The study of how music works, seeking to identify structures and patterns in music.

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3answers
127 views

What does it mean to play a note for half a second?

This is my first serious look at the science side of music, as I am getting started with audio programming, and I am greeted by an awkward bouncer first up. I know that a note is simply a certain ...
6
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5answers
306 views

The Tritone - is it a #4 or a b5?

Generally, in Blues and jazz, the oft-used tritone (C to F#/Gb) is referred to as a b5. Why is this a better term than #4? In the Blues scale, there will always be two notes of the same name, but why ...
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2answers
79 views

Tritone as a passing note

Can a tritone be used as a passing note? (say in key of C, going from note C to G).
6
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2answers
168 views

Triangle Tonnetz vs. Hexagon Tonnetz

I have just started to learn about Tonnetz and I've run across two very representations of the same information in different types of Tonnetz. In the first one shown below the triangles represent a ...
2
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3answers
99 views

Understanding Inversions

I am not completely understanding how I find the major and minor chords. I understand half of what is going on, but not fully. Can someone please help.
3
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1answer
74 views

Is there a collection of pop or jazz standards that include harmonic analysis? [on hold]

I'm learning to do harmonic analysis and I'm quite happy with the sources for the theoretic aspects online and in books. But to practice, it would be great to have excercises with solutions ...
3
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1answer
160 views

What is a “7-9” chord? (G7-9, etc..)

There's a chord in the Lennie Niehaus arrangement of the Stan Kenton Orchestra version of Laura, written by Johnny Mercer and David Raksin. This chord is written as G7-9. In googling, I get G7(#9) a ...
2
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1answer
67 views

Is there a modulation to the relative minor in the bridge to the Vanessa Carlton song “A Thousand Miles?”

I have been told different things by different people and I don't really understand how to make heads or tails of it. I understand that it is somewhat a matter of opinion but it also seems from other ...
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5answers
193 views

Is there a constant relation between a song notes and its chords progression?

Please forgive me in advance if I am using the wrong terms to describe something, I am not a professional musician. Sometimes I can play a song notes on the guitar (same notes the singer sings) and ...
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1answer
48 views

Compare the similarity of flow and rhythm of 2 songs

First off, I apologize if I'm not able to articulate my question correctly due to my lack of knowledge on music terms. My friends and I were having an argument about whether two foreign songs we ...
4
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2answers
242 views

“The Simpsons” main theme

http://www.hooktheory.com/theorytab/view/danny-elfman/the-simpsons-main-title-theme how did the theme go from C lydian to B lydian to E lydian to C lydian to Db lyian? how did they (modulate) ...
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4answers
273 views

Difference between equal temperament and just intonation

I am learning Indian classical music and learned about just intonation and equal temperament. I want to know the difference between them. I know that Indian classical music uses just intonation and ...
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1answer
144 views

Is it normal to struggle through “The Jazz Piano Book” by Mark Levine?

I'm a hobbyist pianist who has been playing primarily rock and blues music for about 2 years, and classical before that for a few years. I have a beginner grasp of music theory (I know my major, 3 ...
2
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3answers
193 views

Is there a name for this phenomenon in the circle of fifths?

I've recently come across some interesting properties of the circle of fifths in relation to diatonic modes. I'm wondering whether this has been noted elsewhere and if so, in what capacity? A name to ...
1
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2answers
69 views

V6-I6 and V-vi6 chord successions

Why are V6-I6 and V-vi6 inappropriate chordal successions (when harmonizing for the Common Practice Period)?
3
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1answer
71 views

Melody in Diminished Scale

I came up with a cool melody and just find out it is a diminished scale. The melody has the following notes: D D# F G# A. Most scales containing these notes are diminished (I believe all of them are ...
2
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2answers
105 views

What interval do all the modes have in common?

I was watching a video exercise to play all of the modes you can over a power chord A5 in this case. Is there an interval that all modes share over a particular tonic (A in this example)?
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3answers
277 views

Do triads sound strongest in second inversion?

On Mark Levine's Jazz Theory book, on Chapter Five, Slash Chords, it says: Although triads can sound good in any inversion, all things being equal triads sounds strongest in second inversion. ...
5
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5answers
286 views

Which other chords are considered equivalent or function like a V7?

A dominant seventh chord as the fifth degree of a key (notated V7) is often used to build a cadence back to the tonic. With that function in mind, I've seen people refer to other chords as "it ...
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2answers
144 views

Is there a proper way to train the ears?

To become a better play, I want to figure out how I can train my ears to be able to pick something up by listening/watching to it and then being able to play it. Or to be able to listen to something ...
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4answers
123 views

Book recommendations to understand theory and harmony of music. Classical, Jazz, R&B everything :)

Short story: I have started playing piano about 1.5 years ago. I miss only a few days without practise apart from being ill, on holiday, visiting family etc. I practice like crazy. My wife who ...
4
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4answers
154 views

Why are key signatures like E# and B# necessary?

Why do we need key signatures such as E#, B#, Cb, and Fb? Take a look at the scales for E# and B#: E# has 4 sharps and 4 double sharps. The key of F is exactly the same, and it only has one note ...
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1answer
57 views

Compound meter( 6/8) beat subdivisions?

I know in the 6/8 compound meter, the first beat gets strong downbeat and the second beat gets the weak upbeat. But I am trying to analyze syncopation in a piece, so I want to know how each of the ...
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7answers
745 views

What is a chord with a diminished third called?

The third of the chord is one of the criteria to determine the name of the chord. If the third is major (and the fifth is perfect), the chord is called major chord ; if the third is minor and the ...
2
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1answer
120 views

How to judge a mix, on e.g. muddiness and balance?

I have been producing music for 7 years: And I have yet to understand how artists are able to tell what a proper mix sounds like. They often tell me that my mix sounds weird and "muddy", but I myself ...
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5answers
723 views

Sharps vs Flats - Formula to determine correct sharp and flat notes in a scale

I am trying to figure out how to know if a note in a scale is a sharp or a flat. So my starting point/input are the intervals of any scale. E.g. here are the Minor pentatonic intervals Interval: 1, ...
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1answer
62 views

harmonic and melodic minor chord function

if the natural minor and major chord functions are Tonic Function: I, i, and vi - The home chord sounds at rest. It usually provides the beginning and ending for most progressions. Sometimes the ...
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2answers
93 views

How does instrumentation change the personality of a piece?

I don't understand how a change in instrumentation can make the same sequence of notes feel different if nothing else is changed about the piece. I mean for example if I listen to Symphony no 5 by ...
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2answers
145 views

On a guitar, what keys correspond to different capo postions?

I've long had this question. I know some music theory, but I can only get a vague idea as to the progression of keys when moving the capo down a guitar's neck. I'm fairly certain that the guitar is in ...
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3answers
115 views

Voiceleading and piano

I have for a long time been very confused about how the principles of voice leading taught in 4 part Harmony writing relate to music in general. The dogma seems to be that virtually all tonal music is ...
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3answers
100 views

Are the formulae for Minor scale and Major scales related?

I'm looking at the formulae used to create the Major and Minor scales, with 'W' meaning whole step and 'H' meaning half step. Major scale: W-W-H-W-W-W-H Minor scale: W-H-W-W-H-W-W Is there ...
7
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5answers
2k views

If A minor doesn't have any accidentals, is it still minor?

As part of a music course, we have to compose a 3 minute long piece based on a river's journey. Having finished the composition, we now have to write a set of sleeve notes - basically an analysis and ...
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5answers
250 views

Does a phrase ending in V7/V - V end in an authentic cadence or a half cadence?

Does a phrase ending in V7/V - V end in an authentic cadence or a half cadence?
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0answers
33 views

Where do the musical note names come from in the chromatic scale? [duplicate]

I'm trying to study some musical theory in my free time and it's starting to make sense but a few things are still bugging me. I've scanned the internet for hours but I can't find a satisfying answer. ...
6
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6answers
189 views

The teaching of scales, chords and keys

A question for the music educators out there. What are we doing wrong that is causing so many young musicians to ask so many questions based on the misapprehension that only certain notes and certain ...
3
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7answers
223 views

What's the theory behind using a B major chord in Bb major?

If you're in Bb major, how can you use a Bb major chord and a B major chord? Bohemian rhapsody is a good example. |B Bb A Bb|B Bb A Bb| ...
9
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4answers
278 views

Can a chord be both major and minor?

So I was messing up with chords the other day and I came with a case where the chord could be both minor and major. I'm wondering if it can be true or if a chord is either, but cannot be both at the ...
2
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1answer
598 views

Simple chord progression question

I am learning the piano online. I am trying to learn chord progressions. In this simple example the chord progression is supposed to be C F G C (I, IV, V, I). However, in the third part (G) the ...
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3answers
86 views

Is there a name for this type ascending inversions of a repeated chord?

I was messing around on one of my guitars one day and stumbled upon this interesting ascending progression. I ended up writing a song using the progression even though I wasn't even sure what the ...
0
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1answer
67 views

Im6 chord in a minor II-V-I

In a minor II-V-I progression, we usually have a IIm7(b5) chord followed by a V7(b9,b13) chord, resolving into Im7. I always thought the diminished 5th in the II chord (also the minor 9th in the V7 ...
6
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4answers
297 views

Is this progression considered to be in A mixolydian?

I have a chord progression that goes: A Bm D A G Other areas of the song also have an A, G, D, A progression. Would this song considered to be in A mixolydian vs A major or D major since the root ...
3
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9answers
668 views

Is it acceptable to change tempo in the middle of a song or is this a bad idea?

I wrote a song that could be classified as Pop or Country that starts out at a medium slow tempo in the first two verses and bridge. Then there is a section after the bridge that can best be ...
9
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2answers
141 views

What are the characteristic intervals or scales of 13-limit harmony and beyond?

I've been studying and really getting into the Extended Just Intonation music of composers like Ben Johnston and Kyle Gann. I've started trying to explore the sort of intervals and scales that are ...
2
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3answers
90 views

Ways to use quartal chords

By stacking 4ths in C major, the following quadads result: C, F, B, E D, G, C, F E, A, D, G F, B, E, A G, C, F, B A, D, G, C B, E, A, D (I used C major for simplicity, but this can obviously be ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Diminished progression

How can you use a progression (like the one below) and have it fit in C major well and support the melody? Please help me with some tips. Do these diminished chords fit in a diatonic scale well, ...
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1answer
55 views

Augmented chords and chord substitution?

Say we are in C major; how do we use chords like the Augmented chords, other diminished chords out side the scale (minor to major substitution, dominant 7th substitution, altered chords, chord ...
4
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1answer
591 views

Is this a dissonance? What causes it?

My question is about the use of dissonance in music. In the song Heart Of Amsterdam (for German users, click here instead[*]), from the Lucassen-van Giesbergen "The Gentle Storm" project, at the 3:00 ...
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8answers
369 views

Confusion about major and minor second intervals

Why is a major second interval different from a minor second interval considering that in the natural scales formulae they are both one whole step?
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1answer
80 views

Country music elements

My question is in general but for right now I'm just specific about country music. Every genre of music has its own elements, and some genres have some features and some other don't. For example ...
9
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2answers
316 views

Different modes of pentatonic scale

Just as there are seven modes of the diatonic scale, I would expect five modes of the pentatonic scale. Have these been classified? Here they are, in the form of {semitone interval gaps} (Notes for ...