A sequence of musical notes in ascending or descending order of pitch.

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Piano scale and arpeggio fingering technique: Thumb Under vs Thumb Over methods

Let's first define the methods: Thumb Under (TU): the thumb is brought under the hand in order to pass the 3rd or 4th finger for playing the scale. The thumb has movement up and down (to play the ...
4
votes
2answers
864 views

Priorities of piano scale practice as a complete beginner and what should I be paying attention to

So, I decided my life needed a little more piano so I picked up a MIDI keyboard and started learning some of the basics. The very first thing I'm doing is learning the scales (starting with major) and ...
10
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4answers
8k views

What use is knowing how many sharps or flats a key signature has?

Books and articles I've read on learning key signatures seem to focus on mnemonics that tell you how many sharps or flats the key has, but I don't understand how knowing B Major has 5 sharps helps you ...
18
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7answers
8k views

Why does the Dorian mode on C have two flats?

I'm studying scale modes and I just found on Wikipedia that the Dorian mode on C has two flats... Why is this? Because the Dorian mode is just the major scale (Ionian) starting from the second ...
5
votes
9answers
11k views

As a beginner guitarist is it worth learning to play lead guitar early on?

I started to learn how to play guitar a month ago, but being in a busy science program in college I have limited time to practice. I would like to eventually play lead rather than rhythm. I am using ...
6
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3answers
702 views

What is a parallel mode?

What is a parallel mode? How are the parallel modes used in composition and/or improvisation?
18
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4answers
3k views

Why is the aeolian mode the minor scale?

I've studied music theory for many years now, and one thing has always confused me about the naming methodology for the minor scale. A major scale is based off the Ionian mode and consist of only ...
2
votes
4answers
192 views

How can I increase my note reading and finger strength?

I'm playing piano and I have problem going through pieces quickly, I keep pressing wrong keys and it takes me a lot of concentration and practice to get the piece sounding like it should and even ...
14
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2answers
1k views

Scale modification in sus2 and sus4 chords

I've recently been looking at what makes chords what, and hence my first target for this was looking at major, minor, sus2, and sus4 chords. I know major chords are made up of the first, the third, ...
106
votes
10answers
10k views

Why do minor keys sound “sad”?

Oftentimes major keys are called "happy" and minor keys are "sad". Why is this? Is it universal across cultures that use these scales? Do similar connotations exist in other scale systems? (If this ...
2
votes
2answers
241 views

What is this scale called?

Can someone tell me what the scale in this video is called please? I am checking out various backing tracks and some of them do not provide the scale like this. They only mention "Dm" or some such, ...
4
votes
3answers
209 views

Naming pitch and interval collections

I have a few questions regarding the correct naming of pitch and interval collections. We call an ordered collection of adjacent pitches a scale. For example, (C D E F G A B) is called C major (or ...
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votes
2answers
3k views

I don't understand scale positions

I know the Maj/Min pentatonic scale positions. I need a clear explanation of why Position#1 for minor pentatonic for A starts on the fifth fret; it has something to do with octaves. How do you go ...
12
votes
3answers
990 views

Pentatonic scale with a sharpened 2nd note, any name?

I was messing with the A minor pentatonic scale and discovered that if I sharpen the 2nd note of the scale, it sounds very interesting to my ears, even more than the original scale. Does this already ...
3
votes
1answer
158 views

Blues E scale on guitar

I am currently learning the guitar, particularly solo-ing, and teaching myself by figuring out the Blues scale in various keys. At the moment I'm looking at the key of E. The way I understand it (may ...
4
votes
4answers
440 views

Do the different Modes have different scale degrees?

For example, C Ionian has the same notes as D Dorian. But when looking at the scale degrees, I think they have to be different. Here's what I mean: C Ionian: C Db D Eb E F F# G Ab A Bb B C ...
16
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2answers
1k views

What scale is this? ( A B C# D E F G A)

This is a very minor question, but I'm trying to learn a piece (a Bach Concerto in D minor) that has the following sequence of notes played in order: A B C# D E F G A My piano teacher said it was a ...
6
votes
3answers
833 views

How to identify key changes?

I have learned music theory from the internet but I have this question that how to come to know that where one key starts and other ends? (When I am reading the music sheet) For example, in Minuet In ...
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vote
1answer
105 views

Scales, chords and piano music

Songs have chord progressions - different chords played in a sequence repeatedly [mostly]. These chords don't belong to a single scale [usually]; they belong to different scales. As I gather along, ...
3
votes
1answer
130 views

What is ideal to learn first - scales or chords?

This scale-key-chord thing is mind boggling. I wonder what is the right method to learning music theory? Shall we learn about the chords first and then scales or the other way round?
3
votes
2answers
524 views

Question about “The Place I'll Return to Someday” music sheet

There is a song I want to play with my 12 holes ocarina: "The Place I Will Return to Someday" (also known as "A Place to Call Home"). These are the music sheets: Music sheet part 1 Music sheet part 2 ...
11
votes
2answers
628 views

How to interpret a switch from Em (Aeolian) to Bm?

I'm self taught, so I know just a few things on scales and modes, some probably wrong. So the other day I was composing a new song. I believe it starts in E minor, as I was playing over the Chords Em ...
7
votes
2answers
396 views

How to interpret notes outside of the key signature?

Lets make this question a bit clear. If you're playing Bach's music, it shows you that its' key is E minor, or A major or anything. But, when you play something like: He add sharp in his notes. ...
6
votes
2answers
449 views

Which scales are used by Tom Morello?

In Rage Against The Machine's first album (Rage Against The Machine) I frequently hear Tom Morello play with several "weird" scales. A few examples: Take The Power Back, Settle For Nothing, ... I ...
5
votes
4answers
5k views

What are the patterns of the minor scales

I understand that there are 3 types of minor scales Melodic Natural Harmonic But I always mix these up, and I don't know the patterns of them. I would like to know The basic pattern Some ...
12
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3answers
254 views

What is this scale? [Root , +1 , +3 , +1 , +2 , +1 , +3 , +1 (Root again)]

Intervals (relative to previous note): Root , +1 , +3 , +1 , +2 , +1 , +3 , +1 (Root again) Example: A, Bb, C#, D, E, F, G# This scale is used often in Turkish Music. But I don't know if it has a ...
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votes
1answer
103 views

Which two keys are half step apart? And which two are a whole step apart? For guitar [closed]

I know it on a piano,but not on a guitar. This is needed in order to understand what a major scale is? Could anyone also explain what major scales are? There are a ascending and descending scales... ...
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votes
1answer
87 views

Question about music [closed]

musician, and I really love music... recently i have been listening to artist called avicii .. and I noticed that something special happens with him.. he is not playing regular notes .. his melodies ...
2
votes
3answers
588 views

Picking a key for a song and how to use the notes in that scale? [closed]

So just to make it simple. When you pick a key for a song and you use the notes in that scale, do you only use those notes for all other instruments? And does the octave of each note matter? Or as ...
9
votes
5answers
6k views

What is a good guitar solo to learn in the minor scale?

I am starting to play and improvise in the minor scale, and I would like to learn some guitar solos that are good examples of this scale so that I see how other people use it. What are some famous ...
26
votes
7answers
42k views

What does it mean to write a song in a certain key?

I have been searching for a while to try to correctly understand this. What exactly does it mean if for example a song is written in C Major? Does it mean the song's notes cannot contain any sharps ...
18
votes
5answers
6k views

What is the importance of practicing scales on piano, and the proper fingering of them?

First of all I want to point out that I practice scales a lot and even enjoy it. I just don't know why they are so important, as this site says for example: "Proper fingering of the scales on the ...
4
votes
3answers
367 views

Piano fingering: B flat dominant 7th arpeggio

I am having trouble playing this arpeggio: B♭ - D - F - A♭ - B♭ - D... For the right hand I have tried this fingering: B♭ - D - F - A♭ - B♭ - D 2 - 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 1 But on the way down, I am ...
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vote
2answers
198 views

Chord alteration references? (“inside” vs. “outside”)

Originally, I asked the question immediately below and it created some confusion. My revision appears below the original. # What books or references do you recommend which teach about altered chords ...
3
votes
2answers
250 views

What gives 'Winter Song' by Nico a medieval sound?

The song below seems to have a definite medieval flavour to it, but what causes this? Is it the guitar or vocal melodies? What scale/mode aspects give this feel? ...
10
votes
6answers
2k views

What is the proper way to play A-Flat scales on piano?

Consider four cases: A-flat major A-flat (natural) minor A-flat melodic minor A-flat harmonic minor I start them with the third finger on the A-flat key (both hands), but I have no idea how a ...
23
votes
6answers
2k views

The major scale - why and how?

background: I am an amateur guitarist. I was trained in Indian classical music as a kid. Most of what I know in music theory is from books or Google. So please feel free to correct me or tell me if ...
8
votes
2answers
284 views

What do scale fingerings have to do with musicianship in the context of college auditions?

First off I am not a conventional musician. I have taken classical lessons in trumpet and some in piano, but have taught myself almost everything I know about music. I have a vast understanding of ...
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vote
2answers
982 views

Complete fingering-technique reference book for keyboard player for chords and scales?

I'm now studying harmony and since my instrument is not keyboard, I don't know how to execute complex chords such as 13 or other chords that involve more than 5 notes. Do you play them with just one ...
2
votes
3answers
3k views

How to learn Jazz Bass Guitar?

I have been learning bass guitar for one year. I have the basic in the major and minor scales. Basically, I am able to figure out the bass line of a song I hear, like pop song or rock song. But, when ...
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3answers
209 views

Understanding scales

I am a beginner with guitars. I watched the video lessons from Coursera - Introduction to Guitar In that, the instructor explains about the fundamentals of guitars like strumming, position playing, ...
4
votes
4answers
3k views

Approach to learning arpeggios for chord-tone soloing

I am looking to improve in soloing and improvisation. I have learned the CAGED patterns in diatonic scale and their corresponding pentatonic patterns. I have stuck with them for years, but I've ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Using modes and static harmony

Edit: i know what modes are and how they are related to major scale..etc. question is about modal harmony and chord progression in modal harmony. not what is a mode and name of other modes..etc What ...
3
votes
3answers
370 views

Pentatonic scale chords

The pentatonic scale often has chords that are 4 or 5 semitones apart (CEA, GCE, etc.). How do you describe these chords? Is the only way to describe them as major/minor chords but with a different ...
0
votes
1answer
560 views

How to know what scale or what is the key of the composition(lyrics and singing) is this song?

I always have trouble finding the key of the song, actually when ever I write a song just lyrics and I know how I sing it I mean I know the composition, but I don’t get to know what should be what ...
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2answers
909 views

Broken keys on Casio Celviano AP-21 digital piano

I have a Casio electric piano with weighted keys that I bought in the year 2000. I've loved it but now some critical keys suddenly stopped working -- just no sound at all -- from middle C down to the ...
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3answers
175 views

Guitar Grimoire & Chord Compatibility question

There's a guitar reference book called Guitar Grimoire scales and modes. A chord is said to be compatible with a scale if all of its tones already are present in the scale. The Bebop Major scale, ...
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4answers
16k views

How to know which scale a song uses?

I have a song in my mind, and I want to play it on the guitar. I know how scales are made (full and half steps), and I can recognize whether the next note is higher or lower in a song (not ...
0
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2answers
77 views

cause effect relationship between emotions and a scale [closed]

Does our wish to express emotion drive the song to travel to different notes (either up or down) of a scale?
32
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9answers
5k views

Key signature for writing in modes other than major and minor

I have trouble deciding what accidentals to put in the key signature for pieces in dorian, phrygian, lydian or mixolydian modes. There seem to be tradeoffs associated with each choice. For example, ...