The methods, rules, and conventions for representing music visually.

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Meaning of sfr on sheet music

I have seen this on sheet music before But cannot find any definion of what it means. If you can tell me that would be great.
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1answer
120 views

What does this horizontal dotted line mean?

This appears in the sheet music for Luigi Legnani's 36 Caprices (for guitar). This is in Caprice no. 18. What I'm asking about is the dotted line that appears between the F notes in the third and ...
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1answer
271 views

Note length line (beam) placement in numbered musical notation

I am making a computer application for typing numerical / numbered musical notes. I have some question regarding note length line / beam. Will it have a same meaning if we place the beam either on ...
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1answer
53 views

What are best practices surrounding polymetric music notation?

I'm writing a piece that has a 13/16 ostinato in it. However, the melodies aren't going to make any effort to have their downbeats line up with the ostinato. What are the best practices regarding ...
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2answers
54 views

How to put this one half note and three eighth notes concatenation in Guitar Pro 6?

I've seen this concatenation (sorry for not knowing the jargon) a lot and the way I've been playing it was like playing four eighth notes but letting go of the first E note ever since it's plucked ...
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3answers
1k views

8 quarter notes in 4/4 time?! And how do I insert this into Guitar Pro?

Look at the below graphic and please tell me how is this possible. This is supposed to be in 4/4 time but it has 7 quarter notes??! (and an 8th note as well as a "8th note rest" - not sure if thats ...
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5answers
2k views

Sharps vs Flats - Formula to determine correct sharp and flat notes in a scale

I am trying to figure out how to know if a note in a scale is a sharp or a flat. So my starting point/input are the intervals of any scale. E.g. here are the Minor pentatonic intervals Interval: 1, ...
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4answers
185 views

Two silence notes and a note that isn't played? misunderstanding ties

I've been teaching myself Piano (it's just for fun, I can't take classes at the moment so don't start with that) and reading music. I'm practicing a piece from J.S. Bach called Prelude in C major ...
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5answers
647 views

Is this a tie or a slur or something else?

The top right bar has 3 slurs/ties but they are not connected to anything. How is this interpreted?
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3answers
300 views

Why isn't this a c flat?

I am always wondering why the second c isn't flat? There is no signs before it? I know it is supposed to be played as natural, without natural signature? This question was roughly answered by my ...
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4answers
554 views

Standard notation for an octave

There are many common chord symbols and notation for musical ideas. If you want someone to play an A major chord, just an A denotes an A major chord. If you wanted someone to play an A minor chord, Am ...
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2answers
1k views

Right hand in top stave?

I'm learning the song shown. How are these chords meant to be played? Are the chords shown in the middle stave (treble clef) meant to be played by the left hand? How does one tell this from the ...
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591 views

What does this notation mean?

Specifically I'd like to know about the apparent joining of a dotted quaver and a semiquaver in the second row of my photo. Is that what these are? If that is what is meant then how does this ...
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2answers
501 views

What's the name of an area split by Bar Line (s) called?

What is the unit name of an area split by Bar Line(s) called ? (See the red-circled area in below picture) The translation from my native language to English results in Time Signature . I feel ...
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2answers
359 views

Rhythm notation for lyrics?

Are there any good notations for rhythm in song lyrics? Usually when I'm writing lyrics with pen and paper, I underline emphasis, which works for rap, but probably misses a lot of nuance for sung ...
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4answers
472 views

Why picking direction indicators in music?

In music notation specifically for the guitar, there are often picking symbols meaning to pick up or down. What is the purpose of these picking indicators (sorry, don't know the real term for them)? ...
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3answers
140 views

Ornaments in J. S. Bach's 4th prelude

Inverted mordents and turns are frequently used in the prelude No.4 of J.S. Bach in C-sharp minor. In what follows I assume the key of the piece is known. My first question is related to the normal ...
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1answer
2k views

Squiggly Line Above Note

I just found a Bach score, and there is this squiggly line above the A eighth note in the first measure (and a few other places). This is the score. What does it mean?
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3answers
269 views

Are tonal (sharp, flat and natural) key signatures octave specific? [duplicate]

I recently bought a piano for learning (by myself at the moment) and apart from doing basic exercises, I decided to start learning a piece to get a grip on music sheet reading as I go. On the sheet ...
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3answers
753 views

Why is this progressions described as i/5 - bVI?

Basic question, I understand the ideas of modes and that there are 7 corresponding keys within each major/minor scale, but I'm trying to learn what exactly is meant when the chord progression is ...
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1answer
188 views

How to play a #.1 in the guitar?

I play guitar using this scale....this is C major I think...(I don't know the name...but I follow the number on the music note, and it works. ): But once I come across with this in one music notes: ...
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2answers
251 views

Lilypond chord mode not rendering minor modifier in alternate chord

I'm engraving some music using Lilypond and have been requested to engrave an alternate chord name next to a chord. For some reason I can't get the output I expected. What is wrong here (with either ...
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2answers
399 views

Are these dotted and tied rhythms equivalent?

I have been trying to learn sheet music once again by re-teaching myself by reading pieces of music. Basically I'm using a digital audio work station to place the notes into a piano roll and checking ...
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2answers
196 views

Alternative ways of notating this example of metric modulation

At 3:08 Seconds into this video (Johnny Winter, Mama talk to your daughter, Live CPH 1971): a hemiola cross-rhythm effect, and the guitar strums and bass temporarily ...
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2answers
116 views

How to read this measure of music with “in between” notes?

I have a score in 4/4 time with the following measure: My music program (MuseScore) plays this with the two 16th F notes "in between" beats 2 and 3, with the second F/C chord playing at beat 3 and ...
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2answers
71 views

How to indicate 'pianist fill in rest of the chord' given highest note and chord?

In sheet music, is there a standardized notation that tells the pianist/keyboardist to fill in the chords below the specified top note? EDIT: I was specifically asking about the top note. This is my ...
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1answer
239 views

What is the meaning of the dotted lines in Hanon exercise 33?

In The Virtuoso Pianist in 60 exercises exercise 33 (page 44 of the pdf) there are dotted lines with the numeral 8 above and below joining three measures together - what is their meaning?
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619 views

What is the correct way of filling a 9/8 bar with a single note?

Similar to how you can fill a whole 4/4 bar with a single whole note, what is the best or most correct/readable way to fill a 9/8 bar with one note? I was thinking about a dotted half note tied with a ...
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2answers
420 views

Why is “A” not used for augmented in Chord symbols?

On Wikipedia it says: Some of the symbols used for chord quality are similar to those used for interval quality: m, or min for minor, M, maj, or no symbol (see rule 2 below) for major, ...
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2answers
359 views

Octave changes on 2nd time

Suppose a piece of music contain two consequent parts than differ only by octaves (say, second part is entirely 8va). Is any way to show this in music sheet except writing each part separatly. In ...
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2answers
291 views

Notation for a turn with a half step

From what I've read, turns only seem to use the notes in the key, so if I'm in C Major, what would be the notation for a turn with G-A-G-F#-G ?
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2answers
374 views

Naming Scale Degrees

As I understand the minor pentatonic degrees are 1 b3 4 5 7b It says b3 & 7b, does it matter which side the b is on and do they both mean flat? Scale degrees are almost always based off the ...
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3answers
427 views

Should “Ooh” be sung as “oo” or “oh”?

In my last choir rehearsal, while going over a new piece, after I said, "Let's go back to the beginning and go over the 'oo's", my lead tenor, whom I respect immensely as a musician, responded "Uh, ...
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3answers
68 views

Which of two enharmonic note names to use? [duplicate]

If during composition, an accidental note is used, is there a method/reason for using one name instead of the other? For example if a song is in the key of A, but a Eflat/D# note is written is there ...
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1answer
124 views

DS or DC al coda how to tell go to 3 and 4 verses

I have a song in this format: Verse 1 Verse 2 Chorus has a 1st and 2nd ending Verse 3 Verse 4 Chorus I use repeat for V1 and V2 and then I go to Chorus easy enough. Now I want to go to Verse 3 and ...
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2answers
181 views

What is this Chord Notation?

I know how to read Roman Numerals for chord progressions. But I've seen something recently I don't understand. I've attached an image below. What are those sub/post-strip's?
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571 views

Is there a MIDI music notation program (e.g. Finale) that automatically detects rhythm?

I want to notate some piano songs that I have written. My problem is that I can't find a program that will record the pitch and the rhythm of the note. In every program that I've seen, you have to ...
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1answer
90 views

How to transcribe a score without a rigid tempo?

How do you notate a score that doesn't have a continuous tempo, but ebbs and flows? How can you communicate the rhythmic intentions of the composer to future players? What I was lectured that you need ...
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2answers
69 views

Changing Time Signature

I need to change a simple piece from 4/8 to 4/4. Do I only need to double the values for each note? (Ex. quarter to half note & eighth to quarter?)
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1answer
4k views

Beginner guitar : Ode to Joy - is it chords shown in sheet? E.g. C is shown, but not played in note [duplicate]

I am beginning guitar and still playing notes on the B and E string while learning. We have this song to play: Can I please enquire as to why e.g. the first bar says "C", while the notes are E E F ...
2
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1answer
301 views

What does the “o” notation signify?

I just saw this comment by Tim, in another question: Do can't have a C. It's spelt D, F, Ab, Cb.Or as a triad, just the 1st 3 notes. Ao/F is F b9, and Ao/F# will just be F#o. Or D b9/F#. If this ...
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1answer
71 views

How to abbreviate multiply -diminished or -augmented intervals

I know they aren't used often, but how do you abbreviate a doubly-, triply-, or otherwise multiply- diminished or augmented intervals? For instance, a perfect fifth is abnbreviated P5, a diminished ...
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2answers
647 views

What does the tie across other different notes mean?

There are two ties in the bass part of the following excerpt. Both of them include some other different notes. According to the tie's definition, 16th note + 8th note = 3/16th note. In the case of the ...
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1answer
289 views

How are sharps and flats written in the nashville numbering system?

How are sharps and flats written in the Nashville numbering system. 5♯ or 5♭?
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1answer
40 views

Determining closest key when primary contributing factors are shared among keys

Given a construct of intervals as follows: 1,#2,3,4,5,6,b7 (Dominant #2 first position) For the purpose of general notation, as the #2 is equivalent to a b3 and the 3rd is still present, would this ...
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2answers
90 views

does a first time bar always need a repeat?

I want to notate a piece which finishes in the middle section with a fine, but to do so I need to repeat form the end and then skip a few bars. Can I put the few bars I need to skip under a first time ...
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2answers
124 views

Half, Three Quarter Sharps and Microtonality

Less often (in for instance microtonal music notation) one will encounter half, or three-quarter,... or otherwise modified, sharps. A half sharp indicates the use of quarter tones, and may be ...
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344 views

Numbers above notes

I have a number of pieces of handwritten music that have anywhere from 2 to 4 numbers written above each note. What do the numbers mean? I play accordion and I have acquired numerous pieces of ...
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2answers
251 views

What are the different rhythm styles? Is that the right word?

I remember way back in music class, at the top of the sheet music it would say things like the name of the piece, beats per minute and sometimes it would say something like Style = Swing. What ...
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53 views

Use of Roman Numeral Notation when a new key is introduced within original key

I would like to use Roman Numeral notation for songs and do not know what to do when the piece transitions to a new key, i.e., from C to E flat major. I know this is basic, but do I try to use the ...