The study of how music works, seeking to identify structures and patterns in music.

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5
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5answers
116 views

Whats are some ways of visualizing notes on guitar's fret-board if you come from piano background?

I come from piano background and it's been really difficult to visualize the notes I'm playing on guitar. On piano it's simple - they follow sequentially. So, my question is - what is the best way to ...
1
vote
2answers
24 views

The meaning of Coda

What does a Coda mean in music? I don't understand, it appears in many articles about "sonata form" but I still don't know..
3
votes
2answers
46 views

Why would a piece start in G♭ Major then modulate to F♯?

I saw a question regarding F# vs. Gb in a given song. The song began in Gb Major then went to F# minor . . . and then it was question as to why the change. Why not just write the song in one Key? I ...
2
votes
2answers
162 views

“ii and ii6 rarely used to harmonize 6 in the soprano” - for what reason?

In my old theory book, I read that while ii and ii6 harmonize scale degrees 2 and 4, they rarely harmonize scale degree 6 in the soprano. (I'm assuming they mean for common practice music, SATB). ...
0
votes
3answers
26 views

Triad inversion question - How can I tell which one this is if I know the key?

If I know that this triad is in the key of A major, how can I tell if this a root, first inversion, or second inversion? I know in second inversion, the fifth is usually doubled, but how can I tell ...
2
votes
4answers
3k views

In traditional (tonal) harmony, how is the word “sonority” used?

In traditional harmony, I have heard the word "sonority" used sometimes freely in a way to describe harmonic structures or harmonic systems. However, in my experience the word was used somewhat ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

What a music piece name is in G/C/D… tells? [duplicate]

I see many music pieces named as name in C/D/E.... e.g., Canon in D, Nocturne in C# Minor etc. What does in X mean? How can I tell a piece is in which key? Thanks
31
votes
6answers
6k views

Why do people sometimes write notes as E♯ or C♭?

Instead of writing F or B, sometimes people use E♯ or C♭ to write these notes. Are there any advantages to this notation?
35
votes
14answers
13k views

Why Is Just Intonation Impractical?

I've read about the debate of "just intonation" vs 12-tone equal temperament. And nowhere it was clearly stated why just intonation is impractical. Here are my assumptions. Please let me know if I am ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

Scales and Ascending/Descending differences

I'm learning some unique guitar scales and I'm confused with certain scales. For example, the Raga Asavari scale plays a list of notes when ascending. However when you descend, you add more notes to ...
1
vote
2answers
47 views

How to play the bass and chord on piano?

actually im a beginner in music, but not that beginner, I know some chord and music theory, but I got doubt when I was playing keyboard, how to play the bass? is the bass in the left hand? and is the ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

How to start composing music? [closed]

I am a guitarist with enough information about music theory,little information about harmony. To expreince a music composition,I want to compose a very very simple Pop-Rock music... But i don't ...
2
votes
3answers
66 views

How much theory and how much transcribing?

I am a classically trained pianist, and I consider myself to be decent at playing. However I'm a poor sight in jazz, which is something that I really like. This summer I plan to study jazz thoroughly, ...
-2
votes
0answers
42 views

Why do people like specific types of music? [on hold]

Whenever I compose music I play them to my friends. All of the music I create I like (obviously). However, a friend of mine, who likes rock and electronic music, always emphasises the pain of ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

ode to joy music sheet [closed]

this is ode to joy music sheet but just 50 seconds this is the full ode to joy music sheet but i am looking for the whole ode to ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Why do we remember music better? [closed]

I know by experience that we remember things better through music. How is it that we remember music better than regular speaking? What is unique about our brains that allow us to do this?
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Difference between a key and a scale [duplicate]

I am just getting into trying to learn music theory and am having some trouble differentiating the difference between what a key and a scale is. I have been told that they are different but do not ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

What defines an instrument? [closed]

Can we argue that us stamping our foot on the ground is an instrument? What truly defines an instrument in the theology of music? We know that a piano is a musical instrument, but couldn't anything ...
2
votes
5answers
301 views

Magen Avot Scale - Indigenous Recordings

In a purely theoretical space, I noticed some interesting properties of a scale which I determined to be the Magen Avot Scale. The scale I am interested in is: C Db D# E F# G# A B or 1 b2 #2 3 ...
3
votes
4answers
85 views

Does anyone have any sources I could use to talk about who influenced Bach?

I am writing an essay about the synthesis of music theory Bach used to create his own music theory, especially in his fugal works. Any help would be appreciated, but if people could provide sources ...
1
vote
2answers
3k views

What's the ''rock rhythm'' like?

Every genre of music has its own rhythm, but I never understood the rock one. Theoretically, it's: one, TWO, three, FOUR but it's never this sequence. It's something like: three weak beats on one, a ...
9
votes
5answers
7k views

How to differentiate between a diminished fifth and an augmented fourth interval?

Both are a tritone appart, both sound the same. How can we differentiate when an interval is an augmented fourth or a diminished fifth? Context: In voice leading we learn that when the spelling of ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Theory of scales in piano improvisation

I'm learning the piano and just learned two scales, A and C (and the theory as to how to make the other keys: WWHWWWH). Other than learning how to make major/minor/dim etc chords how else can I use ...
0
votes
3answers
288 views

Is it possible to learn music theory with MuseScore?

Please forgive me if it is a stupid question. I love music and used to play some violin when I was a child. But I did not have any formal education in music theory. During the years I have made ...
16
votes
6answers
928 views

Finding the Shadaj (tonic) in Hindustani Sangeet (North Indian Classical Music)

This question pertains to non-Western music and hence a bit of explanation before a question is stated. I listen to and play Hindustani Sangeet i.e. North Indian Classical Music which does not use ...
50
votes
9answers
17k views

Purpose of double-sharps and double-flats?

In a few pieces of music I have read through, I have come across double-sharps and flats. To my understanding, they are two semitones above/below the note indicated. What is, then, the point of ...
0
votes
3answers
66 views

book to learn music [closed]

I don't know anything about theoretical music, but i'm in love with classical music and by classical i mean baroque, classic and romantic era. I've been listen to them almost all my life (24 years ...
5
votes
2answers
108 views

How to correctly invert non-compound greater-than-octave intervals?

(A.S.: Assuming that "non-compound" means "contains eight or less degrees.") TL;DR: How to invert doubly augmented seventh? I've ran into inversion problem with greater-than-octave intervals (not ...
4
votes
1answer
34 views

How to make a dal capo/segno include repeats?

I'm currently writing on musescore, and I have a problem getting the desired playback using dal segno: the second time through, repeat signs are ignored. According to this link, inner repeats in a ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

How to approach learning another guitarists solo?

I'm an intermediate guitar player looking for tips on how to best approach learning another musician's guitar solo. I've got a good grasp of the major/minor scales and modes, but I am missing ...
3
votes
6answers
2k views

Sharps vs Flats - Formula to determine correct sharp and flat notes in a scale

I am trying to figure out how to know if a note in a scale is a sharp or a flat. So my starting point/input are the intervals of any scale. E.g. here are the Minor pentatonic intervals Interval: 1, ...
20
votes
9answers
3k views

What are good resources for learning music theory?

What is a good resource for learning music theory, especially as it relates to the guitar, coming from a completely beginner's perspective? I had a musician friend try to teach me about modes such as ...
6
votes
2answers
355 views

Why Seven Principal Tones?

Why are there seven principal tones (A-G)? Just tradition? In the same vein, why are various sounds (of differing pitches) said to represent the same principal tone?
3
votes
4answers
170 views

Can someone please tell me why there are 5 different patterns to Penatonic scales

I mean if you can move them, why do you need more than one? All are movable up and down the fretboard? Right? So why does each need 5 patterns and how do you know which one to use? This has really ...
7
votes
5answers
279 views

Where does a “cresc. ” begin (end)?

I'm curious about the "cresc." sign . which one is getting louder , no.1 or no.2? and when does this cresc. end ? Does it end until the next sign come out ?
5
votes
3answers
287 views

Why does a melodic half step resolve on the higher note?

What is so special about a melodic half step that makes it "want" to go up (As in the leading tone to the tonic). Why isn't there as much resolution in a melodic half-step downwards?
6
votes
3answers
58 views

What is the difference between Taktteile and Taktglieder?

I am reading a book about Metric Manipulations by Danuta Mirka and the author refers to some German words. In this book, he writes that Takt refers to measure, Taktteile to parts of a measure, ...
2
votes
4answers
132 views

The last note and only the last note!

The phrase "Only the last note matters" or "the first and last" or "the first last and highest", etc... come up repeatedly throughout musical education. What, technically is going on when someone ...
12
votes
7answers
1k views

What gives a piece of music its personality and feeling?

What makes a piece of music sound angry, dark, sad, happy, or otherwise? "La Chute" by Yann Tiersen sounds so angry to me and "A Dark Knight" from "The Dark Knight" movie sounds so dark and ...
1
vote
3answers
128 views

Melody notes over Chord progressions

Is there any way of knowing what note in a scale would fit with a chord, or is it all trial and error, or do you just have to have that not you play in the melody feature in the chord you are playing? ...
3
votes
3answers
605 views

How to grok 20th-century pop music as evolution of classical harmony

With sufficient training, a student of harmony may build forwards from Bach through Mozart, Beethoven, Chopin, etc... understanding music of a period in terms of what has gone before. But it's going ...
15
votes
4answers
4k views

Can a scale contain both a sharp and a flat note?

So, the question should say it all, but for example: The G minor scale (G - A - Bb - C - D - Eb - F - G) To change this into the G harmonic minor scale, I would need to raise the seventh note a ...
9
votes
3answers
303 views

Why do the notes of Melodic-Minor Scale change when you play it in descending order?

Okay I'll admit, I don't know everything about music theory but I was pretty sure that any given diatonic (7 note) scale contained particular notes that defined the scale and were unique to the scale ...
0
votes
2answers
100 views

Calculating the 'Tonal Center of a Musical Key [closed]

Concerning the 'Tonal Center' and 'Parent Scale', it took quite a while for me to wrap my mind, around this concept. However, through continued effort, I have reached an understanding, and am able to ...
22
votes
9answers
9k views

Fast Chord Identification

How would someone go about identifying chords quickly and efficiently? While sight reading, I would often come up to some strange chord and try to decipher it. It normally takes me (what feels like) ...
9
votes
4answers
4k views

Why have I never found any music written in the key of C Sharp Major?

Music is written in almost every key that corresponds to every note that is on my piano keyboard. There is clearly a C Sharp (black key right of C) on my piano keyboard but I don't recall ever seeing ...
2
votes
3answers
147 views

Chord name does not match the notes it's written above

Sometimes I find the chords above a guitar tab hard to understand. For example, in this piece: There is a C chord written above the first bar even though the note beneath is a single open E-string ...
11
votes
2answers
199 views

What makes graduate-level music theory different from undergraduate-level music theory?

It's been years since I graduated with a music minor. My background consists of: Traditional two-semester sequence in music theory (basic notation to borrowed chords), i.e., Kostka/Payne ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Why is the key of C the one key with no sharps or flats? [duplicate]

It would seem like that would have been A from a logical stand point. Does anyone know the origin of this as to how music evolved this way with C being the so-called starter key? Just a curiosity on ...
3
votes
3answers
298 views

8 under clef and timing questions

Please look at the below graphic, there are a few things that are confusing me: 1 - Why is there an 8 under the treble clef? 2 - This is in common 4/4 time, yet one of the beginning 8th notes (in ...