A sequence of musical notes in ascending or descending order of pitch.

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6
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3answers
13k views

I don't understand scale positions

I know the Maj/Min pentatonic scale positions. I need a clear explanation of why Position#1 for minor pentatonic for A starts on the fifth fret; it has something to do with octaves. How do you go ...
11
votes
5answers
2k views

Are sharp keys “bright” and flat keys “dark”?

I was reading this book and on the "Circle of Fifths" chapter it claims that keys with sharp key signatures (C, G, D, ...) are "often though by musicians" to be "bright" sounding and those with flat ...
7
votes
3answers
18k views

Difference between minor and major pentatonic scale boxes?

Is there a difference between minor and major pentatonic scale box shapes? Some say you can do the same pattern as a minor scale but three notes up the fretboard and some that you must change pattern ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Does the old Druid song, Les Series, have an ancient melody as Villemarque charted it?

This may be too long and specialized for many, but I'll put it up and see what kind of interest or reaction there is: Some of you may have heard of the old Druid number tutorial, Les Series or Ar ...
1
vote
2answers
56 views

A scale question

If the interval between the root and the 3rd contains 4 half steps, why does the interval between the root and the 5th contain 7 half steps rather than 8?
70
votes
7answers
14k views

Why are there twelve notes in an octave?

I know that one scale consists of 12 half-tones. But my question is still: Why? Why not 13 or 11?
0
votes
0answers
45 views

In what key is the song with the following chords [C#] [F#] [A#m] [E]? [duplicate]

I already know of the question How to know which scale a song uses?. I made a guitar song with the following chords [C#] [F#] [A#m] [E]. However, if I sing it instead of my friend, then the chords ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

What are the avoid notes for exotic scales in jazz music?

I know there are avoid notes for the diatonic scale and the melodic minor scale. I am not familiar with exotic scale avoid notes (if they really exist in jazz music), for example, there is the ...
0
votes
2answers
53 views

Russell Lydian chromatic (again)

One more question about Russell Lydian theory. Russell uses as an example the Lydian C scale: C-D-E-F#-G-A-B-C comparing it with C maj scale, then he starts to explain his theory as if they belong to ...
-2
votes
2answers
98 views

Changing a song's key vs. changing chord voicings

My question relates to playing a song with chords. Why would I want to shift a key up or down when I can just play a song in its original key with higher or lower sounding chord voicings? I also ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

George Russell Lydian chromatic concept

I am reading the George Russell book about Lydian chromatic concept. If anyone has ever read it, maybe you can help me in understanding his use of the term "Lydian do" as well as "Ionian do". My ...
20
votes
5answers
6k views

With sheet music, how do you determine whether the song is in the major key or the minor key?

For example, if the key signature on the left doesn't have any sharps or flats then it could theoretically be in either the C Major scale or the A Minor scale. How do you determine which one?
2
votes
7answers
2k views

Are minor scales meant to be in sharp or flat keys?

I know you can read minor scales in both sharp and flat keys, but which is preferred in the world of music? Is it more useful to know them best as say Eb minor or D# minor? I know it doesn't make a ...
7
votes
5answers
2k views

How come songs in a certain key play notes not in that key

I just started trying to learn about music theory as I'm learning to play the guitar. So as beginner's do I looked up a list of easy songs to play and I start learning away. Since I'm also trying to ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

What are the chords in the harmonic minor and the melodic minor scales?

I want to know what the chords are in the harmonic and the melodic minor scales. Like if we take C major scale, then the chords are C Dm Em F G Am Bm(b5) C If we take C natural minor scale, then ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Cadences for Modes

For each of the modes, is there a certain chord that goes before the targeted I or i chord? For instance, it seems in the Phrygian mode that II to i is a fairly strong progression. In Ionian, ...
1
vote
2answers
285 views

When writing a melody, is the scale used determined by the current chord playing (in the chord progression) or by the song's key as a whole?

This is an embarrassingly basic question, but it's been in the back of my mind for a while, and I haven't been able to find an answer. I've been studying very basic music theory lately and trying to ...
1
vote
2answers
3k views

Determining modes in a minor Key

Speaking of Functional harmony; If a song is in key C, then we call the C major scale from E to E is a Phrygian mode. Good, what if a song is in key Am, which is actually relative of C and also Am ...
15
votes
8answers
1k views

How to figure out what key a piece is in?

I am trying to write a guitar accompaniment to the piece "Fair and Tender Ladies", but I have no clue what I need to do to figure out what key that piece is in. Also, the instrument playing the piece ...
35
votes
19answers
33k views
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Learning to listen to music [duplicate]

I am an amateur guitar and piano player. I have spent a lot of time learning musical theory and various techniques, but I don't know how to improve my hearing abilities. My current approach to playing/...
0
votes
1answer
141 views

How to get frequencies for the major and minor Pentatonic scales

I'm trying figure out how get the frequencies of pitches from the pentatonic scales. To start, I build a chromatic scale tuned in 440 starting on D (67 semitones below A440), using this equation. 2 -...
3
votes
4answers
700 views

Guitar arpeggios and finger practice

I've been playing my acoustic guitar for three years now and I have been told that I play good. I composed a few instrumentals and they have been quite appreciated. But its not good enough. I can play ...
1
vote
5answers
8k views

What is a simple way to determine the notes in a scale?

What is a simple way to determine the notes in a scale? For example, let's say, that somehow you determined that a song you want to play, is in the key F# major. How can you quickly recall or figure ...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

Playing Over Changes and Subsitutions

Im a fairly advanced guitarist/musician and love improvising, as most of us do. However, when a progression goes out of the main key, such as borrowing or subsituting, I tend to get lost in my head. ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

How can you definitively and scientifically test mouthpieces?

How / Can you definitively and accurately test an instruments mouthpiece (brass) and scientifically quantify and express that data beyond just a simple "On a scale of 1-5 how would you..." style ...
36
votes
10answers
70k views

Why learn scales? What are they for?

I tried Googling but it seems there is no answer for this one. So the internet assumes everyone knows what scales are for? Why should I learn them? Are they important to be a good guitarist?
4
votes
4answers
1k views

From Scales and Chords Theory to a chord Progression

I'm a beginner at music theory and started learning it just about a week ago. The whole thing with the piano scales and chords is really difficult to understand, but I have a lot of fun learning it. ...
14
votes
4answers
1k views

What is an atonal mode?

I got an album by Ornette Coleman and Pat Methany, "X", and on the linear notes it talks about atonal experiments within the song structures. Are there scales and chord progressions that go along with ...
5
votes
4answers
241 views

Difference between keys and scales?

I am a Tabla (a North Indian percussion instrument) player and I am trying to learn the western music theory. My study was going well until I stumbled upon keys and scales. Now though I know what ...
2
votes
2answers
159 views

Playing a C major scale in thirds using both hands

I recently bought a book recommended by my piano teacher about thirds (or called "terser" in Swedish) and I was a bit confused as I saw the thirds on the C Major scale (shown below). ~Högra = Right /...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Beginnging Music Theory - What are scales and why should I learn them? [duplicate]

Background I'm looking for help with respect to where I could start learning music in general as a guitarist. I can play some simple songs and melodies I taught myself, understand what notes map to ...
2
votes
2answers
63 views

Solfege - Fixed Do versus Movable Do

Having used movable do for a long time, I'm now in a country where fixed do is the norm. I'm looking for advantages/disadvantages of one over the other.
29
votes
10answers
6k views

Is it possible to write a song without a key?

"This song is in F Major", "That song is in A Minor", "This song is in D Minor, but modulates to F Major in the middle", etc. Can we say "This song has no key"? Are there songs that have/follow no ...
25
votes
7answers
3k views

The major scale - why and how?

background: I am an amateur guitarist. I was trained in Indian classical music as a kid. Most of what I know in music theory is from books or Google. So please feel free to correct me or tell me if I'...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Can I play `A scale` song on a `C scale` harmonica?

Here is how to play a C scale on a harmonica. But I found a song which is in the A scale. So, is this possible: to play the A scale song on the same harmonica? If so, What would the table look like? ...
1
vote
2answers
188 views

Chord Type 7th Extension and the Major Scale

I'm learning about music theory and noticed that a C7 chord is based on the following notes: C E A# C E. I imagined a C7 chord should be based off the major scale where the 7th degree is the note B, ...
4
votes
3answers
580 views

Piano fingering: B flat dominant 7th arpeggio

I am having trouble playing this arpeggio: B♭ - D - F - A♭ - B♭ - D... For the right hand I have tried this fingering: B♭ - D - F - A♭ - B♭ - D 2 - 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 1 But on the way down, I am ...
3
votes
2answers
106 views

Is the history of scales in Cooke's “Mastering Scales” an accurate history?

I was using Cooke's "Mastering Scales" just to get piano fingerings. But, I see that it also contains a history of scales. Is this an accurate history, especially the sections about the old church ...
1
vote
3answers
154 views

Confusion about using scales and modes together in a solo?

Ok so my music theory knowledge is limited. I have been playing guitar for a couple of years now, mostly by ear and I often struggle in applying theory. While writing a solo I wondered whether I ...
3
votes
2answers
120 views

Is the usage of scales (modes) in jazz music common practice?

A friend of mine told me that the usage of scales or modes in jazz music is not common. Even I heard myself in a Miles Davis interview that jazz is a tradition. So here are two questions basically: Is ...
11
votes
6answers
2k views

Is F Lydian mode in the “key” of C Major?

I would assume that many would agree that if we have a piece of music and there are no sharps or flats in the key signature that in most cases (if not all) the piece would be considered in the key of ...
19
votes
6answers
4k views

Is G sharp major a real key?

I'm mostly self-taught, so I don't know much in the way of theory beyond the basics. I have heard of G sharp Major a few times. I believe a scale in the key goes as such: G♯, A♯, B♯, C♯, D♯, E♯, Fx, G♯...
2
votes
2answers
60 views

Soloing / leads over chord progression with vi chord a major 7th?

I've written a song that's based largely around G major, with some C major parts. However, the G major progression utilizes a B7 chord, so it sits outside a normal G major scale. I've heard lots of ...
2
votes
4answers
530 views

Chords in the chromatic scale [closed]

In a major scale, I know the chords to be: major, minor, minor, major, major, minor and diminished. What are the chords for the chromatic scale...using the C-major scale as reference...?! What I ...
1
vote
2answers
123 views

What are common scale patterns for the cello?

I am a guitar player of about 15 years and am very familiar with a variety of guitar scale patterns. The major scale being generally played three notes on the first string, 3 on the 2nd and 2 on the ...
16
votes
5answers
2k views

Guide-lines for creating a simple chord-progression?

I am working on a computer program that generates a simple melody, based on a simple chord progression of four chords taken from the 7 triads of the C Major scale. The program is also supposed to ...
0
votes
2answers
104 views

what type of guitar scale is this?

There is an mmorpg (game) where playing a guitar is possible, i want to know if this guitar scale or type relates anything to guitars in the real world here's how C1 sounds : http://picosong.com/...
1
vote
3answers
127 views

Why are certain scales considered unstable?

The Locrian Mode is considered unstable - my question is what in it makes it unstable? What makes a scale stable (have better relation between the keys)?
-3
votes
1answer
71 views

While transposing a note from one key to another, how to know the correct octave

Transposition is simple: C in C major reads as G in G major, but if that very C is C4, what G (G4 or G5) is the corresponding G? What is the rule to figure out the octave?