The methods, rules, and conventions for representing music visually.

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6
votes
1answer
357 views

Learning Bossa Nova Guitar

It's been awhile since I have played guitar but I'm trying to get back into it. I really like bossa nova music and want to learn how to play it. I have some beginner sheet music that I am learning ...
18
votes
2answers
2k views

Is “16va” proper notation?

Is the notation "16va" or "16vb" ever used to mean to transpose what is written up or down two octaves? I cannot think of how else you would represent the highest and lowest notes on a piano without ...
4
votes
7answers
275 views

Learn musical notation

What would be a good method to learn musical notation, especially how to read the pitches of the notes fast enough to play them on your instrument (sight read)?
8
votes
3answers
926 views

What is the meaning of '/5+' in a chord?

I'm trying to learn this song in piano: http://tabs.ultimate-guitar.com/a/antonio_carlos_jobim/corcovado_crd.htm What does /5+ or /5- means? Example: Abm6/5+ Does it mean bass is the fifth ...
4
votes
3answers
118 views

How does mezzopiano relate to piano?

I just came across the sonatas a quattro by Rossini in the Schott edition and in 2nd movement of first sonata directly follow three decrescendos: from mf to p from p to mp from mp to pp This ...
1
vote
3answers
120 views

Where can I learn Nashville Number System? [closed]

I'm looking to learn the Nashville Number System, and I haven't found any books online. Can anyone point me to some resources for learning it?
7
votes
4answers
5k views

Do I play all the F's as sharp or just the one with the sharp in the space?

I am trying to teach myself how to play piano and while I know what a key signature is, I don't have a firm grasp on it. I have sheet music in the key of G major. There aren't any F's on that line, ...
3
votes
3answers
292 views

Chord notation for stacked and inverted chords or intervals?

I understand how chord notation works for the most part, but I'm wondering how I would notate intervals, octaves, and specific chords. P1, m3, & P5 is Cmin. P1, P5 is C5 But, how do we notate P1 ...
2
votes
4answers
412 views

Standard notation for an octave

There are many common chord symbols and notation for musical ideas. If you want someone to play an A major chord, just an A denotes an A major chord. If you wanted someone to play an A minor chord, Am ...
14
votes
4answers
1k views

How to interpret this chord notation?

How do you interpret this couple of notations? In Bar 2, Fm / Ab, what does the slash do? Do I play either chord or both? In addition, in Bar 3, what does the /9 mean?
6
votes
3answers
572 views

What does the notation “2/3BII” mean?

What does the note "2/3BII" mean here? The notation below is a part of the piece "Canon in D", arranged in classical guitar. Update This piece is arranged by Allan Alexander. Here is his ...
7
votes
1answer
166 views

Notes in small font

Is there a name for the notes that appear in smaller size in sheet music? Not grace notes, but rather notes to accompany alternative words in lyrics in different verses that require slight variations ...
1
vote
1answer
255 views

“First ending” has a notation “2nd time R.H. 8va”

In a simple piano book I'm using, one of the songs that has a first and second ending, has the notation in the bar for the first ending ("1."): "2nd time R.H. 8va". How can there be a second time ...
3
votes
6answers
484 views

Notating Original Songs for Musicians

I have written many songs in a rock band setting and I have notated them in a multitude of ways including lead sheets, standard scores written in Finale, and guitar tabulate. Over the years I have ...
11
votes
1answer
165 views

What does “al primo” mean?

I' m currently playing a sonata from late baroque, which ends with two menuets, minuetto primo and minuetto secondo. Now under the closing repeat mark of menuet two "al primo" is notated. I assume, ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

How does “triplet feel” for eighth notes affect non-eighth notes?

I'm a software developer creating a MIDI player that can play with "triplet feel" -- that is, when it sees two eighth notes, it plays them as if they were a triplet of quarter note + eighth note. This ...
7
votes
2answers
205 views

When transcribing a song and the speed doubles or halves, is it best to change the tempo and note values to reflect that or keep them the same?

This is something I've struggled with for awhile now, and applies to both transcription and composition. So, let's say we have a song at 160 BPM. The main subdivision is eighth notes, and the beat ...
2
votes
3answers
482 views

Is there a MIDI music notation program (e.g. Finale) that automatically detects rhythm?

I want to notate some piano songs that I have written. My problem is that I can't find a program that will record the pitch and the rhythm of the note. In every program that I've seen, you have to ...
8
votes
3answers
402 views

Can the double stop E natural F sharp be played on cello?

I'd like to find out if it is possible to play the double stop of E natural and F sharp on the cello. Thank you
13
votes
2answers
3k views

Unknown Notation - Thick Horizontal Bars Between Notes

I haven't the faintest idea of what these could mean. Some sort of run perhaps? How do you effect the dynamics/notes these bars are referring to? EDIT: For reference, this specific example is ...
12
votes
2answers
610 views

C in Treble or Bass Clef

I see a 'C' like sign in the beginning of the staff. What does it mean?
0
votes
1answer
88 views

key signature # and b [duplicate]

sharps and flats occur in the middle of tunes to change notes from the originals in that key. They are called accidentals. What about when they're used IN the key signature? They're obviously not ...
2
votes
1answer
232 views

How to use chords notations in the tab?

Most guitar tabs I've seen contains a chord notations(in the top of the tab), but I don't know how to use them. For example I'm reading Love Story Francis Lai, Should I play(Em,C,B7 and Am) chords ...
7
votes
2answers
349 views

Notating 6 (or more) triplets with a single beam?

Does the bar labelled "One six note phrase" conform to notation standards? All the examples of triplets that I've seen before have always had the beams break every three notes, similar to the ...
8
votes
4answers
414 views

Effective way to notate triplets

I was directed by America Luke to this forum site. I hope this is the correct place. I have a score with a lot of triplets. It's awkward to write always \times 2/3 {c16 d e} \times 2/3 {d e f}. ...
9
votes
2answers
405 views

Where did the British names for different note lengths come from?

I was always taught to use a certain set of names for the length of a note, such as crotchet, minim, quaver, and so on. I'm aware though that those terms aren't used as much outside the UK, and that ...
7
votes
1answer
150 views

References for typesetting music

I'm looking for books or articles on typesetting (western) music. Basically the musical equivalent for traditional typesetting, i.e. rules for spacing of symbols, justification, page layout, etc. I'm ...
9
votes
1answer
331 views

Why some measures are marked with a roman numeral and a dashed line?

Take a look at the first of Tarrega's studies, which I'm trying to learn. In this study measures 6 and 13 are marked with a roman numeral (V and I respectively), and a dashed line above a measure. ...
16
votes
4answers
704 views

Should one write # or b?

In the staff, would one write enharmonic notes with # or b? Does it matter which you'd use and why? For example: In the key of C Major, would it be better to write this passage with an A#, as it is, ...
9
votes
1answer
378 views

Are instructions on organ stop settings included in the notation of Baroque organ music?

I am currently listening to a collection of Bach's complete organ works for the organ. I love Baroque music and Bach in particular, but I am not very familiar with the organ from the performer's ...
6
votes
1answer
288 views

What is this cross staff tied/slurred note supposed to be?

So I am learning Messiaen's Transports de Joie from L'Ascension suite. Things are fine until there is an ambiguous note on the top of page 16 (we are in F♯ Major and both hands are in the treble ...
8
votes
1answer
93 views

How can I typeset a break or jump in my scores?

I am using lilypond to typeset some music. I would like to leave away some bars from the original music. Therefore, I have to jump from some bar to an other. But I want to show, that I cut something ...
8
votes
1answer
381 views

How do you write a continuous arpeggio in sheet music?

How would you write an arpeggio that never stops the notes that are played . . . they just keep on ringing. E.g, in the example below, when the E is played in measure 1 beat 1, it continues ringing ...
3
votes
5answers
2k views

General questions about piano sheet music notation

This is the song I wanted to do, not on a piano but in FL Studio. But I don't play the piano so I need some help in dissecting this piece. Those ##C, what do those mean (and what are they called?) ...
5
votes
4answers
675 views

Guitar slur. Need help on understanding notations

I'm new to the guitar so I'm stumbled upon this and am confused. I think that the curve connecting the 11th fret and 10th fret means a slur? Did some research myself and found out that a slur can mean ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

What is Tempo (Speed): Moderate 4

I can look up the range of tempos that classify as moderate, but cannot find a source that tells me the specific bpm for: Tempo (Speed): Moderate 4 Assuming the time signature is 4:4
10
votes
2answers
11k views

What is the difference between sharp note & flat note?

In guitar or generally in any musical instruments, what is the difference between sharp notes & flat notes? For example : Are A♯ & B♭ the same? And are C♯ & D♭ the same? Does that make ...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

What are all these symbols in some old sheet music?

Looking at this sheet music of Pietro Antonio Locatelli's "L'arte del violino" Op. 3 we see that the sheet music is pretty old. I have no idea if this is perhaps the original one or not but it does ...
-3
votes
2answers
498 views

C harmonica: How to play high tabs without producing “noise”

I'm going to give 2 examples so you understand the point If you want to play She's Gone, how you do so? when he screams "Hey Lady...". I tried to play all the time on 8 - 9 holes doesn't sound ...
4
votes
4answers
385 views

Do musicians share the tabs/chords of their music?

I kinda thought about this question, after watching a guy teaching how to play little Walter's Juke intro Riff. He said that scholars have analyzed the lick to death. So do musicians share the ...
5
votes
4answers
10k views

Piano music with two treble clefs, and notes between staves

I do not understand why there are two treble cleff staves and why there are music notes in the middle of the two staves. Which hand should I play those notes with and why are there two treble cleff ...
3
votes
1answer
158 views

how do you play a double mortent on the piano

I am guessing the wavy line from one chord up to another chord is Double mortent. I looked online and this is the only term I could locate for this symbol. Can you tell me how it is played?
4
votes
1answer
464 views

What is Dot & Tie in Drumming sheet?

What is exactly the difference of the Dot and Tie sheet music? I know how it works on piano, is it the same with the drums?
7
votes
5answers
3k views

What's the correct notation for a full bar note or rest in non-common time?

Obviously for 3 and 4/4 you use the respective semebreve or dotted minim, but what about 7/8, 9/8 and 15/16? I heard the convention is to just use a semibreve, but that doesn't make sense to me ...
2
votes
3answers
657 views

Why is this progressions described as i/5 - bVI?

Basic question, I understand the ideas of modes and that there are 7 corresponding keys within each major/minor scale, but I'm trying to learn what exactly is meant when the chord progression is ...
9
votes
3answers
891 views

What does an “L” shape mean beside a note in the lower staff?

Sorry if this is trivial but I am self taught and cannot find the meaning of this bracket on a sheet. This is taken from Merry Christmas Mr Lawrence by Ryuichi Sakamoto
4
votes
1answer
173 views

String skip in tablature

How do I play this tab ? I confused since no fret number is written on the 3rd string, and I guess it's not an open string either. Do I pick those two (2 and 4) strings only? What I did is just to ...
-2
votes
1answer
740 views

Really confused about x's on a note?

So on the sheet music I was playing there were these notes with x's on top of them. Like on the stem. What am I supposed to do? Do I just not play them? This is for the piano by the way.
4
votes
5answers
964 views

Why transpose at the octave?

If an instrument has a range too high or too low for composers to easily write its music on bass or treble clef, the music may be written either an octave higher or an octave lower than it sounds, ...
13
votes
3answers
762 views

How can I force LilyPond to repeat a chord symbol (relates to alternate endings)?

In chordmode, LilyPond chooses not to display chord symbols when they are the same as the preceding symbol, which is usually the right behavior. However, this behavior gets weird in the context of ...