The study of how music works, seeking to identify structures and patterns in music.

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3
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3answers
144 views

Why is a major second not called a perfect second? [duplicate]

Apart from a second, intervals can be described as either {Diminished, Perfect, Augmented} or {Dim, Minor, Major, Aug} depending on whether or not the major and minor scale share that interval. For ...
5
votes
2answers
400 views

7th chord notation confusion

I simply cannot understand the notation used in this question: I need to express this chord in 4-part, open or closed position; I just can't seem to understand how the notation works. I know that ...
10
votes
6answers
1k views

Is F Lydian mode in the “key” of C Major?

I would assume that many would agree that if we have a piece of music and there are no sharps or flats in the key signature that in most cases (if not all) the piece would be considered in the key of ...
2
votes
2answers
58 views

Soloing / leads over chord progression with vi chord a major 7th?

I've written a song that's based largely around G major, with some C major parts. However, the G major progression utilizes a B7 chord, so it sits outside a normal G major scale. I've heard lots of ...
0
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2answers
101 views

Calculating the 'Tonal Center of a Musical Key [closed]

Concerning the 'Tonal Center' and 'Parent Scale', it took quite a while for me to wrap my mind, around this concept. However, through continued effort, I have reached an understanding, and am able to ...
4
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2answers
1k views

Why D sharp not E flat in Turkish March

I'm analyzing Mozart's Turkish March piece for the piano. As I see in measure 18 the harmony is F7 (fourth) with minor seven. Assuming it is a minor seven because the harmony is F7 why they thought ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

Transformative vs Generative in Algorithmic Composition

What's the difference between generative and transformative algorithms in relation to algorithmic composition of music? As I understand the basic idea of the algorithms themselves, generative uses ...
3
votes
1answer
95 views

Traits of calypso music?

I'd like to compose my own calypso music, but I've not been exposed to enough calypso in my lifetime to be able to do so intuitively. Of course, calypso is instantly recognisable as such, but why? ...
4
votes
2answers
83 views

What do the ratios of the partials in inharmonic spectra deviate from?

There is a paragraph where author talks about harmonic and inharmonic spectra, and he points out that the harmonic spectra have partials that deviate from the precise ratios (for example the term ...
0
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2answers
143 views

Piano chord made of 2 notes an octave apart

How can one build a chord made of 2 notes an octave apart from more basic chords, inversions, and deletions? E.g: a chord made of C-C. For example, one can smoothen a V7 chord by omitting the 5th and ...
1
vote
3answers
122 views

Why are certain scales considered unstable?

The Locrian Mode is considered unstable - my question is what in it makes it unstable? What makes a scale stable (have better relation between the keys)?
0
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1answer
52 views

How would this woodwind's shape affect its sound?

So, hopefully this question doesn't sound too vague, maybe I can completely explain it here. I have been trying to invent a theoretical instrument that has three main parts to it. The middle piece is ...
3
votes
1answer
481 views

c#-minor Vs E-major for Moonlight Sonata

I see Moonlight sonata often referred to as being in the key signature of c#-minor. I am beginning to learn music and just learning about key signatures and I would have referred to the key signature ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Why are major and minor harmonies multiple orders of magnitude more common than modal harmony? [duplicate]

At least for Western music of the past 300 years, it has been far more common for music to have major or minor scales as their basis of harmony, as opposed to a modal harmony. Is there a reason modal ...
1
vote
3answers
142 views

Confusion about using scales and modes together in a solo?

Ok so my music theory knowledge is limited. I have been playing guitar for a couple of years now, mostly by ear and I often struggle in applying theory. While writing a solo I wondered whether I ...
4
votes
2answers
282 views

I've played piano for three years and have never seen this symbol above a note, what is it?

Really freaked me out when I saw something this uncommon in a beginner song. It's piano solo music if you need that info.
0
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2answers
77 views

confused about modes and the proper way to use them in my playing

I was wondering if someone could explain to me the correct way to play and use modes. some websites that I use to teach myself about them say that (in relation to C major) the Dorian would simply be: ...
13
votes
4answers
1k views

Distinction between same notes played on different strings

While playing a particular piece (not chords, fingerpicking/single note playing) on my ukulele (or as far as the question is concerned, any similar instrument), I use the standard notation and then ...
2
votes
6answers
545 views

What key could the progression Dmaj7-Amaj7-A6-Esus4-E be in?

A friend is writing a song that begins with the following chord progression: Dmaj7-A-Esus4-E, and then repeats. I changed it to this (just trying things out): Dmaj7-Amaj7-A6-Esus4-E. The two A ...
1
vote
1answer
576 views

Transposing notes from piano notation to play on guitar

I have music theory book that is piano centered and switches between bass and violin clefs. I'm wondering how to transpose notes to comfortably play it on guitar. Moving one octave up is best way? ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

Do I have perfect or relative pitch? [closed]

Okay, I fully understand the definitions and differences between perfect and relative pitch, but I've still been wondering what I have because I feel like my abiities fit neither. To make things ...
1
vote
2answers
107 views

Roman numerals analysis

I'm studying music theory in https://www.musictheory.net I have reach a point where the roman numeral analysis is explained. A couple of lessons later, I found the next image: I really can't make ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Song is described as C# is this C# major, minor or?

I am learning to play "Every praise by Hezekiah Walker" and the gentleman in the video describes the song in C# with the chords F, Eb, F#, is he referring to C# Major or Minor? I understand C# is ...
5
votes
3answers
748 views

Is two singing voices occasionaly being unison “allowed”?

I was writing a lower harmony to an existing (rock) lead voice with a given chord progression and there is a point in time, where it seems like the two voices need to sing the very same note. The only ...
1
vote
4answers
92 views

Em9-A-B progression - would you consider that a key change?

From a theory perspective, does a repeated R&B progression like Em9-A-B count as a key change occurring over and over, or a I-IV-V progression with a seriously modified I chord (from major to ...
-1
votes
1answer
94 views

I am a beginner. Why does it appear there are not Bmajor or Fmajor chords? [closed]

When viewing piano or guitar chords, there are the usual A,C,D,E,G major chords. Why not B and F majors as well?
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Tchaikovsky symphony No1 movement 1 time 2/4

I'm busy with the first symphony of Peter I. Tchaikovsky. In movement 1 the time signature is 2/4. Can someone explain the choice of putting 2/4 instead of 4/4. If it goes with the feel I don't feel ...
0
votes
2answers
45 views

Making part of a triad chord sharper, but is it counted as minor?

I'm confused about the transitioning from Major triad chord to Minor triad chord ("Triad Chord" means playing 3 notes/keys at once to form a chord) So in band (Not those type of Rock Band,the one ...
2
votes
2answers
128 views

B - F - A chord in the key of C major

It was published in 1891 so I guess the harmony is based on common practice era music. There is one exercise (in C major) that I can play but I just don't really know how to understand it ...
-1
votes
1answer
212 views

When do you play major or minor keys? [closed]

I'm confused about major and minor keys when reading sheet music. Major and minor keys are when you play multiple keys at once, but can you give me an example of when you'd do this while reading sheet ...
3
votes
2answers
260 views

Is there a key signature for harmonic minor scale?

I know that sharp key signatures are applied in the order: F C G D A E B and that flat key signatures are applied as: B E A D G C F. But these are for major and minor scales, right? Is there a way to ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

How to practice music theory? [closed]

Since i'm self taught, I don't really know how to go about this. Do i memorize the notes on the fretboard, the different chords in a scale, etc?
3
votes
0answers
88 views

Literature on scientific achievements in physiological acoustics after Helmholtz [closed]

I'm greatly interested in theoretical/mathematical/physiological aspects of music and sound. As everyone knows, the Greek already discovered that consonant sounds seem to correspond to simple ...
0
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1answer
46 views

A quarter note or an eighths? [duplicate]

Maybe a beginner question - but can't find any information on this and have no one to ask! On the image below - how is the first note meant to be played? How can it be both an eighths and a quarter? ...
4
votes
3answers
169 views

Ideas on how to concentrate/not get lost when listening to a song for transcription/understanding purposes

I am learning to listen analytically to music (listening to try and figure out what is going on) but I tend to get lost in the music quite easily. For example, when I start counting in my head, at ...
4
votes
3answers
93 views

Does this cadence have a name?

The cadence on the fermata in this (simplified) example sounds familiar to me (in blue): Since it does, I suppose it possibly has a name. My best guesses trying to analyze it so far are: half ...
4
votes
2answers
110 views

Why are the same notes written on different staves?

I am learning Chopin's Prelude No. 15 in D flat Major, and I was curious as to why the Db F notes in the bass are written in the lower stave in the first bar but then the upper stave in the second ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

accidentals in measure

What I self studied is that an accidental stays throughout the measure to the bar. Lately I saw in a theory work book, there's two conditions 1. The same note. (That's ok with me) 2. It's on the same ...
4
votes
3answers
165 views

Why does the V6 chord sound so different from the plain V chord?

I am a twelfth year pianist, and I have done a fair amount of composition. However, I have no idea why the major five chord sounds so much different when played over the major seventh in the bass. ...
4
votes
3answers
257 views

Do the notes of a chord form parallel octaves, even when they are not played simultaneously?

Here is an example of what I'm trying to say The sample below is in Bb major. Do the notes of the bass and the alto form parallel octaves? On the alto voice I'm using delayed resolution. On the ...
9
votes
5answers
693 views

chord progressions - Fm to Bb, sounds different to Cm to F

I recently started trying my hand at composition and could not figure out why the two chords progressions sounds different: F minor followed by B flat major, which is an interval of a 4th C minor ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

How to transcribe a score without a rigid tempo?

How do you notate a score that doesn't have a continuous tempo, but ebbs and flows? How can you communicate the rhythmic intentions of the composer to future players? What I was lectured that you need ...
2
votes
2answers
133 views

What is a Schenkerian graph?

I just started reading Audacious Euphony: Chromaticism and the Triads Second Nature pretty early on it mentioned Schenkerian graphs and put them in the same group of analysis as Roman Numeral ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

What is state and response and modal sequence in music theory structure analysis?

So in for say a sentence structure, we have the basic idea phrase, and then it repeats the basic idea again. However, the second repetition basic idea can be either an exact repetition, state and ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

How to understand a 32 bar progression

I am learning some country progressions. There is a waltz time 32 bar progression in the style of some old Tex Ritter song, I think. It's not just two 16 bar progressions (the last two 16 bars are ...
1
vote
3answers
97 views

notating a cappella liturgy music

Trying to notate recorded liturgy a cappella music. I have a problem with getting the notes right. Since the music changes keys from 3/4 to 4/4 etc. in a movement, the ebb and flow changes constantly. ...
3
votes
2answers
126 views

Is there an easier way to remember the notes in 11th and 13th chords?

Is there an easier way to remember the notes in 11th and 13th chords, like maybe an alteration of a different chord or a combination of two triads? For example, if I see a 13th chord, I have to think ...
9
votes
9answers
2k views

Is it necessary to use only notes and chords that belong in a specific scale?

I used to think it is necessary to at least follow the chords of a scale until I came across the Nirvana song "Lithium" and I realized the notes and chords he used in the song don't fit in any scale! ...
9
votes
6answers
826 views

Algorithm for Transposing Chords Between Keys

I'm writing software that transposes sheet music between keys and I'm still new at music theory so I was hoping someone who knows more could let me know if my approach is correct. Here's my process ...
2
votes
4answers
363 views

Chords in the chromatic scale [closed]

In a major scale, I know the chords to be: major, minor, minor, major, major, minor and diminished. What are the chords for the chromatic scale...using the C-major scale as reference...?! What I ...