A sequence of musical notes in ascending or descending order of pitch.

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Why is a C7 chord named a dominant seventh chord?

I understand that a C7 chord contains a flattened 7th note in the C major scale, but what specifically makes this a dominant 7th chord? To me there is nothing 'dominant' about taking a note out of ...
13
votes
4answers
12k views

The differences between natural, harmonic and melodic minors

I'm studying scales and came across the natural, harmonic, and melodic minors. I understand the patterns for each scale but what other important differences exist between the three?
2
votes
1answer
422 views

Which scales to use on complex chord progressions?

According to this article, it is possible to make a chord progression by just keeping one tone that remains constant in all chords of the progression. Also, it gives these examples: Cadd9 F6 D G ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Fingering for playing three octave scales on the violin

What is the standard fingering for playing three octave scales on the violin?
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3answers
194 views

Magen Abot Scale - Indigenous Recordings

In a purely theoretical space, I noticed some interesting properties of a scale which I determined to be the Magen Abot Scale. The scale I am interested in is: C Db D# E F# G# A B or 1 b2 #2 3 ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Figuring out the difference between major and relative minor scales?

I always seem have difficulty determining whether a song is in a major scale, or the relative minor. (the 3rd note back into it, but minor) Lets use the Pokemon theme song for example. As I ...
20
votes
5answers
618 views

What are modes and how are they useful?

I'm a self-taught guitarist with zero to little experience in music theory. After marrying a violinist I found that there's a lot to music theory that I know tribally but don't understand the ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

seeking a piece or study, melodic minor [closed]

I'm teaching electric guitar to a chap who has developed a love for music theory and playing classical and neo-classical pieces. He has requested some more minor work and further explanation of the ...
58
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6answers
6k views

Why are there twelve notes in an octave?

I know that one scale consists of 12 half-tones. But my question is still: Why? Why not 13 or 11?
11
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4answers
569 views

How to know if it's a mode or scale?

How do I differentiate between modes? Suppose a person is playing "D Dorian". How do I know that it's "D Dorian" and not "C Major/Ionian" or "E Phrygian" and so on, and in fact "A natural minor" ...
1
vote
2answers
324 views

What musical scales should I include in my electronic musical composition tool

I am writing an tool to create music on a mobile device. I am going to allow the user to create simple melody and bass lines. I would like the user to be able to change key after they enter their ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Riders on the storm fingering for piano

I'm talking about this little run: I can't think of a proper fingering of this, so it sounds very smooth. Its basically in the Dmajor scale starting on b. Can anyone help me getting the ...
7
votes
4answers
258 views

Note naming convention while creating scales

I am having some trouble with naming notes in a major scale. The major scale formula is 0 , 1, 1 , 1/2 , 1 , 1 , 1 , 1/2 If I use this formula to calculate notes in G# major scale, I get the notes ...
16
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3answers
2k views

What are the greek modes, and how do they differ from modern modes?

This Question might be TwoFold, based on an uncertainty I have I understand the construction of traditional Ionian-Locrian modes, and I have read that various notes in the modes have traditionally ...
7
votes
5answers
452 views

Comfortable notes in a key

I've been playing guitar for some time, and often when i do improvisation exercises, I hit notes which sound too tense to finish a run/lick/riff on. Kind of like having a sentence which no full stop. ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

How are blues chords constructed from the scale

I know that progressions based on the chords E7,A7 and B7 form the basic rhythm guitar section of a blues song. These chords dont seem to strictly lie on the blues scale. Why do these chords harmonize ...
2
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3answers
275 views

Philosophy about relatives and parallel keys in modal context

How would we interpret relative/parallel major/minor keys in the context of a modal piece? a) not applicable, implies tonality b) major is Ionian, minor is Eolian always: so C-lydian's relative ...
4
votes
4answers
327 views

Is it correct to say that all common chords are built using the major scales?

I'm creating an abbreviated music theory course for a guitarist buddy of mine. At this point, we're covering chord formulas, e.g., 1-3-5 in the C Major scale = C-E-G. I found myself about to write a ...
0
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2answers
386 views

Is it possible to play “Juke - little Walter” on a diatonic harmonica key of C?

My harmonica is a marine band key of C, and i have another cheap Chinese key of D. Little Walter played Juke on a key of A harmonica and i can't find the tabs for a key of C harmonica, so is it ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

Change from G to E minor [closed]

Song Of Myself from Nightwish ends with following words: And there forever remains the change from G to E minor Seems that it's reference to the music theory, but I know too little of it to ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Does playing in scale mean only using notes from that scale?

Many melodies contain notes that are not from scale they are composed in. For example, "Stairway Heaven" solo contains an A minor pentatonic scale plus an additional F note. I've read that this is not ...
0
votes
2answers
527 views

Help me in this chord progression analysis please [closed]

Verse is in G major key Then it comes bridge: Am B7 Em A7 Am D C And then a typical C lydian progression (G major again) for the chorus Id like to understand whhich modulations are occurring in the ...
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vote
2answers
557 views

Writing a song based on the harmonic minor

I'm writing my friend a horn solo (with piano accompaniment) and I asked her what her favorite scale was and she said harmonic minor, "because it sounds Egyptian". If I was trying to write a ...
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vote
2answers
210 views

What actually changes in related scales?

I'm a guitar newbie, and I've only been taking lessons for about 2 months now. My goal is to rock out on an electric guitar - for the time being, I have a cheap classical one. Thus far I've been ...
1
vote
4answers
638 views

Improvisation on Major and relative minor scales

I'm aware that A Minor is the relative key to C Major but how does this change the methods for improvising? Would you use the Pentatonic as you would with C Major or are there other scales which can ...
2
votes
5answers
406 views

scales on the guitar

I'm new to learning music theory, so i'm sorry if the following question seems strange and obvious to some. From what i understand, a scale is a logical combination of 8 notes. On the guitar, ...
9
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2answers
972 views

Can I play `A scale` song on a `C scale` harmonica?

Here is how to play a C scale on a harmonica. But I found a song which is in the A scale. So, is this possible: to play the A scale song on the same harmonica? If so, What would the table look like? ...
17
votes
4answers
2k views

Algorithms for music composition

I'm a beginner in music but I also like to fool around with simple computer programs . So I found a little python library to generate MIDI files . So what I do now is that I have a few rhythm ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

On a piano scale what is considered “middle C”?

I'm learning to play the piano and I'm slightly confused after reading this: http://pianoscale.org/scales/root/c/major/ Is the 1st note in the treble clef the same as the 8th notes in the bass ...
-2
votes
1answer
116 views

2 guitar progression [closed]

These are progression from a song that I was playing with a friend but we don't understand it at all. Can somebody please explain conceptually why they sound good when played together i.e first ...
10
votes
2answers
211 views

Was the pitch A given that letter because the minor key was originally the “basic” mode?

It's something that's puzzled me; The key that has no sharps and no flats, in essence the "basic" key, is C Major. Well, fine, but why C? Why not label that key and note A, if it's the foundation of ...
5
votes
1answer
402 views

Why does the minor pentatonic scale sounds “oriental” to me?

I've been training my minor pentatonic scale on guitar for a while (mostly playing it in A with the first position) and it always sounded somewhat oriental to me, in the sense of the musical airs ...
5
votes
1answer
192 views

Was the ancient Greek philosopher Pythagoras the first one who referred to a musical scale?

I' ve read that the ancient Greek philosopher Pythagoras was the first one who scientifically proved the theory of music. Also it is refered that he invented the Pythagorean musical scale. Was the ...
2
votes
2answers
163 views

Repeating the tonic when the scale is ascending and then descending

When I started to learn piano about 2 years ago, I practiced scales with my piano teacher. For practicing C Major, she recommended repeating the tonic: C D E F G A B C C B A G F E D C When I ...
4
votes
1answer
80 views

What is the word for 'repeating the tonic at the “end” of spelling a scale?'

I am referring to the practice of repeating the root or tonic of a scale when spelling (not playing) a scale. I recall being told to __ my scale but I cannot remember the word… at all.
6
votes
2answers
990 views

Converting to harmonic and melodic minor

Is this correct? In converting from major to harmonic minor of the same root (not the relative minor (with the same key signature)), flatten the 3rd and 6th. In converting from major to ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

How do you compose a Dominant Seventh Scale?

It seems like you just make the seventh note flat, but are there any restrictions to that? Can any scale become a Dominant Seventh Scale by slight modification? Or does it differ on a case-by-case ...
1
vote
2answers
288 views

Need help identifying a scale

The song/riff in question is in the intro of a song by "After the Burial" called "Cursing Akhenaten". I cut a full measure out of the intro and looped it. I uploaded it for anyone who wants to take ...
0
votes
1answer
228 views

Are modes and scales the same? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the difference between a mode and a scale? Are modes and scales not the same? If not, how are modes different from scales?
1
vote
1answer
2k views

How to find the root note?

I'm a guitar beginner and I want to learn some scales. The problem is that I can't find very detailed tutorials that explain how to find the root note. Can you give any good basic theories on how to ...
0
votes
2answers
748 views

The use of the root note in a scale

I found an article on Cyberfret.com showing how to play C major scale : The Whole Guitar Neck Mapped Out Ref. Pattern 3 Well, I can guess how to play the pattern number 3 but, what the purpose ...
1
vote
2answers
950 views

Determining modes in a minor Key

Speaking of Functional harmony; If a song is in key C, then we call the C major scale from E to E is a Phyrigan mode. Good, what if a song is in key Am, which is actually relative of C and also Am ...
2
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2answers
1k views

What scale is used in the Morrowind theme?

Do you know the name of this scale? C D E♭ F G A♭ B It's used in the Morrowind theme: ...
16
votes
5answers
29k views

What is the first scale one should learn on guitar

The title really sums it all up but I'll try expand it slightly. Lets say I'm learning guitar and would like to improve my guitar work. Which of the scales should I learn first and why?
3
votes
1answer
728 views

Finding out which scales contain a specific chord

Notation note: scales will be notated as C Major, D minor, etc. and chords as Am, F, etc. Once you know a scale, yo know which chords it contains, for example the C Major scale contains the chords: ...
2
votes
1answer
885 views

Fingering for black keys scale

I have noticed that everything I play on the black keys only sounds oriental. I wanted to know what is the standard fingering to go through this pentatonic scale?
16
votes
7answers
758 views

Where should I go to learn about non-Western scales (particularly Turkish & Greek)

Apart from Turkey and Greece, I mean. I'm looking for fairly abstract musicological and comparative descriptions, not "how to play"-style information. Particularly interested in departures from the ...
6
votes
2answers
237 views

Scale from Hungarian Rhapsody No.2

In Hungarian Rhapsody No.2 by Liszt from John Thompson's Grade 3 (the key singanture is Cm) there is the following scale + 2 following notes: D E F# G A Bb C D Eb F# Is there a name for this ...
2
votes
4answers
192 views

What would be the a good tuning for an instrument with a limited amount of tones?

If you have an instrument with only a few tones(say 9), so less than to make a whole chromatic octave, what would be a good tuning that would make the instrument able to play an as large as possible ...
5
votes
5answers
3k views

How do you compose using the chromatic scale?

Writting a piece of music using the chromatic scale would be interesting, but I can't think of a way to start it? What kind of structure would a piece have? Is it all subjective and up to the composer ...