Numeric ratio indicating the subdivision of measures according to groups of beats.

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The importance of cut time [duplicate]

I have wondered for a while what the purpose of Cut Time (2/2) actual is. While studying music theory I've always been told the reason is to reduce the use of eighth notes and sixteenth notes in a ...
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3answers
568 views

In a 3/4 piece, how would I score a single 4/4 bar where each beat is a triplet?

In a song I'm working on, I have 3 3/4 bars followed by a 4/4 bar, and this repeats. However the 4/4 bar is actually comprised of 4 triplets... so we have something like: 1 and 2 and 3 And 1 and 2 ...
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4answers
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How is it that 12 eighth notes fit in a measure labeled as common time?

I am looking at Franz Liszt's Consolation S.172 No.3. I have checked out two different music scores of the same composition and they both have the same time signature (standard), however the base line ...
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6answers
2k views

Strumming, picking patterns for unusual time signatures

If the time signature is 8/8 or 4/4 and let's say we have 8 eighth notes in a bar the picking should just be down up down up down up, etc. But what happens if we have 7/8? Particularly in the next ...
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1answer
29 views

Choosing common time or alla breve [duplicate]

From a technical standpoint, there is no real difference between common time and alla breve at half the frequency per beat (e.g. quarter note = 160 under 4/4 or half note = 80 under 2/2). Generally, I ...
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1answer
53 views

What are best practices surrounding polymetric music notation?

I'm writing a piece that has a 13/16 ostinato in it. However, the melodies aren't going to make any effort to have their downbeats line up with the ostinato. What are the best practices regarding ...
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0answers
32 views

Is there a map of culturally popular time signatures by region?

In watching this video we had a discussion about how certain cultures and regions prefer a certain structure to music. Time signatures is just one aspect of how a region may vary from another. Is ...
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3answers
94 views

Complex Versus Simple Time Signatures

How to distinguish complex and simple time signatures? Are the complex ones divisible by three? (9 would be three beats per measure)
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1answer
223 views

Suggestions for transition from 6/8 to 4/4 (Piano accompaniment)

I am playing an accompaniment for a choir on piano with one song in 6/8 and another in 4/4. The choir insists that I shouldn't leave a gap between the two songs and I should try to play continuously. ...
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2answers
3k views

An effective method for counting and identifying time signatures.

When I listen to some odd time signature songs I have some serious trouble dissecting the time signatures at times. Songs with 6/8 or 3/4 are easy enough to identify, but some progressive rock/metal ...
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2answers
172 views

Is there a lower limit for how short a note can be, in a given time signature?

A given time signature, say common time, establishes a limit for how long a note's value can be (nothing bigger than a whole note would fit in a 4/4 bar), but does this imply also a lower limit? For ...
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4answers
67 views

Time signature equivalent - two bars in Waltz time

I'm teaching a dance class in Waltz, the music is of course in 3/4 time. I wanted a way to describe to the students the beats in 2 consecutive bars, which I thought of as describing as '6/4' - I know ...
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6answers
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What time signature has 3 out of 8 beats accented?

It's been a very long time since I've done musical theory but I know this rhythm is quite common, especially in dance and even some punk/metal. So, some songs have 4 beats to a bar but it has 2 ...
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6answers
27k views

How to tell the time signature of a song by listening?

Every song has some kind of time signature; even if different parts of the song have different time signatures, there is always a time signature. When learning a song by ear and no score, knowing the ...
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6answers
3k views

How to differentiate between 12/8 vs 6/8 timing (or hemiola)

How would a composer differentiate between a 12/8 and a 6/8 time signature? On 3/4 timing you'd have 3 quarter notes as your rhythm, on 6/8 you'd have 2 dotted quarter notes correct? I wrote a song ...
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3answers
465 views

Question about time signatures with voices

I'm learning the basics of musical theory and I see this sheet and get this question, the white dotted noted has a time of (2 + 1/2) right? But with the value of the black note the compass make a ...
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2answers
66 views

Ravel, “Noctuelles”, bar 14-15 v. bar 99-100

I'm trying to learn this amazing piece. Bar 14 has time signature 5/8 in my edition changing to 6/8 3/4 at bar 16; bar 99 has time signature 6/8 3/4. Obviously bars 99-100 are restating the theme ...
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2answers
69 views

Changing Time Signature

I need to change a simple piece from 4/8 to 4/4. Do I only need to double the values for each note? (Ex. quarter to half note & eighth to quarter?)
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0answers
17 views

What does time signature exactly means [duplicate]

First I am a beginner, I do understand the concept of time signature and I can read music sheet easily, what confuses me is time signature significance, what is the difference when we write a piece of ...
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5answers
707 views

How do you count many bars of silence (rests)?

Playing in a jazz band there are often 5,6 or 8 bars of silence. This is no problem as I can count them on my fingers. But how do I count larger rests, for example 52, 112 or even longer rests, as in ...
3
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4answers
589 views

How do I make this beat fit in the measures evenly, time signature-wise?

In a program for tabbing (but I use with MIDI creation) called Tuxguitar, I've written out a drum beat on hihats, and I'm pretty sure the bpm is correct, and everything SOUNDS correct, but I can't get ...
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2answers
242 views

Wrong Time Signature or Syncopated?

I am trying to assess the time signature of a song I'm transcribing. Initially, I thought it was in 4/4, but with this, very few of the verse chord changes happen on the beat. 4/4 might still be ...
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3answers
2k views

Whole bar rest in 6/8 time?

Can one expect to find a semibreve rest in 6/8 compound time?
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9answers
298 views

Does 4/8 Have a Faster Tempo Than 4/4 at 60 BPM?

When playing 4/8 at 60 bpm will the rhythm or my foot tapping should be twice as fast compared to 4/4 at 60 bpm? If that's the case then does that mean bpm has been changed to 120? But I have read ...
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4answers
301 views

What do uncommon time signatures consist of?

Take a X/4, it means "the measure will contain X notes, the value of which are 1/4" I understand this concept for X/Y signatures, with Y being a power of 2. But what does that mean for the others ? ...
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1answer
131 views

What's the purpose of time signature information in a MIDI file?

My understanding based on the MIDI spec is that for audio-only playback (i.e. no accompanying visual notes display), the only time information necessary to read from a MIDI file is: The division ...
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2answers
116 views

At what speed should notes be played?

I'm in the very early stages of reading music. There are great resources on the internet but I'm struggling to find a suitable explanation for a 'Time Signature' that I completely understand. I think ...
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2answers
127 views

How does a Time Signature affect tuplet duration?

Take a X/Y time signature (but I don't think X matters here). What would be the duration of a n-tuplet (of 8th, 16th and 32nd notes), depending on Y and n?
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2answers
284 views

What do these unusual time signature symbols mean?

I have been studying advanced music theory lately. Having explored a wide range of musical symbols, I was surprised to encounter the following time signature symbols I've never seen before in ...
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8answers
12k views

What is the “theory” behind “odd time signatures”?

There are a number of bands, Genesis, The Police, Crack the Sky, Gentle Giant, that have all incorporated unusual time signatures as their core sound - some entire "pop"songs, "Ordinary World - Duran ...
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6answers
234 views

Which time signatures are associated with particular types of music?

A waltz is always played in 3/4 time, but are there any other types of music that are associated with specific time signatures?
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6answers
596 views

When does the amount of beats not add up to the time signature? (Besides pickup measures)

I read from https://www.boundless.com/users/232513/textbooks/understanding-basic-music-theory/notation-1/time-8/pickup-notes-and-measures-54-13529/ that there are exceptions to the rule that there ...
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2answers
211 views

What is the meaning of time signatures with fractions on the top like ⅘ /4?

Recently I came across this List of musical works in unusual time signatures on Wikipedia. Some of the time signatures mentioned have fractional numbers on the top. e.g. two and a half over four, ...
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3answers
411 views

Are whole notes/rests really used to signify variable lengths of time?

I saw this answer and I thought the guy was absolutely crazy for assuming that a whole note automatically equaled one measure regardless of time signature. However, there does appear to be more than ...
4
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1answer
374 views

How can I change the time signature to make the score easier to read?

I'm trying to transcribe a pop song. I'm fairly sure that the time signature is 2/4 since it has a ONE two ONE two, feel like a march. My problem is that it's a fast song and contains so many 32th ...
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2answers
261 views

What does “7/8 3/4 13/16 alternating bar groove” mean?

On Twitter this morning I saw someone challenge the electronic musician Deadmau5 in this fashion: @deadmau5 challenge: 7/8 3/4 13/16 alternating bar groove. Must be listenable. He produced this ...
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4answers
174 views

Does a time signature imply accents?

Does a time signature imply accents by default? For example, in 4/4 time should I accent every quarter beat? Should I accent the first beat of each bar? If yes, how should I notate a piece where ...
3
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3answers
262 views

8 under clef and timing questions

Please look at the below graphic, there are a few things that are confusing me: 1 - Why is there an 8 under the treble clef? 2 - This is in common 4/4 time, yet one of the beginning 8th notes (in ...
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2answers
268 views

What's the tempo?

I bought some sheet music for "Canon in D" by JP. I am trying to put that sheet music into Guitar Pro so I can practice it bar by bar, my question is: If the tempo is not specified, is there a ...
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2answers
93 views

4 pairs of triplets and a loose one

I was trying to transcribe by ear a song on the piano, I´ve reached a moment where it seems to be that there are 4 pairs of triplets and a loose one (so 4x3 + 1 = 13 loose triplets) but I can´t manage ...
2
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1answer
66 views

Necessity of Time Signature & Tempo in Music Recording application

I won't go too much into detail regarding the piece of software I'm building, but it's a very small side-project which will allow for the recording of Midi inputs. Currently I'm thinking of displaying ...
3
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6answers
703 views

Time signatures

Again I do some calculations to put clarity in my question Say BPM = 120 so beat time is 0.5 seconds Now in 4/4 the quarter note duration is 0.5 seconds If you have 4/2 (for same BPM)the half note ...
3
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2answers
421 views

How Do Time Signatures Affect a Song?

I've never really understood time signatures and why there are different ones. Just trying to get a better understanding of them. If you are just changing how you count it, how does that translate ...
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0answers
11 views

How do figure out time signatures [duplicate]

Just by listening to a song, phrase or any music how can I find the time signature, will i just keep tapping or is there a more effective method.
1
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2answers
79 views

Unusual time signatures?

I was just wondering if you could get time signatures where the bottom number is 3,5,6,7,9,10,11 and so on. I did not know if you could have dotted notes as your base note
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5answers
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What is the connection between time-signature, beat, and tempo?

What is the connection between time-signature, beat, and tempo? Mainly time-signature and tempo. Tempo is beats-per-minute I know, but does the time-signature affect it? For example, in a 120bpm ...
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0answers
35 views

How can you “hear” a 3/4 time signature? [duplicate]

How can you "hear" a 3/4 time signature if the downbeat is not emphasized? When I don't know the song at a jam, I default to 4/4 until I know it doesn't sound right, but it takes awhile.
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6answers
2k views

How can I learn timing from a guitar tab?

When playing guitar/bass from tabs, I find that I can learn the fingering easily, but the timing is often wrong when I play with a backing track. I'm fairly noobish to music notation/tablature, but I ...
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3answers
328 views

How does one choose the correct time signature to match the tempo and vice versa?

I am having quite some difficulty trying to determine the correct time signature as well as the tempo to match the rythm of the song I am trying to write for. It's not so much that I don't have an ...
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8answers
18k views

Does 3/4 time signature differ from 6/8?

I've always wondered how time signatures were thought of- I got the question because I noticed that well in terms of 'fractions', 3/4 is just half of 6/8. Does that apply to music when counting beats ...