The methods, rules, and conventions for representing music visually.

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Why are notes beamed across the barline in this piece?

In the piece Three Pieces for String Quartet by Igor Stravinsky I've noticed something very odd that I cannot explain. There are several places in the piece where eighth notes are beamed across ...
3
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1answer
138 views

how do you play a double mortent on the piano

I am guessing the wavy line from one chord up to another chord is Double mortent. I looked online and this is the only term I could locate for this symbol. Can you tell me how it is played?
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1answer
179 views

What is a “7-9” chord? (G7-9, etc..)

There's a chord in the Lennie Niehaus arrangement of the Stan Kenton Orchestra version of Laura, written by Johnny Mercer and David Raksin. This chord is written as G7-9. In googling, I get G7(#9) a ...
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2answers
186 views

Music notation software for JianPu and erhu notation

My wife's band, which features the erhu, uses music notation like the page shown below. We want to take hand-written scanned/faxed from stained napkins with bad handwriting and two-side bleedthrough ...
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2answers
86 views

Octave shift context

I'm learning this amazing piece of music from Nikolai Kapustin ... although I already play it well (kind of, at least most of it), I'm still unsure about some parts... so I decided I should ask ...
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1answer
112 views

Notation on Schubert's Op.94, D760, piece 6

I was practicing the 6th moment musicaux of Schubert's Op. 94 using a Henle edition (which is in public domain in imslp, Here) and I encountered something I have never seen before. Over the bars 30, ...
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1answer
742 views

Visual representation of sound

Graphical sound visualization (as available in several music players, eg winamp) is mostly used for fun, to add some visuals to the music, related to it in some way ( pseudo spectrum analysers, ...
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3answers
89 views

How to think in number chord notation for Major and Minor

I learned most of my songs in the Major key and used a number system to learn it to be able to transpose the song easily. I now have a minor song I am learning and originally used the Major numbers to ...
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1answer
76 views

Should chords in Bach's solo violin pieces be arpeggiated if not marked as such?

So I came across this interesting statement about the way we should play Bach's solo violin pieces. One source claimed that Bach was not a lousy writer — he was actually a very accurate and ...
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3answers
164 views

Note Flag instead of Beam

INTRODUCTION Hello, I am an IT student which have to make an application to write sheet-music. I basically know nothing about music. But, I won't explain why I stumbled upon this project even ...
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3answers
264 views

Chord notation for stacked and inverted chords or intervals?

I understand how chord notation works for the most part, but I'm wondering how I would notate intervals, octaves, and specific chords. P1, m3, & P5 is Cmin. P1, P5 is C5 But, how do we notate P1 ...
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1answer
29 views

Notations mentioned in answers re. trombone

Would someone please explain the notations E2, F3, etc. which are used in answers on this site regarding trombone? I'm not familiar with those.
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1answer
61 views

Should ossia stave barlines connect to main stave?

I'm arranging some string-quartet music; I have been asked to do an ossia part for a section of Violin I. Should ossia staves have barlines that connect to the main stave: or barlines that don't: ...
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1answer
193 views

How do you do accidentals (eg. E♭) in solfège (Do Re Mi)? [duplicate]

I only ever learned the basics of the major scale syllables, mostly from the "Doe, a deer" song. In C Major, Do - C Re - D Mi - E Fa - F Sol - G La - A Ti (or Si) - B Do - C So how ...
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1answer
135 views

Is there a standard notation for piano fingering?

Ofcourse there is the notation 1 2 3 4 5 for each finger. But are there other (quasi-)standard symbols for indicating, for example, hand movements, stretching the hand, putting the thumb under, etc.? ...
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1answer
324 views

Why use meter of 3/8? [duplicate]

I see that most online scores of Beethoven's "Für Elise" specify its meter as 3/8. However, this one has 3/4 instead, which seems to make it easier to read (all the 1/16th notes become 1/8). I don't ...
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1answer
158 views

How to make nonstandard scales on Finale?

I'm trying to use the scale: A,C,F#,A And then: A,B,C#,D#,F,G,A But I'll need to input a nonstandard key signature. How can I do that?
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1answer
366 views

Metric modulation, ordering of the notes around the equals sign

I could find some references stating that the old note value is placed on the left while the new one is placed on the right. For example: "dotted eigth = quarter" means that the tempo just got ...
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1answer
193 views

Note length line (beam) placement in numbered musical notation

I am making a computer application for typing numerical / numbered musical notes. I have some question regarding note length line / beam. Will it have a same meaning if we place the beam either on ...
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5answers
841 views

Sharps vs Flats - Formula to determine correct sharp and flat notes in a scale

I am trying to figure out how to know if a note in a scale is a sharp or a flat. So my starting point/input are the intervals of any scale. E.g. here are the Minor pentatonic intervals Interval: 1, ...
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4answers
308 views

Standard notation for an octave

There are many common chord symbols and notation for musical ideas. If you want someone to play an A major chord, just an A denotes an A major chord. If you wanted someone to play an A minor chord, Am ...
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2answers
960 views

Right hand in top stave?

I'm learning the song shown. How are these chords meant to be played? Are the chords shown in the middle stave (treble clef) meant to be played by the left hand? How does one tell this from the ...
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2answers
510 views

What does this notation mean?

Specifically I'd like to know about the apparent joining of a dotted quaver and a semiquaver in the second row of my photo. Is that what these are? If that is what is meant then how does this ...
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2answers
416 views

What's the name of an area split by Bar Line (s) called?

What is the unit name of an area split by Bar Line(s) called ? (See the red-circled area in below picture) The translation from my native language to English results in Time Signature . I feel ...
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4answers
275 views

Why picking direction indicators in music?

In music notation specifically for the guitar, there are often picking symbols meaning to pick up or down. What is the purpose of these picking indicators (sorry, don't know the real term for them)? ...
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3answers
177 views

Are tonal (sharp, flat and natural) key signatures octave specific? [duplicate]

I recently bought a piano for learning (by myself at the moment) and apart from doing basic exercises, I decided to start learning a piece to get a grip on music sheet reading as I go. On the sheet ...
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1answer
176 views

How to play a #.1 in the guitar?

I play guitar using this scale....this is C major I think...(I don't know the name...but I follow the number on the music note, and it works. ): But once I come across with this in one music notes: ...
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2answers
388 views

Why is “A” not used for augmented in Chord symbols?

On Wikipedia it says: Some of the symbols used for chord quality are similar to those used for interval quality: m, or min for minor, M, maj, or no symbol (see rule 2 below) for major, ...
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3answers
93 views

How to improve the process of transcribing my music into notation?

I generally don't concern myself with the notation when I'm producing a new song; basically I just make sure everything's on beat and in key and sounds good. Writing the song down seems like such a ...
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2answers
224 views

Notation for a turn with a half step

From what I've read, turns only seem to use the notes in the key, so if I'm in C Major, what would be the notation for a turn with G-A-G-F#-G ?
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3answers
274 views

Should “Ooh” be sung as “oo” or “oh”?

In my last choir rehearsal, while going over a new piece, after I said, "Let's go back to the beginning and go over the 'oo's", my lead tenor, whom I respect immensely as a musician, responded "Uh, ...
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1answer
163 views

What does the “o” notation signify?

I just saw this comment by Tim, in another question: Do can't have a C. It's spelt D, F, Ab, Cb.Or as a triad, just the 1st 3 notes. Ao/F is F b9, and Ao/F# will just be F#o. Or D b9/F#. If this ...
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2answers
188 views

Octave changes on 2nd time

Suppose a piece of music contain two consequent parts than differ only by octaves (say, second part is entirely 8va). Is any way to show this in music sheet except writing each part separatly. In ...
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2answers
150 views

What is this Chord Notation?

I know how to read Roman Numerals for chord progressions. But I've seen something recently I don't understand. I've attached an image below. What are those sub/post-strip's?
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3answers
417 views

Is there a MIDI music notation program (e.g. Finale) that automatically detects rhythm?

I want to notate some piano songs that I have written. My problem is that I can't find a program that will record the pitch and the rhythm of the note. In every program that I've seen, you have to ...
2
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1answer
57 views

How to abbreviate multiply -diminished or -augmented intervals

I know they aren't used often, but how do you abbreviate a doubly-, triply-, or otherwise multiply- diminished or augmented intervals? For instance, a perfect fifth is abnbreviated P5, a diminished ...
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2answers
497 views

What does the tie across other different notes mean?

There are two ties in the bass part of the following excerpt. Both of them include some other different notes. According to the tie's definition, 16th note + 8th note = 3/16th note. In the case of the ...
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3answers
74 views

Notation for flute trills in music score

I'm only playing simple pieces (Grade 1 in the UK) but even some of these have Tr notation next to a note, and a separate bit of score above the score. What I notice is, the note in the main score is ...
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2answers
147 views

Numbers above notes

I have a number of pieces of handwritten music that have anywhere from 2 to 4 numbers written above each note. What do the numbers mean? I play accordion and I have acquired numerous pieces of ...
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2answers
145 views

What are the different rhythm styles? Is that the right word?

I remember way back in music class, at the top of the sheet music it would say things like the name of the piece, beats per minute and sometimes it would say something like Style = Swing. What ...
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1answer
229 views

How are sharps and flats written in the nashville numbering system?

How are sharps and flats written in the Nashville numbering system. 5♯ or 5♭?
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1answer
56 views

Is there a particular word, name, classification or designation that differentiates “Slavic Sung” Vibrato?

I introduce this question with something I'll amateurishly call "Slavic sung vibrato", because I don't know of a better term. It's a sort of recognizable extendeded and pronounced vibrato that ...
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3answers
109 views

How to play these chords?

I'm trying to play the song here. What confuses me is when I see things like 0h2p0 and 0h2(x4). What are those, and how do you play them?
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3answers
280 views

Why isn't this a c flat?

I am always wondering why the second c isn't flat? There is no signs before it? I know it is supposed to be played as natural, without natural signature? This question was roughly answered by my ...
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3answers
129 views

What is the origin and advantages of this system of chord naming/ notation? e.g. G7 is major minor seventh not Dominant 7th

I've received a few emails through my website asking me what a major minor seventh chord was. At first I thought they had mixed up the sequence and were referring to the A-#7 chord (root chord of ...
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1answer
298 views

What do multiple notes on top of each other in a staff mean?

Does it mean to play all the notes at the same time?
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2answers
90 views

Sharps at the start of a score

I'm having difficulty identifying and playing the sharps which are C# , D# , F# and G# . Do the sharps apply to all the bars ?
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119 views

Where can I learn Nashville Number System? [closed]

I'm looking to learn the Nashville Number System, and I haven't found any books online. Can anyone point me to some resources for learning it?
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2answers
425 views

Notating Augmented Chords

When writing an Augmented chord, which inversion of the chord should I use? The problem came up while I was composing (piano). I came to an augmented chord and couldn't think of which version to use ...
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1answer
137 views

How to play given notes on the guitar

I'm sorry, if my question is not too generic, but I'm having trouble playing instrumental acoustic peace and would appreciate if you could help me out. Here are the notes I have (sorry for scan ...