The methods, rules, and conventions for representing music visually.

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6
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1answer
3k views

What does a sideways “s” over a note mean?

For example, from Bach's two part invention no. 11 (G minor):
3
votes
3answers
101 views

Meaning of sfr on sheet music

I have seen this on sheet music before But cannot find any definion of what it means. If you can tell me that would be great.
4
votes
3answers
493 views

Question about time signatures with voices

I'm learning the basics of musical theory and I see this sheet and get this question, the white dotted noted has a time of (2 + 1/2) right? But with the value of the black note the compass make a ...
1
vote
5answers
460 views

In any major key, what Roman Numerals indicate the major, minor, and diminished chords?

I was wondering what the Roman Numerals are. I though it was I,III, V, for major key but that was not it.
1
vote
3answers
138 views

How many sounds should be played for this (tr) market note?

I used to play the top left note (see below) with a single C# key press of the assumed duration. Some listeners told me that the (tr) notation above indicates that a short sequence of sounds should be ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

How do I play this part in 'Trois pièces brèves'? [duplicate]

How do I play this part on my french horn? From Jacques Ibert - Trois pièces brèves
0
votes
1answer
76 views

“Minim Semi-Quaver” Semi Quaver with a space in the note [duplicate]

Hi today I have received audition music for a band for next year but I have a question about some of the notes in the music. They looks like semi-quavers (16th notes) but they have a space in the ...
4
votes
2answers
110 views

How to put this one half note and three eighth notes concatenation in Guitar Pro 6?

I've seen this concatenation (sorry for not knowing the jargon) a lot and the way I've been playing it was like playing four eighth notes but letting go of the first E note ever since it's plucked (...
2
votes
2answers
77 views

Changing Time Signature

I need to change a simple piece from 4/8 to 4/4. Do I only need to double the values for each note? (Ex. quarter to half note & eighth to quarter?)
5
votes
1answer
482 views

What does Opt. S.D. mean?

I was looking at the sheet music for the Star Spangled Banner arranged for the U.S. Marine Band, and I saw that each instrument has an Opt. S.D. in the beginning. What does it mean?
0
votes
3answers
97 views

Unusual Accidentals

I sometimes see a natural where it is unnecessary. Sometimes it is a courtesy natural but other times the note has not been flattened or sharpened at all and yet I see a natural that is already there ...
9
votes
3answers
972 views

What is this straight line at the beginning of the measure?

Could this just be a error on the editors part? Is it possible that i could also be a ghost note of some sort?
-1
votes
1answer
49 views

non-tremolo repetition rate?

with reference to this answer, tremolo notation, It's not completely clear to me how one should interpret two bars placed on a half-note, in 4/4 (or 2/4) time. I'd always treated a two-bar marking ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

Determining closest key when primary contributing factors are shared among keys

Given a construct of intervals as follows: 1,#2,3,4,5,6,b7 (Dominant #2 first position) For the purpose of general notation, as the #2 is equivalent to a b3 and the 3rd is still present, would this ...
0
votes
2answers
91 views

How to notate groove/ swing/ shuffle rhythms

I am trying to get better at notating songs, I am using Guitar Pro 5. I try to notate small part of songs or riffs to learn it and getter better with it, so that I can write and notate own pieces ...
0
votes
8answers
221 views

Is it fair to say the treble clef is optimized for piano?

When playing the piano, I find that staff notation with the treble clef makes sense. However when moving to string instruments, specifically the guitar and violin (in my case), I find the notation a ...
1
vote
1answer
138 views

In MuseScore, is it possible to add tab to an existing bass notation so I'd get both notation and tabs for bass?

I'm using MuseScore 2 and I've been wondering: Is it possible to add tab to an existing bass notation so I'd get both notation and tabs for bass like you can have it for regular guitar? Basically I ...
3
votes
2answers
267 views

How to read accidentals in medieval music “modern” notation?

I am writing an instrumental orchestration of De Machaut's Messe de Nostre Dame, Kyrie. I found scores in IMSLP here and here. These scores show accidentals above notes, sometimes in parenthesis. I ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

To what degree would learning music notation help improve singing

I sometimes sing from a song book that contains the lyrics between two staff lines that show the notation for a piano. What I do is to try to listen only to the sound of the music so as to stay at ...
2
votes
3answers
181 views

Ornaments in J. S. Bach's 4th prelude

Inverted mordents and turns are frequently used in the prelude No.4 of J.S. Bach in C-sharp minor. In what follows I assume the key of the piece is known. My first question is related to the normal ...
3
votes
2answers
113 views

What are Kick Lines?

I'm reading a drum notation book and it talks about "kick lines"? Is there a precise definition somewhere? (searching doesn't help since it thinks I'm talking about the kick drum)
2
votes
2answers
121 views

does a first time bar always need a repeat?

I want to notate a piece which finishes in the middle section with a fine, but to do so I need to repeat form the end and then skip a few bars. Can I put the few bars I need to skip under a first time ...
4
votes
1answer
163 views

Triplets don't seem to add up

I am starting to teach myself Piano and I have some background in music from school, but I don't remember much. I am working on a new song that has, what I believe to be, a triplet. From what I ...
1
vote
1answer
144 views

Is there a specific name for the arpeggio symbol?

Is there a specific name for the squiggly arpeggio symbol? If so, are there different names for arpeggio symbols that point up or down or spans both clefs? I find having to write out "arpeggio symbol"...
4
votes
2answers
139 views

Help with guitar tab - which line indicates which string?

I've seen some guitar tabs where the strings are E B G D A E from bottom to top, but in the others they are in the opposite direction, E A D G B E from bottom to top. Why? Are there two ways of ...
5
votes
1answer
337 views

Best name for a chord consisting of D - E - F?

What is the best notation for this guitar chord? V о─┬───┬───┬───┬───┬── e ──┼───┼─•─┼───┼───┼── f ──┼───┼───┼─•─┼───┼── d о─┼───┼───┼───┼───┼── d ×─┼───┼───┼───┼───┼── ×─┴───┴───┴───┴───┴── ...
7
votes
4answers
929 views

Is it possible to have a note that is both dotted and a triplet?

Basically, I am coding a C# function that returns a number of milliseconds depending on the given note. I was wondering if it's possible to have a note that is both dotted and a triplet, it would be ...
1
vote
2answers
3k views

What is the name of this musical symbol (squiggly line)?

If you look super close at the music chart, you will notice that the last notes of each part (for example, the low G in the bass part) has a squiggly line attached to it. What is this called, and can ...
2
votes
3answers
75 views

Which of two enharmonic note names to use? [duplicate]

If during composition, an accidental note is used, is there a method/reason for using one name instead of the other? For example if a song is in the key of A, but a Eflat/D# note is written is there ...
6
votes
8answers
2k views

Why does a minor sixth chord contain a major 6th interval?

This is something that has always puzzled me. Perhaps I am going about this the wrong way but when I build chords I always build them based on the scale that corresponds to the quality of the chord. ...
3
votes
4answers
531 views

Clementi Op. 42 Lesson 5 Arietta (ABRSM Grade 1, A1), use of crescendo and diminuendo

I'm new to piano (and music theory) and I'm a little confused by the notation used for what I understand to be crescendo and diminuendo for the Arietta A1 piece. The first bar starts off with a "p" ...
0
votes
2answers
99 views

What is the name of a description of a pattern of motives?

I have to describe short melodies composed by beginner students. They are typically just a few bars long, and are composed bar by bar, so most of the times there is a 1-to-1 correspondence between bar ...
24
votes
4answers
3k views

Piano with two treble clefs and 8va on grand staff

How do you play the notes in the red square? On the upper staff, the lower chord is G but the note in the lower section is also G. Do you just ignore it?
14
votes
3answers
916 views

What is this music symbol and how to play it?

I've attached a picture of the music sheet I am learning that has a music notation that I do not know and would like to get some help to understand what it means. The music notation is on the first ...
2
votes
1answer
330 views

What is the meaning of the dotted lines in Hanon exercise 33?

In The Virtuoso Pianist in 60 exercises exercise 33 (page 44 of the pdf) there are dotted lines with the numeral 8 above and below joining three measures together - what is their meaning?
3
votes
2answers
348 views

Why do composers use fermatas?

I am taking part in a music theory course on coursera, and I could not understand the difference between a tie and a fermata. Could someone please explain it to me?
1
vote
2answers
115 views

Guitar tab reading

I Read that I must play the notes from first guitar string(e bottom)and after that notes on the B G D A and hight E string,but sometimes guitar players hit two or three strings together and at the ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

How to direct alternating measures of 6/8 and 5/8 time signatures?

This is a allegro piece eighth note = 204 and alternates measures from 6/8 and 5/8. My question is how to direct this? The 6/8 would be in two. Would the 5/8 also be in two with the next 6/8 measure ...
2
votes
2answers
321 views

Lilypond chord mode not rendering minor modifier in alternate chord

I'm engraving some music using Lilypond and have been requested to engrave an alternate chord name next to a chord. For some reason I can't get the output I expected. What is wrong here (with either ...
8
votes
2answers
294 views

How do I express humming in music notation?

I have a section in a vocal piece where I want singers to hum. I'm going to include "mmm" in my music notation, but is there a good way to more clearly express the intent to hum in the notation?
1
vote
3answers
174 views

Easiest way to turn permutations into Sibelius notation

Total dummie (non-programmer) question here. There are permutations like these, for example: (n=9, r=2) {1,2} {1,3} {1,4} {1,5} {1,6} {1,7} {1,8} {1,9} {2,1} {2,3} {2,4} {2,5} {2,6} {2,7} {2,8} {2,9} ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Guitar pro 5 slash line to rest

Can someone tell what is that weird note? Not the tie between the 12 and 12, afterwards there a slash line that I can't recognize and it sounds similar to a slide but not exactly. It from "The ...
4
votes
4answers
870 views

How long do you hold a fermata?

I am new to piano and just downloaded this book, it seems simple enough for a beginner like me but there is a symbol that I don't really understand, a fermata. Googling I see I am supposed to hold ...
0
votes
2answers
374 views

What does the caret symbol ^, mean in guitar tablature?

I'm reading a piece of acoustic guitar music containing both tablature and standard music, and I've come across a symbol I'm unfamiliar with in the tab. ^ The tab shows: 0^24 but the ^ is on top of ...
5
votes
2answers
324 views

What do these unusual time signature symbols mean?

I have been studying advanced music theory lately. Having explored a wide range of musical symbols, I was surprised to encounter the following time signature symbols I've never seen before in ...
1
vote
2answers
116 views

What is this notation? Tremolo? [duplicate]

I found this odd notation in some music by Verdi. The part is 9/8, and there are several notes with four bars. In particular, there are some dotted half notes connected with four bars, and 16/th notes ...
3
votes
2answers
318 views

How to indicate left hand for piano sheet music

The Chopin - Godowsky Revolutionary Etude No 12 is arranged for the left hand only, and we're only informed about this by a note under the title. Please see the excerpt below: I am currently ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

Piano (sheet music) curves on top and numbers in circles

I am new to Piano and sheet music in general so I downloaded a "simple version" of Fur Elise to play as I already know how the tune goes in my head. Presently, I only play it with my right hand. A ...
14
votes
1answer
377 views

Do accidentals earlier in the measure affect a trill?

I was attempting to help someone understand all the markings in a piece with which they are unfamiliar. One, however, has given me pause: Now, I know the rule for a trill is that it ordinarily ...
2
votes
2answers
140 views

Looking for software to combine notation and recorded loops

Looking for some guidance about pieces of software to help w/ my compositions. I've been composing music for a while using Sibelius (and Finale at times) to scribe out parts, but recently I've been ...