The methods, rules, and conventions for representing music visually.

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2
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3answers
177 views

Ornaments in J. S. Bach's 4th prelude

Inverted mordents and turns are frequently used in the prelude No.4 of J.S. Bach in C-sharp minor. In what follows I assume the key of the piece is known. My first question is related to the normal ...
3
votes
2answers
113 views

What are Kick Lines?

I'm reading a drum notation book and it talks about "kick lines"? Is there a precise definition somewhere? (searching doesn't help since it thinks I'm talking about the kick drum)
2
votes
2answers
115 views

does a first time bar always need a repeat?

I want to notate a piece which finishes in the middle section with a fine, but to do so I need to repeat form the end and then skip a few bars. Can I put the few bars I need to skip under a first time ...
4
votes
1answer
161 views

Triplets don't seem to add up

I am starting to teach myself Piano and I have some background in music from school, but I don't remember much. I am working on a new song that has, what I believe to be, a triplet. From what I ...
1
vote
1answer
138 views

Is there a specific name for the arpeggio symbol?

Is there a specific name for the squiggly arpeggio symbol? If so, are there different names for arpeggio symbols that point up or down or spans both clefs? I find having to write out "arpeggio symbol"...
4
votes
2answers
133 views

Help with guitar tab - which line indicates which string?

I've seen some guitar tabs where the strings are E B G D A E from bottom to top, but in the others they are in the opposite direction, E A D G B E from bottom to top. Why? Are there two ways of ...
5
votes
1answer
332 views

Best name for a chord consisting of D - E - F?

What is the best notation for this guitar chord? V о─┬───┬───┬───┬───┬── e ──┼───┼─•─┼───┼───┼── f ──┼───┼───┼─•─┼───┼── d о─┼───┼───┼───┼───┼── d ×─┼───┼───┼───┼───┼── ×─┴───┴───┴───┴───┴── ...
7
votes
4answers
881 views

Is it possible to have a note that is both dotted and a triplet?

Basically, I am coding a C# function that returns a number of milliseconds depending on the given note. I was wondering if it's possible to have a note that is both dotted and a triplet, it would be ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

What is the name of this musical symbol (squiggly line)?

If you look super close at the music chart, you will notice that the last notes of each part (for example, the low G in the bass part) has a squiggly line attached to it. What is this called, and can ...
2
votes
3answers
74 views

Which of two enharmonic note names to use? [duplicate]

If during composition, an accidental note is used, is there a method/reason for using one name instead of the other? For example if a song is in the key of A, but a Eflat/D# note is written is there ...
6
votes
8answers
2k views

Why does a minor sixth chord contain a major 6th interval?

This is something that has always puzzled me. Perhaps I am going about this the wrong way but when I build chords I always build them based on the scale that corresponds to the quality of the chord. ...
3
votes
4answers
514 views

Clementi Op. 42 Lesson 5 Arietta (ABRSM Grade 1, A1), use of crescendo and diminuendo

I'm new to piano (and music theory) and I'm a little confused by the notation used for what I understand to be crescendo and diminuendo for the Arietta A1 piece. The first bar starts off with a "p" ...
0
votes
2answers
98 views

What is the name of a description of a pattern of motives?

I have to describe short melodies composed by beginner students. They are typically just a few bars long, and are composed bar by bar, so most of the times there is a 1-to-1 correspondence between bar ...
24
votes
4answers
3k views

Piano with two treble clefs and 8va on grand staff

How do you play the notes in the red square? On the upper staff, the lower chord is G but the note in the lower section is also G. Do you just ignore it?
14
votes
3answers
895 views

What is this music symbol and how to play it?

I've attached a picture of the music sheet I am learning that has a music notation that I do not know and would like to get some help to understand what it means. The music notation is on the first ...
2
votes
1answer
321 views

What is the meaning of the dotted lines in Hanon exercise 33?

In The Virtuoso Pianist in 60 exercises exercise 33 (page 44 of the pdf) there are dotted lines with the numeral 8 above and below joining three measures together - what is their meaning?
3
votes
2answers
342 views

Why do composers use fermatas?

I am taking part in a music theory course on coursera, and I could not understand the difference between a tie and a fermata. Could someone please explain it to me?
1
vote
2answers
107 views

Guitar tab reading

I Read that I must play the notes from first guitar string(e bottom)and after that notes on the B G D A and hight E string,but sometimes guitar players hit two or three strings together and at the ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

How to direct alternating measures of 6/8 and 5/8 time signatures?

This is a allegro piece eighth note = 204 and alternates measures from 6/8 and 5/8. My question is how to direct this? The 6/8 would be in two. Would the 5/8 also be in two with the next 6/8 measure ...
2
votes
2answers
313 views

Lilypond chord mode not rendering minor modifier in alternate chord

I'm engraving some music using Lilypond and have been requested to engrave an alternate chord name next to a chord. For some reason I can't get the output I expected. What is wrong here (with either ...
8
votes
2answers
265 views

How do I express humming in music notation?

I have a section in a vocal piece where I want singers to hum. I'm going to include "mmm" in my music notation, but is there a good way to more clearly express the intent to hum in the notation?
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3answers
166 views

Easiest way to turn permutations into Sibelius notation

Total dummie (non-programmer) question here. There are permutations like these, for example: (n=9, r=2) {1,2} {1,3} {1,4} {1,5} {1,6} {1,7} {1,8} {1,9} {2,1} {2,3} {2,4} {2,5} {2,6} {2,7} {2,8} {2,9} ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Guitar pro 5 slash line to rest

Can someone tell what is that weird note? Not the tie between the 12 and 12, afterwards there a slash line that I can't recognize and it sounds similar to a slide but not exactly. It from "The ...
4
votes
4answers
816 views

How long do you hold a fermata?

I am new to piano and just downloaded this book, it seems simple enough for a beginner like me but there is a symbol that I don't really understand, a fermata. Googling I see I am supposed to hold ...
0
votes
2answers
344 views

What does the caret symbol ^, mean in guitar tablature?

I'm reading a piece of acoustic guitar music containing both tablature and standard music, and I've come across a symbol I'm unfamiliar with in the tab. ^ The tab shows: 0^24 but the ^ is on top of ...
5
votes
2answers
319 views

What do these unusual time signature symbols mean?

I have been studying advanced music theory lately. Having explored a wide range of musical symbols, I was surprised to encounter the following time signature symbols I've never seen before in ...
1
vote
2answers
106 views

What is this notation? Tremolo? [duplicate]

I found this odd notation in some music by Verdi. The part is 9/8, and there are several notes with four bars. In particular, there are some dotted half notes connected with four bars, and 16/th notes ...
3
votes
2answers
296 views

How to indicate left hand for piano sheet music

The Chopin - Godowsky Revolutionary Etude No 12 is arranged for the left hand only, and we're only informed about this by a note under the title. Please see the excerpt below: I am currently ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

Piano (sheet music) curves on top and numbers in circles

I am new to Piano and sheet music in general so I downloaded a "simple version" of Fur Elise to play as I already know how the tune goes in my head. Presently, I only play it with my right hand. A ...
14
votes
1answer
373 views

Do accidentals earlier in the measure affect a trill?

I was attempting to help someone understand all the markings in a piece with which they are unfamiliar. One, however, has given me pause: Now, I know the rule for a trill is that it ordinarily ...
2
votes
2answers
131 views

Looking for software to combine notation and recorded loops

Looking for some guidance about pieces of software to help w/ my compositions. I've been composing music for a while using Sibelius (and Finale at times) to scribe out parts, but recently I've been ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

Note Positioning: .abc files and note length

Sequel to this question... sorta: Understanding MIDI Files I'm using Starbound Composer to directly edit a .midi file. I'm not really sure if it's .abc or .midi that's the main focus here. BGM ~ The ...
3
votes
1answer
177 views

What does this horizontal dotted line mean?

This appears in the sheet music for Luigi Legnani's 36 Caprices (for guitar). This is in Caprice no. 18. What I'm asking about is the dotted line that appears between the F notes in the third and ...
2
votes
2answers
474 views

Rhythm notation for lyrics?

Are there any good notations for rhythm in song lyrics? Usually when I'm writing lyrics with pen and paper, I underline emphasis, which works for rap, but probably misses a lot of nuance for sung ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the correct way of filling a 9/8 bar with a single note?

Similar to how you can fill a whole 4/4 bar with a single whole note, what is the best or most correct/readable way to fill a 9/8 bar with one note? I was thinking about a dotted half note tied with a ...
2
votes
4answers
254 views

Two silence notes and a note that isn't played? misunderstanding ties

I've been teaching myself Piano (it's just for fun, I can't take classes at the moment so don't start with that) and reading music. I'm practicing a piece from J.S. Bach called Prelude in C major here'...
6
votes
2answers
217 views

Simplified notation for two-note tremolo

Does first and second bar mean the same thing? If no, is there a simplified notation for the first one?
1
vote
4answers
277 views

Does a time signature imply accents?

Does a time signature imply accents by default? For example, in 4/4 time should I accent every quarter beat? Should I accent the first beat of each bar? If yes, how should I notate a piece where ...
1
vote
1answer
357 views

What do the numbers on a guitar tab mean?

Are the numbers on the strings of guitar on the tab to be applied for fret strings and the chords at the same time? For example how I read this tab and to know G chord at the first bar: G |-------...
1
vote
2answers
148 views

Chopin Etude How to play C-flat? [duplicate]

Chopin Etude Op. 9 No. 2 In the 13th full bar, Right hand 5th note. My music sheet shows a Cb (equivalent to B). Should it be there? Should it be played as B natural followed by B-flat?
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Notated With a Slur, But Played Without Slur

I just got sheet music for Mack the Knife and in the 3rd bar, there is 2 eighth note C#s, then 2 eighth note Cs. Everyone in the band tongued it, and the recording sounds like it was tongued too. ...
4
votes
1answer
144 views

Angled line over a note — standard notation or made up?

I have come across notation I don't recognise in a vocal score, and no amount of Googling can find it (and it's not in my notation software either). The notation in question is the sloping line ...
6
votes
1answer
285 views

Over/under pitch note

I know there is a quarter tone notation, but is there a symbol for music score that will simply say over/under pitch? I think quarter tone notation might be too strict/rigid in music arrangement that ...
3
votes
1answer
220 views

Half oval 3 over notes

I'm a bit confused about this graphic, notice the half ovals on top with the 3 in the center: Is that a "triplet" and the same as this graphic in guitar pro? Please note that I have searched but ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

8 quarter notes in 4/4 time?! And how do I insert this into Guitar Pro?

Look at the below graphic and please tell me how is this possible. This is supposed to be in 4/4 time but it has 7 quarter notes??! (and an 8th note as well as a "8th note rest" - not sure if thats ...
3
votes
2answers
287 views

What's the tempo?

I bought some sheet music for "Canon in D" by JP. I am trying to put that sheet music into Guitar Pro so I can practice it bar by bar, my question is: If the tempo is not specified, is there a "...
3
votes
3answers
310 views

8 under clef and timing questions

Please look at the below graphic, there are a few things that are confusing me: 1 - Why is there an 8 under the treble clef? 2 - This is in common 4/4 time, yet one of the beginning 8th notes (in ...
2
votes
2answers
135 views

What is the name of and how to notate a “tremolo in random order”?

Given a chord, I can play its notes in random order (usually fast) for full note's duration. It's not an arpeggio, because arpeggios have ascending or descending order; and arpeggio ends when all its ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

Chord symbol confusion

In this example, many chords are marked as major with a triangle or minor with a minus sign - for the ones that simply say, e.g "C#7" - what would they be?
4
votes
2answers
303 views

What is the meaning of time signatures with fractions on the top like ⅘ /4?

Recently I came across this List of musical works in unusual time signatures on Wikipedia. Some of the time signatures mentioned have fractional numbers on the top. e.g. two and a half over four, ...