The system of pitches used by an instrument or in a piece of music, or the practice of adjusting the pitches that instruments or voices produce to be in accordance with the chosen system.

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31
votes
11answers
12k views

Why Is Just Intonation Impractical?

I've read about the debate of "just intonation" vs 12-tone equal temperament. And nowhere it was clearly stated why just intonation is impractical. Here are my assumptions. Please let me know if I am ...
16
votes
9answers
6k views

How do I properly stretch my newly strung strings?

I came across this string stretcher device. It's called The Stretcha. It claims to properly and evenly stretch new strings and maintain tuning. I never really made a point to properly stretch ...
37
votes
10answers
12k views

Why are orchestras tuned differently?

In 1936 American Standards Association (and the International Organization for Standardization in 1955) accepted that A would be tuned at 440 Hz (or cycles per second). Yet despite the fact that a ...
13
votes
2answers
409 views

What is the practical reason for reentrant tuning on ukulele and similar instruments?

I'm intruiged by the fact that some stringed instruments, like the ukulele, are traditionally tuned in the way of reentrant tuning where the strings are not ordered from the lowest to the highest ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

The reason behind Guitar Standard tuning [duplicate]

I am curious to know why is the guitar standard tuning EADGBE? I am trying to find a brief summary of the history on how the guitar tuning converged to this standard. I am award about the steps are ...
24
votes
5answers
3k views

Why are pianos traditionally tuned “out of tune” at the extremes?

My understanding is that the vast majority of western music uses equal temperament, i.e. all semitones have a frequency ratio of the 12th root of 2. However I can hear in my piano that the notes at ...
4
votes
3answers
135 views

Is there any support for microtonality and temperaments in (or beyond) the MIDI specification?

The number of tones (or notes) per 8ve is just one of many potentially customisable aspects of any instrument. Standard midi, however, is pretty much clamped to western 12-tone equal temperament. ...
3
votes
1answer
126 views

What kind of lute is this, which strings does it use and to which notes are they tuned?

Okay, that's actually 3 questions, but I would love to play this instrument. I acquired this lute (see images). It has 10 strings (5 currently missing). I want to replace them, and tune the lute. ...
4
votes
3answers
377 views

Electric guitar doesn't keep tuning on the first frets. Anything I can do about it?

I can tune the open strings properly to any note I want and they keep the tuning for days, but as I press my fingers on the first 2 frets the tuner shows the notes slighly flat, as I go up the scale ...
30
votes
5answers
5k views

Why is the double bass the only instrument in the violin family tuned in fourths?

Out of the 4 instruments of the Violin Family (Violin, Viola, Cello, Double Bass), the bass is the only instrument tuned in fourths. Wikipedia states The double bass is generally tuned in ...
4
votes
1answer
177 views

How should I tune my Norwegian-styled hardanger fiddle to play the tune called 'Fanitullen'['The Devil's Tune']?

I recently bought a 9 string, Norwegian-styled Hardanger fiddle. I want to learn to play the traditioinal Norwegian tune called 'Fanitullen ['The Devil's Tune']. Can someone tell how to tune this ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Do 1/2 size violins sound at normal pitch?

With wind instruments, young kids with small hands are often advised to start on smaller instruments (e.g. Soprano Sax, Eb Clarinet) before moving to full-size instruments. (Terrible advice IMO, but ...
8
votes
4answers
5k views

If Irish button accordions are typically B/C how and why are they often played in D or G?

On choosing a two-row button accordion... B/C is the usual choice for Irish music (players use both rows in order to play mainly in D or G, but the instrument is almost chromatic). Is this ...
23
votes
2answers
3k views

Why is A4 the standard pitch reference for tuning?

Why do musicians use concert A, the A above middle C, as the standard pitch reference for tuning? Various national and international standards define the frequency of this note. For example, ISO 16 ...
11
votes
1answer
115 views

How were tuning/temperaments indicated on scores (if they ever were)?

Bradley Lehman claims that the details of the intended tuning for the Well-Tempered Claivier are encoded in the squiggle at the top of the manuscript (related wikipedia link). Are there other ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Tuning Old Music Tapes

Can old out of tune original music tapes be tuned up to A440? Is there a device that could do it? Of course the music would be copied to a file and then the file tuned to A440. I would like to put ...
34
votes
10answers
5k views

Software that allows playing in different temperaments

Do you know of any software out there that will allow me to play in different musical temperaments (e.g. Well temperament and Meantone temperament)? I'm especially interested in software that accepts ...
1
vote
2answers
551 views

Notes on string high E sounds out of tune even picking them alone

I know it sounds silly, but it makes me crazy. Maybe it's my ear, or brain I've been suffering from this on all my guitars (Yamaha acoustic with D'Addario bronses) and others. I've thought it is ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

What do the terms E2 A2 D3 G3 B3 E4 actually mean?

I am attempting to learn guitar, and I keep coming across this notation in various apps that I've downloaded. I know that E2 A2 D3 G3 B3 E4 are something to do with tuning, but I'm not exactly sure ...
7
votes
6answers
1k views

When tuning a guitar, why is it only in tune for a moment?

I am still very new to learning guitar (specifically, Classical fingerstyle). While this is the first time I am doing this "seriously", I HAVE tried to learn guitar before, just very badly (and ...
17
votes
7answers
15k views

How can I minimize going out of tune when using the whammy bar?

Perhaps my selection of musicians is biased, but usually when I see a whammy bar used, it's usually with a locking tremolo bridge like a Floyd Rose. Everybody else seems to take the whammy bar out and ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Is deliberately putting your guitar out of tune a valid technique?

I remember hearing an interview about the recording of Nirvana's "Something in the Way"; apparently Kurt played the acoustic part it once on an out of tune 12-string guitar, and then refused to do it ...
1
vote
2answers
142 views

Tuning when changing strings

I just recently ordered a set of Cleartones Monster Drop C strings (13-70). I was wondering, as I change them, should I tune them straight to drop C or should I still bring them up to standard tuning ...
7
votes
5answers
931 views

Why do old russian guitar songs sound out of tune?

I'm not actually 100% sure these are out of tune, but they sound out of tune to me. Here are some examples on YouTube: Example 1 Example 2 Example 3 It's a bit harder to tell in the third example, ...
2
votes
4answers
214 views

What would be the a good tuning for an instrument with a limited amount of tones?

If you have an instrument with only a few tones(say 9), so less than to make a whole chromatic octave, what would be a good tuning that would make the instrument able to play an as large as possible ...
18
votes
3answers
2k views

Software for microtonal MIDI?

I'm looking to make some microtonal music (19/22 tone equal temperament). I want to produce it with midi. Timidity++ used to be able to produce a WAV file from a microtonal tuned .MID file, but it is ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

How high can I tune my G string without it breaking?

I've been learning this bass solo by Jean Baudin. And he has an 11 string bass. I have a 4 string. Only at a few parts in the song, he plays notes higher than my highest F on the G string. So my ...
3
votes
6answers
751 views

Acoustic guitar's bridge had come off while tuning

I was trying to tune(standard tuning) my acoustic guitar with a digital tuner that captures the playing through a microphone and shows the note/frequency played on its LED screen. I was completely ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Can you put a detuner on any string of a 5 string bass

I have a spector euro 5 string bass and I wanna know if there is a way to put a hipshot or some other kind of detuner on my E string. I can hit all my notes with the the low string, just somethings ...
5
votes
1answer
956 views

Why is Hendrix's tuning at Woodstock in between Eb and E?

I have the album Live at Woodstock in digital format. I noticed that everyone in Hendrix's band is (seemingly) tuned to some pitch between Eb and E. I've heard some various, uncited sources that ...
12
votes
8answers
14k views

Does using a capo put you out of tune?

i just want to ask if using a capo affects the tuning of the strings. I bought my first capo and I played my guitar with the capo on all day long. When I removed the capo, I played another song and it ...
10
votes
4answers
869 views

Exact pitch of blues scale notes

Wikipedia gives multiple candidate definitions for the blues scale. A musician showed me how to play blues e.g. in C by smudging say Eb and E. The actual note lies somewhere between. But where? ...
15
votes
6answers
7k views

How to accurately intonate a 3 saddle telecaster?

I have a traditional 3 saddle telecaster bridge. With two strings on each saddle my intonation is always a slight compromise. This is OK on the first four strings, but the bass strings are noticeably ...
14
votes
2answers
2k views

Classical examples of a 'fifth voice' or 'ghost soprano'

There is an interesting phenomenon in choral (and perhaps also instrumental?) singing in which typically four voices are arranges in such a way that a 'fifth voice' or 'ghost voice' can be heard. It ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Banjolele: retune GDAE -> GCEA

I've bought a tenor banjo-uke (GDAE) as a present for person, who is playing on ukulele. Problem is that I've found there is a different tunning (ukulele is GCEA) and he would have to learn from ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

Why are we told to hold keys down while tuning?

While I tune my Tuba, on multiple occasions my sectional coach has called my section out becuase we do not hold down the keys aligned to the tunning slides of the key we are tuning. Is there a reason ...
10
votes
16answers
2k views

How to tune a guitar/bass without a tuner?

When I'm trying to tune my guitar/bass without a tuner, if a single string is in tune, I can tune the rest of the strings based on the tuned one, using the harmonics over the 5th and 7th frets. But ...
16
votes
3answers
1k views

Why does plucked and bowed string of violin produces slightly different pitches?

I know that when plucked as in pizzicato, the violin produces a muted sound. However, I was surprised to find out when I checked with my tuner that if I tune my violin by plucking, it seems somewhat ...
4
votes
2answers
578 views

Playing non-Western scales on the Oud

How does one learn to play various non-Western scales on the oud? Are there instructions with diagrams showing notes as positions on the neck of the instrument? Book, videos, etc.?
6
votes
4answers
4k views

How to Tune a 10-hole Harmonica?

My harmonica went out of tune, what should I do? Do i need to dissemble it for tuning?
1
vote
1answer
51 views

What's the concert pitch for Saint Petersburg Philharmonic?

Is it 440 Hz? Or 442? Does anyone know? It sounds like 440 but I want to make sure.
-2
votes
3answers
385 views

How exactly the exact symbols (C C# D D# E F F# G G# A A# B) of 12 tone equal temperament with octave (2x) and perfect fifth (3/2) found?

How are the exact symbols (C C# D D# E F F# G G# A A# B) of 12 tone equal temperament with octave (2x) and (3/2) found? What is the math or formula used to find those specific symbols? Imagine a ...
15
votes
5answers
2k views

Trumpet low C♯ and D

Most trumpets' low C♯ and D are too high, and need correcting by pulling the 1st of 3rd valve. My first understanding was that the distance between tones in the lower register is larger than between ...
8
votes
3answers
3k views

What frequencies should the violin and viola be tuned to?

I'm using this app to tune my violin, it supports many temperament options. What I want to do is tune the A string to 440Hz first, then comparing the other strings sympathetically to the adjacent ...
2
votes
2answers
137 views

Does 'just' or 'well' temperament center around the key of a given piece, or is it key-agnostic?

I'm going to be recording some piano music in the near future, and I'm interested in the (possibly crazy) idea of tuning the piano to a non-equal-tempered system for the recording. I am recording ...
2
votes
3answers
232 views

Does good intonation alone really make you “louder”? If yes, why?

I have multiple times heard this claim, from very different sources. There certainly seems to be some correlation between intonation and "loudness", in the sense that ensembles with great harmony ...
2
votes
2answers
294 views

Violin E string

I'm beginner in the violin and while tuning the E string using a chromatic tuner I've noticed it has two different tuned spots. One is kind loosely producing an squeaky sound and another one is ...
9
votes
3answers
625 views

Software for trying out 19-TET (and others)

I've been reading on non-standard scales such as the 19-tone equal temperament. I'd really like to try some of them out, but it turns out to be difficult. Adjusting a physical instrument would be a ...
5
votes
2answers
636 views

One of the tuning pegs is at the end of its range on my Floyd-Rose guitar, what can I do?

After getting my Washburn serviced, including having the double-locking floating bridge re-floated with new strings, I'm reaching the point where one string is right at the limit of tightening using ...
1
vote
3answers
136 views

Is it necessary to tune a guitar to some standard pitch? [closed]

If I tuned my guitar to the pitch of a song which I daily used to play and is similar to standard pitch which is used to tune guitars, then is the tuning of guitar correct in both ways?