The study of how music works, seeking to identify structures and patterns in music.

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Beginnging Music Theory - What are scales and why should I learn them? [duplicate]

Background I'm looking for help with respect to where I could start learning music in general as a guitarist. I can play some simple songs and melodies I taught myself, understand what notes map to ...
3
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2answers
155 views

“crescendo” vs hair pin

symphony no.1 movement 1 page 16 by the string sections Working on Peter I. Tchaikovsky first symphony manuscript Conductor score. I came to a interesting observation. On the same page all ...
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3answers
103 views

Diminished and augmented key signature

Now I know that augmented chords and diminished chords are dissonant normally. Arpeggiate it and it is much more consonant. 3rd octave and it is much more consonant. But can you actually have ...
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4answers
352 views

Is this a C chord or an Em chord?

A nice little progression on acoustic guitar is to play a regular C chord (omit/mute the bottom E string), then slide your 3rd finger (A string) from the 3rd fret (C) to the 2nd (B), then play Am7 (...
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1answer
164 views

Mark Levine the jazz theory versus the jazz piano book

I currently own the jazz theory book by mark levine. It's very informative and I'm sure it's gonna take me a few years to get the best out of it, but I wonder is it still worth getting the jazz piano ...
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1answer
63 views

Tonality of a song given some chords

I have this notes I extracted from a song using Adobe Audition’s frequency analysis. D F# A C# (Dmaj7) E G B D (Em7) F# A C# E (F#m7) G B D F# (Gmaj7) A C# E G (A7) B D F# A (Bm7) C# E G B (C#...
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7answers
959 views

Can a symphony be in many keys?

First of all, please excuse me for my bad musical vocabulary usages. I'm working on an information-system for music, and I'm trying to understand some basic concepts in order to move on in my project....
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3answers
114 views

Gregorian modes in Renaissance music (with Cabezón's 'Tiento del Cuarto Tono' as an example)

I'd like to ask a question on how Gregorian modes were transformed during Renaissance using a piece of Antonio de Cabezón as an example. His 'Tiento del Cuarto Tono' is written in mode 4, which is, as ...
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0answers
12 views

Books to start playing Piano? [duplicate]

I'm a guitar player and I would like to know a good starting book for piano. I have some music knowledge acquired with years of guitar theory. I did my research and I did find some interesting books ...
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2answers
171 views

Playing barre chords without E strings - does it have a name?

Many rock bands play barre chords without the E strings. Is there a name for that? For example, the F chord at 1:27. A normal F chord normally contains more notes. The last string is muted. I heard ...
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2answers
96 views

guitar beginner level - chord voicings

I have been playing guitar for a few years and lately I have been studying some music theory. So what is the difference between playing the bmaj chord with the root note in the fifth string (A string) ...
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2answers
200 views

In what octave am I supposed to play a chord progression?

If someone asks me to play I VI II IV in C minor, am I supposed to play them in the same octave? Like, if I start with C minor in the third octave, do I then move 6 steps up to play G# major or can I ...
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2answers
118 views

Does a chord imply a change in the key signature?

I was looking at Cold Duck Time : Where the key signature is F major. On the second bar, the bass line says that the A is to be played natural. The key signature doesn't have Ab, but the chord (Bb7)...
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1answer
121 views

What is the difference between grouping overlaps and elisions?

I am reading "A Generative Theory of Tonal Music" by F. Lerdahl and R. Jackendoff and I don't understand the difference between grouping overlaps and elisions (this is explained in section 3.4). The ...
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4answers
2k views

Did baroque composers think of ritardando on their compositions?

I've been always told that whenever I play any baroque piece on the piano, I should take special care when attending to, for example, the amount of right pedal I should use. It sounded perfectly ...
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2answers
478 views

Do capable harmony singers sing in just intonation or tempered tuning?

I understand that the mathematical frequency ratios between certain intervals will correlate with the overtones that are present when a note sounds in a fundamental frequency. Certain predictable ...
3
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3answers
274 views

Does a key signature remain the same after a clef change?

Does a key signature stay the same after a clef change? I have provided an example; it is in the second staff of the lower system as indicated by the blue arrow.
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3answers
194 views

Why is a major second not called a perfect second? [duplicate]

Apart from a second, intervals can be described as either {Diminished, Perfect, Augmented} or {Dim, Minor, Major, Aug} depending on whether or not the major and minor scale share that interval. For ...
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2answers
406 views

7th chord notation confusion

I simply cannot understand the notation used in this question: I need to express this chord in 4-part, open or closed position; I just can't seem to understand how the notation works. I know that ...
11
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6answers
2k views

Is F Lydian mode in the “key” of C Major?

I would assume that many would agree that if we have a piece of music and there are no sharps or flats in the key signature that in most cases (if not all) the piece would be considered in the key of ...
2
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2answers
60 views

Soloing / leads over chord progression with vi chord a major 7th?

I've written a song that's based largely around G major, with some C major parts. However, the G major progression utilizes a B7 chord, so it sits outside a normal G major scale. I've heard lots of ...
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2answers
136 views

Calculating the 'Tonal Center of a Musical Key [closed]

Concerning the 'Tonal Center' and 'Parent Scale', it took quite a while for me to wrap my mind, around this concept. However, through continued effort, I have reached an understanding, and am able to ...
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2answers
1k views

Why D sharp not E flat in Turkish March

I'm analyzing Mozart's Turkish March piece for the piano. As I see in measure 18 the harmony is F7 (fourth) with minor seven. Assuming it is a minor seven because the harmony is F7 why they thought ...
4
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1answer
131 views

Transformative vs Generative in Algorithmic Composition

What's the difference between generative and transformative algorithms in relation to algorithmic composition of music? As I understand the basic idea of the algorithms themselves, generative uses ...
3
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1answer
164 views

Traits of calypso music?

I'd like to compose my own calypso music, but I've not been exposed to enough calypso in my lifetime to be able to do so intuitively. Of course, calypso is instantly recognisable as such, but why? ...
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2answers
94 views

What do the ratios of the partials in inharmonic spectra deviate from?

There is a paragraph where author talks about harmonic and inharmonic spectra, and he points out that the harmonic spectra have partials that deviate from the precise ratios (for example the term "...
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2answers
176 views

Piano chord made of 2 notes an octave apart

How can one build a chord made of 2 notes an octave apart from more basic chords, inversions, and deletions? E.g: a chord made of C-C. For example, one can smoothen a V7 chord by omitting the 5th and ...
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3answers
128 views

Why are certain scales considered unstable?

The Locrian Mode is considered unstable - my question is what in it makes it unstable? What makes a scale stable (have better relation between the keys)?
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1answer
62 views

How would this woodwind's shape affect its sound?

So, hopefully this question doesn't sound too vague, maybe I can completely explain it here. I have been trying to invent a theoretical instrument that has three main parts to it. The middle piece is ...
3
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1answer
515 views

c#-minor Vs E-major for Moonlight Sonata

I see Moonlight sonata often referred to as being in the key signature of c#-minor. I am beginning to learn music and just learning about key signatures and I would have referred to the key signature ...
1
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1answer
78 views

Why are major and minor harmonies multiple orders of magnitude more common than modal harmony? [duplicate]

At least for Western music of the past 300 years, it has been far more common for music to have major or minor scales as their basis of harmony, as opposed to a modal harmony. Is there a reason modal ...
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3answers
168 views

Confusion about using scales and modes together in a solo?

Ok so my music theory knowledge is limited. I have been playing guitar for a couple of years now, mostly by ear and I often struggle in applying theory. While writing a solo I wondered whether I ...
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2answers
294 views

I've played piano for three years and have never seen this symbol above a note, what is it?

Really freaked me out when I saw something this uncommon in a beginner song. It's piano solo music if you need that info.
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2answers
86 views

confused about modes and the proper way to use them in my playing

I was wondering if someone could explain to me the correct way to play and use modes. some websites that I use to teach myself about them say that (in relation to C major) the Dorian would simply be: ...
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4answers
1k views

Distinction between same notes played on different strings

While playing a particular piece (not chords, fingerpicking/single note playing) on my ukulele (or as far as the question is concerned, any similar instrument), I use the standard notation and then ...
2
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6answers
601 views

What key could the progression Dmaj7-Amaj7-A6-Esus4-E be in?

A friend is writing a song that begins with the following chord progression: Dmaj7-A-Esus4-E, and then repeats. I changed it to this (just trying things out): Dmaj7-Amaj7-A6-Esus4-E. The two A ...
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1answer
930 views

Transposing notes from piano notation to play on guitar

I have music theory book that is piano centered and switches between bass and violin clefs. I'm wondering how to transpose notes to comfortably play it on guitar. Moving one octave up is best way? I'...
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1answer
90 views

Do I have perfect or relative pitch? [closed]

Okay, I fully understand the definitions and differences between perfect and relative pitch, but I've still been wondering what I have because I feel like my abiities fit neither. To make things ...
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2answers
134 views

Roman numerals analysis

I'm studying music theory in https://www.musictheory.net I have reach a point where the roman numeral analysis is explained. A couple of lessons later, I found the next image: I really can't make ...
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1answer
83 views

Song is described as C# is this C# major, minor or?

I am learning to play "Every praise by Hezekiah Walker" and the gentleman in the video describes the song in C# with the chords F, Eb, F#, is he referring to C# Major or Minor? I understand C# is ...
5
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3answers
769 views

Is two singing voices occasionaly being unison “allowed”?

I was writing a lower harmony to an existing (rock) lead voice with a given chord progression and there is a point in time, where it seems like the two voices need to sing the very same note. The only ...
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4answers
103 views

Em9-A-B progression - would you consider that a key change?

From a theory perspective, does a repeated R&B progression like Em9-A-B count as a key change occurring over and over, or a I-IV-V progression with a seriously modified I chord (from major to ...
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1answer
95 views

I am a beginner. Why does it appear there are not Bmajor or Fmajor chords? [closed]

When viewing piano or guitar chords, there are the usual A,C,D,E,G major chords. Why not B and F majors as well?
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1answer
47 views

Tchaikovsky symphony No1 movement 1 time 2/4

I'm busy with the first symphony of Peter I. Tchaikovsky. In movement 1 the time signature is 2/4. Can someone explain the choice of putting 2/4 instead of 4/4. If it goes with the feel I don't feel 2/...
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2answers
49 views

Making part of a triad chord sharper, but is it counted as minor?

I'm confused about the transitioning from Major triad chord to Minor triad chord ("Triad Chord" means playing 3 notes/keys at once to form a chord) So in band (Not those type of Rock Band,the one ...
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2answers
140 views

B - F - A chord in the key of C major

It was published in 1891 so I guess the harmony is based on common practice era music. There is one exercise (in C major) that I can play but I just don't really know how to understand it ...
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1answer
264 views

When do you play major or minor keys? [closed]

I'm confused about major and minor keys when reading sheet music. Major and minor keys are when you play multiple keys at once, but can you give me an example of when you'd do this while reading sheet ...
3
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2answers
277 views

Is there a key signature for harmonic minor scale?

I know that sharp key signatures are applied in the order: F C G D A E B and that flat key signatures are applied as: B E A D G C F. But these are for major and minor scales, right? Is there a way to ...
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1answer
92 views

How to practice music theory? [closed]

Since i'm self taught, I don't really know how to go about this. Do i memorize the notes on the fretboard, the different chords in a scale, etc?
3
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0answers
89 views

Literature on scientific achievements in physiological acoustics after Helmholtz [closed]

I'm greatly interested in theoretical/mathematical/physiological aspects of music and sound. As everyone knows, the Greek already discovered that consonant sounds seem to correspond to simple ...