A sequence of musical notes in ascending or descending order of pitch.

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Term & abbreviation for number of tones or notes per octave - independent of temperament or intonation

In the context of characterizing a completely arbitrary instrument or piece of world music, when trying to describe the number of notes or tones per octave we tend quickly to get grounded in notions ...
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2answers
76 views

How to input quarter tones in Garageband

How can one play an instrument in Garageband but with quarter tones instead of the usual ones? On my keyboard I can change the scale and it works, but this is not recognized by Garageband and it ...
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7answers
837 views

How to know if it's a mode or scale?

How do I differentiate between modes? Suppose a person is playing "D Dorian". How do I know that it's "D Dorian" and not "C Major/Ionian" or "E Phrygian" and so on, and in fact "A natural minor" ...
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2answers
217 views

Chord progression if the chords are not part of the scale?

I've been learning about harmony, and the harmonisation of major scales. I can recognise simple chord progressions, and I try and practice by listening to popular songs. For a major scale, we ...
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5answers
14k views

What is the purpose of the mixolydian scale? [duplicate]

For example: the G-Mixolydian is G-A-B-C-D-E-F (rather than G-A-B-C-D-E-F#). Why not just call it C? thanks
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7answers
1k views

What are modes and how are they useful?

I'm a self-taught guitarist with zero to little experience in music theory. After marrying a violinist I found that there's a lot to music theory that I know tribally but don't understand the ...
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3answers
2k views

What scale is this? ( A B C# D E F G A)

This is a very minor question, but I'm trying to learn a piece (a Bach Concerto in D minor) that has the following sequence of notes played in order: A B C# D E F G A My piano teacher said it was a ...
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0answers
45 views

Questions about Scales [on hold]

What are scales? What purpose do they serve in music? How many scales are there? Are they important to learn?
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7answers
3k views

How to make melodies effectively?

Are there any tricks that help make melodies besides just experimenting until you find something that sounds nice?
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1answer
1k views

Fingering for black keys scale

I have noticed that everything I play on the black keys only sounds oriental. I wanted to know what is the standard fingering to go through this pentatonic scale?
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0answers
43 views

When do I know I can move to another scale? [on hold]

I practice scales a lot but I don't know when to move to another new scale, I mean when do you know you're finished with a scale? When you can visualise it in 12 keys and know the chords in each key, ...
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2answers
78 views

How to use power chords with pentatonic scale? [closed]

For example, which power chords can be used over C minor pentatonic scale?
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2answers
104 views

Why is G7 chord highly unstable in C scale?

Why is G7 chord highly unstable in C scale ?
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6answers
4k views

With sheet music, how do you determine whether the song is in the major key or the minor key?

For example, if the key signature on the left doesn't have any sharps or flats then it could theoretically be in either the C Major scale or the A Minor scale. How do you determine which one?
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3answers
66 views

When/how to switch in between major and minor pentatonic

I'm trying to figure out how I can mix major and minor pentatonic scales and was wondering if someone could explain the underlying theory concepts that would dictate under what chords/chord changes ...
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5answers
2k views

Is G sharp major a real key?

I'm mostly self-taught, so I don't know much in the way of theory beyond the basics. I have heard of G sharp Major a few times. I believe a scale in the key goes as such: G♯, A♯, B♯, C♯, D♯, E♯, Fx, ...
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5answers
4k views

If Für Elise is in Am why there is a D# in it?

Für Elise intro starts with E D♯ E D♯, Wikipedia says the key is Am. What scale does it fit? Is it like a blues scale where D♯ is a flat 5? Why D♯ is used in the sheet music? Is it easier to read ...
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8answers
3k views

Is it possible to write a song without a key?

"This song is in F Major", "That song is in A Minor", "This song is in D Minor, but modulates to F Major in the middle", etc. Can we say "This song has no key"? Are there songs that have/follow no ...
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4answers
3k views

Approach to learning arpeggios for chord-tone soloing (shapes or notes)

I am looking to improve in soloing and improvisation. I have learned the CAGED patterns in diatonic scale and their corresponding pentatonic patterns. I have stuck with them for years, but I've ...
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1answer
108 views

How to practice scales on guitar?

I'm having a problem practicing scales with a metronome, for instance when you practice pentatonic you can play 4th notes, eighth notes, 16th notes, broken thirds, broken fourths, three note ...
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0answers
54 views

Help identify all shortcomings of Scala's '.scl' data files [closed]

As -to my knowledge- the largest repository of scales in the world, freeing Scala scale data files (.scl) up for use in modern browser applications is essential if ethnic musicians are to be provided ...
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6answers
9k views

Why are there twelve notes in an octave?

I know that one scale consists of 12 half-tones. But my question is still: Why? Why not 13 or 11?
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2answers
3k views

How are blues chords constructed from the scale

I know that progressions based on the chords E7,A7 and B7 form the basic rhythm guitar section of a blues song. These chords dont seem to strictly lie on the blues scale. Why do these chords harmonize ...
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3answers
138 views

Two kinds of blues scales?

I sometimes read about the major and minor blues scales. Now, this makes me a bit confused. Are there really two kinds of blues scales? I was told that in a 12 bar blues you play the I chord for 4 ...
3
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1answer
188 views

Which category of music theory would the topic of “which scales to play over which chords” fall into?

For example, in blues it's common to play a minor pentatonic scale over a major chord, and in a lot of rock music it is common to play the corresponding major/minor pentatonic scale over a major/minor ...
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2answers
66 views

C Major Blues Scale Formula

I'm very new to the music theory and I have started to write every single scale to my notebook but I come across this C major pentatonic scale and felt the need to ask how it can be written in the ...
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6answers
205 views

What is the best way to learn scales on guitar?

I want to be able to just play solos in a certain scale, but what is the best way to learn scales? Is it in the block shapes or just learn the fret board?
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0answers
79 views

Quarter tones/middle eastern scale in Logic Pro

Is it possible to set some of the tracks in Logic Pro to be quarter tones i.e. Middle Eastern sounding, while some other tracks are Western sounding?
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5answers
205 views

How to master the guitar fretboard

I've been playing guitar for many years, yet I have made the huge mistake of never really learning scales. I want to catch up, but I'm a bit lost, since there are so many scales in so many different ...
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17answers
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3answers
75 views

Correctly notating sharps and flats [duplicate]

I always had this issue when naming certain notes in the music scale. For example, when I spell out certain notes such as Eb, some people have advised me to use D# instead of Eb stating that it is the ...
3
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4answers
82 views

Tonality of modes?

With the basic modes like phrygian, Lydian etc, the modes with the same notes as C major ( so no flats or sharps) how do they sound different from a major or minor scale.( this is like E phrygian).
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7answers
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Why is a C7 chord named a dominant seventh chord?

I understand that a C7 chord contains a flattened 7th note in the C major scale, but what specifically makes this a dominant 7th chord? To me there is nothing 'dominant' about taking a note out of ...
0
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1answer
60 views

What exactly is a scale, what are they for, and how does practising them make me a better guitarist? [closed]

I found a similar question on SE already, but it still didn't adequately explain what I'm trying to figure out, so here goes: What exactly is a scale, what are they for, and how does practising them ...
2
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2answers
44 views

Phrygian dominant scale with a major seventh

The Phrygian dominant scale with a major seventh instead of a minor seventh is formed by: a root a minor second a major third a fourth a fifth a minor sixth a major seventh. My questions are: ...
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12answers
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Why does the scale have seven (or five) notes? Why not six?

I'm a programmer by trade, and I have always felt that music was arbitrarily difficult. Please forgive my inexperience with musical notation. I had a little thought experiment with my wife today, and ...
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3answers
828 views

How do I sing from chest voice to falsetto without missing notes in between?

I am having difficulty singing in head voice. I am a bass who can also sing very high falsetto. However, when I try singing a scale, there is always a few notes between chest voice and head voice that ...
5
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9answers
14k views

As a beginner guitarist is it worth learning to play lead guitar early on?

I started to learn how to play guitar a month ago, but being in a busy science program in college I have limited time to practice. I would like to eventually play lead rather than rhythm. I am using ...
8
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1answer
122 views

Scales in modal versus tonal music

When tonal music replaced modal music, why were 6 of the 8 scales (modes) used in modal music abandoned in favor of only two, major and minor? Superficially this would look like a reduction in the ...
13
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2answers
1k views

Why do notes have multiple names?

I've seen the same note called different names for example the note F# can also be written as Gb. Why is this the case and are there times to use one name over another?
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6answers
391 views

When learning scales, is it important to know which key is being pressed when?

I'm relatively new to learning the piano, though this has been a point of confusion since day one. So, I started out with C Major and everything was going fine. I got the finger motions down, I was ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

Is sensitive a vaild alternative name for the leading tone?

I was reading the sample version of Modern Harmony Step By Step and one passage caught my eye: In the passage above it seems that what is typically referred to as the leading tone is revered to as ...
3
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1answer
133 views

Altered Dorian scale ( Misheberak scale or Ukrainian Dorian scale)

First of all, thanks to everyone for this great web site . I have a question about Altered Dorian scale (Misheberak scale,Ukrainian Dorian scale) C Altered Dorian Scale : C D Eb F# G A Bb. A ...
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4answers
8k views

What is the I-vi-ii-V Chord Progressions?

Are there any scales that work well over this progression? My Mistake!! I was thinking of the song Breezin' by George Benson!!
4
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3answers
245 views

How to make a song with chords and scales?

I play acoustic guitar and have been learning a bunch of chords and scales. I can play many progressions already, and I am starting to write music. I am wondering how you would bridge chord ...
2
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4answers
208 views

What would be the a good tuning for an instrument with a limited amount of tones?

If you have an instrument with only a few tones(say 9), so less than to make a whole chromatic octave, what would be a good tuning that would make the instrument able to play an as large as possible ...
12
votes
7answers
991 views

How to figure out what key a piece is in?

I am trying to write a guitar accompaniment to the piece "Fair and Tender Ladies", but I have no clue what I need to do to figure out what key that piece is in. Also, the instrument playing the piece ...
6
votes
3answers
998 views

How to identify key changes?

I have learned music theory from the internet, but I have this question that how to come to know that where one key starts and other end when I am reading the music sheet. For example, in Minuet In ...
3
votes
3answers
177 views

What are the official modes from Ionian to Locrian?

I am having some confusion is respects to the formal definition of what the various modes are. I know that their defined in relation to their scale, however, I've come to realise this may not be best ...
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1answer
51 views

Is there an explicit number of 'notes' in microtonal music/scales?

Western music consists of 12 unique notes that are repeated across octaves. Is there any set number of unique notes in microtonal music? Or does the number of notes vary depending on the octave?