A sequence of musical notes in ascending or descending order of pitch.

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4answers
245 views

Can someone please tell me why there are 5 different patterns to Penatonic scales

I mean if you can move them, why do you need more than one? All are movable up and down the fretboard? Right? So why does each need 5 patterns and how do you know which one to use? This has really ...
-2
votes
2answers
71 views

How to determine which Note is Scale Degree 7 in A Major?

What note is scale degree 7 in A Major? It seems to me it might be A but I do not know. How do you determine which note corresponds to the 7th scale degree. What about the other notes and their ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

How many sharps in G Dorian Minor?

How many sharps are in G Dorian Minor? I believe that there aren't any but I am not sure. Please help me solve this problem.
0
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1answer
22 views

Third Degree On Major [duplicate]

Compared to a major scale, what mode starts on scale degree three? I think it is minor but I do not know.
17
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6answers
6k views

If Für Elise is in Am why there is a D# in it?

Für Elise intro starts with E D♯ E D♯, Wikipedia says the key is Am. What scale does it fit? Is it like a blues scale where D♯ is a flat 5? Why D♯ is used in the sheet music? Is it easier to read ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

Is this chord progression in A minor, or C major? [duplicate]

I got in an argument with a buddy of mine over whether the chord progression I had written was in C Major, or A Minor. I've read up on what makes it one or the other, and I strongly feel it is C Major....
16
votes
4answers
5k views

Can a scale contain both a sharp and a flat note?

So, the question should say it all, but for example: The G minor scale (G - A - Bb - C - D - Eb - F - G) To change this into the G harmonic minor scale, I would need to raise the seventh note a ...
37
votes
9answers
8k views

Key signature for writing in modes other than major and minor

I have trouble deciding what accidentals to put in the key signature for pieces in Dorian, Phrygian, Lydian or Mixolydian modes. There seem to be trade-offs associated with each choice. For example, ...
6
votes
2answers
869 views

Which scales are used by Tom Morello?

In Rage Against The Machine's first album (Rage Against The Machine) I frequently hear Tom Morello play with several "weird" scales. A few examples: Take The Power Back, Settle For Nothing, ... I ...
9
votes
3answers
514 views

Why do the notes of Melodic-Minor Scale change when you play it in descending order?

Okay I'll admit, I don't know everything about music theory but I was pretty sure that any given diatonic (7 note) scale contained particular notes that defined the scale and were unique to the scale ...
2
votes
3answers
125 views

A-minor scale has different notes when descending

I've been working through this A minor scale and I just can't figure why the fret changes when I descend the scale — how is G sharp; now on a different fret when I'm doing it as A flat? Is the ...
9
votes
2answers
366 views

Melodic Minor - Uses

The one problem I have with the Melodic Minor is that I just don't know how and where to use it. From my comprehension, it is the Minor scale when descending and when ascending it has a maj6 and maj7. ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Penta scale. Fingering?

What is the most common fingering for the pentatonic scale? Minor and major. All of them. I don't know about standards; there are lots of different fingerings you could use. I would like to know what ...
0
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0answers
47 views

Why is the key of C the one key with no sharps or flats? [duplicate]

It would seem like that would have been A from a logical stand point. Does anyone know the origin of this as to how music evolved this way with C being the so-called starter key? Just a curiosity on ...
5
votes
2answers
89 views

Sending microtuned MIDI notes to audio software

I know about the possibility to microtune softwares such as Logic or Pianoteq, connect a regular midi keyboard and be able to play microtuned scales. My question, however, is if I connect an ...
3
votes
3answers
717 views

Is there a simple way to transpose a song from one key to another? What is the methodology?

What is a simple way to accomplish transposing a song from one key to another key? In other words if I am looking at a song written in the key of C and can't sing it in that key and I want to ...
6
votes
3answers
14k views

I don't understand scale positions

I know the Maj/Min pentatonic scale positions. I need a clear explanation of why Position#1 for minor pentatonic for A starts on the fifth fret; it has something to do with octaves. How do you go ...
11
votes
5answers
2k views

Are sharp keys “bright” and flat keys “dark”?

I was reading this book and on the "Circle of Fifths" chapter it claims that keys with sharp key signatures (C, G, D, ...) are "often though by musicians" to be "bright" sounding and those with flat ...
8
votes
3answers
19k views

Difference between minor and major pentatonic scale boxes?

Is there a difference between minor and major pentatonic scale box shapes? Some say you can do the same pattern as a minor scale but three notes up the fretboard and some that you must change pattern ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Does the old Druid song, Les Series, have an ancient melody as Villemarque charted it?

This may be too long and specialized for many, but I'll put it up and see what kind of interest or reaction there is: Some of you may have heard of the old Druid number tutorial, Les Series or Ar ...
1
vote
2answers
56 views

A scale question

If the interval between the root and the 3rd contains 4 half steps, why does the interval between the root and the 5th contain 7 half steps rather than 8?
70
votes
7answers
14k views

Why are there twelve notes in an octave?

I know that one scale consists of 12 half-tones. But my question is still: Why? Why not 13 or 11?
0
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0answers
45 views

In what key is the song with the following chords [C#] [F#] [A#m] [E]? [duplicate]

I already know of the question How to know which scale a song uses?. I made a guitar song with the following chords [C#] [F#] [A#m] [E]. However, if I sing it instead of my friend, then the chords ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

What are the avoid notes for exotic scales in jazz music?

I know there are avoid notes for the diatonic scale and the melodic minor scale. I am not familiar with exotic scale avoid notes (if they really exist in jazz music), for example, there is the ...
0
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2answers
55 views

Russell Lydian chromatic (again)

One more question about Russell Lydian theory. Russell uses as an example the Lydian C scale: C-D-E-F#-G-A-B-C comparing it with C maj scale, then he starts to explain his theory as if they belong to ...
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votes
2answers
113 views

Changing a song's key vs. changing chord voicings

My question relates to playing a song with chords. Why would I want to shift a key up or down when I can just play a song in its original key with higher or lower sounding chord voicings? I also ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

George Russell Lydian chromatic concept

I am reading the George Russell book about Lydian chromatic concept. If anyone has ever read it, maybe you can help me in understanding his use of the term "Lydian do" as well as "Ionian do". My ...
20
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5answers
6k views

With sheet music, how do you determine whether the song is in the major key or the minor key?

For example, if the key signature on the left doesn't have any sharps or flats then it could theoretically be in either the C Major scale or the A Minor scale. How do you determine which one?
2
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7answers
2k views

Are minor scales meant to be in sharp or flat keys?

I know you can read minor scales in both sharp and flat keys, but which is preferred in the world of music? Is it more useful to know them best as say Eb minor or D# minor? I know it doesn't make a ...
7
votes
5answers
3k views

How come songs in a certain key play notes not in that key

I just started trying to learn about music theory as I'm learning to play the guitar. So as beginner's do I looked up a list of easy songs to play and I start learning away. Since I'm also trying to ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

What are the chords in the harmonic minor and the melodic minor scales?

I want to know what the chords are in the harmonic and the melodic minor scales. Like if we take C major scale, then the chords are C Dm Em F G Am Bm(b5) C If we take C natural minor scale, then ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

Cadences for Modes

For each of the modes, is there a certain chord that goes before the targeted I or i chord? For instance, it seems in the Phrygian mode that II to i is a fairly strong progression. In Ionian, ...
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2answers
315 views

When writing a melody, is the scale used determined by the current chord playing (in the chord progression) or by the song's key as a whole?

This is an embarrassingly basic question, but it's been in the back of my mind for a while, and I haven't been able to find an answer. I've been studying very basic music theory lately and trying to ...
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2answers
3k views

Determining modes in a minor Key

Speaking of Functional harmony; If a song is in key C, then we call the C major scale from E to E is a Phrygian mode. Good, what if a song is in key Am, which is actually relative of C and also Am ...
15
votes
8answers
1k views

How to figure out what key a piece is in?

I am trying to write a guitar accompaniment to the piece "Fair and Tender Ladies", but I have no clue what I need to do to figure out what key that piece is in. Also, the instrument playing the piece ...
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19answers
35k views
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0answers
18 views

Learning to listen to music [duplicate]

I am an amateur guitar and piano player. I have spent a lot of time learning musical theory and various techniques, but I don't know how to improve my hearing abilities. My current approach to playing/...
0
votes
1answer
154 views

How to get frequencies for the major and minor Pentatonic scales

I'm trying figure out how get the frequencies of pitches from the pentatonic scales. To start, I build a chromatic scale tuned in 440 starting on D (67 semitones below A440), using this equation. 2 -...
3
votes
4answers
711 views

Guitar arpeggios and finger practice

I've been playing my acoustic guitar for three years now and I have been told that I play good. I composed a few instrumentals and they have been quite appreciated. But its not good enough. I can play ...
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vote
5answers
9k views

What is a simple way to determine the notes in a scale?

What is a simple way to determine the notes in a scale? For example, let's say, that somehow you determined that a song you want to play, is in the key F# major. How can you quickly recall or figure ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

Playing Over Changes and Subsitutions

Im a fairly advanced guitarist/musician and love improvising, as most of us do. However, when a progression goes out of the main key, such as borrowing or subsituting, I tend to get lost in my head. ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

How can you definitively and scientifically test mouthpieces?

How / Can you definitively and accurately test an instruments mouthpiece (brass) and scientifically quantify and express that data beyond just a simple "On a scale of 1-5 how would you..." style ...
36
votes
10answers
72k views

Why learn scales? What are they for?

I tried Googling but it seems there is no answer for this one. So the internet assumes everyone knows what scales are for? Why should I learn them? Are they important to be a good guitarist?
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4answers
1k views

From Scales and Chords Theory to a chord Progression

I'm a beginner at music theory and started learning it just about a week ago. The whole thing with the piano scales and chords is really difficult to understand, but I have a lot of fun learning it. ...
15
votes
4answers
2k views

What is an atonal mode?

I got an album by Ornette Coleman and Pat Methany, "X", and on the linear notes it talks about atonal experiments within the song structures. Are there scales and chord progressions that go along with ...
5
votes
4answers
285 views

Difference between keys and scales?

I am a Tabla (a North Indian percussion instrument) player and I am trying to learn the western music theory. My study was going well until I stumbled upon keys and scales. Now though I know what ...
2
votes
2answers
186 views

Playing a C major scale in thirds using both hands

I recently bought a book recommended by my piano teacher about thirds (or called "terser" in Swedish) and I was a bit confused as I saw the thirds on the C Major scale (shown below). ~Högra = Right /...
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0answers
26 views

Beginnging Music Theory - What are scales and why should I learn them? [duplicate]

Background I'm looking for help with respect to where I could start learning music in general as a guitarist. I can play some simple songs and melodies I taught myself, understand what notes map to ...
2
votes
2answers
72 views

Solfege - Fixed Do versus Movable Do

Having used movable do for a long time, I'm now in a country where fixed do is the norm. I'm looking for advantages/disadvantages of one over the other.
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10answers
6k views

Is it possible to write a song without a key?

"This song is in F Major", "That song is in A Minor", "This song is in D Minor, but modulates to F Major in the middle", etc. Can we say "This song has no key"? Are there songs that have/follow no ...