A sequence of musical notes in ascending or descending order of pitch.

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Why is the tonic chord of a key formed with the 1,3 and 5 notes of the key but the major chords in that key are the I IV and V?

The tonic chord in a given key is formed by using the 1 and 3 and 5 notes of the scale in whatever key you are in. However, in chord theory, the Major chords that work in that key are the one, four ...
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2answers
71 views

Open strings and semitones on a classical guitar

My son in learning guitar, however how do you raise a note up 2 semitones when it is an open string for example open 1st string in e and we want to raise it 2 chromatic semitones.
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3answers
162 views

How can different compositions use C Major?

Pardon what I know is an embarrassing question - I am at the very basics of learning music theory. If a scale such as C Major is an exact pattern of intervals, how can multiple songs be composed with ...
3
votes
4answers
464 views

Do the 'natural' chords to use in a key change if you use a different mode?

This question gives a great, not-too-technical explanation of modes: What are modes and how are they useful? I wondered if playing in a different mode would mean the standard chords change move also? ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

What is it called to take a scale but start on a different degree? [duplicate]

By which I mean keep all the same notes in the same order, but start on a note that isn't the root. Let's work in C major. There's obviously the special case that if you start on the 6th ...
6
votes
1answer
403 views

Is there a name for a minor scale with a raised 3rd or a major scale with a lowered 6th and 7th?

I've noticed a pattern in chord progressions and melodies where I like to use the b7 and b6 chords with a major tonic and there are several modern songs that like to use this pattern as seen in a ...
3
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1answer
272 views

How do you do accidentals (eg. E♭) in solfège (Do Re Mi)? [duplicate]

I only ever learned the basics of the major scale syllables, mostly from the "Doe, a deer" song. In C Major, Do - C Re - D Mi - E Fa - F Sol - G La - A Ti (or Si) - B Do - C So how ...
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2answers
309 views

What actually changes in related scales?

I'm a guitar newbie, and I've only been taking lessons for about 2 months now. My goal is to rock out on an electric guitar - for the time being, I have a cheap classical one. Thus far I've been ...
7
votes
2answers
249 views

Melodic Minor - Uses

The one problem I have with the Melodic Minor is that I just don't know how and where to use it. From my comprehension, it is the Minor scale when descending and when ascending it has a maj6 and maj7. ...
0
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0answers
46 views

What exactly is the point of the Melodic Minor Scale? [duplicate]

I know how the natural, harmonic and melodic minor scales are formed and the first two I have no problem with. But the very concept of a scale which is different going down and up just seems wrong to ...
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3answers
1k views

How to improvise over a C#, B, A chord progression?

I'm looking to improvise a piano solo in over a C# verse that has a C#, B, A chorus. I'm unsure of what scale to use for this, or unsure on how to determine why musically some notes work better than ...
27
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9answers
3k views

Why isn't D the “most central” note?

When laying out the notes in the two-dimensional Wicki-Hayden layout, which is the most symmetrical layout I know of, it is visually clear that D is the "most central" note. Why, then, doesn't D play ...
6
votes
4answers
620 views

How do I play notes in a scale/key freely up and down the neck without getting caught in boxes and shapes?

I would like to know which approach to learning the scales/shapes is better. As in, is learning the shapes for major seperately and minor seperately benefitial? Or is it good to just learn the 5-major ...
20
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10answers
2k views

When is a piece in A minor versus C major?

When would you say a piece, or a movement in a symphony, is in A minor versus C major? They both use the same notes on the scale... what would indicate that the piece is in A minor? Let's take an ...
0
votes
3answers
186 views

What is this jazz scale?

I was jamming on a music piece and found that this scale fits the harmony. I have found the scale by using my ear, I see it is very similar to diminished F scale but can't find what scale it is. ...
3
votes
1answer
181 views

Chords Built On Different Scales

Can chords be built on different scales i.e. harmonic minor, melodic minor, and when they are, how is this known?
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0answers
40 views

What are the benefits of practicing scales for a guitar player? [duplicate]

I see that scales are accepted as a great method of learning music. So I have been practicing the C major scale over 2 octaves at 7th position: ...
2
votes
5answers
490 views

Are minor scales meant to be in sharp or flat keys?

I know you can read minor scales in both sharp and flat keys, but which is preferred in the world of music? Is it more useful to know them best as say Eb minor or D# minor? I know it doesn't make a ...
2
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3answers
150 views

Can't seem to find a good tutorial on theory for guitar players

After 13 years of playing the guitar (just chords)... I am just starting to investigate learning theory to be a better guitar player. Also seeing piano players pick up the guitar and soloing in no ...
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3answers
1k views

Is it possible to differentiate Major scale and Minor scale by ear?

A beginner's questions - regarding the major and minor scales. Consider the C major and C minor scales for example. What's the significance of major and minor scales, when both sounds almost same? ...
13
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2answers
513 views

What is the theory behind scales?

My question is the following: Scales are The backbone of quite everything in western music. Does anybody know if there is some sort of backbone behind scales? A number, something like that? Or do some ...
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11answers
51k views

Why learn scales? What are they for?

I tried Googling but it seems there is no answer for this one. So the internet assumes everyone knows what scales are for? Why should I learn them? Are they important to be a good guitarist?
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4answers
495 views

Why are the natural notes on the staff special?

I can read music and I also understand how we build diatonic scales on top of the C-D-E-F-G-A-B-C sequence. I also know that intervals between any version of two "letter" notes have the same name, ...
3
votes
3answers
296 views

Diatonic scales

I'm reading a book on music theory, and it says that a diatonic scale is any seven-note scale that uses the notes ABCDEFG in an arrangement of 5 tones and 2 semitones. I wanted to clarify one point. ...
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3answers
8k views

Do all chords in a progression usually fit within a scale

I am wondering if when writing a chord progression, all the notes fit within a single scale. If not, what is the logic behind chord progressions?
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1answer
157 views

i-bVII-bVI-V Progression

I was looking for some flamenco progressions when I came accross this page http://www.angelfire.com/fl4/moneychords/moneychords.html It shows the i-bVII-bVI-V progression in the key of A minor - ...
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2answers
393 views

What's the term for the intervals between notes within a scale that produces a chord

I probably described that poorly in the title, and I'm not even sure there is a word for what I'm thinking. Lets say you're playing on just the white keys on a keyboard. C E G is C major, and D F A ...
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3answers
229 views

Chord compatibility or something else?

Say you have a scale and you've found a chord that is rooted at degree 1 of the scale and such that every tone of the chord is in the scale as well. The chord is then said to be compatible with the ...
2
votes
3answers
571 views

How to give voice into a chord progression?

Say, I am going to use my vocal into a chrod progression like C Am Dm G (that belongs to C major scale). Since a chord consists of three notes. As I know I can give voice any notes belonging to that ...
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vote
5answers
4k views

What is a simple way to determine the notes in a scale?

What is a simple way to determine the notes in a scale? For example, let's say, that somehow you determined that a song you want to play, is in the key F# major. How can you quickly recall or figure ...
5
votes
3answers
136 views

Is there any scale that contains eight different notes?

Today while praticing guitar I've played the following notes on the fretboard, one after another: E F G G# A B C D# E It didn't sound wrong, in fact, it sounded like Harmonic Minor with something ...
14
votes
4answers
1k views

What is an atonal mode?

I got an album by Ornette Coleman and Pat Methany, "X", and on the linear notes it talks about atonal experiments within the song structures. Are there scales and chord progressions that go along with ...
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2answers
2k views

Why do the notes of a blues scale sound good with the I, IV, and V chords?

If you are playing the blues in the key of C, any note in the blues key of C should sound good in the melody with either of the C, F or G (I, IV or V) major chords in the bass. Why is this and how do ...
4
votes
2answers
307 views

Pentatonic Scales Question

I'm learning the notes on the fret board and I just wanted to ask something about the pentatonic scales you see, A minor pentatonic is A C D E G on the 5th fret, but when I play it on the 2nd fret its ...
32
votes
4answers
3k views

What's so special about minor and major scales?

background: I'm an amateur and self-learner pianist. What I know, I know from books or google, so I'll start with summarising what I already know - please don't hesitate to correct me if I have ...
3
votes
5answers
398 views

Guitar learning path for beginners

I am an intermediate level guitarist who has been playing for 4-5 years. I started learning by myself off the internet and have had a few dodgy teachers along the way before settling on an ...
2
votes
2answers
107 views

What scales can I play over Maj7 with lowered ninth?

I know that I can play a b2 Dorian scale over a DomSus chord with a lowered ninth, but what about over a major7 b2?
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4answers
3k views

Can a scale contain both a sharp and a flat note?

So, the question should say it all, but for example: The G minor scale (G - A - Bb - C - D - Eb - F - G) To change this into the G harmonic minor scale, I would need to raise the seventh note a ...
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votes
2answers
1k views

What are the chords in the harmonic minor and the melodic minor scales?

I want to know what the chords are in the harmonic and the melodic minor scales. Like if we take C major scale, then the chords are C Dm Em F G Am Bm(b5) C If we take C natural minor scale, then ...
3
votes
3answers
198 views

Chords triads in any scale

Sorry for the very basic question, but my only experience comes from using DAW software. The rule I use to create a triade chord is playng three notes at {0,4,7} semitones for a major cord and {0,3,7} ...
16
votes
2answers
5k views

Differences between the concept of Scales , Raagas, and Thaaths?

Western music has Scales (major, minor, etc.) while Eastern Music primarily has a large number of Raagas derived from some basic Taaths. Both these groups represent sets of notes on which actual song ...
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3answers
768 views

How to Harmonize uncommon scales?

How do you harmonize scales like C C# F F# Bb Whole tone scale : C D E F# Ab Bb ? (The scales above are just examples.) Scales like these do not seem to bias to Major or Minor harmony, ...
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3answers
203 views

What Moods have been associated with D-Flat major? [closed]

This may be a rather open question, but how has the mood of D-Flat major been qualified?
11
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2answers
2k views

What can I do about my problems with piano scales which manifest in just one direction?

I've been practicing scales for some time now, and I found them mostly easy and fun to play. The problems begin when I have to play them faster, but oddly enough my problem manifests only when playing ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the difference between equivalent Flat and Sharp keys as far as musical notation? Are there any reasons to prefer one over the other?

I wrote a sone in Dd Major, but I could also notated that it would be equivalent to say C# Major as well. I am not well versed in musical theory and I think both are equivalent to each other and ...
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votes
6answers
2k views

Should I focus on scales or chords?

As a guitar beginner, what should I need to concentrate on? Chords or scales? I see that chords and getting into the rhythm of songs is easier and more comfortable than learning scales. Any ...
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votes
3answers
853 views

Creating Happy Melodies and Chords

I've been listening to a track, such as this https://soundcloud.com/wave-racer/flight-facilities-stand and it seems to have a very happy vibe about it, to the extent where it's "over happy". But I ...
4
votes
3answers
234 views

What is a scale consisting of Root, m2, m3, P4, d5, M6, M7 called?

Root, m2, m3, P4, d5, M6, M7 G, A flat, B flat, C, D flat, E, F#
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votes
4answers
575 views

Why does this harmonic minor scale notation use a natural sign?

On the Wikipedia page for Minor scale is this diagram of the harmonic minor scale starting at A: Why is there a natural sign on the F? I thought the natural sign was only used when the note had ...
10
votes
4answers
957 views

Why does this key change work?

In the song 'Respect' by Aretha Franklin which is a fairly simple progression in Bb major the saxophone solo part of the song seems to make a key change to the key of Em. I don't understand why this ...