The study of how music works, seeking to identify structures and patterns in music.

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0
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2answers
127 views

Are these C notes a slur or a tie?

On the bass clef, there are 2 C notes. I think it is a tie (wiki) and they should be played once for 6 beats. Am I correct? Or do I have to play the C twice, 3 beats each?
-1
votes
2answers
113 views

Struggling with chords, melodies, and basslines [closed]

I am facing hard time with basslines, chords, and melodies. It's bit a confusing. How do I write them and play on guitar solo? How they are formed and how to resolve them? Can i have an example with ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

In jazz, what is an upper structure triad?

What is upper structure? How are upper structure triads constructed? How are they used?
1
vote
2answers
347 views

What are the notes in a 11th chord?

Does a chord like C11 contain (apart from 1st, 3rd, 5th) the 7th and the 9th? Or I can just play the 3rd, 5th and the 11th and the root? I have the same question with chords like C9 and C13.
20
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6answers
46k views

What is the first scale one should learn on guitar

The title really sums it all up but I'll try expand it slightly. Lets say I'm learning guitar and would like to improve my guitar work. Which of the scales should I learn first and why?
-1
votes
4answers
174 views

What key is this chord progression?

I'm a beginner guitar player and I am just now foraying into theory / keys / chord progressions. I've seen this grouping of chords in several songs: E - C#m - G# (or Ab?) - A (Where Is My Mind - ...
-1
votes
1answer
70 views

What Semibreve, crotchet and minim Rests stands for

I'm reading the book of David Braid - Play Classical Guitar, everything goes smoothly until I get the Rests part : Here the part that confuses me : Let me explain first what I understood : exr-...
3
votes
2answers
226 views
-4
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2answers
105 views

Guitar Octave up and down [closed]

In this link that I have written below,we find E octaves on the Guitar fretbord and my Question is: E note have 8 octaves? and from low E to E on the 12 fret (6 string)is one octave, and from E on ...
-1
votes
3answers
76 views

Can i use a chord scale in key signature like CDEFGABC: A CHORD SCALE

To play a song in key is there a possibility of playing a scale of chord in key signature. For example c major key CDEFGABC: In this A is the major 6, can i use A major scale A,B,C#,D,E,F#,G#,A with ...
-1
votes
3answers
73 views

What is bass and melody in music?

In guitar what strings provide bass and what string provide melody? What is the difference between bass and melody in song? How it is played in guitar? If play song in acoustic, do I use the 654 ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

Which books are being taught in famous universities about contemporary harmony [closed]

What are the best books that are being taught about contemporary harmony in universities around the world? Does anyone know about a book that is so famous that is being taught in almost all famous ...
3
votes
1answer
95 views

Understanding the notes in the 4th measure of Moonlight Sonata [duplicate]

I'm working on playing Moonlight Sonata on the Piano and I'm having trouble relating what I'm reading on the sheet music to what I'm finding around the web on how to play it. Here's a picture of the ...
2
votes
3answers
143 views

What is the difference between writing C#4 and C#11?

I see C#11 in a lot of jazz music, but sometimes I'll see C#4 in jazz, and commonly in other types of music. Is there any difference between the two, and if not, how do you decide which to write?
7
votes
3answers
575 views

musical theory of lullabies

I'm studying lullabies right now, and am just left wondering about a few things. Why is a common element of a lullaby that it has a slow tempo? Also, why is having a high tessitura so important?
6
votes
3answers
662 views

Which notes are bass line, versus melody line, in a rock song?

I'm actually learning piano, and in piano i can play the bass with my left hand and the melody with my right hand. But it doesn't seem to be the case with guitars and i assume that one guitar should ...
8
votes
7answers
4k views

Is it possible to write a melody which can't be notated?

Is it possible to have a piece which can't be notated using the musical notes we currently have?
29
votes
1answer
5k views

Why is C the base note of standard notation and keys?

Why is it that notes "start" with C? In key signatures, for example, C Major is the basis and accidentals are added for all other key signatures. I know that the musical alphabet starts with A and ...
4
votes
3answers
188 views

Rule of the octave for melody

In thorough bass (where the bass line is written first) there are simple "rules" for ascending and descending scales with different inversions and other rules in "partimenti". They are all based on ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Create chords for alternate tuning?

In my specific case, I have a baritone ukulele which I tuned to all-fourths (personal preference), making its strings match the lower 4 strings of the standard guitar tuning (G4-D4-A3-E3). It also ...
0
votes
2answers
65 views

making different Guitar tabs for one song

When you make a tab or sheet music for one song how do you do it? for example :there some guitar tabs for (Fur Elise) in the net... please look at these links for that song: https://tabs.ultimate-...
4
votes
6answers
5k views

How to differentiate between 12/8 vs 6/8 timing (or hemiola)

How would a composer differentiate between a 12/8 and a 6/8 time signature? On 3/4 timing you'd have 3 quarter notes as your rhythm, on 6/8 you'd have 2 dotted quarter notes correct? I wrote a song ...
2
votes
2answers
704 views

Scale, Heptatonic Scale, Diatonic Scale, Major Scale

A scale with 7 notes, in an octave, is called a Heptatonic Scales. Heptatonic scales are further divided based on tone and semitones arrangements. If a Heptatonic scale have five tones and two ...
5
votes
5answers
507 views

What note type in the 7th of a chord? - Music Theory

If this diagram is accurate, would the 7th of a Bmin7 be formed from a minor 7th interval or a major 7th interval, e. g. A-natural or A-sharp? I'm assuming A-natural. If this line of thinking is wrong,...
5
votes
3answers
109 views

Which chord is Cm6?

I am not sure if this is an inversion or some other chord. Notation is Cm6. Is this an inversion of C minor chord? Or is it a sixth chord of some sort - C minor with a sixth added? Key signature ...
3
votes
3answers
123 views

How does one learn the different scale patterns that change when you change fret?

I have just learned what a scale is and I am practicing the minor pentatonic scale on guitar. I have noticed that when you change what fret you start on, the pattern changes. For reference, I am ...
20
votes
7answers
35k views

How to tell the time signature of a song by listening?

Every song has some kind of time signature; even if different parts of the song have different time signatures, there is always a time signature. When learning a song by ear and no score, knowing the ...
1
vote
3answers
140 views

Sharps at the start of a score

I'm having difficulty identifying and playing the sharps which are C# , D# , F# and G# . Do the sharps apply to all the bars ?
0
votes
3answers
161 views

Can the melody have more than one note sounding at once?

When more than one note is playing, it probably is a chord. But can the melody section have two or more notes, being played simultaneously? EDIT: I mean for a single instrument whose focus is either ...
1
vote
2answers
49 views

I've found the chords to Chicago by Meg & Dia but can't figure out the theory

Chicago is one of my favourite Meg & Dia songs (RIP 2012). I've tabbed out a few of their songs and figured out their keys and such, but this one seems to be more than your standard vi-IV-I-V ...
0
votes
4answers
168 views

What is the process I should follow to analyse a piece like this?

This piece (called Roundabouts) is from a book on how to play the piano. I thought it would be fun to analyse this piece but it seems to be very difficult. It's in the key of C major and the two ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

do birds know about musical scales? [duplicate]

I sometimes wonder whether musical scales are "merely" the result of our cultural tradition and experience or whether they are (even) more fundamental. In this context - and given that spring has ...
4
votes
5answers
173 views

How do professionals think about notes/degrees/intervals while playing a melody

By my count there are 3 natural ways one might think about a simple melody - I'll use "row row row your boat" as an example. a) notes: CCCDE EDEFG b) scale degrees / distance from tonic: 11123 32345 ...
30
votes
11answers
5k views

Why do octaves sound equivalent?

It is, I think, a perfectly clear observation that one note an octave above another note sounds as if it were the same in a certain sense; while they are by no means the same exact note, they are ...
16
votes
5answers
1k views

Why do harmonics sound good?

Harmonics, as in multiple of a fundamental frequency, sound good to our ears. A few examples: Octaves, i.e. doubling the frequency. We assimilates pitches separated by octaves to a same pitch class. ...
4
votes
5answers
315 views

Tonality of modes?

With the basic modes like phrygian, Lydian etc, the modes with the same notes as C major ( so no flats or sharps) how do they sound different from a major or minor scale.( this is like E phrygian).
15
votes
4answers
17k views

Difference between “Bar” and “Measure”

I was taught musical theory in the UK where I grew up. I was taught what a bar is. In my experience, the terminology "measure" is not used in a musical sense in the UK. Since living in the US, I ...
1
vote
5answers
173 views

Vocals on guitar

Okay so I asked a question earlier and I wasn't so clear. I'll try and rephrase it. I want to learn how to take a song, and then play something on the guitar that sounds like the vocals. For example: ...
7
votes
11answers
7k views

Is it acceptable to change tempo in the middle of a song or is this a bad idea?

I wrote a song that could be classified as Pop or Country that starts out at a medium slow tempo in the first two verses and bridge. Then there is a section after the bridge that can best be ...
3
votes
5answers
331 views

What are some effective ways to use a key change during a song?

In my own songwriting, I might change keys to reinforce a change in the direction of the lyrics. For example if the first two verses are first person but the last verse is 3rd person, I might ...
20
votes
6answers
11k views

How to play chords like G/B

I heard that if there is a chord written like x/y then that means an x chord with y in the bass. This can be played by playing x normally, but then playing the y note on the 6th string, correct? Then ...
1
vote
8answers
233 views

Do such chords exist?

for example, C D E or C C# D motivation: I am trying to get all of the permutations for all possible notes, chromatically (within the octave of a selected tonic, in this case C-chromatic scale) I ...
5
votes
4answers
565 views

Chord progression if the chords are not part of the scale?

I've been learning about harmony, and the harmonisation of major scales. I can recognise simple chord progressions, and I try and practice by listening to popular songs. For a major scale, we have:...
1
vote
2answers
69 views

Counter-example of counterpoint technique?

I'm trying to fully understand the concept that "Counterpoint" entails... but I can't seem to think any situation in which a counterpoint is not present on a song/piece/whatever. If counterpoint is ...
1
vote
2answers
72 views

How do I find the chord progressions for sheet music?

Just wondering if someone could give me some steps to working out the chord progression of sheet music ie. chord IV or II etc. How do I know what is what?
11
votes
2answers
340 views

When did keyboard partitions start to use the G-clef for the upper staff ?

When you look at very old sheetmusic (for harpsichord or organ), you see that the upper staff has a C-clef, first line. The lower one is the familiar bass F-clef, fourth line. Why and when did the ...
0
votes
4answers
194 views

How to get started on keyboard?

I'm 18 years old and I'm soon getting a keyboard because I'm really interested in music. I am especially interested in composing my own music and learning a lot of music theory. I used to play the ...
20
votes
11answers
8k views

What makes an interval “Perfect”?

I've been trying to find an answer, but to no avail. Is what we call a perfect interval somewhat arbitrary? It seems as if the modern definition is "perfect under inversion". I know the other thing ...
8
votes
7answers
2k views

Theory behind the change from a major chord to the same in minor

In many songs I hear the change from a major chord to the same, but minor. For example F A Bb Bbm. It sounds really nice to me and I'm wondering if there is a theory behind it. Is there a genre ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

Is doubling the root when converting guitar chords to piano wrong?

If you take guitar chords and put them into sheet music for piano, should you double the root (CEGC) or not (CEG)? And if you do is it wrong because you'd have parallel octaves? I mean I know ...