# Tagged Questions

Numeric ratio indicating the subdivision of measures according to groups of beats.

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### Time and Key Signatures

Why is it deemed necessary to put the key signature at the beginning of each line? And in the same vein, why do we need a time signature at all, when it's fairly apparent what it will be in the first ...
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### How is the tempo and time signatures related?

I've been playing piano for 7 months now. I've decided to formally start music theory. I know the notes, rests and their values. Now, let me start off with 2 bars. The first being a 4/4 and the next ...
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### how do you find time signatures which does not match 3 , 4 ,5 , 7 counts,etc ? Or Can some songs have no time signatures ?

how do you find time signatures which does not match 3 , 4 ,5 , 7 counts,etc ? For example , I know that the second song sung here is 6/8 . But what is the time signature of the first one ? ...
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### How do you know if a song has triplets in 4/4 or if the tempo is 3/4?

How do you know if a song has triplets in 4/4 or if the tempo is 3/4 ? For example, consider this song : For the first line , I can count 1,2,3 ,1,2,3 ,1,2,3 ,1,2,...
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### Time Signature of Shark Fin Blues

I'm wondering what time signature the song Shark Fin Blues (from 0:30) would be written as? When listening, it feels to me like a repeating 3/4, 3/4, 3/4, 4/4 but I don't know how this would be ...
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### Time signature - How some pop songs can be counted in both 4/4 and 3/4?

In a few songs , if I am able to count in both the 4 beats and 3 beats and it still sets perfectly .. how would I know if it is 4/4 or 3/4 .. Eg1. This is an indian song : ...
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### What makes a composer decide between time signatures 3/4, 3/8, or 3/2? [duplicate]

Is there a logic to why, for example, a composer would choose 3/8 or 3/2 over 3/4? It seems like the n/8 would consume more ink than n/4, or make me look at more stuff at a time (cognitive overload ...
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### A visual indicator for counting bars in 4/4

I am helping a colleague out with a basic project. The project simply records bars tapped in a 4/4 time signature. There are two dynamic elements here. A beat indicator (in the screenshot, these are ...
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### How to notate pickup measures in the middle of peices?

I'm writing a song where some measures have less than the full number of beats indicated in the time signature. This occurs in the middle of the price, but it is a pickup to the next phrase. How is ...
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### Is to possible to translate any time signature to any time signature?

Is to possible to translate any time signature to any time signature without even slight change in music? Sometimes it is so hard to translate some time signatures to each other but finally is it ...
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### Why top number of time signature/dividing music into bars is required?

As i know the only thing that top number of time signature defines is beats in a bar. But i can read a music sheet without bar lines. So only the bottom number of time signature is required. Why ...
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### How can a 59/48 time signature be counted?

There is a song called Evol by Damian Legassick. Its time signature is 59/48. It is weird and I don't know which way to interpret it. There are two ways this can be interpreted: Number one It can ...
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### What is a rational rhythm?

Tuplets can transform a rhythm into an irrational (or irregular) rhythm, but how do we precisely define a rational rhythm in the first place?
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### What does the compound time require to be?

I am trying to study music theory which would help me learn various aspects of music, so I started with basics and then time signature. It states that for a music to be in compound time each beat is ...
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### Odd Meter Transcription Practices

I've occasionally found myself listening to music that's not always in standard meter. Either through odd time signatures, syncopation, or a combination of the two, certain music seems hard to ...
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### Software for typesetting and playing free time music

I have composed some "tempo libero" pieces, meaning no time signature and no bars also known as "umeasured". I would like to use the computer to produce typeset scores for this kind of "free time" ...
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### In a 3/4 piece, how would I score a single 4/4 bar where each beat is a triplet?

In a song I'm working on, I have 3 3/4 bars followed by a 4/4 bar, and this repeats. However the 4/4 bar is actually comprised of 4 triplets... so we have something like: 1 and 2 and 3 And 1 and 2 ...
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### How is it that 12 eighth notes fit in a measure labeled as common time?

I am looking at Franz Liszt's Consolation S.172 No.3. I have checked out two different music scores of the same composition and they both have the same time signature (standard), however the base line ...
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### Can a tune written for 3/4 time be played in 4/4 time?

Can the tune "Tenderly" be played in 3/4 time and 4/4 time? My sheet music shows 3/4 (waltz) time, but most jazz versions are played in 4/4 time.
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### Choosing common time or alla breve [duplicate]

From a technical standpoint, there is no real difference between common time and alla breve at half the frequency per beat (e.g. quarter note = 160 under 4/4 or half note = 80 under 2/2). Generally, I ...
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### Is there a map of culturally popular time signatures by region?

In watching this video we had a discussion about how certain cultures and regions prefer a certain structure to music. Time signatures is just one aspect of how a region may vary from another. Is ...
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### What are best practices surrounding polymetric music notation?

I'm writing a piece that has a 13/16 ostinato in it. However, the melodies aren't going to make any effort to have their downbeats line up with the ostinato. What are the best practices regarding ...
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### Complex Versus Simple Time Signatures

How to distinguish complex and simple time signatures? Are the complex ones divisible by three? (9 would be three beats per measure)
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### Time signature equivalent - two bars in Waltz time

I'm teaching a dance class in Waltz, the music is of course in 3/4 time. I wanted a way to describe to the students the beats in 2 consecutive bars, which I thought of as describing as '6/4' - I know ...
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### What time signature has 3 out of 8 beats accented?

It's been a very long time since I've done musical theory but I know this rhythm is quite common, especially in dance and even some punk/metal. So, some songs have 4 beats to a bar but it has 2 ...
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### Is there a lower limit for how short a note can be, in a given time signature?

A given time signature, say common time, establishes a limit for how long a note's value can be (nothing bigger than a whole note would fit in a 4/4 bar), but does this imply also a lower limit? For ...
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### Question about time signatures with voices

I'm learning the basics of musical theory and I see this sheet and get this question, the white dotted noted has a time of (2 + 1/2) right? But with the value of the black note the compass make a ...
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### Ravel, “Noctuelles”, bar 14-15 v. bar 99-100

I'm trying to learn this amazing piece. Bar 14 has time signature 5/8 in my edition changing to 6/8 3/4 at bar 16; bar 99 has time signature 6/8 3/4. Obviously bars 99-100 are restating the theme ...
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### Changing Time Signature

I need to change a simple piece from 4/8 to 4/4. Do I only need to double the values for each note? (Ex. quarter to half note & eighth to quarter?)
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### What does time signature exactly means [duplicate]

First I am a beginner, I do understand the concept of time signature and I can read music sheet easily, what confuses me is time signature significance, what is the difference when we write a piece of ...
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### Wrong Time Signature or Syncopated?

I am trying to assess the time signature of a song I'm transcribing. Initially, I thought it was in 4/4, but with this, very few of the verse chord changes happen on the beat. 4/4 might still be ...
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### Does 4/8 Have a Faster Tempo Than 4/4 at 60 BPM?

When playing 4/8 at 60 bpm will the rhythm or my foot tapping should be twice as fast compared to 4/4 at 60 bpm? If that's the case then does that mean bpm has been changed to 120? But I have read ...
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### What's the purpose of time signature information in a MIDI file?

My understanding based on the MIDI spec is that for audio-only playback (i.e. no accompanying visual notes display), the only time information necessary to read from a MIDI file is: The division ...
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### What do uncommon time signatures consist of?

Take a X/4, it means "the measure will contain X notes, the value of which are 1/4" I understand this concept for X/Y signatures, with Y being a power of 2. But what does that mean for the others ? ...
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### At what speed should notes be played?

I'm in the very early stages of reading music. There are great resources on the internet but I'm struggling to find a suitable explanation for a 'Time Signature' that I completely understand. I think ...
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### How does a Time Signature affect tuplet duration?

Take a X/Y time signature (but I don't think X matters here). What would be the duration of a n-tuplet (of 8th, 16th and 32nd notes), depending on Y and n?
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### What do these unusual time signature symbols mean?

I have been studying advanced music theory lately. Having explored a wide range of musical symbols, I was surprised to encounter the following time signature symbols I've never seen before in ...
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### Which time signatures are associated with particular types of music?

A waltz is always played in 3/4 time, but are there any other types of music that are associated with specific time signatures?
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### When does the amount of beats not add up to the time signature? (Besides pickup measures)

I read from https://www.boundless.com/users/232513/textbooks/understanding-basic-music-theory/notation-1/time-8/pickup-notes-and-measures-54-13529/ that there are exceptions to the rule that there ...
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### What does “7/8 3/4 13/16 alternating bar groove” mean?

On Twitter this morning I saw someone challenge the electronic musician Deadmau5 in this fashion: @deadmau5 challenge: 7/8 3/4 13/16 alternating bar groove. Must be listenable. He produced this ...
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### Does a time signature imply accents?

Does a time signature imply accents by default? For example, in 4/4 time should I accent every quarter beat? Should I accent the first beat of each bar? If yes, how should I notate a piece where ...
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### What's the tempo?

I bought some sheet music for "Canon in D" by JP. I am trying to put that sheet music into Guitar Pro so I can practice it bar by bar, my question is: If the tempo is not specified, is there a "...
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### 8 under clef and timing questions

Please look at the below graphic, there are a few things that are confusing me: 1 - Why is there an 8 under the treble clef? 2 - This is in common 4/4 time, yet one of the beginning 8th notes (in ...
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### 4 pairs of triplets and a loose one

I was trying to transcribe by ear a song on the piano, I´ve reached a moment where it seems to be that there are 4 pairs of triplets and a loose one (so 4x3 + 1 = 13 loose triplets) but I can´t manage ...
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### What is the meaning of time signatures with fractions on the top like ⅘ /4?

Recently I came across this List of musical works in unusual time signatures on Wikipedia. Some of the time signatures mentioned have fractional numbers on the top. e.g. two and a half over four, ...
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### Necessity of Time Signature & Tempo in Music Recording application

I won't go too much into detail regarding the piece of software I'm building, but it's a very small side-project which will allow for the recording of Midi inputs. Currently I'm thinking of displaying ...
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### Time signatures

Again I do some calculations to put clarity in my question Say BPM = 120 so beat time is 0.5 seconds Now in 4/4 the quarter note duration is 0.5 seconds If you have 4/2 (for same BPM)the half note ...
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### Unusual time signatures?

I was just wondering if you could get time signatures where the bottom number is 3,5,6,7,9,10,11 and so on. I did not know if you could have dotted notes as your base note