A sequence of musical notes in ascending or descending order of pitch.

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Do the different Modes have different scale degrees?

For example, C Ionian has the same notes as D Dorian. But when looking at the scale degrees, I think they have to be different. Here's what I mean: C Ionian: C Db D Eb E F F# G Ab A Bb B C ...
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5answers
4k views

Approach to learning arpeggios for chord-tone soloing (shapes or notes)

I am looking to improve in soloing and improvisation. I have learned the CAGED patterns in diatonic scale and their corresponding pentatonic patterns. I have stuck with them for years, but I've ...
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3answers
284 views

What is a scale consisting of Root, m2, m3, P4, d5, M6, M7 called?

Root, m2, m3, P4, d5, M6, M7 G, A flat, B flat, C, D flat, E, F#
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4answers
86 views

Whats are some ways of visualizing notes on guitar's fret-board if you come from piano background?

I come from piano background and it's been really difficult to visualize the notes I'm playing on guitar. On piano it's simple - they follow sequentially. So, my question is - what is the best way to ...
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6answers
306 views

What is the best way to learn scales on guitar?

I want to be able to just play solos in a certain scale, but what is the best way to learn scales? Is it in the block shapes or just learn the fret board?
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1answer
108 views

Why the chord on the third degree is major in this progression?

I came across with this video The chords are E - G♯ - C♯m - B My question is: why is G♯ a major chord in this progression? I thought that since ...
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3answers
1k views

Understanding music with multiple key changes within chord progressions

So this has been bothering me for some time now; I've been making beats for maybe 7-8 years now but my earlier work is heavily-sampled. I just started actually picking up piano, but on my own, ...
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3answers
212 views

Guitar scale exercises pleasant to listen to?

Can you suggest any beginner level guitar exercises for learning scales, which are not too boring / repetitive for a casual listener? Currently the only time I can find to work on improving my guitar ...
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3answers
995 views

How to Harmonize uncommon scales?

How do you harmonize scales like C C# F F# Bb Whole tone scale : C D E F# Ab Bb ? (The scales above are just examples.) Scales like these do not seem to bias to Major or Minor harmony, ...
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364 views

Diatonic scales

I'm reading a book on music theory, and it says that a diatonic scale is any seven-note scale that uses the notes ABCDEFG in an arrangement of 5 tones and 2 semitones. I wanted to clarify one point. ...
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671 views

Pentatonic Scales Question

I'm learning the notes on the fret board and I just wanted to ask something about the pentatonic scales you see, A minor pentatonic is A C D E G on the 5th fret, but when I play it on the 2nd fret its ...
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Major Blues Scale over I-IV-V progression

In the C major blues scale, there's no F note. The I-IV-V progression is C-F-G Without resorting to the C minor blues scale, how do I improvise over a I-IV-V progression using the C Major blues ...
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555 views

Piano fingering: B flat dominant 7th arpeggio

I am having trouble playing this arpeggio: B♭ - D - F - A♭ - B♭ - D... For the right hand I have tried this fingering: B♭ - D - F - A♭ - B♭ - D 2 - 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 1 But on the way down, I am ...
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4answers
754 views

From Scales and Chords Theory to a chord Progression

I'm a beginner at music theory and started learning it just about a week ago. The whole thing with the piano scales and chords is really difficult to understand, but I have a lot of fun learning it. ...
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3answers
455 views

Definition of minor key

Minor key music uses the harmonic minor scale as the basis for its harmony and the melodic minor scale for the melody. If the music uses nothing but the natural minor scale it IS NOT in a minor ...
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2answers
4k views

Scales and Ascending/Descending differences

I'm learning some unique guitar scales and I'm confused with certain scales. For example, the Raga Asavari scale plays a list of notes when ascending. However when you descend, you add more notes to ...
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1answer
89 views

What is the word for 'repeating the tonic at the “end” of spelling a scale?'

I am referring to the practice of repeating the root or tonic of a scale when spelling (not playing) a scale. I recall being told to __ my scale but I cannot remember the word… at all.
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1answer
206 views

Quarter tones/middle eastern scale in Logic Pro

Is it possible to set some of the tracks in Logic Pro to be quarter tones i.e. Middle Eastern sounding, while some other tracks are Western sounding?
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1answer
163 views

What is the Slonimsky-Schillinger Symmetric System?

What is the Slonimsky-Schillinger Symmetric System? What's the theory behind it? How is it used in composition?
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6answers
2k views

Sharps vs Flats - Formula to determine correct sharp and flat notes in a scale

I am trying to figure out how to know if a note in a scale is a sharp or a flat. So my starting point/input are the intervals of any scale. E.g. here are the Minor pentatonic intervals Interval: 1, ...
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2answers
724 views

Question about “The Place I'll Return to Someday” music sheet

There is a song I want to play with my 12 holes ocarina: "The Place I Will Return to Someday" (also known as "A Place to Call Home"). These are the music sheets: Music sheet part 1 Music sheet part 2 ...
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1answer
481 views

c#-minor Vs E-major for Moonlight Sonata

I see Moonlight sonata often referred to as being in the key signature of c#-minor. I am beginning to learn music and just learning about key signatures and I would have referred to the key signature ...
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4answers
665 views

Composing in Phrygian mode

I tried to compose in the Phrygian mode which seems to be harder than the natural, harmonic and melodic minor. The biggest challenge was to end my piece in its tonic chord. My song was intended to be ...
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1answer
272 views

Chords Built On Different Scales

Can chords be built on different scales i.e. harmonic minor, melodic minor, and when they are, how is this known?
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275 views

Why does the minor scale have modes?

My knowledge of music theory is very limited at the moment. I'm in the process of learning about scales and modes. I've learned that the major scale has a mode for every degree of the scale. The 6th ...
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3answers
121 views

Is there a theoretical maximum number of musical scales one can form?

I am trying to think about what defines a musical scale. To do this, I am trying to consider all the general categories of scales that exist. How can I know how many possible types of scales exist? Is ...
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2k views

Creating Happy Melodies and Chords

I've been listening to a track, such as this https://soundcloud.com/wave-racer/flight-facilities-stand and it seems to have a very happy vibe about it, to the extent where it's "over happy". But I ...
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5answers
484 views

Guitar learning path for beginners

I am an intermediate level guitarist who has been playing for 4-5 years. I started learning by myself off the internet and have had a few dodgy teachers along the way before settling on an ...
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3answers
333 views

Is it necessary to learn a new scale to improvise over it?

I'm a beginning guitar theory learner and I'm confused about certain things when improvising/soloing/figuring songs out. I've just started learning, and certain things seem hard to imagine. Let's say ...
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2answers
259 views

Is there a key signature for harmonic minor scale?

I know that sharp key signatures are applied in the order: F C G D A E B and that flat key signatures are applied as: B E A D G C F. But these are for major and minor scales, right? Is there a way to ...
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3answers
450 views

Two kinds of blues scales?

I sometimes read about the major and minor blues scales. Now, this makes me a bit confused. Are there really two kinds of blues scales? I was told that in a 12 bar blues you play the I chord for 4 ...
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3answers
243 views

What are the official modes from Ionian to Locrian?

I am having some confusion is respects to the formal definition of what the various modes are. I know that their defined in relation to their scale, however, I've come to realise this may not be best ...
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246 views

Why is the diminished scale 'artificial'?

Upon reading Mark Levine's Jazz Theory Book, on the chapter of the diminished scale, there a footnote that says: The diminished scale is artificial in the sense that it is not derived from the ...
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692 views

Do the 'natural' chords to use in a key change if you use a different mode?

This question gives a great, not-too-technical explanation of modes: What are modes and how are they useful? I wondered if playing in a different mode would mean the standard chords change move also? ...
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3answers
793 views

How major pentatonic scale is built?

I would like to use this scale to start improvising on an acoustic guitar. I understand the shape on the neck, but I want to increase my knowledge and ask you how is it constructed. Thank you for ...
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2answers
318 views

What gives 'Winter Song' by Nico a medieval sound?

The song below seems to have a definite medieval flavour to it, but what causes this? Is it the guitar or vocal melodies? What scale/mode aspects give this feel?
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1answer
206 views

Blues E scale on guitar

I am currently learning the guitar, particularly solo-ing, and teaching myself by figuring out the Blues scale in various keys. At the moment I'm looking at the key of E. The way I understand it (may ...
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1answer
1k views

Finding out which scales contain a specific chord

Notation note: scales will be notated as C Major, D minor, etc. and chords as Am, F, etc. Once you know a scale, yo know which chords it contains, for example the C Major scale contains the chords: ...
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213 views

Is there a simple way to transpose a song from one key to another? What is the methodology?

What is a simple way to accomplish transposing a song from one key to another key? In other words if I am looking at a song written in the key of C and can't sing it in that key and I want to ...
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3answers
126 views

Playing the Low E Flat on a Trombone

For an audition I have to play 2 octave scales and for E flat. I have to go to the low one(below the staff). I have an F attachment, so that helps I can play it in T3.5, but every time I play it ...
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4answers
347 views

Which key to move higher to?

When you are singing in the key of C and you want to go a bit higher, then do you go to G (next on the circle of fifths) or C# / D (closest tone above c)? Edit: just to clarify: when I said go ...
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1answer
174 views

Is sensitive a vaild alternative name for the leading tone?

I was reading the sample version of Modern Harmony Step By Step and one passage caught my eye: In the passage above it seems that what is typically referred to as the leading tone is revered to as ...
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1answer
282 views

Altered Dorian scale ( Misheberak scale or Ukrainian Dorian scale)

First of all, thanks to everyone for this great web site . I have a question about Altered Dorian scale (Misheberak scale,Ukrainian Dorian scale) C Altered Dorian Scale : C D Eb F# G A Bb. A ...
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354 views

Blues Scale Notes - major 6th?

I've typically always played a blues scale in C as: C Eb F Gb G Bb However, in a book I'm reading, the author lists the blues scale for C as: C D Eb E F Gb G A Bb Improvising over this new scale ...
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4answers
273 views

How can I get through some difficult runs in a piece otherwise at my level?

I've been learning Chopin's Nocturne in E Minor, and I'm having too much trouble getting through some of the runs on page two. Specifically, I'm an adult hobbyist, and I don't practice daily. My ...
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1answer
102 views

Why is the Phrygian Dominant Scale thusly named?

I recently started experimenting with the Phrygian dominant scale. As I understand, it is the 5th mode of a harmonic minor scale. For example an A Phrygian Dominant consists of the notes ...
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4answers
683 views

Guitar arpeggios and finger practice

I've been playing my acoustic guitar for three years now and I have been told that I play good. I composed a few instrumentals and they have been quite appreciated. But its not good enough. I can play ...
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1answer
150 views

What is ideal to learn first - scales or chords?

This scale-key-chord thing is mind boggling. I wonder what is the right method to learning music theory? Shall we learn about the chords first and then scales or the other way round?
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255 views

Chords triads in any scale

Sorry for the very basic question, but my only experience comes from using DAW software. The rule I use to create a triade chord is playng three notes at {0,4,7} semitones for a major cord and {0,3,7} ...
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2answers
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How are blues chords constructed from the scale

I know that progressions based on the chords E7,A7 and B7 form the basic rhythm guitar section of a blues song. These chords dont seem to strictly lie on the blues scale. Why do these chords harmonize ...