Numeric ratio indicating the subdivision of measures according to groups of beats.

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What do these unusual time signature symbols mean?

I have been studying advanced music theory lately. Having explored a wide range of musical symbols, I was surprised to encounter the following time signature symbols I've never seen before in ...
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3answers
136 views

short segment of different time signature

Is it frowned upon to have a short segment of a song, perhaps only one measure, to be in a different time signature? Does the level of frownage vary by style? Background: I'm working on a classical ...
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4k views

What is the time signature and tempo (let's say for the intro) of Yes' Close to The Edge song?

Most of the sources I've seen talk about 6/8 or even 3/4, but I totally feel like I'm listening to a 4/4 with triplets everywhere, and even more, 4/4 would mean about 120bpms if 1/4=1bpm, which has ...
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420 views

Switching Gears from 4/4 to 7/8 and back to 4/4

When I count 4/4 time signatures like the one bellow, I do it like this 1 e and a 2 e and a 3 e and a 4 e and a My question is, how would I switch gears and count the 7/8 bars? How do you count 8th ...
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270 views

If the time signature changes, does the key signature change as well?

Consider the following snippet from Where Is My Mind (arranged by Maxence Cyrin). Notice how after the first few bars there's a time signature change. Does the key signature also automatically change ...
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Is it okay to have number of notes in a bar that doesn't conform with the time signature?

Just a newbie question. In musical notation, is it okay to have number of notes in a bar that doesn't conform with the Time Signature? For example, look at this music sheet: Can you see that the ...
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3answers
487 views

Question about time signatures with voices

I'm learning the basics of musical theory and I see this sheet and get this question, the white dotted noted has a time of (2 + 1/2) right? But with the value of the black note the compass make a ...
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811 views

Is the time signature switching every measure?

I think that the reason my compositions in DAW's have seemed off is because they've actually been changing time signatures throughout, and I haven't accounted for it. I tested this by making this tab ...
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3/2 Time signature

So a bar's duration is measured in beats. A bar's duration can be represented using the whole note, so bar duration in beats is a whole note. Isn't a 3/2 measure just spilling over? 3 half notes is ...
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1answer
382 views

How can I change the time signature to make the score easier to read?

I'm trying to transcribe a pop song. I'm fairly sure that the time signature is 2/4 since it has a ONE two ONE two, feel like a march. My problem is that it's a fast song and contains so many 32th ...
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3answers
713 views

Tempo, time signature and note lengths [duplicate]

Is there any sound numerical correlation between tempo, time signature and note lengths(duration in time)? For example: With some certain time signature like 6/8 or 4/4 and with a 120 bpm tempo what ...
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3answers
157 views

What happens technically when you accentuate on a time-signature?

When you have a 4/4 time signature you typically accentuate beats "1" and (minorly) "3" for every measure. On a piano, what does that mean technically? Is beat "1" just louder or is it also a (little) ...
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2answers
907 views

I have a song in my head, I know how it sounds, but I can't get it to translate well to DAW

I've had a full-fleshed out song in my head for days, but I can't figure out how to get it started. I THINK I have the tempo correct, but when I play it out, it doesn't line up with the measures, and ...
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3answers
559 views

Are whole notes/rests really used to signify variable lengths of time?

I saw this answer and I thought the guy was absolutely crazy for assuming that a whole note automatically equaled one measure regardless of time signature. However, there does appear to be more than ...
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1answer
2k views

The importance of cut time [duplicate]

I have wondered for a while what the purpose of Cut Time (2/2) actual is. While studying music theory I've always been told the reason is to reduce the use of eighth notes and sixteenth notes in a ...
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5answers
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General questions about piano sheet music notation

This is the song I wanted to do, not on a piano but in FL Studio. But I don't play the piano so I need some help in dissecting this piece. Those ##C, what do those mean (and what are they called?) ...
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1answer
104 views

What beats does the horn typically play on in a 2/4 march?

Wikipedia states: French Horns tend to always carry the rhythmic backup of a march. For example, in cut-time marches, they are typically assigned upbeats (the + of 1 and 2) to provide the "pah" ...
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3answers
289 views

Beginner's question about compound time signatures

Hello I am learning musical theory, I have a question about compound time signatures : I read that for a compound time signature, like 6/8, "the upper number is the number of divisions thus you ...
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2answers
391 views

What is the meaning of the song “Solid Four”?

There is a song by the Andrews Sisters from the 1940s whose lyrics talk about a difference between eight-beat rhythm and four-beat rhythm. For example: The boogie woogie was never like this, ...
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2answers
1k views

How to determine time signature of drum tab?

Recently I started playing drums on the side just to relax, so nothing serious. I picked up this song because the drums seemed reasonably complex so that they would present a fair challenge for the ...
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2answers
268 views

What is the meaning of time signatures with fractions on the top like ⅘ /4?

Recently I came across this List of musical works in unusual time signatures on Wikipedia. Some of the time signatures mentioned have fractional numbers on the top. e.g. two and a half over four, ...
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570 views

I need help understanding a complex (or maybe compound) time signature

I composed this song a few years ago originally using a tracker (an old-school, very freeform compositional workflow), and have been recently trying to transcribe it into a more modern DAW (Ableton ...
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1answer
139 views

Guitar Bluegrass basics

I've recently gotten interested in learning to play bluegrass and need some direction for how to use previous knowledge and experience to pick up this style as quickly as possible. A summary follows ...
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2k views

Learning to read music, please help, understanding time signatures

I am attempting to teach myself how to read music and have hit a wall. My trouble is time signatures and it was described to me as this: Imagine you are walking and you walk 1-2-3-4. This would ...
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6answers
740 views

Time signatures

Again I do some calculations to put clarity in my question Say BPM = 120 so beat time is 0.5 seconds Now in 4/4 the quarter note duration is 0.5 seconds If you have 4/2 (for same BPM)the half note ...
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8 under clef and timing questions

Please look at the below graphic, there are a few things that are confusing me: 1 - Why is there an 8 under the treble clef? 2 - This is in common 4/4 time, yet one of the beginning 8th notes (in ...
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633 views

How do I make this beat fit in the measures evenly, time signature-wise?

In a program for tabbing (but I use with MIDI creation) called Tuxguitar, I've written out a drum beat on hihats, and I'm pretty sure the bpm is correct, and everything SOUNDS correct, but I can't get ...
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6answers
4k views

How to differentiate between 12/8 vs 6/8 timing (or hemiola)

How would a composer differentiate between a 12/8 and a 6/8 time signature? On 3/4 timing you'd have 3 quarter notes as your rhythm, on 6/8 you'd have 2 dotted quarter notes correct? I wrote a song ...
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2answers
280 views

What's the tempo?

I bought some sheet music for "Canon in D" by JP. I am trying to put that sheet music into Guitar Pro so I can practice it bar by bar, my question is: If the tempo is not specified, is there a ...
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2answers
252 views

Wrong Time Signature or Syncopated?

I am trying to assess the time signature of a song I'm transcribing. Initially, I thought it was in 4/4, but with this, very few of the verse chord changes happen on the beat. 4/4 might still be ...
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2answers
625 views

How Do Time Signatures Affect a Song?

I've never really understood time signatures and why there are different ones. Just trying to get a better understanding of them. If you are just changing how you count it, how does that translate ...
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565 views

How to identify complex time signatures?

What methods can I use to find the time signatures of strange/complex songs? For example, what are the time signature(s) this song uses? One of the stranger parts ...
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1answer
399 views

How do you count off a 3/4 waltz?

Usually when one verbally counts off a 4/4 piece it goes (% is a rest) 1 % 2 % 1 2 3 4 Or for quicker tempos 1 % % % 2 % % % 1 % 2 % 1 2 3 4 Does anyone know the standard way to count of a ...
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1answer
288 views

What are horogram patterns and how do they relate to time signatures?

When I was exploring some alternate time signatures, I came across two references in the Wikipedia to "horogram patterns". Now, Google thinks this is a spelling error for hologram, and so searching ...
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1answer
498 views

Why use meter of 3/8? [duplicate]

I see that most online scores of Beethoven's "Für Elise" specify its meter as 3/8. However, this one has 3/4 instead, which seems to make it easier to read (all the 1/16th notes become 1/8). I don't ...
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1answer
70 views

What are best practices surrounding polymetric music notation?

I'm writing a piece that has a 13/16 ostinato in it. However, the melodies aren't going to make any effort to have their downbeats line up with the ostinato. What are the best practices regarding ...
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6answers
741 views

Why do composers use seemingly/unecessarily complex time signatures?

I see this all the time: In the piece I'm currently analysing (Sei Quartetti Brevi by Sciarrino), the composer uses 7/16 + 4/8 in the first measure, followed by 5/8 + 3/8 in the second, followed by ...
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5answers
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Differentiating between fast 6/8 and 4/4

Take for (extreme) example, this song: After half-time intro, the triplets on the double bass lend it a swaying six eight feel, but the meter can easily also be ...
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2answers
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Ravel, “Noctuelles”, bar 14-15 v. bar 99-100

I'm trying to learn this amazing piece. Bar 14 has time signature 5/8 in my edition changing to 6/8 3/4 at bar 16; bar 99 has time signature 6/8 3/4. Obviously bars 99-100 are restating the theme ...
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5answers
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Time signature change.

When changing from 3/4 to 6/8 does the eighth note stay the same? Same thing, does the eighth note stay the same length when switching from 4/4 to 12/8? Thank you!
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2answers
35 views

Software for typesetting and playing free time music

I have composed some "tempo libero" pieces, meaning no time signature and no bars also known as "umeasured". I would like to use the computer to produce typeset scores for this kind of "free time" ...
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1answer
62 views

Odd Meter Transcription Practices

I've occasionally found myself listening to music that's not always in standard meter. Either through odd time signatures, syncopation, or a combination of the two, certain music seems hard to ...
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2answers
135 views

How does a Time Signature affect tuplet duration?

Take a X/Y time signature (but I don't think X matters here). What would be the duration of a n-tuplet (of 8th, 16th and 32nd notes), depending on Y and n?
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2answers
174 views

Can a tune written for 3/4 time be played in 4/4 time?

Can the tune "Tenderly" be played in 3/4 time and 4/4 time? My sheet music shows 3/4 (waltz) time, but most jazz versions are played in 4/4 time.
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4answers
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Time signature equivalent - two bars in Waltz time

I'm teaching a dance class in Waltz, the music is of course in 3/4 time. I wanted a way to describe to the students the beats in 2 consecutive bars, which I thought of as describing as '6/4' - I know ...
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Changing Time Signature

I need to change a simple piece from 4/8 to 4/4. Do I only need to double the values for each note? (Ex. quarter to half note & eighth to quarter?)
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4 pairs of triplets and a loose one

I was trying to transcribe by ear a song on the piano, I´ve reached a moment where it seems to be that there are 4 pairs of triplets and a loose one (so 4x3 + 1 = 13 loose triplets) but I can´t manage ...
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2answers
386 views

How do I develop a structured way of thinking?

A lot of times, when I'm trying to come up with a riff on my guitar/bass, my bars' time signatures change a lot, and I don't realize it. For instance, the first bar might be 4/4 then the second 5/4 ...
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1answer
179 views

What's the purpose of time signature information in a MIDI file?

My understanding based on the MIDI spec is that for audio-only playback (i.e. no accompanying visual notes display), the only time information necessary to read from a MIDI file is: The division ...
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1answer
364 views

Compound meter( 6/8) beat subdivisions?

I know in the 6/8 compound meter, the first beat gets strong downbeat and the second beat gets the weak upbeat. But I am trying to analyze syncopation in a piece, so I want to know how each of the ...