The methods, rules, and conventions for representing music visually.

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11
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2answers
135 views

What did ancient cuneiform notation look like, and how did it work?

I looked at Wikipedia of course... According to Wikipedia: The earliest form of musical notation can be found in a cuneiform tablet that was created at Nippur, in Sumer (today's Iraq), in ...
2
votes
3answers
75 views

How to improve the process of transcribing my music into notation?

I generally don't concern myself with the notation when I'm producing a new song; basically I just make sure everything's on beat and in key and sounds good. Writing the song down seems like such a ...
7
votes
5answers
2k views

What's the correct notation for a full bar note or rest in non-common time?

Obviously for 3 and 4/4 you use the respective semebreve or dotted minim, but what about 7/8, 9/8 and 15/16? I heard the convention is to just use a semibreve, but that doesn't make sense to me ...
1
vote
1answer
117 views
2
votes
2answers
474 views

What does this notation mean?

Specifically I'd like to know about the apparent joining of a dotted quaver and a semiquaver in the second row of my photo. Is that what these are? If that is what is meant then how does this ...
6
votes
9answers
1k views

Tablature vs. standard music notation? (guitar)

Under what circumstances should I write down "TAB" (tablature) or just regular music notation or both? I know how to read and write both of them, but I'm not sure which I should use for my songs when ...
2
votes
4answers
189 views

Why picking direction indicators in music?

In music notation specifically for the guitar, there are often picking symbols meaning to pick up or down. What is the purpose of these picking indicators (sorry, don't know the real term for them)? ...
1
vote
2answers
80 views

Sharps at the start of a score

I'm having difficulty identifying and playing the sharps which are C# , D# , F# and G# . Do the sharps apply to all the bars ?
10
votes
3answers
1k views

Is there a highest note representable on sheet music without using an octave higher notation?

Is there a highest and lowest note that can be written on sheet music without using the one or more octave higher/lower notation? In my case for the piano specifically. I want to learn to sight read ...
16
votes
1answer
442 views

How do you read Graphic Scores?

I recently found out about the graphic notation. I was reading up on it on wikipedia, but there was very little information about how the scores are read besides you read them left to right. There is ...
6
votes
1answer
444 views

What is B II, followed by a dashed line, and what does it mean?

In the guitar tab of Opus 35, No 22 in B minor of Fernando Sor that I get from classical clef, there is a notation BII as shown in the above picture. What does it mean?
7
votes
2answers
441 views

How to play these overly extended intervals on piano?

There are two images I have attached. In the first one it says, I guess, play the top note on the treble clef with your left hand (cross hands). But how on earth am I supposed then to play the chord ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

Music Notation - Little notes

Can someone please tell me what the little notes (4 bars after C) are called?
4
votes
5answers
107 views

Sheet music equivalent of ellipses/etcetera

Let's say you're notating patterns up a scale and it becomes obvious how the pattern continues, but you don't want to write out the full thing. You'd like to use the equivalent of "..." or "etc." to ...
9
votes
5answers
631 views

Flat symbol in key signature and bar

If i have a flat for a note in the key signature, and then in a bar the same note with an flat symbol, does that mean the note is "double flatted"? For example in the key of D Minor with hash one ...
17
votes
3answers
2k views

Rest above a note in a piano piece

I am playing a piece and wondering, what the heck is the rest making there above the note? The piece is in 3/4 so I see no purpose of the 1/4 rest. I've been googling around but did not find any ...
2
votes
2answers
146 views

Octave changes on 2nd time

Suppose a piece of music contain two consequent parts than differ only by octaves (say, second part is entirely 8va). Is any way to show this in music sheet except writing each part separatly. In ...
5
votes
3answers
349 views

Is there piano notation for finger sustained notes (as opposed to pedal sustain)?

In piano music how does one indicate that sequential notes in the bass clef are to be sustained with the fingers, not using the sustain pedal? For example, suppose I have the three sequential quarter ...
2
votes
0answers
39 views

Is there a particular word, name, classification or designation that differentiates “Slavic Sung” Vibrato?

I introduce this question with something I'll amateurishly call "Slavic sung vibrato", because I don't know of a better term. It's a sort of recognizable extendeded and pronounced vibrato that ...
2
votes
2answers
425 views

What does the tie across other different notes mean?

There are two ties in the bass part of the following excerpt. Both of them include some other different notes. According to the tie's definition, 16th note + 8th note = 3/16th note. In the case of the ...
6
votes
1answer
236 views

What is this cross staff tied/slurred note supposed to be?

So I am learning Messiaen's Transports de Joie from L'Ascension suite. Things are fine until there is an ambiguous note on the top of page 16 (we are in F♯ Major and both hands are in the treble ...
4
votes
5answers
287 views

Does an implied tie exist

Is there such a thing as an implied tie? Like some kind of symbol or notation that would specify to hold a note through the duration of all the notes on a pitch as if they were tied together. Edit: ...
5
votes
4answers
213 views

Do accidentals apply to other staffs of the same type?

In this excerpt from Bach's BWV 772, does the B flat accidental on the lower staff also apply to the upper staff(second to last beat)? I know that accidentally usually do not apply to different ...
21
votes
7answers
2k views

When to use a dot or a tie in music notation?

Let's say I have the following piece in 4/4, Should it be notated as: or Are there any specific rules? From my previous experience, I believe the second one is the correct notation since it ...
4
votes
1answer
319 views

What is Dot & Tie in Drumming sheet?

What is exactly the difference of the Dot and Tie sheet music? I know how it works on piano, is it the same with the drums?
7
votes
2answers
256 views

Notating 6 (or more) triplets with a single beam?

Does the bar labelled "One six note phrase" conform to notation standards? All the examples of triplets that I've seen before have always had the beams break every three notes, similar to the ...
4
votes
2answers
138 views

How should 3 notes joined with 1 beam line drawn on 5-staff-line?

Straight to the question, if I have this following numerical scores notation : 4/4, Do=C How to draw it into staff musical notation (If you have better way to say this musical notation type, ...
3
votes
2answers
94 views

Music notation software for JianPu and erhu notation

My wife's band, which features the erhu, uses music notation like the page shown below. We want to take hand-written scanned/faxed from stained napkins with bad handwriting and two-side bleedthrough ...
2
votes
3answers
345 views

Is there a MIDI music notation program (e.g. Finale) that automatically detects rhythm?

I want to notate some piano songs that I have written. My problem is that I can't find a program that will record the pitch and the rhythm of the note. In every program that I've seen, you have to ...
1
vote
3answers
59 views

What is the purpose of two staff lines?

I am not a musician but this question is just out of curiosity. I saw a song book (this has some Christian songs) where the words to be sung are placed between two staff lines. The top staff line ...
5
votes
2answers
427 views

What is the proper name of the dash symbol over a note and how to play it

Can anyone specify the name of the particular symbol above the crotchet? According to Wikipedia it's called a Tenuto but my teacher said it's called a "dash". Which one is correct? Or are both names ...
9
votes
2answers
157 views

What is the proper way to notate the end of a section played “sul ponticello”?

That is, what is the standard way to tell a string player to play normally again?
22
votes
11answers
4k views

What does this note - B# - mean?

I'm confused as to how I should play the second note below, B#. Does it mean it's C? It is possible? In which case, why is it written like this, and not just C?
2
votes
2answers
128 views

Numbers above notes

I have a number of pieces of handwritten music that have anywhere from 2 to 4 numbers written above each note. What do the numbers mean? I play accordion and I have acquired numerous pieces of ...
3
votes
2answers
76 views

Octave shift context

I'm learning this amazing piece of music from Nikolai Kapustin ... although I already play it well (kind of, at least most of it), I'm still unsure about some parts... so I decided I should ask ...
6
votes
1answer
446 views

Meaning of diamond-shape notes on guitar staff

I am playing a piece for the guitar on the piano and everything sounds fine until I reach the last few notes in the score: all the notes marked with a '19' above the staff and represented with ...
12
votes
2answers
538 views

Why does this note sound like it is not played?

I've been learning the second movement of Mozart's Piano Sonata 16 for a while. While I get most of the stuff memorized, some part of it just doesn't sound right comparing to recordings on YouTube ...
8
votes
5answers
501 views

Proper symbol for this chord (1 5 7 9 11)?

I'm a songwriter in the jazz-pop idiom, and when playing through a chart with a guitarist, he told me that, in his opinion, I had labeled a chord inaccurately / incorrectly. Here's the chord as I ...
20
votes
2answers
9k views
2
votes
3answers
49 views

Notation for flute trills in music score

I'm only playing simple pieces (Grade 1 in the UK) but even some of these have Tr notation next to a note, and a separate bit of score above the score. What I notice is, the note in the main score is ...
3
votes
1answer
27 views

Notations mentioned in answers re. trombone

Would someone please explain the notations E2, F3, etc. which are used in answers on this site regarding trombone? I'm not familiar with those.
13
votes
3answers
523 views

Why is a note sometimes a 4th and sometimes an 11th?

If I play the chord: GBDA, then this is considered a Gadd9. But if I play the 3rd above the 5th (GDB), it is not called a 10th. Why don't we refer to all notes by 1-7, and is there a system to ...
24
votes
2answers
15k views

What does a small x-like symbol before a note mean?

I've been playing piano by ear for a long time and now I am trying to learn the first movement of the Moonlight Sonata. I am a little confused about the meaning of a little cross placed right before a ...
6
votes
4answers
3k views

Do accidentals in one staff apply to notes in other staffs?

For example, when reading piano music on a grand staff, I know that if there is an A# in the treble clef staff (where it's normally natural), it changes all of the A's in the rest of that measure to ...
12
votes
1answer
427 views

Why is the bass clef indicated twice on the same line in this Bartok piece?

Here's an excerpt from the piece Chromatic Invention from Bartok's Mikrokosmos, volume 3, page 39. I don't get why at the end of the lower line the bass clef indication is repeated. Is this "for ...
2
votes
1answer
151 views

What does the “o” notation signify?

I just saw this comment by Tim, in another question: Do can't have a C. It's spelt D, F, Ab, Cb.Or as a triad, just the 1st 3 notes. Ao/F is F b9, and Ao/F# will just be F#o. Or D b9/F#. If this ...
3
votes
3answers
126 views

What is the '+' symbol mean in a chord?

When I played a music meet a D+9 and a A7/5+. I have tried search in google, but didn't find it. Does anybody know that?
3
votes
1answer
49 views

Should ossia stave barlines connect to main stave?

I'm arranging some string-quartet music; I have been asked to do an ossia part for a section of Violin I. Should ossia staves have barlines that connect to the main stave: or barlines that don't: ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

What is this musical symbol (inverted “Z” inside a staff)

Can anyone identify the symbol circled in the image below? It's from a piece of piano music. Thank you very much :)
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Need help understanding tab for ukulele. Does anyone know any good on-line resources?

Can anyone help me understand how tabs are read? I want to learn how to play the theme song of Twin Peaks on my ukulele. I found this very well detailed tab online, but I sadly don't know how to read ...