Numeric ratio indicating the subdivision of measures according to groups of beats

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54
votes
6answers
23k views

Is there any real-world difference between time signatures such as 4/4 and 8/8?

These days I pretty much play everything by ear, but was originally trained in strathspey and reel violin so realise I should know the answer to this, but I can't remember what, if any, the practical ...
13
votes
6answers
7k views

How to tell the time signature of a song by listening?

Every song has some kind of time signature even if different parts of the song have different time signatures there is always a time signature. When learning a song by ear and no score, knowing the ...
5
votes
5answers
11k views

What is the connection between time-signature, beat, and tempo?

What is the connection between time-signature, beat, and tempo? Mainly time-signature and tempo. Tempo is beats-per-minute I know, but does the time-signature affect it? For example, in a 120bpm ...
8
votes
6answers
177 views

Does 3/4 time signature differ from 6/8?

I've always wondered how time signatures were thought of- I got the question because I noticed that well in terms of 'fractions', 3/4 is just half of 6/8. Does that apply to music when counting beats ...
32
votes
4answers
3k views

(1/√π)/√⅔ as a time signature?

I recently found this article on wikipedia about lists of musical works in unusual time signatures and the first unusual time signature is (1/√π)/√⅔. I looked up the piece that was listed as having ...
1
vote
5answers
113 views

Why is greensleeves considered to be in sextuple meter?

When I hear greensleeves it sounds like a waltz to me (bom-tah-tah / bom-tah-tah), why is it considered a sextuple ? source : ...
30
votes
7answers
19k views

Is there a difference between 2/4 and 4/4

I cannot figure out the actual difference between these two beats. Isn't it sufficient to have only 2/4 (or 4/4 )?
3
votes
1answer
93 views

What are horogram patterns and how do they relate to time signatures?

When I was exploring some alternate time signatures, I came across two references in the Wikipedia to "horogram patterns". Now, Google thinks this is a spelling error for hologram, and so searching ...
8
votes
4answers
336 views

What is the rhythmic notation for 5/8 the duration of a whole note?

Assume that the whole note time equals 8. Then a note which time equals 3 will be written as 1/4 note and dot. How you write down a note that time is equal 5/8 of a whole note?
5
votes
0answers
117 views

What is the percentage breakdown of different time signatures and their rate of occurrence in popular music?

I'm currently working on a probabilistic, procedural music engine and although I could choose relatively decent arbitrary distributions, I'm curious as to whether or not there have been any ...
6
votes
3answers
518 views

Need help with notation and time signatures

This is my first twelve-tone composition, and I realize that it's terrible. My problem is that I was told that I'm not writing in 4/4 correctly, and I have no idea how I'm supposed to interpret that. ...
3
votes
1answer
67 views

How do you count off a 3/4 waltz?

Usually when one verbally counts off a 4/4 piece it goes (% is a rest) 1 % 2 % 1 2 3 4 Or for quicker tempos 1 % % % 2 % % % 1 % 2 % 1 2 3 4 Does anyone know the standard way to count of a ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Making sense of 5/4 time signatures

Normally, we're told that 5/4 is usually 3/4 + 2/4 or 2/4 + 3/4. (At the very least, it's unusual to have a meter that large without "secondary stress" beats.) However, how do we make sense of the ...
17
votes
6answers
3k views

Relationship between 3/4 and 4/4

I understand the meaning of music notations such as 3/4, 4/4 and so on. The first number is the number of beats per measure, while the second number is the note-duration (quarter, half, one-eighth) ...
4
votes
3answers
155 views

Tempo, time signature and note lengths [duplicate]

Is there any sound numerical correlation between tempo, time signature and note lengths(duration in time)? For example: With some certain time signature like 6/8 or 4/4 and with a 120 bpm tempo what ...
4
votes
2answers
710 views

3/2 Time signature

So a bar's duration is measured in beats. A bar's duration can be represented using the whole note, so bar duration in beats is a whole note. Isn't a 3/2 measure just spilling over? 3 half notes is ...
4
votes
1answer
314 views

How can I find the length in seconds of a quarter-note (crotchet) if I have a tempo marking?

Given a tempo marking in bpm (beats-per-minute), how can I work out the length of a crotchet (quarter-note) beat?
5
votes
2answers
87 views

Switching Gears from 4/4 to 7/8 and back to 4/4

When I count 4/4 time signatures like the one bellow, I do it like this 1 e and a 2 e and a 3 e and a 4 e and a My question is, how would I switch gears and count the 7/8 bars? How do you count 8th ...
4
votes
3answers
312 views

I need help understanding a complex (or maybe compound) time signature

I composed this song a few years ago originally using a tracker (an old-school, very freeform compositional workflow), and have been recently trying to transcribe it into a more modern DAW (Ableton ...
2
votes
2answers
43 views

Does the tempo marking on a piece refer to the bottom number (# of beats/measure)?

Say you have an allegro marking on a piece. This is about 120-144 bpm. If the time signature is 4/4, that means that quarter note= 120 - 144. However, if the time signature on the piece is 6/8, ...
5
votes
3answers
94 views

short segment of different time signature

Is it frowned upon to have a short segment of a song, perhaps only one measure, to be in a different time signature? Does the level of frownage vary by style? Background: I'm working on a classical ...
4
votes
3answers
133 views

Beginner's question about compound time signatures

Hello I am learning musical theory, I have a question about compound time signatures : I read that for a compound time signature, like 6/8, "the upper number is the number of divisions thus you ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

How do you know what beat to emphasize based on the time signature?

In learning the guitar I have run across various time signatures. In each time signature it seems as if you are supposed to emphasize different beats. Is this something that you just have to intuit, ...
9
votes
6answers
823 views

Triplets in 9/8 time

How do eighth note triplets work in 9/8 or 6/8 time? I know in 4/4 they take up the space of two eighth notes but haven't been able to figure out how they work in 8.
10
votes
4answers
161 views

What does it mean when there are two time signatures

I am learning the Blazhevic number 34 for tuba and it is in (9/8 3/4) time. What does that mean? It seems to me that some measures equate to be in 3/4 while others equate to be in 9/8. Very confused. ...
6
votes
3answers
337 views

Best way to indicate a time signature in inline text?

If I want to express the time signature for common time in inline text (like the text you're reading), without the use of special graphics or symbols, I find it tempting to type it this way: 4/4 But ...
3
votes
4answers
257 views

How to identify complex time signatures?

What methods can I use to find the time signatures of strange/complex songs? For example, what are the time signature(s) this song uses? ...
2
votes
3answers
110 views

What are some rythmically complex songs (with a large amount of time signatures)? [closed]

I'm looking for some complex songs (regardless of genre) that include a large amount of time signatures and time signature changes, with preferably many odd time signatures included. For example: ...
14
votes
8answers
9k views

Tips on counting and playing odd time signatures

I'm pretty interested in learning, composing and playing along to songs using odd time signatures (3/4, 5/4, 7/8, ...) and I'd like some advice on how to wrap my head around all this stuff. For ...
4
votes
1answer
78 views

Guitar Bluegrass basics

I've recently gotten interested in learning to play bluegrass and need some direction for how to use previous knowledge and experience to pick up this style as quickly as possible. A summary follows ...
5
votes
2answers
173 views

What is the meaning of the song “Solid Four”?

There is a song by the Andrews Sisters from the 1940s whose lyrics talk about a difference between eight-beat rhythm and four-beat rhythm. For example: The boogie woogie was never like this, ...
4
votes
5answers
725 views

Is it okay to have number of notes in a bar that doesn't conform with the time signature?

Just a newbie question. In musical notation, is it okay to have number of notes in a bar that doesn't conform with the Time Signature? For example, look at this music sheet: Can you see that the ...
1
vote
2answers
91 views

Can a passage resolve a problem of not being in sync in band?

A friend told me that when the time signature is 4/4, if your playing is not in sync with the other band members, then you can solve the problem by a passage. But this cannot happen if the time ...
1
vote
2answers
111 views

What is a measure?

I would like to understand what a measure is, can someone help me understand this concept? Wikipedia defines a measure as "a segment of time defined by a given number of beats", but this doesn't ...
4
votes
2answers
660 views

I have a song in my head, I know how it sounds, but I can't get it to translate well to DAW

I've had a full-fleshed out song in my head for days, but I can't figure out how to get it started. I THINK I have the tempo correct, but when I play it out, it doesn't line up with the measures, and ...
16
votes
7answers
7k views

What is the “theory” behind “odd time signatures”?

There are a number of bands, Genesis, The Police, Crack the Sky, Gentle Giant, that have all incorporated unusual time signatures as their core sound - some entire "pop"songs, "Ordinary World - Duran ...
3
votes
1answer
232 views

Why use meter of 3/8? [duplicate]

I see that most online scores of Beethoven's "Für Elise" specify its meter as 3/8. However, this one has 3/4 instead, which seems to make it easier to read (all the 1/16th notes become 1/8). I don't ...
10
votes
4answers
30k views

What do the 3/4 and 4/4 numbers mean?

In music notation, I've always been looking for a simple explanation of those numbers that appear on the far left of musical piece, such as 3 over 4 or 4 over 4. I have a hunch they affect the ...
6
votes
5answers
552 views

What do these numbers at the start of the music score mean

At the start of a guitar or drum score , there are always these 2 numbers which I don't understand What do the 2 numbers circled in red mean ??
-1
votes
3answers
498 views

Is 3/4 a crotchet, minim, or a quaver?

What is 3/4 in music? E.g., is it a crotchet,a minim, or a quaver. I am so confused. Somebody post back fast cause I am doing music homework and I am so confused!!!
4
votes
2answers
575 views

Is the time signature switching every measure?

I think that the reason my compositions in DAW's have seemed off is because they've actually been changing time signatures throughout, and I haven't accounted for it. I tested this by making this tab ...
3
votes
3answers
548 views

Which are the ~15 most common time signatures?

I'm working on a metronome app and wondering which are the most common time signatures in classical and modern music so I can add them. Now I have 10: 2, 3, 4, 5, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9, 12 4 4 4 4 8 8 ...
6
votes
4answers
277 views

How drummers and percussionist should handle change in time signature?

I'd like know how a drummer or percussionist should handle a change in the time signature of a piece such the one found in Low Light by the Pearl Jam. I am familiar to syncopation as "placement of ...
1
vote
1answer
178 views
3
votes
1answer
704 views

Learning to read music, please help, understanding time signatures

I am attempting to teach myself how to read music and have hit a wall. My trouble is time signatures and it was described to me as this: Imagine you are walking and you walk 1-2-3-4. This would ...
2
votes
2answers
210 views

How do I develop a structured way of thinking?

A lot of times, when I'm trying to come up with a riff on my guitar/bass, my bars' time signatures change a lot, and I don't realize it. For instance, the first bar might be 4/4 then the second 5/4 ...
4
votes
1answer
238 views

The importance of cut time [duplicate]

I have wondered for a while what the purpose of Cut Time (2/2) actual is. While studying music theory I've always been told the reason is to reduce the use of eighth notes and sixteenth notes in a ...
11
votes
7answers
632 views

Are odd time signatures perceived as execution errors by layman people?

I recall being told once that odd time signatures like 5/8, 7/8, etc. are perceived by layman people as if the interpreter had an execution error (like he/she made a tempo mistake). Is it common ...
3
votes
5answers
1k views

General questions about piano sheet music notation

This is the song I wanted to do, not on a piano but in FL Studio. But I don't play the piano so I need some help in dissecting this piece. Those ##C, what do those mean (and what are they called?) ...
7
votes
5answers
729 views

Strumming, picking patterns for unusual time signatures

If the time signature is 8/8 or 4/4 and let's say we have 8 eighth notes in a bar the picking should just be down up down up down up, etc. But what happens if we have 7/8? Particularly in the next ...