Numeric ratio indicating the subdivision of measures according to groups of beats.

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2
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1answer
201 views

What's the purpose of time signature information in a MIDI file?

My understanding based on the MIDI spec is that for audio-only playback (i.e. no accompanying visual notes display), the only time information necessary to read from a MIDI file is: The division ...
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2answers
134 views

At what speed should notes be played?

I'm in the very early stages of reading music. There are great resources on the internet but I'm struggling to find a suitable explanation for a 'Time Signature' that I completely understand. I think ...
2
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2answers
136 views

How does a Time Signature affect tuplet duration?

Take a X/Y time signature (but I don't think X matters here). What would be the duration of a n-tuplet (of 8th, 16th and 32nd notes), depending on Y and n?
5
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2answers
319 views

What do these unusual time signature symbols mean?

I have been studying advanced music theory lately. Having explored a wide range of musical symbols, I was surprised to encounter the following time signature symbols I've never seen before in ...
6
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6answers
293 views

Which time signatures are associated with particular types of music?

A waltz is always played in 3/4 time, but are there any other types of music that are associated with specific time signatures?
7
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6answers
741 views

When does the amount of beats not add up to the time signature? (Besides pickup measures)

I read from https://www.boundless.com/users/232513/textbooks/understanding-basic-music-theory/notation-1/time-8/pickup-notes-and-measures-54-13529/ that there are exceptions to the rule that there ...
4
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2answers
302 views

What is the meaning of time signatures with fractions on the top like ⅘ /4?

Recently I came across this List of musical works in unusual time signatures on Wikipedia. Some of the time signatures mentioned have fractional numbers on the top. e.g. two and a half over four, ...
4
votes
3answers
693 views

Are whole notes/rests really used to signify variable lengths of time?

I saw this answer and I thought the guy was absolutely crazy for assuming that a whole note automatically equaled one measure regardless of time signature. However, there does appear to be more than ...
4
votes
1answer
384 views

How can I change the time signature to make the score easier to read?

I'm trying to transcribe a pop song. I'm fairly sure that the time signature is 2/4 since it has a ONE two ONE two, feel like a march. My problem is that it's a fast song and contains so many 32th ...
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2answers
287 views

What does “7/8 3/4 13/16 alternating bar groove” mean?

On Twitter this morning I saw someone challenge the electronic musician Deadmau5 in this fashion: @deadmau5 challenge: 7/8 3/4 13/16 alternating bar groove. Must be listenable. He produced this ...
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4answers
276 views

Does a time signature imply accents?

Does a time signature imply accents by default? For example, in 4/4 time should I accent every quarter beat? Should I accent the first beat of each bar? If yes, how should I notate a piece where ...
3
votes
2answers
287 views

What's the tempo?

I bought some sheet music for "Canon in D" by JP. I am trying to put that sheet music into Guitar Pro so I can practice it bar by bar, my question is: If the tempo is not specified, is there a "...
2
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2answers
96 views

4 pairs of triplets and a loose one

I was trying to transcribe by ear a song on the piano, I´ve reached a moment where it seems to be that there are 4 pairs of triplets and a loose one (so 4x3 + 1 = 13 loose triplets) but I can´t manage ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Necessity of Time Signature & Tempo in Music Recording application

I won't go too much into detail regarding the piece of software I'm building, but it's a very small side-project which will allow for the recording of Midi inputs. Currently I'm thinking of displaying ...
4
votes
6answers
760 views

Time signatures

Again I do some calculations to put clarity in my question Say BPM = 120 so beat time is 0.5 seconds Now in 4/4 the quarter note duration is 0.5 seconds If you have 4/2 (for same BPM)the half note ...
3
votes
2answers
839 views

How Do Time Signatures Affect a Song?

I've never really understood time signatures and why there are different ones. Just trying to get a better understanding of them. If you are just changing how you count it, how does that translate ...
1
vote
2answers
98 views

Unusual time signatures?

I was just wondering if you could get time signatures where the bottom number is 3,5,6,7,9,10,11 and so on. I did not know if you could have dotted notes as your base note
10
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5answers
26k views

What is the connection between time-signature, beat, and tempo?

What is the connection between time-signature, beat, and tempo? Mainly time-signature and tempo. Tempo is beats-per-minute I know, but does the time-signature affect it? For example, in a 120bpm ...
1
vote
3answers
536 views

How does one choose the correct time signature to match the tempo and vice versa?

I am having quite some difficulty trying to determine the correct time signature as well as the tempo to match the rythm of the song I am trying to write for. It's not so much that I don't have an ...
0
votes
1answer
634 views

What time signature is this?

I was playing an original song in 4/4 but noticed if I instead played the first 3 bars as 3/4 and kept the last 4 chords one per beat in a bar of 4/4, it seemed more interesting. How would this time ...
15
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8answers
6k views

The practical difference between 2/2 and 2/4 time [duplicate]

In practice, what is the difference between 2/2 and 2/4? Doesn't the emphasis fall in the same place either way?
5
votes
3answers
291 views

If the time signature changes, does the key signature change as well?

Consider the following snippet from Where Is My Mind (arranged by Maxence Cyrin). Notice how after the first few bars there's a time signature change. Does the key signature also automatically change ...
5
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2answers
4k views

What is the time signature and tempo (let's say for the intro) of Yes' Close to The Edge song?

Most of the sources I've seen talk about 6/8 or even 3/4, but I totally feel like I'm listening to a 4/4 with triplets everywhere, and even more, 4/4 would mean about 120bpms if 1/4=1bpm, which has ...
7
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3answers
772 views

Are there names for referring to the top or bottom numbers in a time signature?

In a time signature of 3/4 (three by four), what is the name given to the 3 and the 4? I know it in my own language, but can't find the answer for the English equivalent.
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5answers
725 views

Why are time signatures needed?

I always have had trouble understanding the time signature in music. I have read about this, of course, but I don't understand it completely. Days ago, I think I got something that I want to confirm ...
2
votes
1answer
386 views

Compound meter( 6/8) beat subdivisions?

I know in the 6/8 compound meter, the first beat gets strong downbeat and the second beat gets the weak upbeat. But I am trying to analyze syncopation in a piece, so I want to know how each of the ...
6
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5answers
777 views

What do these numbers at the start of the music score mean

At the start of a guitar or drum score , there are always these 2 numbers which I don't understand What do the 2 numbers circled in red mean ??
32
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7answers
44k views

Is there a difference between 2/4 and 4/4

I cannot figure out the actual difference between these two beats. Isn't it sufficient to have only 2/4 (or 4/4 )?
0
votes
1answer
209 views

Time Signature Count

I have extracted the measure in question that I'm struggling to understand how the notes line up to the existing (4 4) time signature. As I understand, the bass has 16, 1/16th counts, but the ...
7
votes
1answer
622 views

David Brubeck's “Take Five” in 4/4 Time

Dave Brubeck's famous hit "Take Five" is traditionally arranged in performed in 5/4 time. My jazz ensemble instructor, however, said he once witnessed a performance of "Take Five" in a "funky 4/4 time....
7
votes
5answers
4k views

What's the correct notation for a full bar note or rest in non-common time?

Obviously for 3 and 4/4 you use the respective semebreve or dotted minim, but what about 7/8, 9/8 and 15/16? I heard the convention is to just use a semibreve, but that doesn't make sense to me ...
44
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4answers
6k views

(1/√π)/√⅔ as a time signature?

I recently found this article on wikipedia about lists of musical works in unusual time signatures and the first unusual time signature is (1/√π)/√⅔. I looked up the piece that was listed as having ...
6
votes
1answer
233 views

How does one analyze tricky time shifts?

It can be hard to analyze time changes if one isn't used to odd rhythms. If we take a section of the track Divine Moments of Truth by Shpongle as an example, since it's changing timing several times (...
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3answers
5k views

What is the importance of tempo and time-signatures?

I would like to ask what is the importance of tempo and time-signatures. By this I mean, aren't tempo and time-signatures all interchangeable. For example, a 4/8 60 BPM can be also described as 4/4 ...
2
votes
6answers
778 views

Why do composers use seemingly/unecessarily complex time signatures?

I see this all the time: In the piece I'm currently analysing (Sei Quartetti Brevi by Sciarrino), the composer uses 7/16 + 4/8 in the first measure, followed by 5/8 + 3/8 in the second, followed by 5/...
6
votes
3answers
507 views

Best way to indicate a time signature in inline text?

If I want to express the time signature for common time in inline text (like the text you're reading), without the use of special graphics or symbols, I find it tempting to type it this way: 4/4 But ...
0
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3answers
395 views

Can't differentiate between time signatures

I know the general idea behind time signatures: 6:8 is 6 eighth notes in a bar, 3:4 is 3 quarter notes in a bar. I also understand that in situations like these, while the two technically equal each ...
0
votes
1answer
141 views

How should I understand time signature?

Now, I am not asking for the general answer given in band class ("The top number tells how many beats are in a measure; the bottom number tells what note gives the beat"). I'm more asking what it is ...
2
votes
5answers
2k views

Time signature change.

When changing from 3/4 to 6/8 does the eighth note stay the same? Same thing, does the eighth note stay the same length when switching from 4/4 to 12/8? Thank you!
6
votes
1answer
256 views

What is the percentage breakdown of different time signatures and their rate of occurrence in popular music?

I'm currently working on a probabilistic, procedural music engine and although I could choose relatively decent arbitrary distributions, I'm curious as to whether or not there have been any formal/...
9
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4answers
881 views

Does the line between the time signature have a name?

In a time signature (4/4 for example), does the / have a term or a name?
69
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6answers
50k views

Is there any real-world difference between time signatures such as 4/4 and 8/8?

These days I pretty much play everything by ear, but was originally trained in strathspey and reel violin so realise I should know the answer to this, but I can't remember what, if any, the practical ...
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vote
5answers
654 views

Why is greensleeves considered to be in sextuple meter?

When I hear greensleeves it sounds like a waltz to me (bom-tah-tah / bom-tah-tah), why is it considered a sextuple ? source : https://www.inkling.com/read/the-enjoyment-of-music-kristine-forney-11th/...
3
votes
1answer
307 views

What are horogram patterns and how do they relate to time signatures?

When I was exploring some alternate time signatures, I came across two references in the Wikipedia to "horogram patterns". Now, Google thinks this is a spelling error for hologram, and so searching ...
9
votes
4answers
1k views

What is the rhythmic notation for 5/8 the duration of a whole note?

Assume that the whole note time equals 8. Then a note which time equals 3 will be written as 1/4 note and dot. How you write down a note that time is equal 5/8 of a whole note?
5
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3answers
694 views

Need help with notation and time signatures

This is my first twelve-tone composition, and I realize that it's terrible. My problem is that I was told that I'm not writing in 4/4 correctly, and I have no idea how I'm supposed to interpret that. ...
3
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1answer
427 views

How do you count off a 3/4 waltz?

Usually when one verbally counts off a 4/4 piece it goes (% is a rest) 1 % 2 % 1 2 3 4 Or for quicker tempos 1 % % % 2 % % % 1 % 2 % 1 2 3 4 Does anyone know the standard way to count of a ...
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2answers
4k views

Making sense of 5/4 time signatures

Normally, we're told that 5/4 is usually 3/4 + 2/4 or 2/4 + 3/4. (At the very least, it's unusual to have a meter that large without "secondary stress" beats.) However, how do we make sense of the ...
19
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6answers
6k views

Relationship between 3/4 and 4/4

I understand the meaning of music notations such as 3/4, 4/4 and so on. The first number is the number of beats per measure, while the second number is the note-duration (quarter, half, one-eighth) ...
4
votes
3answers
771 views

Tempo, time signature and note lengths [duplicate]

Is there any sound numerical correlation between tempo, time signature and note lengths(duration in time)? For example: With some certain time signature like 6/8 or 4/4 and with a 120 bpm tempo what ...