The system of pitches used by an instrument or in a piece of music, or the practice of adjusting the pitches that instruments or voices produce to be in accordance with the chosen system.

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12
votes
2answers
4k views

Why do wind bands use a concert Bb for tuning?

Back when I was part of my school's wind band, we used to always tune to a concert Bb. Why do wind bands tune to a Bb rather than an A (as discussed here)? I recall our director once vaguely ...
1
vote
2answers
52 views

Tuning a 38 inch Guitar

Should I tune a 38 inch guitar same as a standard 41 inch guitar (i.e. E A G D B E) or some other way? Another thing, I have dots on frets 5, 7, and 9 only. Is it normal? Asking since standard guitars ...
2
votes
5answers
319 views

What does a capo really do to chords?

Practically, a capo will shift each string by a half tone per position, but what does it do to the intervals they produce with each other? My shot is that e.g. * without capo if we fret the simplest ...
17
votes
9answers
7k views

How do I properly stretch my newly strung strings?

I came across this string stretcher device. It's called The Stretcha. It claims to properly and evenly stretch new strings and maintain tuning. I never really made a point to properly stretch ...
0
votes
3answers
50 views

weird intonation problem on the highest string

i just changed my strings for the first time in about 8 months (really long time. i know) and the highest string is not intonating properly. at the 12th fret the string is flat but at the 24th the ...
34
votes
8answers
7k views

Why is the double bass the only instrument in the violin family tuned in fourths?

Out of the 4 instruments of the Violin Family (Violin, Viola, Cello, Double Bass), the bass is the only instrument tuned in fourths. Wikipedia states The double bass is generally tuned in fourths,...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

Is it normal for an Oud/Lute not keeping in tune?

I just bought a 12 string oud/lute from Egypt, and I'm having some problems with its tuning. Sometimes when I twist the machine heads to get in tuning, it releases suddenly and drops the tuning all ...
2
votes
2answers
33 views

open tunings for bass?

Long time bass [hack] player, also play a little bit of guitar, working on learning some music theory to expand my understanding of the mechanics of creating music. I'm curious about open tunings on ...
8
votes
4answers
6k views

If Irish button accordions are typically B/C how and why are they often played in D or G?

On choosing a two-row button accordion... B/C is the usual choice for Irish music (players use both rows in order to play mainly in D or G, but the instrument is almost chromatic). Is this right?...
3
votes
1answer
50 views

Changing electric guitar tuning heads

I have a Cort Sunset 2 electric guitar. It's a Les Paul-ish style guitar. Specs here: www.cortguitars.com/uk/product/sunset-2 I'd like to change the tuning heads to better quality ones, preferably ...
12
votes
2answers
526 views

Score for orchestra tuning

I was talking this monring about Cage's 4:33 and I mentioned that I'd love to see a score for an orchestra tuning. It's one of the most recognisable sounds in concerts and has many distinctive musical ...
1
vote
2answers
24 views

One string on banjo not tuning properly

My Banjo is fair to good quality and strings 1, 2, 3, and 5 all go up 1/2 step per fret as they are supposed to. The 4th string is tuned to D and I tune it quite flat and it doesn't go up 1/2 step, it ...
0
votes
2answers
45 views

Piano no damping after transport?

I recently received a 100 years old baby grand piano, which does not have any damping, that is, the dampers don't touch the strings even with no pedal being pressed and when I play a tone it just ...
1
vote
2answers
56 views

2nd and 3rd frets on G string are a bit higher

Just noticed that notes on 2nd and 3rd frets on G string are a bit higher, while starting from 4th frets are okay. It was ok sometime ago. What could be the reason? Frets themselves seem fine.
1
vote
1answer
78 views

While tuning guitar, 1st string coming as 2nd string on tuner ? What do I do?

While tuning guitar, 1st string coming as 2nd string on tuner ? What do I do ? Happening for the first time.
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Violin String snapped, and so did spare. Will I damage my violin if I leave it with 3 strings?

So, my A string snapped last Saturday and as a result I re-strung it with one of my spare strings. I should note that at this point, after tuning it, the sound was coming out a little strange (or ...
2
votes
2answers
372 views

Tuning the violin E string

I'm beginner in the violin and while tuning the E string using a chromatic tuner I've noticed it has two different tuned spots. One is kind loosely producing an squeaky sound and another one is ...
32
votes
9answers
6k views

When tuning a guitar, should you always end with tightening the string rather than loosening it?

I used to have a guitar teacher that said you should always finish tuning each string by tightening/sharpening the string. So for example if the top E is a little sharp, you should turn the peg to ...
13
votes
6answers
6k views

My guitar goes out of tune at a higher pitch rather than lower, is that normal?

It is my understanding that strings, over time, stretch and are unable to maintain their tension, so they go out of tune at a lower pitch. When I pick up my guitar and I tune it with my electronic ...
2
votes
2answers
136 views

Is there a composition theory that uses Fourier analysis to explore the relation between timbre and pitch? [closed]

Is there a theory of musical composition based on or heavily influenced by Fourier analysis or synthesis, thereby enabling the composer to tie timbre to pitch, scale, and/or tuning?
17
votes
4answers
1k views

Why does plucked and bowed string of violin produces slightly different pitches?

I know that when plucked as in pizzicato, the violin produces a muted sound. However, I was surprised to find out when I checked with my tuner that if I tune my violin by plucking, it seems somewhat ...
8
votes
4answers
4k views

What frequencies should the violin and viola be tuned to?

I'm using this app to tune my violin, it supports many temperament options. What I want to do is tune the A string to 440Hz first, then comparing the other strings sympathetically to the adjacent ...
35
votes
10answers
6k views

Software that allows playing in different temperaments

Do you know of any software out there that will allow me to play in different musical temperaments (e.g. Well temperament and Meantone temperament)? I'm especially interested in software that accepts ...
1
vote
2answers
43 views

Why is a tenor banjo typically tuned in fifths?

I have two tenor banjos both tuned in "Chicago tuning", DGBE, that is, like the four highest-pitched strings of the guitar. I am told, and I see from research on Teh Internetz that this is unusual. ...
36
votes
14answers
14k views

Why Is Just Intonation Impractical?

I've read about the debate of "just intonation" vs 12-tone equal temperament. And nowhere it was clearly stated why just intonation is impractical. Here are my assumptions. Please let me know if I am ...
5
votes
1answer
376 views

My guitar gets out of tune after 1 minute

My new guitar strings sound nice, but they get out of tune after 1 minute !! Specifically, the 1st and 2nd (thinnest) strings get out of tune more than the other strings. And there was no problem of ...
9
votes
8answers
4k views

Piano tuning just under the absolute pitch

The other day, the piano tuner came to the semi-annual tuning of my piano (a Blüthner baby grand). I was not at the house when he did the tuning. When I got home, the piano was tuned in respect to ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

Second hand piano is out of tune by a whole tone

I just recently bought an acoustic piano. Sounded really good when we tested it out at seller's place. Now after playing a bit the keys sound off by one note (middle c would sound like d, d sounds ...
6
votes
2answers
5k views

Is it normal for new bought ukeleles to be out of tune every few minutes?

I've bought a new ukelele and it's been quite a while since I've last held a musical instrument (a year, maybe), so it might be possible that I'm just quite rusty with toning a guitar/ukelele. I ...
2
votes
0answers
80 views

How to determine the tuning of a song? [closed]

I am trying to transcribe a part of the Tears in Heaven duet by Tommy Emmanuel and Igor Presnyakov that's found here. Specifically, I am trying to figure out the notes played by Tommy starting at 1:03 ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

Trying alternative tuning outside 440Hz [closed]

Lately I have used some time and research on the standard pitch at 440Hz.. The tuning of A4=440Hz has been used a couple of times in late 1800 but it was not until 1939 at an international ...
2
votes
2answers
371 views

Is it possible to tune guitar down an octave?(or to f#?)

As the time goes, I see new bands using lower and lower tuning. For example if my memory serves me right, Torsof*ck uses octave down, band called Batushka uses f# tuning. How are they doing this? Don'...
24
votes
3answers
4k views

Why is A4 the standard pitch reference for tuning?

Why do musicians use concert A, the A above middle C, as the standard pitch reference for tuning? Various national and international standards define the frequency of this note. For example, ISO 16 ...
3
votes
3answers
180 views

Tuning of Accidentals & Scales

In his Book Basics, Simon Fischer wrote in a footnote that: The exact tuning of a sharp or a flat depends on the key, style and character of the music. For example, Bb as the tonic of Bb Major ...
6
votes
4answers
279 views

Why is the last string on a guitar called the first string and the first string called the sixth string?

I learned early in my guitar playing journey that what I would naturally assume would be the first string (the fattest string) is actually known in proper guitar anatomy parlance as the sixth string. ...
0
votes
2answers
101 views

Best guitar alternate tuning to start with when playing one's own music

Let's say (or at least pretend) I am learning guitar for the first time and only want to play my own music, the music I have in my head. What kind of tuning should I use to start with? Is there a ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Slide guitar tuning

What open tuning for slide guitar would cause the least tension on my old guitar? I got a really cool parlour guitar from the 1930's. I realize it is old and bridge is fragile. I am reinforcing some ...
16
votes
3answers
727 views

What is the practical reason for reentrant tuning on ukulele and similar instruments?

I'm intruiged by the fact that some stringed instruments, like the ukulele, are traditionally tuned in the way of reentrant tuning where the strings are not ordered from the lowest to the highest ...
3
votes
2answers
58 views

English Horn correcting flat G-Flat

I just began playing the English Horn after playing oboe for the past 6 years. I have found that most of the notes are in tune, or close enough that I can correct with embouchure. The main exception ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Guitar string not in tune with itself

I have a knock-off telecaster made by Stadium. The strings on it refuse to be in tune with themselves (the G and B strings especially). I hooked it up to a tuner and tested the intonation. The G ...
18
votes
3answers
608 views

Is there a sound theoretical reason why a capella choirs “drift off” of the starting pitches in a piece?

Is the "comma pump" an empirical problem, or merely theoretical? It's a standard music theory exercise to show that certain chord progressions don't actually quite work. For example, in the I-IV-ii-V-...
14
votes
2answers
575 views

Should the dominant-seventh chord in just intonation use 9:5 for its seventh, or rather 16:9?

It may be just out of habit, what with the 12-edo temperament all around us, but anyway: I find the dominant-seventh rendition 20:25:30:36 sounds extremely harsh. In particular, the tritone from the ...
0
votes
4answers
2k views

Ibanez Edge III Tremolo has 2 'Zero' points

You may have heard about my earlier Ibanez Edge-III tremolo woes (I'm finding out that the thing is as bad as it's made out to be by experienced players). Now I've got a new one. I've found that the ...
-1
votes
1answer
78 views

Why do Open Tunings work? [closed]

Anyone have any idea why open tunings with the A and E low strings in unison and changing the rest of the strings based on tonality works for playing (where you are only fretting with one finger or ...
5
votes
4answers
848 views

Can a tuner help to tune my violin in perfect fifths?

I have always used a tuner to tune my violin, but have noticed that the strings are not in perfect fifths (I'm a complete beginner, and I understand perfect fifths to mean that if I play E using my ...
98
votes
11answers
16k views

Why is the guitar tuned like it is?

Why is there that funny tuning kink between the G and B string on a guitar in standard tuning? I.E. the gap (interval) between the rest of the adjoining strings is 5 frets (or a perfect fourth), but ...
0
votes
2answers
60 views

Young string student

I received a violin not too long ago that has metal screws in the pegs. I am unable to tune with the pegs due to this and I am unable to change the strings. When i try the pegs slip and won't hold ...
9
votes
2answers
482 views

Do capable harmony singers sing in just intonation or tempered tuning?

I understand that the mathematical frequency ratios between certain intervals will correlate with the overtones that are present when a note sounds in a fundamental frequency. Certain predictable ...
3
votes
2answers
117 views

Ukulele friction pegs are slipping

I have a soprano Favilla uke. About a month ago I replaced the original pegs, which were slipping, with Waverly's, recommended by a luthier. (To be clear, these are not "violin pegs"; rather, they are ...
4
votes
4answers
3k views

Pop-like creak while tuning strings

I have a Behringer iAxe 393 strat clone. I recently adjusted the truss rod to fix some frett buzzing. Ever since, when tightening or loosening the strings while tuning, I sometimes get a creaking pop ...