The methods, rules, and conventions for representing music visually.

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7
votes
4answers
429 views

Is there a special way to notate a repeat for the right (treble) hand but not the left (bass) hand?

I'm working with a section of music where the right hand (treble clef) plays the same thing twice, but the left hand (bass clef) differs the second time round. Usually I would just rewrite out the ...
7
votes
1answer
378 views

What does this symbol represent? “x” with four dots

This is from Liszt's Hungarian Rhapsody 2 in C# minor. Is this a double sharp sign? It looks kind of funny.
0
votes
2answers
48 views

How to notate that the hand should be lifted after playing a note?

In piano notation, how can I indicate for the player to lift his/her hand after playing a note? I've been advised to use laissez vibrer ties, but they get messy with other markings present in my ...
3
votes
7answers
194 views

How to notate that a specific note be underlined in a piano chord?

I have the following set of chords for piano. How can I tell the performer to either stress or underline specific notes in the chord (so as to show the melody), i.e. the notes on the heads of which ...
0
votes
3answers
40 views

How to notate pickup measures in the middle of peices?

I'm writing a song where some measures have less than the full number of beats indicated in the time signature. This occurs in the middle of the price, but it is a pickup to the next phrase. How is ...
0
votes
3answers
73 views

Does this dectuplet make sense?

I recently encountered this dectuplet as you can see in the picture attached. To me this doesn't make sense. This makes 10 16th notes instead of 4. This reduces the notes' lentgh 2.5 times. Should ...
3
votes
1answer
140 views

Why is this stripe (or N) used to display a crotchet rest?

In the book "The Beatles Complete Scores", there are many instances that instead of the normal crotchet rest :, the author uses this kind of rest: One example is on page 1000, on the song "When I'm ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Where should whole notes be drawn within a measure?

In this Lilypond-generated score, the whole notes are in different positions. The first is slightly to the left, the middle one is approximately centered, and the right one is slightly to the right. ...
1
vote
2answers
71 views

How to notate triplets longer than 1 measure?

I was listening to the theme from "Game of Thrones" and noticed this section (listen for the drum). There is a hemiola that takes four beats, but the song fits 3/4 best. That would make the hemiola ...
1
vote
3answers
64 views

How do I play this double bass part? (16th note + 3 grace notes)

In Simandl's 30 Etudes for String Bass, on Etude #26, there is this passage (last measure of the first line and first measure of the second line), where I have to play a 16th C# note, followed by 3 ...
3
votes
3answers
642 views

What does this notation mean?

Specifically I'd like to know about the apparent joining of a dotted quaver and a semiquaver in the second row of my photo. Is that what these are? If that is what is meant then how does this ...
4
votes
0answers
54 views

The development of the musical staff: If and when did it have fifteen lines?

I am doing research on music history and I cannot find information between the four line chant staff and the grand staff. Also, I do believe that at different times in its development the staff ...
5
votes
2answers
719 views

How do I read guitar tabs written in this format?

I need some help learning how to read some Chinese guitar tabs I found online. They seem completely different to the standard Western format: I don't even know where to start with these, I suppose ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

Merging several measures of score's part in LilyPond

I'm wandering is it possible to notate a score like on the picture below in LilyPond. The problem here is that the third measure of the topmost part (which is flute, actually) should be stretched ...
4
votes
3answers
366 views

Swing feel - are triplets and 8th note notations rhythmically the same?

I'm going through some exercises in a blues piano book[*]. I've noticed that some rhythms are written with triplets (with an 8th note (quaver) rest in the middle), and others are written using 8th ...
8
votes
1answer
466 views

Markings in Second Waltz by Dimitri Shostakovich

I came across these indications in a piano piece: the Second Waltz by Dimitri Shostakovich. What do "1.3. x p" and "2. x f" mean?
3
votes
2answers
115 views

What do Single brackets on notes in guitar music mean?

Anyone got any idea what these single brackets on notes mean in this guitar music?
7
votes
1answer
611 views

Different trill notations in Schubert piano music

I'm trying to teach myself some Schubert and am playing through Sonate 1 (Op. 42). The piece employs a lot of trills. However, there are two notations in use: tr and the up & down squiggle. Is ...
4
votes
6answers
661 views

Trying to program a piano staff/stave. Is this what it's supposed to look like?

I'm currently writing a software application which creates notes on a staff, when a piano key is pressed. Unfortunately I have no background in music, and thus am finding it quite hard to get started. ...
2
votes
2answers
80 views

What is the length of the beat?

As I understand, the quarter note is a note that lasts for one beat. the half note, is a note that lasts for two beats, the full note, is a note that lasts for four beats, now i get that, but what ...
3
votes
2answers
84 views

How to put this one half note and three eighth notes concatenation in Guitar Pro 6?

I've seen this concatenation (sorry for not knowing the jargon) a lot and the way I've been playing it was like playing four eighth notes but letting go of the first E note ever since it's plucked ...
2
votes
0answers
62 views

Key-agnostic voicing-based notation (piano)

Looking for a simplified notation for piano that is 1) key agnostic but 2) chord and voicing specific. Here's kind of what I'm going for: The chord and extensions are expressed to the left, and the ...
4
votes
1answer
75 views

Tuxguitar - entering verses

Is there a way to widen the measures in Tuxguitar, so that the words in my song verses don't get cut off or scrunched up?
14
votes
2answers
1k views

What is an X symbol appearing in a piano part?

And it's not a double sharp. I saw it in Miley Cyrus Fugue in measure 88 between the 3rd and 4th beat for the right hand. It's being reached at 2:42-2:43 in the video and I don't hear anything ...
-2
votes
1answer
32 views

Composers making translation errors in their Italian directions

Virtually all composers in the Classical, and most composers in the Romantic period followed the convention of notating tempo markings and other directions in Italian. However, clearly not all of ...
3
votes
1answer
154 views

How to transcribe Indian classical music using Western music notation?

I recently started playing violin in the Western musical style (as opposed to Indian music). At the end I want to play some Indian music like this example ...
34
votes
6answers
7k views

Why do people sometimes write notes as E♯ or C♭?

Instead of writing F or B, sometimes people use E♯ or C♭ to write these notes. Are there any advantages to this notation?
2
votes
4answers
99 views

How to write very high/low notes in G/F clef?

Standard piano music sheets contain G and F clefs, which can display comfortably (without using a lot of ledger lines) around 48 keys C2-C6. I wonder how people write the very high/low notes, i.e., ...
9
votes
4answers
1k views

What does a circle before/between notes mean?

I have a score for a guitar music here, which has these strange hollow circles between notes; also before the first note: They don't look like notes, and playing them makes the music ugly, so they ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Music notations of sounds, from harmonica?

I have these 2 audio files. They are the sounds of harmonica, from my favourite song, which I like best. The samples are: Sample 1 Sample 2 To create a music sheet for the sounds of harmonica, I ...
8
votes
1answer
477 views

How do I notate a 'wailing' sound?

I made this sound with my synthesized flute There are three in this particular snippet. I did this by draggging a slider button up and down that allows me to move ...
1
vote
2answers
63 views

Extra measures above staff in Hungarian Rhapsody No. 6

So there is an extra two measures on top of the measure 58. What does that mean?
3
votes
2answers
111 views

What's this drum symbol (X with line in the middle without tail)

Can someone please help me identify this drum symbol? It's from the second bar here:
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Haydn sonata Landon 1

Under the 4th measure on the Andante movement, there are a few extra small measures, what does that mean?
7
votes
5answers
9k views

Do I play all the F's as sharp or just the one with the sharp in the space?

I am trying to teach myself how to play piano and while I know what a key signature is, I don't have a firm grasp on it. I have sheet music in the key of G major. There aren't any F's on that line, ...
4
votes
1answer
34 views

How to make a dal capo/segno include repeats?

I'm currently writing on musescore, and I have a problem getting the desired playback using dal segno: the second time through, repeat signs are ignored. According to this link, inner repeats in a ...
0
votes
2answers
57 views

Hungarian Rhapsody no.12

So in the 2nd measure of the Hungarian Rhapsody no.12 has the word "trem" what does that mean? I don't understand it.
3
votes
6answers
2k views

Sharps vs Flats - Formula to determine correct sharp and flat notes in a scale

I am trying to figure out how to know if a note in a scale is a sharp or a flat. So my starting point/input are the intervals of any scale. E.g. here are the Minor pentatonic intervals Interval: 1, ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

Guitar Tablature: “bis” meaning

I've looked, but Google keeps interpreting "bis" as German(?) Example: |----------------|-------|-----------------------|-------| |-------7-----7--|-------|--------------7-----7--|-------| ...
4
votes
2answers
87 views

Roman Numeral Notiation - Chords not in the key

I've been looking through answers related to Roman Numeral Notation and have seen similar items but I still don't understand what to do when a chord does not fit in the key. I thought I'd ask the ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Is there a dynamics equivalent of the marking “a tempo”?

Is there a marking (or a term) that means "go back to the dynamic played at before the last (de)crescendo"? I'd prefer to not specify a particular dynamic immediately before the crescendo (in order to ...
35
votes
9answers
8k views

Key signature for writing in modes other than major and minor

I have trouble deciding what accidentals to put in the key signature for pieces in Dorian, Phrygian, Lydian or Mixolydian modes. There seem to be trade-offs associated with each choice. For example, ...
3
votes
3answers
305 views

8 under clef and timing questions

Please look at the below graphic, there are a few things that are confusing me: 1 - Why is there an 8 under the treble clef? 2 - This is in common 4/4 time, yet one of the beginning 8th notes (in ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Why (Occidental) conventional rhythm notation became conventional? [closed]

Human languages evolve and adapt themselves to the needs (phonetics, auditory, contextual) of the users. To what extent has been showed that Occidental music notation followed that path? Is it ...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

Triangle above note, with dot in it

What does this symbol mean? I am asking about the symbol before the fermata, I found this in this publication of nuvole bianche, bar 98.
3
votes
4answers
1k views

International notation system

I would like to know if there is a special order for notes in English and/or an international notation system. In french, our order is Do Ré Mi Fa Sol La Si which is equivalent to C D E F G A B, what ...
-1
votes
2answers
127 views

How are notated the sequences of durations (13/27, 1/27, 13/27) and (4/81, 259/1296, 1/1296)?

The sequence (13/27, 1/27, 13/27) sum to a whole note, and it derives (presumably) from triplets, while the sequence (4/81, 259/1296, 1/1296) sum to a quarter, and may derive from triplets (the first ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

What note values cannot be represented in conventional notation?

Using dots, ties and tuplets of standard note values (whole, half, quarter, etc.), are there values that cannot be represented? Examples: 1/8 is an eighth 7/16 is a two-dotted-quarter 15/8 is a ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

Upside-down down bow

On my Cello Salut D'amour by Elgar score, it has upside-down down bow symbols on it. Does this just mean up bow? I have this on other Elgar pieces .
2
votes
2answers
102 views

What does the music notation “/ / / /” mean in a music drum score?

I have a drum score sheet music with 4/4 time signature in which the following portion is present. . Now, I am unable to understand the symbols in the bar: Also, what to repeat for the second ...