone notation might be too strict/rigid in music arrangement that ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

8 quarter notes in 4/4 time?! And how do I insert this into Guitar Pro?

Look at the below graphic and please tell me how is this possible. This is supposed to be in 4/4 time but it has 7 quarter notes??! (and an 8th note as well as a "8th note rest" - not sure if thats ...
3
votes
3answers
262 views

8 under clef and timing questions

Please look at the below graphic, there are a few things that are confusing me: 1 - Why is there an 8 under the treble clef? 2 - This is in common 4/4 time, yet one of the beginning 8th notes (in ...
3
votes
2answers
268 views

What's the tempo?

I bought some sheet music for "Canon in D" by JP. I am trying to put that sheet music into Guitar Pro so I can practice it bar by bar, my question is: If the tempo is not specified, is there a ...
4
votes
1answer
98 views

Beginning of Chopin nocturne no.20: slur and tie confusion

In the opening bars of this c-sharp minor nocturne, we have the famous descending scales that are played twice, first in piano then in pianissimo. Here's a snapshot (source) of the part in question: ...
3
votes
5answers
416 views

Default connection of notes in sheet music

What is default connection of notes in sheet music if there are no slur, stoccato/tenuto/other marks: legato, portato... or something else? I usually hear that slur is needed to indicate legato, but ...
3
votes
3answers
102 views

A question about quarter notes

I have a question about the term quarter note. I thought of putting clarity in the question by doing a little calculation. Let us say BPM = 120 .So Beat time is 0.5 s. So in 4/4 signature the ...
5
votes
4answers
818 views

Guitar slur. Need help on understanding notations

I'm new to the guitar so I'm stumbled upon this and am confused. I think that the curve connecting the 11th fret and 10th fret means a slur? Did some research myself and found out that a slur can mean ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

What does this note have a stem pointing up and another pointing down?

What does the first note below mean? Does it need to pressed down while playing the second notes? If not, why is there two stems, one pointing up, and one pointing down?
2
votes
3answers
199 views

Coda, segno; How to repeat chorus 3 times?

I have a song like this, for example: bar 1 = a bar 2 = b bar 3 = chorus bar 4 = d bar 5 = e bar 6 = chorus bar 7 = g bar 8 = h bar 9 = chorus Do I need rewrite "chorus" everytime? Or can I use ...
0
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3answers
276 views
2
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2answers
397 views

Are these dotted and tied rhythms equivalent?

I have been trying to learn sheet music once again by re-teaching myself by reading pieces of music. Basically I'm using a digital audio work station to place the notes into a piano roll and checking ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

Are there solfege syllables for diminished and augmented imperfect intervals?

Sometimes it is necessary to name notes and intervals differently based on how they are functioning and I was curious if this idea caired over to solfege. For example, the notes of a Co7 are C, Eb, ...
1
vote
4answers
451 views

B -> C and E -> F, No Sharp?

The keyboard has these notes: A, A#, B, C, C#, D, D#, E, F, F#, G, G# Why do B and C and E and F not have a sharp note between them? If they did, the keyboard would look like this: A A# B ...
4
votes
5answers
402 views

Are there any situations when one needs to make a distinction between slurs and ties?

In the comment section to a question about notating tied notes, the discussion of whether it's necessary to make a distinction between ties and slurs came up. The reasoning goes as follows: If one ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Necessity of Time Signature & Tempo in Music Recording application

I won't go too much into detail regarding the piece of software I'm building, but it's a very small side-project which will allow for the recording of Midi inputs. Currently I'm thinking of displaying ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Need help with a measure within Mozart's 'Rondo alla Turca'

In the 21st measure of Mozart's Rondo alla Turca/Turkish March (3rd movement of K. 331), there's a trill in the treble clef that I can't quite get right. Would you be so kind to expand the measure as ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Squiggly Line Above Note

I just found a Bach score, and there is this squiggly line above the A eighth note in the first measure (and a few other places). This is the score. What does it mean?
5
votes
2answers
233 views

What conventions are used with accidentals and tied notes?

If I have a tied note across a bar line, say 2 whole G notes, and I have an accidental, say a sharp, on the first G, my assumption is that the accidental applies as well to the second G because it is ...
12
votes
5answers
1k views

Lead sheets / fake sheets without score

Several of the groups of people I play music with use song sheets that are similar to lead sheets, but without the stave showing the melody line: Note that unlike many chord sheets you can find ...
1
vote
3answers
137 views

Correctly notating sharps and flats [duplicate]

I always had this issue when naming certain notes in the music scale. For example, when I spell out certain notes such as Eb, some people have advised me to use D# instead of Eb stating that it is the ...
5
votes
2answers
435 views

How do I read guitar tabs written in this format?

I need some help learning how to read some Chinese guitar tabs I found online. They seem completely different to the standard Western format: I don't even know where to start with these, I suppose ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Music Notation for Bass - Unknown Symbol : Slash with two dots

I have checked through music notation lists and have asked a number of musicians but nobody knows what this symbol is actually supposed to mean. It's from the sheet found here.
0
votes
1answer
135 views

What does this crossed-note notation mean?

What does this notation mean? It is in 5/8 time. Is it some sort of a performance direction?
2
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2answers
196 views

Alternative ways of notating this example of metric modulation

At 3:08 Seconds into this video (Johnny Winter, Mama talk to your daughter, Live CPH 1971): a hemiola cross-rhythm effect, and the guitar strums and bass temporarily ...
6
votes
2answers
124 views

What notation systems exist for indicating rhymes, alliteration and cadence in rap lyrics?

The only example I've seen so far is The Rapper's Flow Encyclopedia, which uses standard musical notation with phrasing to indicate cadence, and lyric capitalization to indicate (but not group) ...
12
votes
6answers
756 views

Proper symbol for this chord (1 5 7 9 11)?

I'm a songwriter in the jazz-pop idiom, and when playing through a chart with a guitarist, he told me that, in his opinion, I had labeled a chord inaccurately / incorrectly. Here's the chord as I ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

What exactly is a scale, what are they for, and how does practising them make me a better guitarist? [closed]

I found a similar question on SE already, but it still didn't adequately explain what I'm trying to figure out, so here goes: What exactly is a scale, what are they for, and how does practising them ...
7
votes
4answers
305 views

Is there a rest symbol that means “rest until the end of this measure”?

Is there a rest symbol that means "rest until the end of this measure"? e.g. I've put a 16th note in the beginning of the measure and I don't want to bother calculating duration for the remaining ...
2
votes
2answers
116 views

How to read this measure of music with “in between” notes?

I have a score in 4/4 time with the following measure: My music program (MuseScore) plays this with the two 16th F notes "in between" beats 2 and 3, with the second F/C chord playing at beat 3 and ...
23
votes
16answers
3k views

How to help students remember Half vs. Whole rests

The symbols for the half rest and whole rest are pretty much the same and in the literature my students play we rarely encounter them. Is there a good, memorable way to describe which is which to ...
3
votes
2answers
70 views

What is this mirrored rest? [duplicate]

Haven't seen this mirrored rest before (from Gymnopedia No. 1). What does it mean? How long of a rest is it? Thanks.
6
votes
3answers
458 views

Note duration in Hindemith's “Elementary Training For Musicians”

On the recommendation of a friend (and Nadia Boulanger), I am working through Hindemith's "Elementary Training For Musicians", with an eye to using a small selection of its exercises for some of my ...
6
votes
5answers
533 views

How should I notate repeated dotted eighth notes?

I am transcribing the Spin-Dig Galaxy Theme from Super Mario Galaxy 2. At 0:21, there is a rhythm that I think is four dotted eighth notes and then two regular eighth notes. Should I notate that as ...
4
votes
2answers
108 views

two symbols on the same note

I'm having trouble learning Moonlight Sonata without a piano teacher. What does a natural notation and a sharp symbol mean in front of the f, which is already sharp in the key signature?
2
votes
1answer
93 views

Markdown for music notation fragments

is there an equivalent of JSFiddle or Markdown for music notation? That would be useful for posting fragments of notation into StackExchange questions, as math.stackexchange.com does with MathJax for ...